Jesse Ventura


Jesse Ventura
Jesse Ventura
38th Governor of Minnesota
In office
January 8, 1999 – January 6, 2003
Lieutenant Mae Schunk
Preceded by Arne Carlson
Succeeded by Tim Pawlenty
Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota
In office
1991–1995
Personal details
Born James George Janos
July 15, 1951 (1951-07-15) (age 60)
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Political party Reform Party (1999–2000)
Independence Party of Minnesota (2000–present)
Spouse(s) Terry Ventura
Children Tyrel Ventura
Jade Ventura
Profession US Navy UDT
Professional Wrestler
Color commentator
Actor
Talk Show host
Politician
Author
Religion Atheist[1]
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1969–1975
Rank Petty Officer Third Class
Unit UDT 12
SEAL Team 1 (Reserve)[2]
Awards National Defense Service Medal
Vietnam Service Medal

James George Janos[3] (born July 15, 1951), better known as Jesse Ventura, is an American politician, the 38th Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003, Navy UDT veteran, former SEAL reservist, actor, and former radio and television talk show host. As a professional wrestler, he is best known for his nickname, Jesse "The Body" Ventura, and tenure in the World Wrestling Federation as a combatant and color commentator. In 2004, he was inducted into the company's Hall of Fame.[3]

In the Minnesota gubernatorial election of 1998, running as a member of the Reform Party, he was elected the 38th Governor of Minnesota and served from January 4, 1999, to January 6, 2003, without seeking a second term.

Contents

Early life

Ventura was born James George Janos in Minneapolis, the son of Bernice Martha (née Lenz) and George William Janos, both of whom were World War II veterans. His father's parents were from what is today Slovakia, and his mother was of German descent.[4] Ventura has described himself as Slovak.[5] Ventura was raised a Lutheran, although on April 5, 2011 Ventura declared himself an atheist on the The Howard Stern Show. Ventura (then still using his legal name of Janos) attended the now-closed Cooper Elementary School and graduated from Minneapolis' Roosevelt High School in 1969.

Navy career

From September 11, 1969, to September 10, 1975, during the Vietnam War era, Ventura served in the United States Navy. Ventura graduated with BUD/S class 58 in December 1970[6] and was part of Underwater Demolition Team 12 (UDT).[7] The UDTs were merged with the US Navy SEALs in 1983, 8 years after Ventura had left the Navy.

Bill Salisbury, an attorney in San Diego and a former Navy SEAL officer, accused Ventura of "pretending" to be a SEAL and wrote that Ventura would be blurring an important distinction by claiming to be a SEAL when he was actually a frogman with the UDT. Compared to SEAL Teams, UDTs saw less combat and took fewer casualties.[8][9][10] Following that, Governor Ventura's office confirmed that Ventura was a member of the UDTs. His spokesman stated that Ventura has never tried to convince people otherwise.[8] Ventura stated: "Today we refer to all of us as SEALs; that's all it is," and described the accusations of lying about being a SEAL as "[m]uch ado about nothing."[10]

Ventura has frequently referred to his military career in public statements and debates.[8][11][12] He was criticized by hunters and conservationists for stating in an interview with the Minneapolis StarTribune in April 2001, "Until you have hunted men, you haven't hunted yet."[12][13]

In January 2002, Ventura, who had never specifically claimed to have fought in Vietnam, disclosed for the first time that he did not see combat. He did not receive the Combat Action Ribbon, which was awarded to those involved in a firefight or who went on clandestine or special operations where the risk of enemy fire was great or expected.[7]

Post Navy

In 1973, Ventura was released from active duty and enlisted with the Navy Reserve, at which point he was assigned to SEAL Team 1.[2] Near the end of his service in the Navy Ventura began to spend time with the "Dago" chapter of the outlaw motorcycle club the Mongols, in San Diego. He would ride onto Naval Base Coronado on his Harley-Davidson wearing his Mongol colors. According to Ventura he was a full-patch member of the club and even third in command of his chapter. While the club may have been involved in some criminal activity Ventura avoided any problems with the authorities.[14][15][16]

In the fall of 1974, Ventura left the bike club to return to Minnesota. Shortly after his leaving, the Mongols entered into open warfare with their rivals the Hells Angels.[14]

In Minnesota Ventura attended North Hennepin Community College in the mid-1970s.[14] At the same time, he began weightlifting and wrestling. He was a bodyguard for The Rolling Stones for a short time before he ventured into professional wrestling and changed his name.[17]

Professional wrestling career

Jesse Ventura
Ring name(s) Jesse "The Body" Ventura[3][18]
Billed height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)-6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)[3][18]
Billed weight 245 lb (111 kg)[3]
Born July 15, 1951 (1951-07-15) (age 60)[3][18]
Minneapolis, Minnesota[3]
Billed from Brooklyn Park, Minnesota[19]
San Diego, California
Trained by Eddie Sharkey[3]
Debut October 1975[3]
Retired 1986[18]

Early career

He created the stage name Jesse "The Body" Ventura to go with the persona of a bully-ish beach bodybuilder, picking the name "Ventura" from a map as part of his "bleach blond from California" character.[3] As a wrestler, Ventura performed as a villain and often used the motto "Win if you can, lose if you must, but always cheat!" Much of his flamboyant persona was adapted from "Superstar" Billy Graham, a charismatic and popular performer during the 1970s and '80s.[3][20] Years later, as a broadcaster, Ventura made a running joke out of it claiming that Graham stole all of his ring attire ideas from him.

Singles and tag team success

In 1975, Ventura made his debut in the Central States territory, before moving to the Pacific Northwest, where he wrestled for promoter Don Owen as Jesse "The Great" Ventura.[3][20] Sometime later, he adopted the more permanent nickname, "The Body". During his stay in Portland, Oregon, he had notable feuds with Dutch Savage and Jimmy Snuka and won the Pacific Northwest Wrestling title twice (once from each wrestler), and the tag team title five times (twice each with Bull Ramos and "Playboy" Buddy Rose, and once with Jerry Oates). He later moved to his hometown promotion, the American Wrestling Association in Minnesota, and began teaming with Adrian Adonis as the "East-West Connection" in 1979.[19][20] The duo won the promotion's World Tag Team Championship on July 20, 1980 on a forfeit when Verne Gagne, one-half of the tag team champions along with Mad Dog Vachon, failed to show up for a title defense in Denver, Colorado.[3] The duo held the belts for nearly a year, losing to "The High Flyers" (Greg Gagne and Jim Brunzell).[3]

Retirement and commentary

Shortly after losing the belts, the duo moved on to the World Wrestling Federation, where they were managed by "Classy" Freddie Blassie.[3] Although the duo was unable to capture the World Tag Team Championship, both Adonis and Ventura became singles title contenders, each earning several title shots at World Heavyweight Champion Bob Backlund.[3]

Ventura continued to wrestle until September 1984, when blood clots in his lungs ended his in-ring career. Ventura claimed the blood clots were a result of his exposure to Agent Orange during his time in Vietnam.[3][21] Ventura did return to the ring in 1985 forming a tag-team with "Macho Man" Randy Savage & Savage's manager Miss Elizabeth. Often after their televised matches Ventura would taunt and challenge fellow commentator Bruno Sammartino but nothing ever came of this. He also participated in a six-man tag team match in December 1985 as he, Roddy Piper, and "Cowboy" Bob Orton defeated Hillbilly Jim, Uncle Elmer, and Cousin Luke in a match which was broadcast on Saturday Night's Main Event.[3] After a failed comeback bid, he began to do color commentary on television for All-Star Wrestling (replacing Angelo Mosca) and later Superstars of Wrestling (initially alongside Vince McMahon and Sammartino, and with McMahon after Sammartino's departure from the WWF in 1988), hosted his own talk segment on the WWF's Superstars of Wrestling called "The Body Shop", and did color commentary on radio for a few National Football League teams (among them, the Minnesota Vikings and Tampa Bay Buccaneers).[3] Ventura most notably co-hosted Saturday Night's Main Event with Vince McMahon and the first six WrestleManias (1985–1990) and most of the WWF's pay-per-views at the time with Gorilla Monsoon (the lone exception for Ventura being the first SummerSlam, in which Ventura served as the guest referee during the main event). Following a dispute with Vince McMahon over the use of his image for promoting a Sega product, McMahon—who had a contract with rival company Nintendo at the time—released Ventura from the company in August 1990.[22]

In February 1992 at SuperBrawl II, Ventura joined World Championship Wrestling as a commentator. His professional wrestling commentary style was an extension of his wrestling persona, as he was partial to the villains, which was something new and different at the time,[3] but would still occasionally give credit where it was due, praising the athleticism of Dynamite Kid and Randy Savage (who was championed by Ventura for years, even when he was a fan favorite). The lone exception to this rule was the WrestleMania VI match between Hulk Hogan and the Ultimate Warrior. Since they were both crowd favorites, Ventura took a neutral position in his commentary; even praising Hogan's display of sportsmanship at the end of the match when he handed over the WWF Championship to the Warrior after he lost the title. The praise of Hogan's action was unusual for Ventura because he regularly rooted against Hogan during his matches. Hogan and Ventura were, at one point, close friends.[23] Ventura, however, abruptly ended the friendship after he discovered, during his lawsuit against Vince McMahon, that Hogan was the one who had told Vince about Ventura's attempt to form a labor union in 1984.[23] Ventura was released by WCW President Eric Bishoff for allegedly falling asleep during a WCW Worldwide TV taping at Disney MGM Studios in July 1994, though its been speculated the move may have had more to do with Hulk Hogan's arrival shortly before.[3]

Litigation

In 1987, while negotiating his contract as a WWF commentator, Ventura waived his rights to royalties on videotape sales when he was falsely told that only feature performers received such royalties. In 1991, having discovered that other non-feature performers received royalties, Ventura brought an action for fraud, misappropriation of publicity rights, and quantum meruit in Minnesota state court against Titan Sports. Titan removed the case to federal court, and Ventura won an $801,333 jury verdict on the last claim. The judgment was affirmed on appeal, and the case,[24] 65 F.3d 725 (8th Cir.1995), is an important result in the law of restitution.

Return to the World Wrestling Federation / Entertainment

In mid-1999, Ventura reappeared on WWF television during his term as Governor of Minnesota, acting as the special guest referee for main event of SummerSlam held in Minneapolis.[3] Ventura would continue his relationship with the WWF by performing commentary for Vince McMahon's short-lived XFL.[3] On the March 20, 2003 episode of SmackDown!, Ventura appeared in a taped interview to talk about the match between McMahon and Hulk Hogan at WrestleMania XIX.[3] Less than a year later, he would be inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame on March 13, 2004 and the following night at WrestleMania XX, he approached the ring to interview Donald Trump, who had a front row seat at the event.[3] Trump affirmed that Ventura would receive his moral and financial support were he to ever reenter the world of politics. Alluding to the 2008 election, Ventura boldly announced that "In 2008, maybe we oughta put a wrestler in the White House". On the June 11, 2007 episode of Raw, Ventura appeared to give comments about Vince McMahon.[3]

Ventura was guest host on the November 23, 2009 episode of Raw during which he retained his villainous persona by siding with the number one contender, Sheamus over WWE Champion John Cena. This happened while he confronted Cena about how it was unfair that Cena always got a title shot in the WWE while Ventura didn't during his WWE career. After that Sheamus attacked Cena and put him through a table. Ventura then made the match a Table match at TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs. During the show, for the first time in nearly 20 years, Vince McMahon joined Ventura at ringside to provide match commentary together.

In wrestling

Finishing moves

Nickname

Title History

Political career

Mayor of Brooklyn Park

Following his departure from the WWF, Ventura took advice from a former high school teacher and ran for mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota in 1990.[32] Ventura defeated the city's 25-year incumbent mayor and served from 1991 to 1995.[33]

Governor of Minnesota

Ventura ran for Governor of Minnesota in 1998 as the nominee for the Reform Party of Minnesota (he later joined the Independence Party of Minnesota when the Reform Party broke from its association with the Reform Party of the United States of America). His campaign consisted of a combination of aggressive grassroots events and original television spots, designed by quirky adman Bill Hillsman, using the phrase "Don't vote for politics as usual." He spent considerably less than his opponents (about $300,000) and was a pioneer in his using the Internet as a medium of reaching out to voters in a political campaign.[34]

He won the election in November 1998, narrowly (and unexpectedly) defeating the major-party candidates, St. Paul mayor Norm Coleman (Republican) and Minnesota Attorney General Hubert H. "Skip" Humphrey III (Democratic-Farmer-Labor). After his victory, bumper stickers and T-shirts bearing the slogan "My governor can beat up your governor" appeared in Minnesota. The nickname "Jesse 'The Mind'" (from a last-minute Hillsman ad featuring Ventura posing as Rodin's Thinker) began to resurface sarcastically in reference to his frequently controversial remarks. Ventura's old stage name "Jesse 'The Body'" (sometimes adapted to "Jesse 'The Governing Body'") also continued to appear with some regularity.

After a trade mission to China in 2002, he announced that he would not run for a second term.[35] He accused the media of hounding him and his family for personal behavior and belief while neglecting coverage of important policy issues. Ventura later told a reporter for The Boston Globe that he would have run for a second term if he had been single, citing the media's effect on his family life.[36]

Governor Ventura sparked media criticism when, nearing the end of his term, he suggested that he might resign from office early to allow his lieutenant governor, Mae Schunk, an opportunity to serve as governor. He further stated that he wanted her to be the state's first female governor and have her portrait painted and hung in the Capitol along with the other governors. Ventura quickly retreated from the comments, saying he was just floating an idea.[37]

Political positions

As Minnesota Governor, Ventura succeeded in several initiatives. One of the most notable was the rebate on Sales tax. In each year of his administration, Minnesotans received a tax-free check in the late summer.[38] The state was running a budget surplus at the time, and Ventura believed that the money should be given back to the public. In political debates, he often admitted that he had not formed an opinion on certain policy questions. Ventura frequently described himself as "fiscally conservative and socially liberal."[39] He selected teacher Mae Schunk as his running mate.

Later, he came to support a unicameral (one-house) legislature, property tax reform, gay rights, and abortion rights. In an interview on The Howard Stern Show, he affirmed his support of gay rights, including gay marriage and gays in the military, humorously stating he would've gladly served alongside homosexuals when he was in the Navy as they would've provided less competition for women.[40] While funding public school education generously, he opposed the teachers' union, and did not have a high regard for the public funding of higher education institutions. Additionally, Ventura supported the use of medicinal marijuana,[41] advocated a higher role for third parties in national politics, and favored the concept of instant-runoff voting.

Ventura was elected on a Reform party ticket, but he never received support from Ross Perot's Texas faction. When the Reform party was taken over by Pat Buchanan supporters before the presidential elections of 2000, Ventura left the party in February 2000, referring to it as "hopelessly dysfunctional". However, he maintained close ties to the Independence Party of Minnesota, which also broke from the Reform party around the same time.

Despite being a supporter of third parties in the past, in 2010 Ventura advocated that all political parties, including third parties, be abolished. Feeling that the two-party system has corrupted the government, Ventura has expressed concern that if a third party became as successful as the Republicans and Democrats, it "will likewise have to corrupt itself. If you already have a two-headed monster, why would you need three?"[42]

Lacking a party base in the Minnesota House and Senate, Ventura's policy ambitions had little chance of being introduced as bills. Initially, the residents of Minnesota feared Ventura's vetoes would be overturned. He vetoed 45 bills in his first year, and only three of those vetoes were overridden. The reputation for having his vetoes overridden comes from his fourth and final year, where six of his nine vetoes were overturned.[43] He vetoed a bill to require recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools.[44]

During the first part of his administration, Ventura strongly advocated for land-use reform and substantial mass transit improvements, such as light rail.[45] He made the light rail project a priority, obtaining additional funding from the Minnesota state legislature to keep the project moving. The Hiawatha Line was completed in 2004.

During another trade mission to Cuba in the summer of 2002, he denounced the economic sanctions of the US against that country.[35]

Wellstone memorial

Ventura greatly disapproved of some of the actions that took place at the 2002 memorial for Senator Paul Wellstone, his family, and others who died in a plane crash on October 25, 2002. Ventura said, "I feel used. I feel violated and duped over the fact that [the memorial ceremony] turned into a political rally".[46][47] He left halfway through the controversial speech made by Wellstone's best friend, Rick Kahn. Ventura had initially planned to appoint a Democrat to Wellstone's seat,[48] but he instead appointed Dean Barkley to represent Minnesota in the Senate until Wellstone's term expired in January 2003.

Political criticisms

After the legislature refused to increase spending for security, Ventura attracted criticism when he decided not to live in the governor's mansion during his tenure, choosing instead to shut it down and stay at his home in Maple Grove. Critics pointed to the loss of jobs for several working-class people at the mansion and the extra cost of reopening the mansion later.[49]

In 1999, a group of disgruntled citizens petitioned to recall Governor Ventura, alleging, among other things, that "the use of state security personnel to protect the governor on a book promotion tour constituted illegal use of state property for personal gain." The petition was denied.[50]

During his tenure as Governor, Ventura drew frequent fire from the press in the Twin Cities. He referred to reporters as "media jackals," a term that even appeared on the press passes required to enter the governor's press area.[51] Shortly after Ventura's election as governor, author and humorist Garrison Keillor wrote a satirical book about the event, spoofing Ventura as "Jimmy (Big Boy) Valente," a self-aggrandizing former "Navy W.A.L.R.U.S. (Water Air Land Rising Up Suddenly)" turned professional wrestler turned politician. Initially, Ventura responded angrily to the satire, but later, in a conciliatory vein, said that Keillor "makes Minnesota proud".[52] During his term, Ventura appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman, in which he responded controversially to the following question: "So which is the better city of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis or St. Paul?". Ventura responded, "Minneapolis. Those streets in St. Paul must have been designed by drunken Irishmen". He later apologized for the remark, adding that it was not intended to be taken seriously.[53]

Political future

While Ventura has not held public office since the end of his term as governor in 2003, there was speculation that Ventura would run for the Senate and represent Minnesota in 2008. However, in July 2008, Ventura decided he would not run for the Senate, citing a potential lack of privacy for his family, a concern that contributed to Ventura's refusal to seek a second term as governor.[54] However, Ventura has expressed interest in running with Ron Paul for the 2012 presidential elections should the latter decide to run as an independent.[55]

On November 4, 2011, Ventura said at a press conference about the dismissal of his court case against the Transportation Security Administration for what he claims are illegal searches of air travelers, that he is "thinking about" running for President.[56][57] David Gewirtz of ZDNet wrote that he thinks Ventura has a chance of winning, if he declares his intention now (November 2011) and runs a serious campaign, but that it would be a long shot.[58]

Acting career

Ventura acted in the 1987 movie Predator, whose cast included future California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and future Kentucky Gubernatorial candidate Sonny Landham.[3] He appeared in two episodes of Zorro filmed in Madrid, Spain, in 1991. He had a starring role in the 1990 sci-fi movie Abraxas, Guardian of the Universe, and supporting roles in The Running Man, Thunderground, Demolition Man, Repossessed, Ricochet, The Master of Disguise (in which he steals the Liberty Bell), and Batman & Robin – the first two and last of these also starring Schwarzenegger. Ventura also made a cameo appearance in Major League II, as "White Lightning". He also appeared as a self help guru (voice only) in The Ringer trying to turn Johnny Knoxville into a more confident worker. Ventura also had a cameo in The X-Files episode "Jose Chung's From Outer Space" as a Man in Black alongside fellow 'MiB' Alex Trebek. In 2008, Ventura filmed the independent comedy Woodshop, starring as a high school shop teacher named Mr. Madson. The film was released September 7, 2010.[59]

Other media

In 1989 Ventura co-hosted the four episodes of the DiC Entertainment children's program Record Breakers along with Gary Apple.[60][61] In 1991, the pilot episode for "Tag Team", a television program about two ex-professional wrestlers turned police officers, starred Ventura and "Rowdy" Roddy Piper.[62]

Between 1995 and his run for governor in 1998, Ventura had radio call-in shows on (KFAN 1130) and (KSTP 1500) in Minneapolis – Saint Paul. Jesse had a brief role on the television soap opera The Young and the Restless in 1999.

Ventura has been criticized[by whom?] for privately profiting from his heightened popularity. He was hired as a television analyst for the failed XFL football enterprise, served as a referee at a World Wrestling Federation match, and published several books during his tenure as governor. On his weekly radio show, he often criticized the media for focusing on these deals rather than on his policy proposals.[63]

Media parodies

Ventura has been portrayed frequently by comedian James Adomian since 2009 on the popular Earwolf podcasts Comedy Bang Bang and Sklarbro Country, with the "Ventura" character uncovering a wide range of absurd conspiracies. Adomian also played Ventura in a YouTube parody of Conspiracy Theory, investigating the secret truth behind professional wrestling.

Ventura has been parodied on the KXXR (93X) "Half assed morning show" by hosts Nick Born and Josh in segments called the "Fish Police" and "Pics with Bits" in both he is described with his famous deep voice saying non-sense phrases like, "I'm busy carrying these two sacks".

Post-gubernatorial life

Jesse Ventura's America
JesseVenturasAmerica.jpg
Ventura on his MSNBC talk show Jesse Ventura's America
Starring Jesse Ventura
Production
Location(s) Saint Paul, Minnesota,  United States
Broadcast
Original channel MSNBC
Original run October 4, 2003 – December 26, 2003

Ventura was succeeded in his office by Republican Tim Pawlenty. He began a cable television show in October 2003, on MSNBC called Jesse Ventura's America. The show was broadcast once a week, on Saturdays, unlike many MSNBC shows which are on five nights a week (this show was originally planned for five nights a week as well, but MSNBC executives changed their minds). At the time of its airing, Jesse Ventura's America was the only national television show filmed in Minnesota. Among his guests were Charles Barkley, Gray Davis, Arianna Huffington, Rob Kampia, and Kathy McKee.

In 2004, Harvard graduate student and fellow Navy veteran Christopher Mora promoted the idea that the academic establishment had failed to reach out to citizens experienced in public service, but who did not fit the traditional idea of a politician. He successfully lobbied for the selection of Ventura, who started teaching a study group at Harvard University for the Spring 2004 semester as a visiting fellow at the Kennedy School of Government's Institute of Politics (IOP). His 90-minute study group focused on third party politics, campaign finance, the war on drugs, and other relevant political issues. Ventura scheduled multiple famous friends to appear for his seminars including Dean Barkley and Richard Marcinko.

On October 22, 2004, with Ventura by his side, former Maine Governor Angus King endorsed John Kerry for President at the Minnesota state capitol building. Ventura did not speak at the press conference. When prodded for a statement, Governor King responded, "He plans to vote for John Kerry, but he doesn't want to make a statement and subject himself to the tender mercies of the Minnesota press".[64]

In November 2004, an advertisement began airing in California featuring Ventura. In it, Ventura voices his opposition to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's policies regarding Native American casinos.[65] Ventura is serving as an advisory board member for a new group called Operation Truth, a non-profit organization set up "to give voice to troops who served in Iraq." “The current use of the National Guard is wrong....These are men who did not sign up to go occupy foreign nations”.[66]

In August 2005, Ventura became the spokesperson for BetUS, an online Sportsbook.[67] In 2005, Ventura repeatedly discussed leaving the United States. In September 2005, Ventura announced on The Mike Malloy Show that he was leaving the U.S. and planned to "have an adventure". In late October 2005, he went on The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch and reiterated that he was leaving the U.S. due to, among other things, censorship. He has since moved to Baja California, Mexico.

In September 2006, Ventura endorsed and campaigned with independent Texas gubernatorial candidate Kinky Friedman, and Independence Party of Minnesota's gubernatorial candidate Peter Hutchinson and Team Minnesota. He revealed he now spends much of his time surfing near his home in Mexico.

In April 2008, a book authored by Ventura, titled Don't Start the Revolution Without Me, was released. In it, Ventura describes a hypothetical campaign in which he is a candidate for President of the United States in 2008, running as an independent. In an interview with the Associated Press at the time of the book's release, however, Ventura denied any plans for a presidential bid, stating that the scenario is only imaginary and not indicative of a "secret plan to run".[68] On MinnPost.com, Ventura's agent, Steve Schwartz, describes the book thus: "[Ventura is revealing] why he left politics and discussing the disastrous war in Iraq, why he sees our two-party system as corrupt, and what Fidel Castro told him about who was really behind the assassination of President Kennedy."[69]

However, in an interview on CNN's The Situation Room on April 7, Ventura hinted that he was considering entering the race for the United States Senate seat then held by Norm Coleman, his Republican opponent in the 1998 Gubernatorial race.[70] A poll commissioned by Twin Cities station Fox 9 put him at 24 percent, behind Al Franken at 32 percent and Norm Coleman at 39 percent in a hypothetical three-way race. However, Ventura announced on Larry King Live on July 14, 2008 that he would not run.[71]

He spoke at former Republican presidential candidate Ron Paul's "Rally for the Republic", organized by the Campaign for Liberty, on September 2, 2008. At the event, Ventura implied a possible future run at the U.S. Presidency. Ventura stated before a live audience that "If America proves itself worthy, in 2012 we'll give them a race they'll never forget!"

Bush/Cheney administration and torture

In a May 11, 2009 interview with Larry King, Ventura twice stated that George W. Bush was the worst president of his lifetime, adding "President Obama inherited something I wouldn't wish on my worst enemy. You know? Two wars, an economy that's borderline depression."[72] On the issue of waterboarding, Ventura added:

It's a good thing I'm not president because I would prosecute every person that was involved in that torture. I would prosecute the people that did it. I would prosecute the people that ordered it. Because torture is against the law. [King: And you were a Navy Seal] That's right and I was waterboarded...at SERE school, Survival Escape Resistance Evasion (sic). It was a required school you had to go to prior to going into the combat zone, which in my era was Vietnam. All of us had to go there. We were all in essence, every one of us was waterboarded. It is torture. [King: What was it like?] It's drowning. It gives you the complete sensation that you are drowning. It's no good, because you — I'll put it to you this way, you give me a water board, Dick Cheney and one hour, and I'll have him confess to the Sharon Tate murders. ... If it's done wrong, you certainly could drown. You could swallow your tongue. [It] could do a whole bunch of stuff to you. If it's done wrong or — it's torture, Larry. It's torture.[73][74]

Ventura then stated that he had no respect for Dick Cheney because he is "a guy who got five deferments from the Vietnam War. Clearly, he's a coward. He wouldn't go when it was his time to go. And now he is a chickenhawk. Now he is this big tough guy who wants this hardcore policy. And he's the guy that sanctioned all this torture by calling it 'enhanced interrogation'."[73] Ventura also expressed interest in being appointed ambassador to Cuba should U.S. relations with Cuba continue to improve.[75] On a May 18, 2009 appearance on The View, Ventura asked Elisabeth Hasselbeck if waterboarding is acceptable, why were the Oklahoma City bombers, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, not waterboarded. "We only seem to waterboard Muslims."[76] Comparing the waterboarding of detainees to the North Vietnamese torture of American P.O.W.s, Ventura asserted, "We created our own Hanoi Hilton in Guantánamo. That's our Hanoi Hilton."[76] "'Enhanced interrogation' is Dick Cheney changing a word. Dick Cheney comes up with a new word to cover his ass."[76] On May 20, 2009, Ventura appeared on Fox & Friends. When Brian Kilmeade told Ventura that he would stop supporting waterboarding when "they're dead", Ventura responded, "Really? Have you enlisted? Have you enlisted or are you just talking?... Go walk the walk, don't talk the talk."[77]

Questions regarding 9/11

In April and May 2008, Jesse Ventura, in several radio interviews for his new book, Don't Start the Revolution Without Me, expressed concerns about what he described as some of the unanswered questions of the September 11 attacks.[78] His remarks about the possibility that the World Trade Center was demolished with explosives were also repeated in newspaper and television stories following some of the interviews.[79]

Ventura was interviewed on the Alex Jones radio show on April 2, 2008[80] where he said that he felt that many unanswered questions remain, and he believes that World Trade Center Building 7, which was not struck by a plane, collapsed on the afternoon of 9/11 in a manner which resembled a controlled demolition[81] Ventura stated:

How could this building just implode into its own footprint five hours later? That's my first question. [...] The 9/11 Commission didn't even devote one page to that in their big volume of investigation.[82]

He also states the Twin Towers appeared to be pulverized to dust, that they fell at virtually free-fall speed, and that no other massive steel-framed buildings had ever collapsed in this manner due to fire before.[79]

On May 18, 2009, when asked by Sean Hannity of Fox News, how George W. Bush could have avoided the attacks of September 11, 2001, Ventura answered, "Well, you pay attention to memos on August 6th that tell you exactly what bin Laden's gonna do."[83]

Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura

In August 2009, it was announced that Ventura would host TruTV's new show Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura.[84] "Ventura will hunt down answers, plunging viewers into a world of secret meetings, midnight surveillance, shifty characters and dark forces," truTV said in a statement. On the program, which debuted on December 2, 2009, Ventura travels the country, investigating cases and getting input from believers and skeptics before passing judgment on a theory's validity.[85] According to TruTV, the first episode drew 1.6 million viewers, a record for a new series on the network.[86]

The second season of the series debuted in October 2010 and aired 8 episodes through December 2010.[87] A third season is in the process of being made and will air sometime in 2012.[88]

American Conspiracies

American Conspiracies is a book Ventura wrote with Dick Russell, published by Skyhorse Publishing in 2010 which discusses conspiracy theories related to several notable events in United States history.

Lawsuit Against the TSA

In January 2011, Jesse Ventura filed a lawsuit against the Transportation Security Administration for being subject to controversial pat-downs. Ventura has asserted that these pat-downs violate citizens' Fourth Amendment rights. Ventura's attorney has claimed that while he is not seeking any monetary compensation, Ventura wants an acknowledgment from the court that his rights were violated and that the TSA halt future pat-downs on him.[89] Ventura stated that as a former politician and a military veteran and posing no threat, it is inappropriate for him to be subject to pat-downs. Since filing the lawsuit, Ventura has been flying in a private jet. The lawsuit was tossed in November 2011, to Ventura's fury. In comments to the media, he stated he believed America had become "fascist" for the secret ruling and subsequent mainstream media blackout. The former Governor said he would seek dual citizenship in both the United States and Mexico, having already resided in Baja California for a number of years. He also said he would lower his head in shame for the national anthem at public events. Jesse has repeatedly stated "I love my country, not my government" in post-press-release interviews. The ultimate outcome of the TSA constitutional matter remains undetermined.[90]

Personal life

Family

In 1975, Ventura married his wife Terry. The couple have two grown children: a son, Tyrel (b. 1980), who is a film and television director and producer,[91] and a daughter, Jade (b. 1983).[92]

Ventura and his wife split their time living in Minnesota and near Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, "There are no newspapers down where I live. Where I live, I'm an hour from pavement and an hour from electricity. I'm completely off-the-grid."[93] Ventura has also expressed interest in applying for dual citizenship.

Steroid use

During his wrestling days, Ventura used anabolic steroids. He admitted this after retiring from competition, and went on to make public service announcements and appear in printed ads and on posters warning young people about the potential dangers and potential health risks of abusing steroids.[94]

Health problems

In 2002, Ventura was hospitalized for a severe blood clot in his lungs, the same kind of injury that ended his wrestling career.[95]

Religion

In a Playboy interview, he said, "Organized religion is a sham and a crutch for weak-minded people who need strength in numbers. It tells people to go out and stick their noses in other people's business." In his 1999 best-selling memoir I Ain't Got Time to Bleed, Ventura responded to the controversy sparked by these remarks by elaborating on his views concerning religion: "I’d like to clarify [my comments published in Playboy] about religious people being weak-minded. I didn’t mean all religious people. I don’t have any problem with the vast majority of religious folks. I count myself among them, more or less. But I believe because it makes sense to me, not because I think it can be proven. There are lots of people out there who think they know the truth about God and religion, but does anybody really know for sure? That’s why the Founding Fathers built freedom of religious belief into the structure of this nation, so that everybody could make up their minds for themselves. But I do have a problem with the people who think they have some right to try to impose their beliefs on others. I hate what the fundamentalist fanatics are doing to our country. It seems as though, if everybody doesn’t accept their version of reality, that somehow invalidates it for them. Everybody must believe the same things they do. That’s what I find weak and destructive."[96]

Ventura endorsed equal rights for religious minorities, as well as people who do not believe in God, by declaring July 4, 2002, "Indivisible Day". Ventura proclaimed October 13–19, 2002 as "Christian Heritage Week" in Minnesota.[97][98]

In an interview with Joy Behar, Ventura gave his support to the controversial Ground Zero Mosque, arguing, "Let me say this about the mosque: Excuse me, the Constitution says they can do it, it ends there! You cannot subject the Constitution to a popularity poll," in reference to polls suggesting most Americans opposed the mosque. In a separate interview with Don Lemon Ventura argued that opposition to the mosque should be ignored as, "the Constitution and the Bill of Rights should be written in stone. You cannot subject them to the popularity. They are there to protect unpopular things, like the First Amendment. The First Amendment is to protect unpopular speech simply because popular speech doesn't need to be protected. It's as simple as that. And you can't, you know, bend the Constitution to the blowing winds of whatever polls might say, otherwise it's a worthless, useless document which in many ways they're turning it into that anyway." When Lemon suggested that the victims' families needed to be respected, Ventura replied, "But what's the problem? I mean -- Timothy McVeigh, I assume, was a Christian and he did an act of terrorism. Would they then remove all Christian churches from around Oklahoma City because it happened to have been a Christian that did it? You know, it's ridiculous. The majority of Muslim people are law abiding, pacifist people who are not out to kill everybody. But every group of people has extremists. They're outlaws. They're criminals. And you can't lump everybody in to a specific religion. Hey, I have enough trouble with religion anyway. I think religion in its own way is the root of all evil. You notice every war is fought over religion."[99]

Electoral history

Books

  • I Ain't Got Time to Bleed: Reworking the Body Politic from the Bottom Up (May 1999) ISBN 978-0-375-50332-0
  • Do I Stand Alone? Going to the Mat Against Political Pawns and Media Jackals (September 2000) ISBN 978-0-7434-0586-7
  • Jesse Ventura Tells it Like it Is: America's Most Outspoken Governor Speaks Out About Government (September 2002, co-authored with Heron Marquez) ISBN 978-0-8225-0385-9
  • Don't Start the Revolution Without Me! (March 2008, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1-60239-273-1
  • American Conspiracies (March 2010, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1-60239-802-3
  • 63 Documents the Government Doesn't Want You to Read (April 2011, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1-61608-226-0

Notes

  1. ^ The Howard Stern Show. Sirius XM Radio. April 5, 2011. 143 minutes in. "Actually Howard, I can't even run for office anymore. [...] Like George [Takei] I've come out of the closet. [...] I'm an atheist. [...] I don't believe you can be an atheist and admit it and get elected in our country."
  2. ^ a b "Military People: Jesse Ventura". militaryhub.com. http://www.militaryhub.com/military-people.cfm?id=42. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "OWOW profile". http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/profiles/j/jesse-ventura.html. 
  4. ^ "Ancestry of Jesse Ventura". Wargs.com. http://www.wargs.com/political/ventura.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  5. ^ April 1, 2008, in Larry King interview with Ventura on NBC
  6. ^ http://www.sandiegoreader.com/news/1999/dec/02/jesse-great-pretender-ventura
  7. ^ a b "Ventura discloses he didn't see combat in Vietnam War". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2002-02-03. http://web.archive.org/web/20020203035901/http://www.startribune.com/stories/587/1130195.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  8. ^ a b c "MPR: Battling Seals". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. 1999-12-14. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/199912/14_kastem_seals/. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  9. ^ "Jesse "The Great Pretender" Ventura". San Diego Reader. http://www.sandiegoreader.com/news/1999/dec/02/jesse-great-pretender-ventura/. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  10. ^ a b http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=EYkxAAAAIBAJ&sjid=nKMFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4203,170203
  11. ^ Belluck, Pam (October 31, 1998). "THE 1998 CAMPAIGN: MINNESOTA; Candidates Are Neck, Neck and Neck in Governor's Race". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/10/31/us/the-1998-campaign-minnesota-candidates-are-neck-neck-and-neck-in-governor-s-race.html?pagewanted=1. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "Ventura-Anderson transcript". Web.archive.org. 2001-04-05. Archived from the original on 2002-02-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20020210172032/http://www.startribune.com/st/qview.cgi?template=metro_a_cache&slug=text05&online_date=05-April-2001. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  13. ^ "Jesse Ventura Hunting Remarks Draw Fire – ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. http://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=93626&page=1. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  14. ^ a b c Cohen, Daniel (2001). Jesse Ventura. LERNER PUBLISHING GROUP. pp. 30–32. ISBN 978-0761319054. http://books.google.ca/books?id=e2UxwnHvNMAC&lpg=PT15&ots=IwrIBlR23i&dq=jesse%20ventura%20mongols&pg=PT18#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  15. ^ "OUTLAW GANGS: Northern Nevada eyes biker enmity". Reviewjournal.com. 2002-05-12. http://www.reviewjournal.com/lvrj_home/2002/May-12-Sun-2002/news/18724079.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  16. ^ Labar, Justin (2010-05-14). "Complete Interview Transcript With Jesse Ventura". Wrestlezone.com. http://www.wrestlezone.com/news/article/complete-interview-transcript-with-jesse-ventura-98069. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  17. ^ Jesse Ventura PBS
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Cagematch profile". http://www.cagematch.de/?id=2&nr=53. 
  19. ^ a b "WWE profile". http://www.wwe.com/superstars/halloffame/inductees/jesseventura/. 
  20. ^ a b c John Molinaro, The Top 100 Pro Wrestlers of All Time, (Winding Stair Press: 2002), page 199
  21. ^ Milner, John M. (January 21, 2006). "Jesse Ventura's bio". SLAM! Wrestling. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/Bios/ventura_jesse.html. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  22. ^ Jake Tapper, "Body Slam: The Jesse Ventura Story," pg. 104–105
  23. ^ a b Jesse Ventura, "I Ain't Got Time To Bleed pg. 108
  24. ^ "Ventura v. Titan Sports, Inc". Jollylager.com. http://www.jollylager.com/pub/caselaw/ventura.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  25. ^ a b "Finishing Moves List". Other Arena. http://www.otherarena.com/nCo/finish/finish.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  26. ^ "AWA World Tag Team Championship history". http://www.solie.org/titlehistories/ttawa.html. 
  27. ^ "NWA World Tag Team Championship (Central States version) history". http://www.solie.org/titlehistories/csttnwa.html. 
  28. ^ "AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship history". http://www.wrestling-titles.com/us/tn/cwa/awa-s-h.html. 
  29. ^ "NWA Hawaii Tag Team Championship history". http://www.wrestling-titles.com/us/hi/hi-t.html. 
  30. ^ "NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship history". http://www.solie.org/titlehistories/pnwhtnwa.html. 
  31. ^ "NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship history". http://www.solie.org/titlehistories/pnwttnwa.html. 
  32. ^ Jake Tapper, "Body Slam: The Jesse Ventura Story," pg. 105–108
  33. ^ Carly Skorczewski (October 29, 1998 – Volume 11, Issue 5). "Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Jesse Ventura: Reform endorsed candidate". Morris.umn.edu. http://www.morris.umn.edu/register/article.php?volume=11&issue=5&section=feature&index=2. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  34. ^ Howey, Brian (June 18, 2009). "Time to Take Over the Indiana Libertarian Party". http://www.howeypolitics.com/2009/06/18/brian-howey-time-to-take-over-the-indiana-libertarian-party/. Retrieved 2009-06-26. [dead link]
  35. ^ a b "MPR: Ventura begins final foreign journey as governor". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/200209/25_khoom_cuba1/. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  36. ^ Joseph P. Kahn (February 25, 2004). "The Body politic – The Boston Globe". Boston.com. http://www.boston.com/news/globe/living/articles/2004/02/25/the_body_politic/. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  37. ^ "Ventura May Leave Office Early – Political Wire". Politicalwire.com. http://politicalwire.com/archives/2002/10/21/ventura_may_leave_office_early.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  38. ^ "National Governors Association". http://www.nga.org.+01-nov-08. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=d676ae3effb81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  39. ^ Ventura, Jesse (2000). Ain't Got Time to Bleed. Signet. pp. 13–14. ISBN 0451200861. 
  40. ^ "The body on the hulk – The Howard Stern Show". Howardstern.com. 2009-05-19. http://www.howardstern.com/rundown.hs?d=1242705600#14047. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  41. ^ Ferrero, Susan (May 7, 2001). "CANNABIS CONTROVERSY Medical use of marijuana pits politicians against scientists with patients caught in the middle". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/lifestyle/2001/05/07/2001-05-07_cannabis_controversy_medical.html. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  42. ^ "Jesse Ventura: US should abolish inherently corrupt political parties". rawstory.com. http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2010/10/13/jesse-ventura-abolish-inherently-corrupt-political-parties/. Retrieved 7-27-2011. 
  43. ^ "Minnesota Legislative Reference Library: Bills Vetoed by Governors and Override Attempts, 1939–present". Minnesota Legislative Reference Library www.leg.state.mn.us/LRL. http://www.leg.state.mn.us/LRL/Vetoes/Vetohist.asp. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  44. ^ "freedomforum.org: Minnesota governor vetoes Pledge of Allegiance requirement". Freedomforum.org. http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=16297. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  45. ^ Ventura, Jesse (2008). Don't start the revolution without me!. Skyhorse Publishing Inc.. pp. 143–160. ISBN 1602392730. 
  46. ^ "Ventura May Tap Independent to Wellstone's Seat; Mondale Officially in for Dems". Foxnews.com. October 31, 2002. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,67075,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  47. ^ "Honor & Civility, RIP". Weeklystandard.com. http://www.weeklystandard.com/content/public/articles/000/000/001/830clrob.asp. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  48. ^ "VENTURA: I WON'T APPOINT DEMOCRAT – United Press International | HighBeam Research – FREE trial". Highbeam.com. 2002-11-01. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-69252006.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  49. ^ "National Briefing | Midwest: Minnesota: Governor Shuts Mansion – New York Times". Query.nytimes.com. May 1, 2002. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9903E6D71431F932A35756C0A9649C8B63. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  50. ^ In Re Proposed Petition to Recall Governor Jesse Ventura http://wrestlingperspective.com/legal/ventura.html
  51. ^ Lynda McConnell, Special to Stateline.org. "Provocative Press Pass Miffs Minnesota Media". Stateline.org. http://www.stateline.org/live/ViewPage.action?siteNodeId=136&languageId=1&contentId=14279. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  52. ^ "Current.org | Keillor v. Ventura". Current.org. Archived from the original on 2008-07-15. http://web.archive.org/web/20080715070632/http://www.current.org/people/peop908g.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  53. ^ "Gov. Ventura Stumbles – New York Times". Query.nytimes.com. Published: February 26, 1999. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B07E3DD173CF935A15751C0A96F958260&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/V/Ventura,%20Jesse. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  54. ^ Falcone, Michael. "Ventura Decides Against Senate Run". http://www.nytimes.com/. http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/07/14/ventura-decides-against-senate-run/. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  55. ^ Barr, Andy. "Jesse Ventura wants to be Ron Paul's 2012 running mate". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/52516.html. Retrieved 2 October 2011. 
  56. ^ Emily Gurnon (November 4, 2011). "Angry Jesse Ventura thinking about presidential run". TwinCities.com. http://www.twincities.com/news/ci_19265340?source=rss. 
  57. ^ "Former Minn. Gov. Ventura, miffed by court setback, says he’ll seek Mexican citizenship". The Washington Post. November 5, 2011. http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/travel/former-minn-gov-ventura-miffed-by-court-setback-says-hell-seek-mexican-citizenship/2011/11/04/gIQATmvwmM_story.html. 
  58. ^ David Gewirtz (November 8, 2011). "Is there any possible way Jesse Ventura could win the Presidency?". ZDNet. http://www.zdnet.com/blog/government/is-there-any-possible-way-jesse-ventura-could-win-the-presidency/10980?pg=2. 
  59. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1189267/releaseinfo
  60. ^ DiC Shows
  61. ^ The WrestleCrap Book of Lists! By R. D. Reynolds, Blade Braxton, page 310
  62. ^ http://www.i-mockery.com/minimocks/tag-team/
  63. ^ "MPR: Ventura – the year in review". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/200201/28_khoom_jessereview/. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  64. ^ "MPR: Speechless no more, Ventura stumps for Kerry at colleges". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2004/10/28_mccalluml_venturakerry/. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  65. ^ Jesse Ventura. [books.google.co.nz/books?id=p4Rd1yXBGWIC&pg=PA137 Don't Start the Revolution Without Me!]. p. 137. ISBN 1602397163. books.google.co.nz/books?id=p4Rd1yXBGWIC&pg=PA137. 
  66. ^ "Army News, benefits, careers, entertainment, photos, promotions – Army Times HOME". Armytimes.com. http://www.armytimes.com/story.php?f=1-ARMYPAPER-323322.php. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  67. ^ "BetUs Events". Web.archive.org. 2007-10-15. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. http://web.archive.org/web/20071015075304/http://www.betus.com/site-siteJesseVideo.asp. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  68. ^ Freed, Joshua."Ventura:No Plans to Run Again, but...", Associated Press. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  69. ^ Jesse's back! New Ventura book 'Revolution' will cover political waterfront, MinnPost.com
  70. ^ Jesse Ventura Running For The Senate?!, YouTube
  71. ^ Falcone, Michael (2008-07-14). "Ventura Decides Against Senate Run". The Caucus (New York Times). http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/07/14/ventura-decides-against-senate-run/. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  72. ^ Jesse Ventura: You Give Me a Water Board, Dick Cheney and One Hour, and I'll Have Him Confess to the Sharon Tate Murders, CrooksAndLiars.com
  73. ^ a b Jesse Ventura: You Give Me a Water Board, Dick Cheney and One Hour, and I'll Have Him Confess to the Sharon Tate Murders, CrooksAndLiars.com
  74. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zoqmH49VBC0
  75. ^ "Jesse Ventura on Larry King 5-11-09, Part 1". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ujv-x6wGoGA. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  76. ^ a b c "''Ventura And Hasselbeck Rumble Over Waterboarding On The View''". Huffingtonpost.com. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/05/18/ventura-and-hasselbeck-de_n_204774.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  77. ^ "Jesse Ventura Lays Waste To Fox And Friends". Huffingtonpost.com. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/05/20/jesse-ventura-lays-waste_n_205962.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  78. ^ Jesse The Body Sounds Off, howardstern.com, May 21, 2008
  79. ^ a b Ventura says he regrets initial acceptance of 9/11 explanations, Associated Press, April 3, 2008
  80. ^ Watson, Paul Joseph. Former Governor Jesse Ventura: WTC Collapse A Controlled Demolition, www.prisonplanet.com. Retrieved April 3, 2008.
  81. ^ Ventura Regrets Not Being More Skeptical Over 9/11. Retrieved on April 8, 2008.
  82. ^ Buoen, Roger (April 3, 2008). "Ventura wrestles with what really happened on 9/11". Minnesota Post. http://www.minnpost.com/politicalagenda/2008/04/03/1390/ventura_wrestles_with_what_really_happened_on_911. Retrieved May 23, 2009. 
  83. ^ "Jesse Ventura, Hannity Go Head-To-Head". Huffingtonpost.com. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/05/19/jesse-ventura-gets-in-the_n_205146.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  84. ^ "Jesse Ventura Working On Conspiracy Theory Series For truTV". Huffingtonpost.com. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/09/30/jesse-ventura-working-on_n_130477.html. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  85. ^ "TruTv:Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura", www.turner.com. Retrieved on November 4, 2009.
  86. ^ "Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura Delivers 1.6 Million Viewers, truTV's Biggest Audience Ever for a New Series Launch". TVbytheNumbers.com. 2009-12-03. http://tvbythenumbers.com/2009/12/03/conspiracy-theory-with-jesse-ventura-delivers-1-6-million-viewers-trutv%E2%80%99s-biggest-audience-ever-for-a-new-series-launch/35201. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  87. ^ Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura Second Season episode list, TruTv.com
  88. ^ "truTV's Hit Series "Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura" Hits the Road for Third Season of Truth-Seeking and Myth-Debunking Read more: Breaking News - truTV's Hit Series "Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura" Hits the Road for Third Season of Truth-Seeking and Myth-Debunking". The Futon Critic. http://www.thefutoncritic.com/news/2011/09/19/trutvs-hit-series-conspiracy-theory-with-jesse-ventura-hits-the-road-for-third-season-of-truth-seeking-and-myth-debunking-980404/20110919trutv01/. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  89. ^ Hunter, Marnie. "Jesse Ventura slams TSA with lawsuit". CNN. http://articles.cnn.com/2011-01-25/travel/jesse.ventura.tsa.lawsuit_1_pat-downs-and-full-body-tsa-lawsuit?_s=PM:TRAVEL. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  90. ^ "Former Minn. Gov. Ventura, miffed by court setback, says he’ll seek Mexican citizenship". http://www.washingtonpost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/travel/former-minn-gov-ventura-miffed-by-court-setback-says-hell-seek-mexican-citizenship/2011/11/04/gIQATmvwmM_story.html. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  91. ^ Tyrel Ventura at the Internet Movie Database
  92. ^ "Jesse Ventura – Biography". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001818/bio. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  93. ^ "One Conspiracy After Another". Howard Stern Show. http://www.howardstern.com/rundown.hs?d=1268110800. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  94. ^ "This Week In FDA History". Fda.gov. http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WhatWeDo/History/ThisWeek/ucm117728.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-06. 
  95. ^ "Ventura hospitalized with blood clot in lung". CNN. July 9, 2002. http://archives.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/07/09/ventura/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  96. ^ "Jesse Ventura on Principles & Values". Ontheissues.org. http://www.ontheissues.org/Celeb/Jesse_Ventura_Principles_+_Values.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  97. ^ "Religion News". Pewforum.org. http://pewforum.org/news/display.php?ewsID=1402. Retrieved 2008-10-20. [dead link]
  98. ^ Jo Napolitano (Nyt) (Published: August 2, 2002). "National Briefing | Midwest: Minnesota: Christians One Up On Ventura – New York Times". Query.nytimes.com. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9907E7DF1F3BF931A3575BC0A9649C8B63. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  99. ^ "Transcripts". www.cnn.com. http://archives.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1010/15/cnr.08.html. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 

References

  • deFiebre, Conrad. "Record-high job approval for Ventura; Many Minnesotans like his style, don't mind moonlighting." Star Tribune 22 July 1999: 1A+.
  • deFiebre, Conrad. "Using body language, Ventura backs Kerry." Star Tribune 23 October 2004: 1A+.
  • Kahn, Joseph P. "The Body Politic." The Boston Globe 25 February 2004. Accessed April 28, 2004.
  • Olson, Rochelle and Bob von Sternberg. "GOP demands equal time; Wellstone aide apologizes; Ventura upset." Minneapolis Star-Tribune 31 October 2002: 1A+.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Arne Carlson
Governor of Minnesota
1999–2003
Succeeded by
Tim Pawlenty
Party political offices
Preceded by
First nominee
Reform Party nominee for Governor of Minnesota
1998
Succeeded by
Tim Penny
(Independence Party)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ventura — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charlie Ventura (1916–1992), US amerikanischer Jazz Musiker František Ventura (1894–1969), tschechoslowakischer Springreiter Giampiero Ventura (* 1948), italienischer Fußballtrainer Jesse Ventura (* 1951) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ventura, Jesse — ▪ 2000       Ready to rumble through 1999 was Jesse (“The Body”) Ventura, the former professional wrestler who pulled off a stunning political upset in the November 1998 elections to become governor of Minnesota. In his years as a pro wrestler,… …   Universalium

  • Ventura — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Ventura est un nom de famille et un nom de lieu. Patronyme Ventura est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Carles Santos Ventura (né en 1940),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jesse — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jesse peut faire référence à : Jesse, le mot anglais pour Jessé. Personnalités Jesse est un prénom notamment porté par : Jesse Eisenberg, un… …   Wikipédia en Français


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