- Unfederated Malay States
The term Unfederated Malay States was the collective name given to five British protected states in the Malay peninsula in the first half of the twentieth century. These states were Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Terengganu. In contrast with the four neighbouring Federated Malay States of Selangor, Perak, Pahang, and Negri Sembilan, the five Unfederated Malay States lacked common institutions, and did not form a single state in international law.
In 1946 the British colony of the Straits Settlements was dissolved. Penang and Malacca which had formed a part of the Straits Settlements were then grouped with the five Unfederated Malay States and the four Federated Malay States to form the Malayan Union. In 1948, the Malayan Union was reconstituted as a federation of eleven states known as the Federation of Malaya. Nine of the states of the new Federation of Malaya continued as British Protected States, while two of them, Penang and Malacca remained as British colonies. The Federation of Malaya gained full independence from the UK in August 1957.
Johor accepted a treaty of protection with the United Kingdom in 1885, and eventually succumbed to British pressure to accept a resident "Advisor" in 1904. Unlike the other Malay states under British protection, however, Johor remained outside of the Federated Malay States (formed in 1895).
Under the Bangkok Treaty of 1909, Siam transferred its rights over the northern Malay states (Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah, and Perlis) to the United Kingdom. These states then became British Protected States. With the assistance of Japan, they temporarily returned to Thai jurisdiction for the latter part of the second world war.
Administration and language
The chief officer of the British colonial administration was the "Advisor". In contrast with the Federated Malay States, the Unfederated Malay States enjoyed greater autonomy. The de facto official language of the Unfederated Malay States was Malay (written with the Jawi script).
- ^ John Haywood (2002). Historical Atlas of the 19th Century World 1783 - 1914. Barnes and Noble. p. 22. ISBN 0760732035.
British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations Protectorates and crown colonies of British Malaya and Borneo Malaya Borneo
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Unfederated Malay States — Die malaiische Halbinsel zur Kolonialzeit. Die Unfederated States in blau, die Bezirke der Federated Malay States in gelb. Straits Settlements in rot. Die Native Malay States, offiziell Unfederated Malay States genannt, mit rund 63400 km², waren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Unfederated Malay States — a former group of five states in the Malay Peninsula, under indirect British control and forming a part of the former Federation of Malaya: now part of the federation of Malaysia. 24,347 sq. mi. (63,059 sq. km). * * * … Universalium
Unfederated Malay States — /məˈleɪ/ (say muh lay) plural noun a former group of native states of the Malay Peninsula which became British protectorates between 1885 and 1905; by 1963 all were part of the Federation of Malaysia … Australian English dictionary
Unfederated Malay States — a former group of five states in the Malay Peninsula, under indirect British control and forming a part of the former Federation of Malaya: now part of the federation of Malaysia. 24,347 sq. mi. (63,059 sq. km) … Useful english dictionary
Malay states — Within Malaysia, the Malay states are the nine states of Peninsular Malaysia that have hereditary Rulers. In practice, these Rulers (titled Raja and Yang di Pertuan Besar in Perlis and Negeri Sembilan respectively and Sultan elsewhere) are… … Wikipedia
Malay States — /məleɪ ˈsteɪts/ (say muhlay stayts) plural noun (formerly) the states of the Malay Peninsula that, with the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca (now Melaka), comprised the Union of Malaya (1946) and the Federation of Malaya (1948) (see… … Australian English dictionary
Federated Malay States — This article is not to be confused with the Unfederated Malay States. Federated Malay States نڬري٢ ملايو برسكوتو Negeri negeri Melayu Bersekutu Protectorate of the United Kingdom … Wikipedia
Federated Malay States — Flagge der Federated Malay States (bis 1946) … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of extinct states — This page attempts to list the many extinct states, countries, nations, empires or territories that have ceased to exist as political entities, grouped geographically and by constitutional nature.Ancient and medieval statesStates and realms that… … Wikipedia
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