- Japanese occupation of Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Japanese occupation Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak
Battle of Malaya, Second World War
A6M Zerofighters of 22nd Air Flotilla at Sultan Ismail Petra Airportafter it was captured from Allied forces.
8 December 1941
British Malaya, North Borneo, and Sarawak
result= Japanese Withdrawal From
British Malaya, North Borneo, and Sarawak
Indian 9th Division
flagicon|United Kingdom Arthur Barstow
flagicon|United Kingdom Berthold Key
flagicon|United Kingdom Arthur Cumming
casualties3=100,000 civilian killed
Throughout much of
World War II, British Malaya, North Borneoand Sarawak were under Japanese occupation.
During the occupation a guerilla resistance force battled the Japanese from the jungles of Malaya. Groups such as the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army (
MPAJA) and Force 136were involved in the bulk of anti-Japanese resistance during the occupation.
Living conditions under the Japanese were brutal with frequent reprisals against the ethnic Chinese population by both the occupying Japanese army and the secret police (
The population growth rate of Malaya prior to the Japanese occupation was approximately 100,000. By the end of the Japanese occupation the population of Malaya was experiencing a decrease of approximately 10,000 people a year.Fact|date=March 2007
On January 1, 1942, the Japanese army invaded
Labuan Island, the beginning of their campaign to capture Borneo. The sole Allied infantry unit on the whole island of Borneo was the Indian Army's 2nd Battalion, 15th Punjab Regiment. For 10 weeks they resisted a Japanese independent brigade, known as the Kawaguchi Brigade, under Major-General Kiyotake Kawaguchi.
Following the Allied surrender, on May 16, 1942, Borneo was under Japanese rule. Under the Japanese occupation, it was divided into two divisions; the west coast including the interior and
Kudatwas named "Sheikai Shiu" and the east coast was called "Tokai Shiu".
The occupation was resisted by guerilla groups. Among the rebellions were the
Kinabalu Guerrillasled by Albert Kwokin the west and another led by Datu Mustaphain the northern part. However, the Kinabalu Guerrillas movement ended with the mass killing of Kwok and its members in Petagason January 21, 1944. See also Petagas War Memorial
During 1942-45, Japanese positions on Borneo were bombed by Allied air forces from the
South West Pacific Areacommand, including devastating attacks on Sandakan, Jesseltonand Labuan.
On June 10, 1945 the
Australian 9th Divisionbegan landings at Brunei and at Labuan, preludes to a campaign to retake North Borneo.
The war in North Borneo ended with the official surrender of the Japanese 37th Army by Lieutenant General
Baba Masaoon Labuan on 10 September 1945.
Before the Japanese invasion, the Brooke family that ruled the
Kingdom of Sarawak, fled for Australia.
During the war an estimated 100,000 people were killed.
Borneo campaign (1945)
Japanese occupation of Singapore
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