Leelanau County, Michigan


Leelanau County, Michigan

Infobox U.S. County
county = Leelanau County
state = Michigan




map size = 200
founded = 1840
seat = Leland | area_total_sq_mi =2532
area_water_sq_mi =2184
area percentage = 86.24%
census yr = 2000
pop = 21119
density_km2 =23
web = www.leelanaucounty.com
|

Leelanau County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is part of the Traverse City, Michigan Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 21,119. The county seat currently is the unincorporated community of LelandGR|6. However, on August 3, 2004, county voters approved a proposal to move the county seat to Suttons Bay Township, closer to the county's geographic center. A new governmental facility will be built on 45 acres (180,000 m²) of county-owned land one mile east of the unincorporated village of Lake Leelanau, where a new county law enforcement center already is under construction.

Geography

*According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,532 square miles (6,559 km²), of which, 348 square miles (903 km²) of it is land and 2,184 square miles (5,656 km²) of it (86.24%) is water. The county has the second-highest proportion of water area of any county in the United States, behind only Keweenaw County, Michigan. Lake Leelanau is the county's largest body of inland water, formed from the Leland River dam near Leland. Glen Lake, located within the boundaries of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, is considered one of the most beautiful lakes in the world.
*A substantial portion of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore lies within the county's borders, including North Manitou and South Manitou Islands.
*Leelanau County is considered to be part of Northern Michigan.
*Leelenau has been part to substantial efforts to protect itself from growth, and to foster a nature conservancy. [ [http://www.theconservancy.com/ Leelenau Conservancy] ]

Major Highways

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Adjacent counties

Geographic Location
Centre = Leelanau County
East = Grand Traverse Bay
Southeast = Grand Traverse County
Southwest = Benzie County
Northwest = Lake Michigan

History

The county's name is said to be a Native American word meaning "delight of life" [ [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Leelanau.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central, Michigan University, Bibliography for Leelanau County.] ] However, there is substantial authority that suggests that this is a neologism made up by Henry Schoolcraft, who sometimes gave the name "Leelinau" to some Native American women in his tales. It is noted that the Ottawas and Ojibwas did not use the letter "L". [ [http://www.michigan.gov/hal/0,1607,7-160-15481_20826_20829-54126--,00.html#lake Michigan Arts and History on Origins of County Names.] ] "See," List of Michigan county name etymologies.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 21,119 people, 8,436 households, and 6,217 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 13,297 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 3.66% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.34% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 3.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.3% were of German, 11.5% English, 9.9% Polish, 9.0% Irish, 6.0% French and 5.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.1% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 8,436 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 28.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,062, and the median income for a family was $53,228. Males had a median income of $35,719 versus $25,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,686. About 3.30% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers
public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships. Leelenau County recently completed construction of a new jail.

Leelanau County elected officials

* Prosecuting Attorney: Joseph T. Hubbell
* Sheriff: Michael Oltersdorf
* County Clerk: Michelle L. Crocker
* County Treasurer: Vicki A. Kilway
* Register of Deeds: Barbara J. Kirt
* Drain Commissioner: Steven R. Christensen

Other affiliations

*Leelanau County is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gaylord. [ [http://www.dioceseofgaylord.org/ Diocese of Gaylord.] ]

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships

Cities

*Traverse City (partial)

Villages

*Empire, village
*Northport, village
*Suttons Bay, village

Unincorporated Communities

*Burdickville, unincorporated
*Cedar, unincorporated
*Glen Arbor, unincorporated
*Glen Haven, unincorporated
*Greilickville, CDP
*Lake Leelanau, unincorporated
*Leland, unincorporated
*Maple City, unincorporated
*Omena, unincorporated
*Peshawbestown, unincorporated

Townships

*Bingham Township
*Centerville Township
*Cleveland Township
*Elmwood Charter Township
*Empire Township
*Glen Arbor Township
*Kasson Township
*Leelanau Township
*Leland Township
*Solon Township
*Suttons Bay Township

Notes

Further reading

* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Leelanau.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central, Michigan University, Bibliography for Leelanau County]
*Bogue, Margaret. "Around the Shores of Lake Michigan: A Guide to Historic Sites". Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
*Reed, Earl H. "The Dune Country. Berrien Springs", MI: Hardscrabble Books, 1979. [Reprint of 1916 Edition] .
*Ruchhoft, Robert H. "Exploring North Manitou, South Manitou, High and Garden Islands of the Lake Michigan Archipelago". Cincinnati, OH: Pucelle Press, 1991.
*Wood, Mable C. "Scooterville", U.S.A. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1962.

External links

* [http://www.leelanaucounty.com/ Leelanau Government & Community Center]
* [http://www.leelanauchamber.com Leelanau Peninsula Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.visitglenarbor.com Glen Arbor Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.lelandmi.com Leland Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.leelanautownshipchamber.com Northport-Omena Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.suttonsbayarea.com Suttons Bay Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.leelanaunews.com/ The Leelanau Enterprise] (local newspaper)
* [http://www.leelanau.com/ Leelanau.com] (news, photos & links)
* [http://www.leelanaupost.com/ The Leelanau Post]
* [http://www.fountainpointresort.com/ Fountain Point Resort website]


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