- Sanilac County, Michigan
Infobox U.S. County
county = Sanilac County
state = Michigan
map size = 200
September 10, 1822
seat = Sandusky | area_total_sq_mi =1590
area percentage = 39.39%
census yr = 2000
pop = 44547
web = www.sanilaccounty.net
Sanilac County is a county in the
U.S. stateof Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 44,547 with a projection of 44,448 in 2006. The county seatis SanduskyGR|6. The county, which is part of the Thumb region, was created on September 10, 1822and was fully organized on December 31, 1849.
*According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,590 square miles (4,119 km²), of which, 964 square miles (2,496 km²) of it is land and 626 square miles (1,622 km²) of it (39.39%) is water. As mentioned above, Sanilac County is one of five counties that forms the Thumbarea. Sanilac County enjoys seasonable tourisum in towns such as Lexington, Port Sanilac, and Carsonville. Sanilac County is econocomically attached to St. Clair Countyand Huron Countyand has very fertile, flat land.
*It is considered to be part of
the Thumbof Michigan, which in turn is a subregion of the Flint/Tri-Cities.
Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginawis the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church. [ [http://www.saginaw.org/ Saginaw County Diocese home page,] ]
Sanilac County was probably named for a
Wyandotte/ HuronChief named Sanilac. [ [http://www.michigan.gov/hal/0,1607,7-160-15481_20826_20829-54126--,00.html Michigan government on origin of county names] ] See List of Michigan county name etymologies.
In the middle 1800's, the area now called Port Sanilac was called Bark Shanty. It was named for a lone shanty made of bark, which was used to make shingles from pine. The Algonquin word "zngwak" means pine. Sanilac County was named for Chief Sannilac, who was Wyandotte. The county seat of Sanilac is the City of Sandusky. The later word is said to mean "water". Perhaps, both word have origin in water, which in Onondaga is "ochneca": "oschwoencara" means board or shingle. Bark is "ochscuntara".
Sanilac may mean shanty, which in IroquoisFact|date=September 2008 is "ganochsaje", which is used to form the name Canada meaning essentially "shanties".Fact|date=September 2008 The word shanty comes from the French word "chantier" often meaning a lumber camp. The root seems to be the Latin word "scandula" meaning to split.
The Thumb of Michigan was at one time the lumber capital of the world based on logging white pine. To the Algonquin, Iroquois, and European the pine tree was the tree of the shingle or split wood.Fact|date=September 2008 The Chippewa/Ottawa word "jingwak" or "zhngwak" meant the splitting wood or the pine. German [Dutch] word "kein" means pine.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 44,547 people, 16,871 households, and 12,163 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 21,314 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.90% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.9% were of German, 11.7% English, 10.3% American, 10.2% Polish and 9.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.7% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.
There were 16,871 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,870, and the median income for a family was $42,306. Males had a median income of $32,101 versus $21,376 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $17,089. About 7.60% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.
Sanilac/GB Broadcastingoperates three radio stations in Sanilac County. The county is served weekly by the Sanilac County News of Sandusky and other small newspapers. Also daily deliveries of the Port Huron Times Herald are available in Sanilac County.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains
vital records, administers public healthregulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
anilac County elected officials
*Prosecuting Attorney: James V. Young
Sheriff: Virgil Strickler
County Clerk: Linda Kozfkay
*County Treasurer: Kathy Dorman
Register of Deeds: Michele VanNorman
Drain Commissioner: James Bowerman
Circuit Court Judge: Hon. Donald A. Teeple
Probate Court Judge: Hon. R.T. "Terry" Maltby
District Court Judge: Hon. James A. Marcus
(information as of May 16, 2006)
Cities, villages, and townships
* Argyle Township
* Austin Township
* Bridgehampton Township
* Buel Township
* Custer Township
* Delaware Township
* Elk Township
* Elmer Township
* Evergreen Township
* Flynn Township
* Forester Township
* Fremont Township
* Greenleaf Township
* Lamotte Township
* Lexington Township
* Maple Valley Township
* Marion Township
* Marlette Township
* Minden Township
* Moore Township
* Sanilac Township
* Speaker Township
* Washington Township
* Watertown Township
* Wheatland Township
* Worth Township
* [http://www.clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Sanilac.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Sanilac County]
* [http://www.sanilaccounty.net/ Sanilac County]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Austin Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — There is also Austin Township, Mecosta County, Michigan. Austin Township, Michigan Township … Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in Sanilac County, Michigan — The following is a list of Registered Historic Places in Sanilac County, Michigan. This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted November 10, 2011.  Landmark name … Wikipedia
Custer Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — For other places in Michigan with the same name, see Custer Township, Michigan. Custer Township, Michigan Township … Wikipedia
Maple Valley Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — There is also Maple Valley Township, Montcalm County, Michigan. Maple Valley Township, Michigan Township … Wikipedia
Marion Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — There are other Marion Townships in Michigan. Marion Township, Michigan Township … Wikipedia
List of Registered Historic Places in Sanilac County, Michigan — The following is a list of Registered Historic Places in Sanilac County, Michigan. NOTOC ee also*List of Registered Historic Places in MichiganReferences … Wikipedia
Elmer Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — Infobox Settlement official name = Elmer Township, Michigan settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Michigan pushpin… … Wikipedia
Watertown Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — Infobox Settlement official name = Watertown Township, Michigan settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Michigan… … Wikipedia
Elk Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — Infobox Settlement official name = Elk Township, Michigan settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Michigan pushpin… … Wikipedia
Evergreen Township, Sanilac County, Michigan — Infobox Settlement official name = Evergreen Township, Michigan settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Michigan… … Wikipedia