Rochester Hills, Michigan


Rochester Hills, Michigan

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Rochester Hills, MI
native_name =
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =


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image_shield =


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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Rochester Hills, MI


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Michigan
subdivision_name2 = Oakland
government_type = Council-Strong Mayor
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Bryan K. Barnett
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
established_title =
established_date =
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established_date2 =
established_title3 = Incorporated
established_date3 = 1984
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 85.3
area_total_sq_mi = 32.9
area_land_km2 = 85.1
area_land_sq_mi = 32.8
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_percent = 0.24
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 68825
population_density_km2 = 808.9
population_density_sq_mi = 2095.2
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
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timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 39 |lats = 57 |latNS = N
longd = 83 |longm = 9 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 250
elevation_ft = 820
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 48306, 48307, 48309
area_code = 248
website = http://www.rochesterhills.org/
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 26-69035GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1675440GR|3
footnotes =
Rochester Hills is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 68,825. The City of Rochester in bounded on the north, south, and west by Rochester Hills. Rochester Hills is an affluent northwestern suburb on the outskirts of Metro Detroit.

Rochester College is located in Rochester Hills, and Oakland University is located partly in Rochester Hills and partly in neighboring Auburn Hills, although it maintains a Rochester mailing address. Avondale School District and Rochester Community Schools are the public school districts in Rochester Hills. Other institutions located within the city limits include Leader Dogs for the Blind, and Crittenton Hospital.

The northwestern section of the city is especially known for extravagant homes and subdivisions. This area is also partially wooded, bordering Oakland Township. The area is also home to local athletes and business executives from Detroit and the metro area. This is evidenced by the demographics listed below.

History

The first European settler was James Graham both arriving in 1817. Avon Township was organized in 1835. Rochester incorporated as a village within the township in 1869. The township adopted a charter in 1948 under the Home Rule Act. In 1966, Rochester residents voted to become a city, effective in February 1967. As a result, Rochester residents no longer had to pay property taxes to the township.

In 1967, the township filed a petition to become a city. In January 1968, township voters approve the petition to move forward with seeking city status. Three proposed city charters were voted down by residents, the first in March 1969, the second in May 1970, and the third in September 1971. The city of Rochester then sought to annex all of the township, which was unanimously denied by the Michigan Boundary Commission. In 1972, petitions were filed to consolidate Avon Township and Rochester. In April 1974, the consolidation petition lost by 350 votes in the township, while passing by four votes in Rochester. In May 1974, Rochester's petition to annex convert|2.2|sqmi|km2|1 of Avon Township was approved by the Michigan Boundaries Commission. The township became Avon Charter Township in August 1978. Court challenges to the 1974 annexation continued until November 1981, when the township was ordered to surrender the annexed property.

In May 1984, township voters approved a city charter. On November 20, 1984 the township became the City of Rochester Hills. However, discussions of consolidation with Rochester continued, and in 1987, voters in both cities decisively rejected consolidation.

Geography

The City of Rochester Hills is bordered on the north by Oakland Charter Township, the east by the City of Rochester and Shelby Township, the south by the City of Troy, and on the west by the City of Auburn Hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.9 square miles (85.3 km²), of which, 32.8 square miles (85.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.24%) is water. Elevation's in the city range from 690 Ft. in the southeastern portion of the city to 1,010ft. in the northwestern portion of the city.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 68,825 people, 26,315 households, and 18,973 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,095.2 per square mile (808.9/km²). There were 27,263 housing units at an average density of 830.0/sq mi (320.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.75% White, 6.76% Asian, 2.42% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.29% of the population.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,878, and the median income for a family was $96,115. [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US2627440&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US26%7C16000US2627440&_street=&_county=rochester+hills&_cityTown=rochester+hills&_state=04000US26&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2006_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=] Males had a median income of $69,280 versus $40,405 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,070. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Parks

The City operates four major parks:
*Thelma G. Spencer Park
*Borden Park
*Bloomer ParkRochester Municipal Park

Education

Oakland University, a growing research university with over 18,000 students, is located between Auburn Hills and Rochester Hills. OU offers more than 120 baccalaureate degree programs and more than 90 professional certificate and graduate degree programs (Ph.D., M.A., and M.S.). It is the only major university in Oakland County. In the Spring of 2007 the university announced plans to open a new Medical School on the OU campus in partnership with William Beaumont Hospital. The OU-Beaumont Medical School, which will be the fourth in the state of Michigan to offer the M.D. degree, is slated to open in 2010.

Students who live in Rochester Hills and Oakland Township attend Rochester Community Schools. Rochester Community Schools also draws a small population of students from Rochester, Lake Orion and part of Auburn Hills.Students also may attend Avondale Public School District.

High Schools

*Rochester
*Stoney Creek
*Rochester Adams
*ACE

Middle Schools

*West
*Hart
*Van Hoosen
*Reuther

Elementary Schools

*North Hill
*Hamlin
*Meadow Brook
*Musson
*Baldwin
*Brewster
*Brooklands
*Delta Kelley
*Hampton
*Hugger
*Long Meadow
*McGregor
*University Hills

Notable current & former residents

References

External links

* [http://www.rochesterhills.org/ City of Rochester Hills]
* [http://www.rhpl.org/ Rochester Hills Public Library]
* [http://www.theoaklandcounty.com The Oakland County]


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