- Upper Peninsula of Michigan
] The peninsula has extensive coastline on the Great Lakes, large tracts of state and national forests, cedar swamps, more than 150 waterfalls, and low population densities. Because of the camping, boating, fishing, snowmobiling, hunting, and hiking opportunities, many Lower Peninsula and Wisconsin families spend their vacations in the U.P. Tourists also go there from Chicago and other metropolitan areas.
Au Train Falls
* Copper Harbor
DeYoung Family Zoo
Fayette Historic State Park
Grand Hotel (Mackinac Island)
Grand Island National Recreation Area
Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum
Iron County Historical Museum Complex- Caspian
Iron Industry Museum- Negaunee
Iron Mountain Iron Mine- Vulcan
Isle Royale National Park
Keweenaw National Historical Park
Lake Superior State University, Lakers
Marquette Arts and Culture Center- Marquette
Marquette MountainSki Resort
Michigan Technological University, Huskies
National Ski Hall of Fame
Northern Michigan University, Wildcats
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore
Pine Mountain ski jumpin Iron Mountainis one of the largest artificial ski jumps in the world. [ [http://www.exploringthenorth.com/jump/jump.html Pine Mountain ski jump] ]
Porcupine Mountains State Park
Seney National Wildlife Refuge
Suicide Hill, Ishpeming, Michigan[ [http://www.exploringthenorth.com/suicide/jump.html Suicide Hill.] ]
Tahquamenon Falls State Park
Upper Peninsula Children's Museum- Marquette
American Indian casinos contribute to the tourist attractions and are popular in the U.P. The
Ojibwanation started one of the first Indian casinos in the country in Baraga County. Originally the casinos were simple, one-room affairs. Some of the casinos are now quite elaborate and are being developed as part of resort and conference facilities. The Kewadinnation has casinos in St. Ignace, Sault Sainte Marie, Hessel, Christmas and Manistique, and the Chip-In Island Resort and Casino in Harris.
The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower by the
Straits of Mackinac, five miles (8 km) across at the narrowest, and is connected to it by the Mackinac Bridgeat St. Ignace, one of the longest suspension bridges in the world. Until the bridge was completed in 1957, travel between the two peninsulas was difficult and slow (and sometimes even impossible during winter months). Car ferries ran between the two peninsulas, and at the busiest times of year the wait was several hours. In winter, travel was only possible over the ice after the straits had solidly frozen.
Despite its rural character, the Upper Peninsula offers many transportation options. [ [http://www.december.com/places/up/transit.html Transportation in the Upper Peninsula.] ]
The primary means of transportation in the
Upper Peninsulais by automobile. It is served by one interstate and several U.S. highways and Michigan state trunklines.
* Sault Ste. Marie
* St. Ignace
* and into Wisconsin.
* west into Wisconsin.
*. [http://www.december.com/places/up/transit.html UP Transit: Find your way in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA ] ]
* south into Wisconsin.
* and then exits south into Wisconsin.
There are 42 airports in the Upper Peninsula.
There are six airports with commercial passenger service:
Gogebic-Iron County Airportnorth of Ironwood, Houghton County Memorial Airportnortheast of Hancock, Ford Airport west of Iron Mountain, Sawyer International Airportsouth of Marquette, Delta County Airportin Escanaba, and Chippewa County International Airportsouth of Sault Ste. Marie.
There are 19 other public use airports with a hard surface runway. These are used for
general aviationand charter. Notably, Mackinac Island, Beaver Island, and Drummond Islandare all accessible by airports.
There are 5 public access airports with turf runways.
There are 13 airports for the private use of their owners.
There is only one
control towerin the whole Upper Peninsula, at Sawyer.
Ferries and bridges
The Eastern Upper Peninsula Transportation Authority operates car ferries in its area. These include ferries for
Sugar Island, Neebish Island, and Drummond Island. Three ferry companies run passenger ferries from St. Ignace to Mackinac Island.
The three major bridges in the Upper Peninsula are
Mackinac Bridge, connecting Northern Michiganto the Upper Peninsula; Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge, which connects the Michigan and Canadian Sault Ste. Marie; and the Portage Lift Bridge, which crosses Portage Lake. The Portage Lift Bridge is the world's heaviest and widest double-decked vertical lift bridge. Its center span "lifts" to provide convert|100|ft|m of clearance for ships. Since rail traffic was discontinued in the Keweenaw, the lower deck is used to accommodate snowmobiletraffic in the winter. As the only land-based link between the north and south sections of the Keweenaw Peninsula, the bridge is crucial to transportation. [ [http://www.keweenaw.info/virtualkeweenaw.aspx Virtual Keweenaw Peninsula.] ]
Grand Trunk Corporation: Provides rail service for the Menominee area and south into Wisconsin.
Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad: Transports iron ore over a 16 mile (26 km) line from the Empire-Tilden Mine (operated by Cleveland-Cliffs), south of Ishpeming, to Marquette's port on Lake Superior.
Soo Line RailroadSault Ste. Marie is the namesake of the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railway, now the Soo Line Railroad, the U.S. arm of the Canadian Pacific Railway. This railroad has a bridge parallel to the International Bridge, crossing the St. Mary's River.
* Escanaba & Lake Superior Railroad [http://www.elsrr.com] : Chartered in 1898, the E&LS is an industrial beltline railroad with 347 miles of trackage connecting Escanaba, Ontonagon, Republic, and
Green Bay, Wisconsin, with a common junction at Channing, and a spur to Nestoria from Sidnaw.
The Upper Peninsula of Michigan has three state universities:
Northern Michigan Universityin Marquette; Lake Superior State Universityin Sault Ste. Marie; and Michigan Technological Universityin Houghton. Finlandia Universityis a private universitylocated in Hancock, Michigan, on the Keweenaw Peninsula.
Early settlers included multiple waves of people from
Nordic countries. There are still Swedish- and Finnish-speaking communities in many areas of the Upper Peninsula today. People of Finnish ancestry make up 16% of the peninsula's population. The U.P. is home to the highest concentration of Finns outside Europe and the only counties of the United States where a plurality of residents claim Finnish ancestry. [. Finlandia University, America's only college with Finnish roots, is located in Hancock. [cite web|url=http://hunts-upguide.com/keweenaw_peninsula.html|accessdate=2006-10-01|title=Keweenaw Peninsula] Street signs in Hancock appear in English and Finnish to celebrate this heritage.
Upper Peninsula natives speak a dialect influenced by Scandinavian and French-Canadian speech. A popular bumper sticker, a parody of the "Say YES to Michigan" slogan promoted by state tourism officials, shows an outline of the Upper Peninsula and the slogan, "Say yah to da U.P., eh!"
The Mining Journal", based in Marquette, is the only daily newspaperwith distribution across the entire U.P. It has been the region's primary newspaper for more than 150 years, but other towns also have local newspapers.
Today, the Upper Peninsula is home to 328,000 people—only about 3% of the state's population— living in almost one-third of the state's land area. Residents are known as Yoopers, (from "U.P.ers") and many consider themselves Yoopers before they consider themselves Michiganders. (People living in the Lower Peninsula are commonly called "
trolls" by Upper Peninsula residents, as they live "Under da Bridge.") This regionalism is not only a result of the physical separation of the two peninsulas, but also the history of the state.
Residents of the western Upper Peninsula take on some of the cultural identities of both Wisconsin and Michigan. In terms of sports fandom, residents often gravitate toward the nearby Wisconsin teams, particularly the
Green Bay Packers. This is a result of both proximity and the broadcast and print media of the area. However, the typical high schoolgraduate from the U.P. will likely look first to local universities, and then to the Lower Peninsula schools, rather than to Wisconsin schools.Fact|date=February 2007
A trip downstate is often rather difficult: a trip from Ironwood to Detroit is roughly 600 miles (960 km) long, more than twice the distance to Minneapolis and almost as long as a trip to St. Louis. Such a trip is made more difficult by the lack of freeways: a short section of
I-75is the only freeway in the U.P. Commonly, people of the western U.P. will go to Minneapolis or Wisconsin for trips, but they have managed to retain identity with Michigan. Residents of the northeastern part of the U.P. may cross the Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge to Canada more often than they cross the Mackinac Bridge to the Lower Peninsula, and they often associate more closely with Northern Ontario.
The Upper Peninsula has a distinctive local cuisine. The
pasty, a kind of meat turnover originally brought to the region by Cornish miners, is popular among locals and tourists alike. Pasty varieties include chicken, venison, pork, hamburger, and pizza. Many restaurants serve potato sausage and " cudighi", a spicy Italian meat.
Finnish immigrants contributed "
nisu", a cardamon-flavored sweet bread; "pannukakku", a variant on the pancake with a custard flavor; " viili" (sometimes spelled "fellia"), a stretchy, fermented Finnish milk; and "korppu", hard slices of toasted cinnamon bread, traditionally dipped in coffee. Thimbleberryjam and maple syrupare highly prized local delicacies. [Hunts Guide to Michigan's Upper Peninsula "http://hunts-upguide.com/specialty_foods.html" "Hunts Guide to Michigan's Upper Peninsula" March 31, 2007. Retrieved on March 31, 2007.] Fresh Great Lakes fish, such as the lake troutand whitefish, are widely eaten, despite concerns about PCB contamination and elevated mercury concentrations. Smoked and pickled fish are also popular.
University of Michiganfootball coach Lloyd Carris an alumnus of Northern Michigan University; he was quarterback for the school's football team during an undefeated season in 1967. He graduated from NMU in 1968 with his B.S. in education and went on to earn his M.A. in education administration at NMU in 1970.
George Gipp, the "Gipper"—immortalized in the film " Knute Rockne, All American" by Ronald Reagan—was born in Laurium. He was the first All-American at the Notre Dame football program.
Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson, aircraft engineer and aeronautical innovator, was born in Ishpeming.
John Lautner, a native of Marquette and alumnus of Northern Michigan University, was one of Frank Lloyd Wright's most successful Taliesin fellows. His Modernistresidence, Chemosphere, is a Los Angeleslandmark.
Detroit Lionshead coach Steve Mariucciand Michigan State basketball coach Tom Izzoare both natives of Iron Mountain. Both went to Northern Michigan University, where Mariucci was quarterback of the Wildcats' 1975 NCAA Division II national championship team.
Terry O'Quinn, actor, was born in Newberry in 1952.
Chase Osbornwas the only Governor of Michigan from the Upper peninsula (1911-1913).
Pam Reedis an ultrarunner who currently resides in Tucson, Arizona. She grew up in Palmer, Michigan, and graduated from Michigan Technological University.
Mike Shaw, professional wrestler, was born in Skandia. He wrestled in the WWF as Bastion Booger and the WCW as Norman the Lunatic.
Howard Schultz, chairman of Starbucks CoffeeCo., is a Northern Michigan University alumnus.
Glenn T. Seaborg, a chemistand major contributor in the discovery of several of the transuranium elements, was born in Ishpeming. Before his death in 1999, he was the only living person to have a chemical element named after him ( seaborgium, abbreviated as Sg and with atomic number106). This name caused controversy because Seaborg was still alive, but eventually it was accepted by international chemists. Though he lived most of his life in California, the Seaborg Center at Northern Michigan University is named in his honor.
Mary Chase Perry Strattonfounder of Pewabic Pottery, was born in Hancock, Michigan. [ [http://info.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?id=23&category=life/ Detroit News] ]
Art Van Damme, jazz accordionist, was born in Norway.
John D. Voelker, Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court, wrote the best selling book " Anatomy of a Murder" under the pen name Robert Traver. The movie—filmed in Big Bay and Ishpeming (with some courtroom scenes in Marquette)—was directed by Otto Preminger.
Steven Wiig, actor in ( Into the Wild (film)) and musician, was born and raised in Negaunee, Michigan, attended Northern Michigan University and works with the band Metallica.
List of counties in Michigan
List of Michigan county name etymologies
* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/lighthouses/lhtime1.htm Beacons in the Night, Michigan Lighthouse Chronology, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.]
* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/ Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Michigan (arranged by counties and regions)]
* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/oilandgas/geology.htm Michigan Geology -- Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.]
* [http://www.infomi.com/city/ Info Michigan, detailed information on 630 cities]
* [http://www.exploringthenorth.com/townsmi/townsmi.html Exploring the North -- travel, history, general information.]
* [http://www.coastwatch.msu.edu/ Great Lakes Coast Watch]
* [http://www.michigan.gov/dnr Michigan Department of Natural Resources website, harbors, hunting, resources and more.]
* [http://www.michmarkers.com/default.asp Michigan Historic Markers]
* [http://www.michigan.org Michigan's Official Economic Development and Travel Site, including interactive map, information on attractions, museums, etc.]
* [http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mcd-city-vill_up_20150_7.pdf Map of Upper Peninsula Counties and Minor Civil Divisions]
* [http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-cp/history/WEBLIGHTHOUSES/LHMI.html USCG's complete list of Michigan lighthouses.]
* [http://www.michigan.gov/documents/hal_mhc_shpo_lightmap_50933_7.pdf Map of Michigan Lighthouses] in PDF Format.
* [http://www.michigan.org Michigan's Official Economic Development and Travel Site.]
* [http://www.exploremunising.com ExploreMunising.com Complete online travel and service directory]
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