Mackinac County, Michigan


Mackinac County, Michigan

Infobox U.S. County
county = Mackinac County
state = Michigan




map size = 200
founded = October 26, 1818 [http://www.mackinaccounty.net/comminfo9548159.asp]
seat = St. Ignace
area_total_sq_mi = 2101
area_land_sq_mi =1022
area_water_sq_mi =1079
area_total_km2 = 5440
area_land_km2 =2646
area_water_km2 = 2794
area percentage = 51.37%
census yr = 2000
pop = 11943
density_km2 = 5
density_sq_mi = 12
web = www.mackinaccounty.net
|

Mackinac County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 11,943. The county seat is St. Ignace.GR|6 The county was formerly known as Michilimackinac County, and it was created as one of the first counties of the Michigan Territory in 1818.

The county's name is claimed to be a corruption of the French term "Michilimackinac," which referred to the straits area as well as the French settlement at the tip of the lower peninsula. [ [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Mackinac.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Mackinac County.] ] "See and compare," List of Michigan county name etymologies, List of Michigan counties, and List of abolished U.S. counties.

History

Michilimackinac county was created by a proclamation of territorial governor Lewis Cass on October 26, 1818. The county originally took up the Lower Peninsula of Michigan north of Macomb County and almost the entire present Upper Peninsula. At the time of founding, the county seat was the community of Michilimackinac Island on Michilimackinac Island, later known as Mackinac Island, Michigan. In 1882 the county seat was moved to St. Ignace. It was organized in 1849 as Mackinac County.

Geography

*According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,101 square miles (5,440 km²), of which, 1,022 square miles (2,646 km²) of it is land and 1,079 square miles (2,794 km²) of it (51.37%) is water.
*It is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Marquette. [ [http://www.dioceseofmarquette.org// Diocese Of Marquette] ] [ [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/dmarq.html Catholic Hierarchy: Diocese of Marquette] ]
*St. Ignace is the northern terminus of the Mackinac Bridge.
*Mackinac Island is within the county.

Major highways

Interstates

*
* runs through downtown St. Ignace

US Highways

*

Michigan State Trunklines

*
*
*
*
*
* serves Mackinac Island. It is the only state highway where auto traffic is banned (with the exception of emergency vehicles).

Mackinac County Intercounty Highways

*
*
*
*
*

Airline service

The nearest airports with scheduled passenger service are:
*Chippewa County International Airport in Sault Ste. Marie in the eastern Upper peninsula;
*Pellston Regional Airport [ [http://www.pellstonairport.com/ Pellston Regional Airport] ] , Traverse City Cherry Capital Airport and Alpena County Regional Airport in the Lower peninsula.

Adjacent counties

*Cheboygan County (south)
*Chippewa County (north & east)
*Emmet County (south)
*Luce County (northwest)
*Schoolcraft County (west)

National protected area

* Hiawatha National Forest (part)

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 11,943 people, 5,067 households, and 3,410 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 persons per square mile (5/km²). There were 9,413 housing units at an average density of 9/sq mi (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.07% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 14.21% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 4.92% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.7% were of German, 9.4% English, 8.1% Irish, 7.3% French, 6.0% American and 6.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.6% spoke English as their first language.

There were 5,067 households out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 28.40% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,356, and the median income for a family was $39,929. Males had a median income of $30,805 versus $22,753 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,777. About 7.20% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers
public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Mackinac County elected officials

* Prosecuting Attorney: W. Clayton Graham
* Sheriff: Scott Strait
* County Clerk: Mary Kay Tamlyn
* County Treasurer: Jane E. Hampton
* Register of Deeds: Diane Frankovich
* County Surveyor: Jeffrey M. Davis

(information as of September 2005)

Historical markers

There are 34 official state historical markers in the County: [ [http://www.michmarkers.com/Frameset.htm Michigan Historical markers] ]
* Across the Peninsula
* American Fur Company Store
* Battlefield of 1814
* Biddle House
* Bois Blanc Island
* British Cannon
* British Landing
* Early Missionary Bark Chapel
* Epoufette
* Fort de Buade
* Fort Holmes
* Grand Hotel
* Gros Cap Island & St. Helena Island
* Historic Fort Mackinac
* Indian Dormitory
* Island House
* Lake Michigan
* Lake View Hotel
* Little Stone Church
* Mackinac Conference
* Mackinac Island
* Mackinac Straits
* Market Street
* Mission Church
* Mission House
* Northernmost Point of Lake Michigan
* Old Agency House
* Round Island Lighthouse
* Sainte Anne Church
* St. Ignace
* St. Ignace Mission
* Skull Cave
* Trinity Church (Mackinac Island)
* Wawashkamo Golf Club [ [http://www.wawashkamo.com/ Wawashkamo Golf Club.] ]

Cities, villages, and townships

Cities
* Mackinac Island
* St. Ignace
Villages
* "None"Unincorporated communities
* Allenville
* Brevort
* Cedarville
* Curtis
* Engadine
* Epoufette

* Evergreen Shores
* Garnet
* Gould City
* Gros Cap
* Hessel

* Millecoquins
* Moran
* Naubinway
* Pointe Aux Pins
* Rexton

Townships
* Bois Blanc Township
* Brevort Township
* Clark Township
* Garfield Township
* Hendricks Township
* Hudson Township
* Marquette Township
* Moran Township
* Newton Township
* Portage Township
* St. Ignace Township

Attractions

*Beaches
*Garlyn Zoo
*Lake Michigan

Notes

Bibliography

* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Mackinac.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Mackinac County.]

External links

* [http://www.mackinaccounty.net Mackinac County government]
* [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=micounty;cc=micounty;q1=mackinac%20county;rgn=full%20text;idno=arw8562.0001.001;didno=ARW8562.0001.001;view=image;seq=54;page=root;size=s;frm=frameset; A History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Fuller, George N.]
* [http://www.stignace.com/ St. Ignace visitor's bureau]


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