List of tallest buildings in Detroit


List of tallest buildings in Detroit
Skyline of Detroit. The Renaissance Center is visible to the far right, and the One Detroit Center is visible in the center of the image.

This list of tallest buildings in Detroit ranks skyscrapers and high rises in the U.S. city of Detroit, Michigan by height. The tallest skyscraper in Detroit is the 73-story Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center, which rises 727 feet (222 m) along Detroit's International Riverfront.[A][1] It is the tallest building in the state of Michigan, the 97th-tallest building in the United States, and the tallest all-hotel building in the Western Hemisphere.[1] Another famous skyscraper is One Detroit Center which stands as the 2nd-tallest building in the city and the state.[2]

Detroit's history of skyscrapers began in 1889 with the completion of the 10-story Hammond Building, considered to be the city's first historic steel-framed skyscraper;[3] Chase Tower in the Detroit Financial District now stands on this site.[4] Detroit witnessed a massive building boom during the Roaring Twenties, resulting in the construction of many of the city's skyscrapers, including the Penobscot, Guardian, and Stott Buildings. One Woodward Avenue which rises 430 feet (131 m) was the tallest building constructed in the city during the 1960s. Detroit is the site of eight skyscrapers at least 492 feet (150 m) in height and twenty-seven at least 327 feet (100 m) in height.[5] Overall, the skyline of Detroit is ranked (based upon existing and under construction buildings over 492 feet (150 m)) third in the Midwestern United States (after Chicago and Minneapolis) and sixteenth in the United States, after New York City, Chicago, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, Dallas, Atlanta, San Francisco, Boston, Las Vegas, Seattle, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Jersey City, and Minneapolis.[B]

The most recently constructed skyscrapers in the city are One Detroit Center, completed in 1993, and the Greektown Casino Hotel, completed in 2009. The latter rises 348 feet (106 m) and contains 30 floors.[6] The city has received many significant restoration projects which include the 29 story Westin Book Cadillac Hotel; originally built in 1924 and restored in 2008, it rises 349 feet (106 m).[7] Additionally, Cadillac Centre and a new Quicken headquarters have been proposed for construction in Detroit.

Contents


Tallest buildings

The Renaissance Center, containing Detroit's first- and fourth-tallest buildings.
One Detroit Center, the city's second-tallest building overlooks the Detroit Financial District.
The Penobscot Building, Detroit's third-tallest building.
150 West Jefferson (far left), the ninth-tallest, and One Woodward Avenue (far right), the 14th-tallest building in the city shown in the Detroit Financial District.
The Fisher Building, Detroit's 11th-tallest building.
Greektown Casino hotel, the city's 21st-tallest.

This list ranks Detroit skyscrapers that stand at least 300 feet (91 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Height
feet / m
Floors Year Notes
01.01 Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center 727 / 222 73[A] 1977 Tallest building in the city and the state since 1977, 97th-tallest building in the United States. Tallest all-hotel building in the world upon completion; now stands as the tallest hotel in the Western Hemisphere. Major renovation completed in 2004.[1][8] The entire complex is owned by General Motors.
02.02 One Detroit Center 619 / 189 43 1993 Tallest building completed in Detroit in the 1990s. Also known as Comerica Tower at Detroit Center, after its tenant.[2][9]
03.03 Penobscot Building 565 / 172 47 1928 When completed in 1928, the Penobscot was the world's eighth tallest building. It was the city's tallest from 1928 to 1977.[10][11] The Penobscot stands at the center of the Detroit Financial District.
04.04= Renaissance Center Tower 100 522 / 159 39 1977 [12][13]
04.04= Renaissance Center Tower 200 522 / 159 39 1977 [14][15]
04.04= Renaissance Center Tower 300 522 / 159 39 1977 [16][17]
04.04= Renaissance Center Tower 400 522 / 159 39 1977 [18][19]
08.08 Guardian Building 495 / 151 40 1929 [20][21]
09.09 Book Tower 475 / 145 38 1926 Tallest unused building as of 2008.[22][23]
10.010 150 West Jefferson 456 / 139 26 1989 Tallest building completed in Detroit in the 1980s. Also known as the Madden Building.[24][25]
11.011 Fisher Building 444 / 135 30 1928 [26][27]
12.012 Cadillac Tower 438 / 133 40 1927 [28][29]
13.013 David Stott Building 437 / 133 37 1929 [30][31]
14.014 One Woodward Avenue 430 / 131 28 1963 Tallest building completed in the city in the 1960s.[32][33]
15.015 McNamara Federal Building 393 / 120 27 1976 [34][35]
16.016 Detroit Edison Plaza 375 / 114 25 1971 [36][37]
17.017 David Broderick Tower 369 / 113 35 1928 Under redevelopment, expected completion 2012. Originally known as the Eaton Tower.[38][39]
18.018 211 West Fort Street 368 / 112 27 1963 [40][41]
19.019 Buhl Building 366 / 112 29 1925 [42][43]
20.020 Westin Book Cadillac Hotel 349 / 106 29 1924 Tallest hotel in the world upon completion in 1924 and restored in 2008.[7][44]
2121 Greektown Casino Hotel 348 / 106 30 2009 [6][45]
22.022 First National Building 341 / 104 26 1930 Tallest building completed in Detroit in the 1930s.[46][47]
23.023= Renaissance Center Tower 500 339 / 103 21 1981 [48][49]
24.023= Renaissance Center Tower 600 339 / 103 21 1981 [50][51]
25.025 1001 Woodward 338 / 103 23 1965 [52][53]
26.026 Millender Center Apartments 332 / 101 33 1985 Tallest all-residential building in the city.[54][55]
27.027 AT&T Building Addition 327 / 100 17 1974 [56][57]
28.028 Dime Building 324 / 99 23 1912 [58][59]
29.029 Jeffersonian Apartments 322 / 98 30 1965 [60][61]
30.030 AT&T Building 319 / 97 19 1927 [62][63]
31.031= Blue Cross/Blue Shield Service Center 318 / 97 22 1971 [64][65]
32.031= Coleman A. Young Municipal Building 318 / 97 20 1954 Tallest building completed in the city in the 1950s.[66][67]
33.033 Penobscot Building Annex 310 / 95 23 1913 [68][69]
34.034= 1300 Lafayette Cooperative 305 / 93 29 1961 [70][71]
35.034= Riverfront Tower 300 305 / 93 29 1983 [72][73]
36.034= Riverfront Tower 200 305 / 93 29 1983 [74][75]

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height

The Guardian Building, the city's eighth-tallest building and third-tallest when measuring by pinnacle height, shown in the Detroit Financial District

This list ranks Detroit skyscrapers based on their pinnacle height, which includes radio masts and antennas. As architectural features and spires can be regarded as subjective, some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this method of measurement. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes.

Rank Name Pinnacle height
feet / m
Standard height
feet / m
Reference
1 Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center 755 / 230 727 / 222 [8]
2 Penobscot Building 664 / 202 565 / 172 [11]
3 Guardian Building 632 / 193 495 / 151 [21]
4 One Detroit Center 619 / 189 619 / 189 [9]
5 Cadillac Tower 578 / 176 438 / 133 [29]
6= Renaissance Center Tower 100 522 / 159 522 / 159 [13]
6= Renaissance Center Tower 200 522 / 159 522 / 159 [15]
6= Renaissance Center Tower 300 522 / 159 522 / 159 [17]
6= Renaissance Center Tower 400 522 / 159 522 / 159 [19]
10 Fisher Building 489 / 135 444 / 135 [27]

Tallest proposed

This lists skyscrapers proposed or envisioned for construction in Detroit. These include skysrapers planned to rise at least 300 ft (91 m), but are not yet completed structures.

Name Height*
feet / m
Floors* Year*
(est.)
Status Notes
Two Detroit Center
619 / 189
43
Visionary
Twin tower concept east of One Detroit Center.[76] Two Detroit Center parking garage was constructed on the site in 2002.[77]
Cadillac Centre
24
Proposed
Two 24-story towers to rise from a 12-story base attached to the existing Cadillac Tower and across from Campus Martius Park; placed on hold indefinitely.[78][79]
Quicken Loans Headquarters
Undetermined
Company occupies existing downtown office buildings.[80]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding building heights, floor counts, or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings

The Buhl Building, Detroit's tallest building from 1925 until 1926
Restored in 2008 as the Westin Book Cadillac Hotel; the world's tallest hotel upon completion in 1924. Detroit's tallest building from 1924 until 1925.

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Detroit. For most of Detroit's earlier years, the tallest buildings in the city were churches and government buildings with their steeples. The first skyscraper in the city is usually regarded to be the Hammond Building, completed in 1889.[3] However, since the 10-story building did not surpass the steeple of the Fort Street Presbyterian Church, it never became a city record holder. The first skyscraper to have the distinction of being Detroit's tallest building was the Ford Building, completed in 1909.[81]

Name Street address Years as tallest Height
feet / m
Floors Reference
First Michigan State Capitol[C] Capitol Park 1828–1866 140 / 43 2 [82]
Most Holy Trinity Church 1050 Porter Street 1866–1871 170 / 52 1 [83]
Former Detroit City Hall[D][E] Campus Martius Park 1871–1877 200 / 61 4 [84]
St. Joseph Church[E] 1828 Jay Street 1873–1877 200 / 61 1 [85]
Fort Street Presbyterian Church 631 West Fort Street 1877–1909 265 / 81 1 [86]
Ford Building 615 Griswold Street 1909–1913 275 / 84 19 [81]
Penobscot Building Annex 144 West Congress Street 1913 310 / 95 23 [69]
Dime Building 719 Griswold Street 1913–1924 324 / 99 23 [59]
Book-Cadillac Hotel[F] 220 Michigan Avenue 1924–1925 349 / 106 29 [7]
Buhl Building 535 Griswold Street 1925–1926 366 / 112 29 [43]
Book Tower 1265 Washington Boulevard 1926–1928 475 / 145 38 [23]
Penobscot Building 633 Griswold Street 1928–1977 565 / 172 47 [11]
Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center 1 Renaissance Center Drive 1977–present 727 / 222 73[A] [8]

Tallest buildings in Detroit's suburban cities

3000 Town Center, the second tallest building in Michigan outside of Detroit.
1000 Town Center, the second tallest building in the metro region.
2000 Town Center, the third tallest building in the metro region.
American Center, the fifth tallest building in the metro region.

This list ranks buildings in Detroit's suburban municipalities that stand at least 200 feet (61 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. Existing structures are included for ranking purposes based on present height.

Rank Name Location Height
feet / m
Floors Year Notes
1 3000 Town Center Southfield 402 / 122 32 1975 Second tallest building in Michigan outside of Detroit (Riverhouse Condominiums in Grand Rapids is the first).[87]
2 1000 Town Center Southfield 395 / 120 28 1989 [87]
3 2000 Town Center Southfield 370 / 113 28 1986 [87]
4 Top of Troy Building Troy 346 / 106 25 1974
5 American Center Southfield 331 / 101 26 1975 [87]
6 5000 Town Center Southfield 328 / 100 33 1983 [87]
7 4000 Town Center Southfield 270 / 82 20 1979 [87]
8 Tower Plaza Ann Arbor 267 / 82 26 1969 A residential high-rise, Tower Plaza is Ann Arbor's tallest building.[88]
9 Shore Club Skytower St. Clair Shores 260 / 79 26 2006 [89]
10 Travelers Tower I Southfield 256 / 78 18 1971 [87]
11 One Towne Square Southfield 253 / 77 21 1992 [87]
12 Genesee Towers Flint 250 / 76 19 1968 [90]
13 St. Florian Catholic Church Hamtramck 247 / 75 1 1928
14 Mott Foundation Building Flint 226 / 69 19 1930 [90]
15 Macomb County Building Mount Clemens 219 / 67 13 1944 Tallest building in Macomb County.
16= Park Lane Towers West Dearborn 213 / 65 15 1973 [91]
16= Park Lane Towers East Dearborn 213 / 65 15 1971 [91]
16= Hyatt Regency Dearborn Dearborn 213 / 65 14 1976 [91]
19 Burton Memorial Tower Ann Arbor 212 / 65 10 1936 [88]
20= SBC Publishing Building Troy 207 / 63 16 1983 [92]
20= 100 North Center Troy 207 / 63 15 1983 [92]
22 University Towers Ann Arbor 205 / 62 19 1960 [88]
23 Southfield Centre Southfield 201 / 61 14 1976 [87]

See also

Notes

A. ^ a b c General Motors, the owner of the Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center, maintains that the building has 73 floors.[93] Hines Interests, the property management firm for the building, gives a floor count of 74,[94] while architect Skidmore, Owings and Merrill gives a floor count of 75.[95] Emporis and other building database sites usually give the floor count as 70,[1][96] while other sources state 73 stories.[97] This table uses the floor count of 73 as stated officially by the building's owner.
B. ^ New York has 216 existing and under construction buildings over 492 feet (150 m), Chicago has 114, Miami has 32, Houston has 31, Los Angeles has 26, Dallas has 20, San Francisco has 21, Atlanta has 19, Boston has 19, Las Vegas has 16, Seattle has 15, Philadelphia has 15, Pittsburgh has 10, Jersey City has 9, Minneapolis has 11, Detroit has 8, Denver has 7. Source of Skyline ranking information: SkyscraperPage.com diagrams: New York City, Chicago, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, Dallas, Atlanta, San Francisco, Boston, Las Vegas, Seattle, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Jersey City, Minneapolis, Detroit, Denver.
C. ^ The capitol of Michigan was relocated to Lansing in 1847, and the original capitol building was destroyed in a fire in 1893.
D. ^ This building was destroyed in 1961.
E. ^ a b St. Joseph Church, completed in 1873, tied the height of the Detroit City Hall. The city therefore had two tallest buildings for a period of 4 years, until the Fort Street Presbyterian Church was completed in 1977.
F. ^ This building was constructed as the Book-Cadillac Hotel, but is now officially known as the Westin Book-Cadillac Hotel.

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d "Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=marriottrenaissancecenter-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  2. ^ a b "One Detroit Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=comericatower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  3. ^ a b "Hammond Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=156803. Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
  4. ^ Chase Tower. Emporis. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
  5. ^ Data Standards: skyscraper (ESN 24419), Emporis Standards, Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Greektown Casino Hotel". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=greektowncasinohotel-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  7. ^ a b c "Westin Book-Cadillac Detroit". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3380. Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
  8. ^ a b c "Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3523. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  9. ^ a b "One Detroit Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=525. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  10. ^ "Penobscot Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=penobscotbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  11. ^ a b c "Penobscot Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=935. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  12. ^ "Renaissance Center 100 Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=renaissancecenter100tower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  13. ^ a b "Renaissance Center Tower 100". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=845. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  14. ^ "Renaissance Center 200 Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=renaissancecenter200tower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  15. ^ a b "Renaissance Center Tower 200". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=844. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  16. ^ "Renaissance Center 300 Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=renaissancecenter300tower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  17. ^ a b "Renaissance Center Tower 300". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=843. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  18. ^ "Renaissance Center 400 Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=renaissancecenter400tower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  19. ^ a b "Renaissance Center Tower 400". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=842. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  20. ^ "Guardian Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=guardianbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  21. ^ a b "Guardian Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1229. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  22. ^ "Book Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=booktower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  23. ^ a b "Book Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1416. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  24. ^ "150 West Jefferson". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=150westjefferson-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  25. ^ "150 West Jefferson". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3085. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  26. ^ "Fisher Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=fisherbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  27. ^ a b "Fisher Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2013. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  28. ^ "Cadillac Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=cadillactower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  29. ^ a b "Cadillac Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=958. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  30. ^ "David Stott Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=davidstottbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  31. ^ "David Stott Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2140. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  32. ^ "One Woodward Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1woodwardavenuenue-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  33. ^ "One Woodward Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6981. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  34. ^ "McNamara Federal Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=mcnamarafederalbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  35. ^ "McNamara Federal Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7215. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  36. ^ "DTE Energy Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=detroitedisonplaza-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  37. ^ "DTE Energy Plaza Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5838. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  38. ^ "Broderick Tower Lofts". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=brodericktowerlofts-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  39. ^ "David Broderick Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1385. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  40. ^ "211 West Fort Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=211westfortstreet-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  41. ^ "211 West Fort Street". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3405. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  42. ^ "Buhl Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=buhlbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  43. ^ a b "Buhl Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3547. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  44. ^ "Westin Book-Cadillac Detroit". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=118531. Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
  45. ^ "Greektown Casino Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5981. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  46. ^ "First National Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1nationalbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  47. ^ "First National Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7462. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  48. ^ "Renaissance Center 500 Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=renaissancecenter500tower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  49. ^ "Renaissance Center Tower 500". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5298. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  50. ^ "Renaissance Center 600 Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=renaissancecenter600tower-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  51. ^ "Renaissance Center Tower 600". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5300. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  52. ^ "1001 Woodward". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1001woodward-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  53. ^ "1001 Woodward". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7461. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  54. ^ "Millender Center Apartments". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=millendercenterapartments-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  55. ^ "Millender Center Apartments". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7459. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  56. ^ "SBC Building Addition". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sbcbuildingaddition-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  57. ^ "SBC Addition". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7463. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  58. ^ "Dime Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=dimebuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  59. ^ a b "Dime Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=8871. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  60. ^ "Jeffersonian Apartments". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=jeffersonianapartments-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  61. ^ "Jeffersonian Apartments". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=8872. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  62. ^ "SBC Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sbcbuilding-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  63. ^ "SBC Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=9160. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  64. ^ "Blue Cross Blue Shield Service Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bluecrossblueshieldservicecenter-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  65. ^ "Blue Cross/Blue Shield Service Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4087. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  66. ^ "Coleman A. Young Municipal Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=colemanayoungmunicipalcenter-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  67. ^ "Coleman A. Young Municipal Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1999. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  68. ^ "Penobscot Building Annex". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=penobscotannex-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  69. ^ a b "Penobscot Building Annex". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=10241. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  70. ^ "1300 Lafayette Cooperative". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1300lafayetteeastcooperative-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  71. ^ "1300 Lafayette Cooperative". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4073. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  72. ^ "Riverfront Towers - Tower 300". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=riverfronttowersi-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  73. ^ "Riverfront Towers - Tower 300". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3997. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  74. ^ "Riverfront Towers- Tower 200". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=riverfronttowersii-detroit-mi-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
  75. ^ "Riverfront Towers - Tower 200". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1976. Retrieved 2007-11-04. 
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  77. ^ http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/cx/?id=115856
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  79. ^ Kavanaugh, Kelli B.. "Development News:Architecturally daring Cadillac Centre announced, will break ground in 2009". Model D Media. Archived from the original on 2008-01-12. http://web.archive.org/web/20080112134326/http://www.modeldmedia.com/developmentnews/cadillaccentre12508.aspx. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  80. ^ Aguilar, Louis (2009-07-21). "Quicken narrows HQ building sites to 2". The Detroit News. http://detroitnews.com/article/20090721/BIZ/907210326. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  81. ^ a b "Ford Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=9569. Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
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