- History of the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirateswas formed from the group of tribally organized Arabian Peninsula sheikhdoms along the southern coast of the Persian Gulfand the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman.
This area was converted to
Islamin the 7th century; for centuries it was embroiled in dynastic disputes. It became known as the PirateCoast as raiders based there harassed foreign shipping, although both European and Arabnavies patrolled the area from the 17th centuryinto the 19th century. Early British expeditions to protect the Indiatrade from raiders at Ras al-Khaimahled to campaigns against that headquarters and other harbors along the coast in 1819 . The next year, a general peace treaty was signed to which all the principal shaikhs of the coast adhered. Raids continued intermittently until 1835 , when the shaikhs agreed not to engage in hostilities at sea. In 1853 , they signed a treaty with the United Kingdom, under which the sheikhs (the "Trucial Sheikhdoms") agreed to a "perpetual maritime truce." It was enforced by the United Kingdom, and disputes among shaikhs were referred to the British for settlement.
Primarily in reaction to the ambitions of other European countries, the
United Kingdomand the Trucial Sheikhdoms established closer bonds in an 1892 treaty, similar to treaties entered into by the UK with other Persian Gulf principalities. The shaikhs agreed not to dispose of any territory except to the United Kingdom and not to enter into relationships with any foreign government other than the United Kingdom without its consent. In return, the British promised to protect the Trucial Coast from all aggression by sea and to help out in case of land attack.
In 1955, the United Kingdom sided with
Abu Dhabiin the latter's dispute with Saudi Arabiaover the Buraimi Oasisand other territory to the south. A 1974 agreement between Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabiawould have settled the Abu Dhabi-Saudi border dispute; however, the agreement has yet to be ratified by the UAE Government and is not recognized by the Saudi Government. The border with Omanalso remains officially unsettled, but the two governments agreed to delineate the border in May 1999.
The Trucial States Council
In the early 1960s Dubai was ahead of all the other states even that oil was not yet discovered in its territories. Abu Dhabi was behind until His Highness Shaikh
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyanbecame ruler of Abu Dhabi in 1967.
The British had started earlier a development office that helped in some small developments in the Emirates. The shaiks of the Emirates decided then to form a council to coordinate matters between them and took over the development office. They formed the Trucial States Council, [ [http://nasibbitar.net/adi_sr/DocumentsArticle4.jpgAl Khaleej News Paper] ] and appointed
Adi Bitar; Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum's Legal Advisor as Secretary General and Legal Advisor to the Council. The Council was terminated once the United Arab Emirateswas formed
The Formation and Independence of the UAE
In 1968, the UK announced its decision, reaffirmed in March 1971 , to end the treaty relationships with the seven Trucial Sheikhdoms which had been, together with
Bahrainand Qatar, under British protection. The nine attempted to form a union of Arab Emirates, but by mid-1971 they were unable to agree on terms of union, even though the termination date of the British treaty relationship was the end of 1971.
Bahrain became independent in August and Qatar in September 1971. When the British-Trucial Shaikhdoms treaty expired on December 1, 1971, they became fully independent.
The Rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai decided to form a union between their two Emirates independently, prepare a constitution, then call the Rulers of the other five emirates to a meeting and offer them to join. It was also agreed between both of them that
Adi Bitarwrite the constitution and have it ready by 2 December 1971.
December 2, 1971, at the Dubai Guesthouse Palace four other Emirates agreed to join and enter into a union of six Emirates called the United Arab Emirates. Ras al-Khaimah joined later, in early 1972.
The UAE became a positive element in the region and had an important role to play in engaging in good relations with all its neighboring countries. The UAE sent forces to liberate
Kuwaitduring the 1990-91 Persian Gulf War.
Sheikh Zayed's Demise
November 2, 2004, the UAE’s first and only president, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, died. His eldest son Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyansucceeded him as Ruler of Abu Dhabi. In accordance with the Constitution, the UAE’s Supreme Council of Rulers elected Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan as UAE Federal President. Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan succeeded Khalifa as Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.
United Arab Emirates
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Military history of the United Arab Emirates — The military history of the United Arab Emirates began when the Trucial Oman Scouts, long the symbol of public order on the coast and commanded by British officers, were turned over to the United Arab Emirates as its defense forces in 1971.… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the United Arab Emirates — The history of the Jews in the United Arab Emirates. Like many countries in the world, the modern history of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) does not reveal a current population of Jews. However, over the millennia of Jewish history in the Middle… … Wikipedia
Outline of the United Arab Emirates — The Coat of arms of the UAE The Flag of the United Arab Emirates … Wikipedia
Culture of the United Arab Emirates — File:Deira Souk on 9 May 2007 mother of dogs use to live thir Pict 2.jpg A traditional souk in Deira, Dubai The United Arab Emirates has a diverse and multicultural society. The country s cultural imprint as a small, ethnically homogenous… … Wikipedia
Constitution of the United Arab Emirates — United Arab Emirates This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the United Arab Emirates … Wikipedia
Media of the United Arab Emirates — The government owned Emirates Media publishes Al Ittihad newspaper and owns Abu Dhabi’s radio and television stations. Another newspaper, Al Bayan, is also government owned, as are most television and radio stations. The country’s largest English … Wikipedia
Communications in the United Arab Emirates — Life in the UAE Cuisine Culture Communications Cinema Demography Education Geography Human rights Military Media … Wikipedia
Expatriates in the United Arab Emirates — There are a considerable number of expatriates in the United Arab Emirates, with most living in Dubai. Expatriates are primarily attracted by the employment and investment opportunities of the United Arab Emirates. Contents 1 Afghans 2 Americans… … Wikipedia
Geography of the United Arab Emirates — Life in the UAE Cuisine Culture Communications Cinema Demography Education Geography Human rights Military Media … Wikipedia
Demographics of the United Arab Emirates — Life in the UAE Cuisine Culture Communications Cinema Demography Education Geography Human rights Military Media … Wikipedia