- Kenya Colony
Colony and Protectorate of Kenya British colony ← 1920–1963 →
Flag of Colony of Kenya
God Save the Queen
Capital Nairobi Language(s) English Government Colonial administration Monarch - 1920-1936 George V - 1936 Edward VIII - 1936-1952 George VI - 1952-1963 Elizabeth II Commissioner, Governor - 1920-1922 Sir Edward Northey - 1937-1939 Sir Robert Brooke-Popham - 1963 Malcolm John MacDonald History - Established 23 July 1920 - Independent as Kenya 12 December 1963
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British crown colony in 1920. Technically, the "Colony of Kenya" referred to the interior lands, while a ten-mile coastal strip (ostensibly on lease from the Sultan of Zanzibar) was the "Protectorate of Kenya" but the two were controlled as a single administrative unit. Mombasa, the largest city in 1921, had a population of 32,000 at that time.
Indians in Kenya objected to the reservation of the Highlands for Europeans and bitterness grew between the Indians and the Europeans. The population in 1921 was estimated at 2,376,000, of whom 9651 were Europeans, 22,822 Indians, and 10,102 Arabs.
The colony came to an end in 1963 when independence was agreed with the British. After independence the former colony became known as Kenya.
British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations
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