Regionalism (politics)


Regionalism (politics)

In politics, regionalism is a political ideology that focuses on the interests of a particular region or group of regions, whether traditional or formal (administrative divisions, country subdivisions, political divisions, subnational units). Regionalism centers on increasing the region's influence and political power, either through movements for limited form of autonomy (devolution, states' rights, decentralization) or through stronger measures for a greater degree of autonomy (sovereignty, separatism, independence). Regionalists often favor loose federations or confederations over a unitary state with a strong central government. Regionalism may be contrasted with "nationalism".

Proponents of regionalism say that strengthening a region's governing bodies and political powers within a larger country would create efficiencies of scale to the region, promote decentralization, develop a more rational allocation of the region's resources for benefit of the local populations, increase the efficient implementation of local plans, raise competitiveness levels among the regions and ultimately the whole country, and save taxpayers money.

In some countries, the development of regionalist politics may be a prelude to further demands for greater autonomy or even full separation, especially when ethnic and cultural disparities are present. This was demonstrated in the late 1980s in Yugoslavia, among other examples.

A regionalist party is a regional political party promoting autonomy for its region; a regional party is a political party with its base almost entirely in a single region. All regionalist parties are also regional, while only a portion of regional parties are also regionalist. Because regional parties often cannot receive enough votes or legislative seats to be politically powerful, they may join political alliances or seek to be part of a coalition government.

Examples of regionalist parties include the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru in the United Kingdom, the Basque Nationalist Party, Convergence and Union and the Republican Left of Catalonia in Spain, and Lega Nord in Italy, while examples of regional parties include the regionalist parties cited before, the Christian Social Union of Bavaria and almost all Belgian parties.

ee also

Concepts

* Secession
* Federalism
* Parochialism
* Decentralization
* Self-governance
* Self-determination
* Political parties of minorities

Political parties

Lists of regional and regionalist parties are available at:
*European Free Alliance
*List of political parties campaigning for self-government
*List of active autonomist and secessionist movements
*List of historical autonomist and secessionist movements
*

pecific issues

*North-South divide in the United Kingdom
*Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium
*Nationalisms and regionalisms of Spain


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Regionalism — may refer to: *Regionalism (politics) *Regionalism (art) *Regionalism (international relations) *Regionalism (literature) *Critical regionalism (architecture) *A word that is limited to a certain dialectee also*Bioregionalism, regions defined by… …   Wikipedia

  • Regionalism (international relations) — Regionalism is a term used in international relations. Regionalism also constitutes one of the three constituents of the international commercial system (along with multilateralism and unilateralism).W.J. Ethier, The International Commercial… …   Wikipedia

  • politics —    Throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century and much of the twentieth century, Spanish politics has been characterized by the struggle to establish a democratic polity: a struggle which was far more protracted and bloody than that… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Politics of Sri Lanka — Template:Politics of Sri LankaPolitics of Sri Lanka takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Sri Lanka is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi party system.… …   Wikipedia

  • regionalism — /ˈridʒənəlɪzəm/ (say reejuhnuhlizuhm) noun 1. Politics the theory, principles, and practice of dividing a country into administrative regions. 2. regional patriotism. 3. Linguistics a word, phrase, etc., which is restricted to a particular region …   Australian English dictionary

  • Critical regionalism — Jørn Utzon, Bagsvaerd Church (1973–6), Denmark; combinations of local culture and universal civilization. Critical Regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter placelessness and lack of identity in Modern Architecture by… …   Wikipedia

  • Marathi regionalism — Maharashtra, the third largest state in India was born after the bilingual state of Bombaywas bifurcated into Maharashtra and Gujarat in 1960. [ [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid 1311115,prtpage 1.cms Sena fate: From roar to… …   Wikipedia

  • Mancheguian regionalism — Actualization of the Mancheguian Flag, eliminating the Alfonso XIII Coat of arms. The Mancheguian Regionalism (es:Regionalismo manchego) is a minoritarian political current in Spain that proposes the existence of a differentiated …   Wikipedia

  • List of politics topics — NOTOC TopicTOC Politics This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc. Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. Although the term is generally applied …   Wikipedia

  • Localism (politics) — Localism describes a range of political philosophies which prioritise the local. Generally they support local production and consumption of goods, local control of government, and local culture and identity. Localist politics have been approached …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.