- Province of South Carolina
Province of South Carolina British colony ← 1729–1776 → Capital Charles Town (later Charleston, South Carolina) Language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy Legislature South Carolina General Assembly History - Established 1729 - Independence 1776 Currency Pound sterling
The Carolinas were named for King Charles II of England. Derived from Latin "Carolus," the colony was originally "Carolana" , the spelling eventually changed to "Carolina". Charles Town was established in the province in 1670. Originally a single proprietary colony, the Carolinas fell into a period of dissension, due partly from neglect of the heirs of the original Lords Proprietors. Dissent over governance of the province led to the appointment of a deputy governor to administer the northern half of the Carolina colony in 1691. The division between North and South Carolina became complete in 1712.
The Yamasee War (1715-1717) ravaged the back-country of the colony. Complaints that the proprietors had not done enough to protect the colonists against Indians in the Yamasee War, and against the attacks of the neighboring Spanish in Queen Anne's War, convinced many in South Carolina of the necessity of ending proprietary rule. Consequently, a rebellion broke out against the proprietors in 1719. Acting on a petition of the residents of the colony, the British government appointed a royal governor for South Carolina in 1720. (The governor of North Carolina would continue to be appointed by the lord proprietors until 1729.)
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