- Huron County, Michigan
Infobox U.S. County
county = Huron County
state = Michigan
map size = 200
founded year = 1859
seat = Bad Axe
area percentage =60.85%
census yr =2000
lat deg =43
lat min =52
long deg =83
long min =02
time zone =Eastern
footnotes = gnis|1622974
Huron County is a county in the
U.S. stateof Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 36,079 with an estimate of 33,290 in 2007. [ [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&geo_id=01000US&_geoContext=01000US&_county=Huron+County&_state=04000US26 American FactFinder] ] The county seatis Bad Axe.GR|6 Huron County is located at the northern tip of the the Thumb, which in turn is a sub region of the Flint/Tri-Cities. It is surrounded on three sides by water – Saginaw Bayand Lake Huronand has over 90 miles of shoreline, from White Rock on Lake Huron to Sebewaing on the Saginaw Bay. Huron County's most important industry is agriculture, as with most of the other Thumb counties. Huron County enjoys seasonal tourism from large cities such as Detroit, Flint, and Saginaw.
*According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,136 square miles (5,533 km²), of which, 837 square miles (2,167 km²) of it is land and 1,300 square miles (3,367 km²) of it (60.85%) is water.
Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginawis the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church. [ [http://www.saginaw.org/ Saginaw County Diocese home page,] ]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 36,079 people, 14,597 households, and 10,144 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 20,430 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.02% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 1.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.3% were of German, 18.6% Polish, 7.8% American, 6.7% English and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English, 1.3% Spanish and 1.0% Polish as their first language.
There were 14,597 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 19.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,315, and the median income for a family was $42,436. Males had a median income of $31,950 versus $21,110 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $17,851. About 7.30% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.
Huron County was attached originally to Sanilac and Tuscola counties. It was created by Michigan Law on
April 1, 1840and was fully organized by an Act of Legislature on January 25, 1859. Sand Beach (now Harbor Beach) was then county seat, until 1865, when the court house burned with nearly all the records. It was moved to Port Austin and remained there until 1873, when the Board of Supervisors permanently made Bad Axe the County Seat. [ [http://www.deckervillelibrary.com/huron_county_earliest_settlers_chapter_2%20(9-31).htm Huron County Earliest Settlers Chapter 2 (9-31) ] ]
The name Huron was derived from the word "hures" as used in the phrase "Inelles hures" (what heads) as applied by an astonished French traveler to the Wyandotte or Huron Indians on beholding their fantastic mode of dressing the hair. These Indians were dispersed by the Iroquois in 1649.
In the 1600s and early 1700s in this region, the Thumb of Michigan, the suffix "onti" or "ondi" was used as part of the place names of a number of places such as Skenchoietontius, E. Kandechiondius, and Ondatouius. "Onti" means, it seems, cape, point, head, or headland". The name Wyandotte [Huron descendants] was said to mean "dweller's of the peninsula [cape] ". A peninsula is a cape or headland. "Onti" seems to connect with the Latin word "ante", which means toward the front or head. From it we get anterior the front part of the body and perhaps other words such as to tend or extend. Headland in Onondaga is "onoentoto" while to go toward or head is "ohoento". Similar words are found in the Mohawk language. Wyandotte likely means people of the headland or peninsula. The state motto of Michigan is "If you desire a beautiful peninsula, look about you." In the 1600s, Lake Huron was called Karegnondi. Here we see, again, the suffix "onti" meaning it is said to point out or jut out.
In the early 1700s, the Thumb of Michigan was called the "best beaver hunting in America", and the Detroit region was called "Tio-sahr-ondion", which was near Skenchioe [Sanilac County] . Tiosahrondion meant "where it is beaver dams athwart many" it is said. Perhaps, the translation should be where it is the beaver dams of the headlands. The names Karegnondi and Tiosarondion seem similar. Couacronons and Oukuouaroraonoin described two regions in Eastern Michigan in the 1600s. The Algonquin word "okwanim" meant beaver dam.
On French maps, "Chasse des caster des ami de francois" was the name for The Thumb of Michigan about 1700 and meant the beaver hunting grounds of the friends of france.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains
vital records, administers public healthregulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Huron County elected officials
* Prosecuting Attorney: Mark J. Gaertner
Sheriff: Kent Tibbits
County Clerk: Peggy A. Koehler
* County Treasurer: Sherry Learman
Register of Deeds: Frances L. Holdwick
Circuit Court Judge: Hon. M. Richard Knoblock
Probate Court Judge: Hon. David L. Clabuesch
District Court Judge: Hon. David B. HerringtonHuron County Board of Commissioners
*DISTRICT NO. 1: Timothy P. Rujan
*DISTRICT NO. 2: David G. Peruski
*DISTRICT NO. 3: Clark Elftman
*DISTRICT NO. 4: Robert W. Haldane
*DISTRICT NO. 5: James G. Leonard
*DISTRICT NO. 6: Ron Wruble
*DISTRICT NO. 7: Donald V. Pascarella (information as of
April 8, 2007) [ [http://www.co.huron.mi.us Huron County Website] ]
Cities, villages, and townships
*UblyUnincorporated communities [ [http://www.michigan.gov/documents/PlaceListing_79701_7.pdf PLACES IN MICHIGAN – INCORPORATED, TOWNSHIP, AND UNINCORPORATED] ]
*Pointe Aux Barques Township
*Port Austin Township
*Sand Beach Township
* [http://www.huroncounty.com/? Huron County economic development corporation/Community calendars, webcams and more]
* [http://www.clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Huron.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Huron County]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=8MCtumKVWhgC&pg=PA115&lpg=PA115&dq=huron+county+historical+society+michigan+white+rock&source=web&ots=FGwpk-nBMa&sig=pIFcLcnb84RK0WMJev7ZfZOpyuw&hl=en#PPP1,M1 Huron County Historical Society (Michigan), "Huron County, Michigan". (2001, Arcadia Publishing)] .
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