- Ionia County, Michigan
Infobox U.S. County
county = Ionia County
state = Michigan
map size = 200
founded = March 2, 1831
seat = Ionia | area_total_sq_mi =580
area percentage = 1.21%
census yr = 2000
pop = 61518
web = www.ioniacounty.org
Ionia County is a county in the
U.S. stateof Michigan. It is part of the Grand Rapids – Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 61,518. The county seatis IoniaGR|6.
According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,503 km²), of which, 573 square miles (1,485 km²) of it is land and 7 square miles (18 km²) of it (1.21%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 61,518 people, 20,606 households, and 15,145 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 107 people per square mile (41/km²). There were 22,006 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.96% White, 4.56% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.0% were of German, 14.7% American, 11.6% English, 8.9% Irish and 5.3% Dutch ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.3% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.
There were 20,606 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 115.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $43,074, and the median income for a family was $49,797. Males had a median income of $36,995 versus $25,443 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $17,451. About 6.80% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains
vital records, administers public healthregulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Ionia County elected officials
(information as of September 2005)
*North Plains Township
*Michigan State Trunklines
Bibliography and further reading
* [http://www.clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Ionia.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Ionia County]
* [http://www.ioniacounty.org/ Ionia County official website]
* [http://www.ioniamontcalm.com/ Ionia Montcalm Magazine website]
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