Washtenaw County, Michigan


Washtenaw County, Michigan

Infobox U.S. County
county = Washtenaw County
state = Michigan


seal size = 160


map size = 225
founded = 1826 [http://www.ewashtenaw.org/about/index_html#history]
seat = Ann Arbor | area_total_sq_mi =723
area_land_sq_mi =710
area_water_sq_mi =13
area percentage = 1.74%
census yr = 2000
pop = 322895
density_km2 =176
web = www.ewashtenaw.org
|

Washtenaw County (pronEng|ˈwɒʃtɨnɔː) is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 322,895. Its county seat is Ann Arbor.GR|6 The United States Office of Management and Budget defines the county as part of the Detroit–Warren–Flint Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 723 square miles (1,871 km²), of which, 710 square miles (1,839 km²) of it is land and 13 square miles (33 km²) or 1.74% of it is water.

Adjacent counties

*Livingston County (north)
*Oakland County (northeast)
*Ingham County (northwest)
*Wayne County (east)
*Jackson County (west)
*Monroe County (southeast)
*Lenawee County (southwest)

Major highways

Interstates

*
* is a route traveling through downtown Ann Arbor.

US highways

*
*
* is a loop route traveling through downtown Ann Arbor.

Michigan State Trunklines

*
*
*
*

Demographics

USCensusPop
1900 = 47761
1910 = 44714
1920 = 49520
1930 = 65530
1940 = 80810
1950 = 134606
1960 = 172440
1970 = 234103
1980 = 264748
1990 = 282937
2000 = 322895
estyear=2007
estimate= 350003
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 322,895 people, 125,327 households, and 73,692 families residing in the county. The population density was 455 people per square mile (176/km²). There were 131,069 housing units at an average density of 185 per square mile (71/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.40% White, 12.29% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 6.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. 2.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.4% were of German, 9.0% English, 8.4% Irish, 5.3% Polish and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 87.1% spoke English, 2.7% Spanish and 1.7% Chinese or Mandarin as their first language.

By 2005 non-Hispanic whites were 74.5% of the county population; African-Americans 12.2%; Native Americans 0.4%; Asians 7.8%; and Hispanic or Latinos 3.1% of the population. [ [http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/26161.html Washtenaw County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau ] ]

There were 125,327 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.40% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.20% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 17.10% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 8.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,990, and the median income for a family was $70,393. Males had a median income of $49,304 versus $33,598 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,173. About 5.10% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.60% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, villages, and townships

There are also a number of unincorporated communities, such as Bridgewater, Dixboro, Delhi Mills, Geddes, Mooreville, Salem, Stoney Creek, Whittaker, Whitmore Lake, and Willis.

Also see: [http://www.ewashtenaw.org/government/cities_twps_villages/index_html Official Washtenaw County website page listing localities]

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Washtenaw County elected officials

* Prosecuting Attorney: Brian L. Mackie (Democrat)
* Sheriff: Dan Minzey (Democrat)
* County Clerk/Register of Deeds: Lawrence Kestenbaum (Democrat)
* County Treasurer: Catherine McClary (Democrat)
* Drain Commissioner: Janis A. Bobrin (Democrat)

The Board of Commissioners has eleven members, elected from single member districts, on a partisan ballot, in November of even-numbered years. The term is two years. Information as of January 2007

Parks and Recreation

Washtenaw county operates 10 parks, and 1 recreation center (gymnasium). These parks include one with a water sprinkler area for children to splash through, one park with a substantial water park component, and one golf course. The recreation center has a swimming pool, indoor track, basketball courts, complete set of resistance machines, a weight room, and several multipurpose rooms.

Washtenaw county is in the process of acquiring land for natural preservation. The program started in 2001 and will end in 2011. Eight parcels of land had been purchased as of July 2007. These parcels are of special ecological, recreational, and educational benefits. They are preserved in a natural unimproved state and are open to the public during daylight hours.

References

ee also

* USS "Washtenaw County" (LST-1166)

External links

* [http://www.ewashtenaw.org/ Washtenaw County Government]
* [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?sid=b92ef34ac7eae292063c88e0fdcc9d82;c=micounty;view=toc;idno=bad1054.0001.001;cc=micounty "Past and present of Washtenaw County, Michigan"] by Samuel W. Beakes Chicago: The S.J. Clarke publishing co., 1906.
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/washtenawmichigancommunity/ Washtenaw Community Cafe] An online discussion group for the county of Washtenaw.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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