- Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria British colony ←
1914–1960 → Anthem
God Save the Queen
British possessions in Africa (pink)
Capital Lagos Language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch - 1914-1936 George V - 1952-1954 Elizabeth II High Commissioner, Governor - 1914-1919 Sir Frederick John Dealtry Lugard - 1948-1954 Sir John Stuart Macpherson History - Established 1914 - Disestablished 1960
The Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria was created as a merger of Protectorate of Northern Nigeria and Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria on 1 January 1914, partly because of uneven economy in the two territories, and also due to growing tension with the German colonies.
As one of the wealthiest British colonies, it was a good candidate for being the first colony to be granted independence. Nigeria was first given increased autonomy as the Federation of Nigeria on 1 October 1954 and made fully independent in 1960.
British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations
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