- Buddy Rogers (wrestler)
Buddy Rogers Ring name(s) Herman Rohde
Billed height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) Billed weight 227 pounds (103 kg) Born February 20, 1921
Camden, New Jersey,
Died June 26, 1992(aged 71) Trained by Joe Cox
Debut June 1939 Retired 1978
"Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers, born Herman Rohde, (February 20, 1921 – June 26, 1992) was an American professional wrestler and one of the biggest wrestling stars in the beginning of the television era. His performances inspired generations of professional wrestlers, such as "Nature Boy" Ric Flair, who used Buddy Rogers' nickname, as well as his look, his attitude, and his finishing hold, the figure four leglock. He was a 2-time world heavyweight champion, most notably becoming the first professional wrestler to hold the WWWF Championship, now known as the WWE Championship, and the NWA World Heavyweight Championship in his career.
- 1 Professional wrestling career
- 2 Legacy
- 3 In wrestling
- 4 Championships and accomplishments
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Professional wrestling career
Early career (1940s–1950s)
The son of German immigrant parents, Rogers was a New Jersey police officer before being discovered by a local promoter and soon became a top wrestler using his real name around his hometown where he gained his first major win over Ed "Strangler" Lewis. Like virtually all professional wrestlers, Rogers was not the height and weight listed. Buddy actually stood 5'11" tall and weighed in at 195 pounds soaking wet.
He continued his career in Houston, where he assumed the name "Buddy Rogers". Rogers would get his first major taste of gold during his tenure there, winning the Texas Heavyweight title four times, once from the great Lou Thesz, beginning a long feud both in and out of the ring. After leaving the Texas territory for Columbus, Ohio, the final pieces of his character were added. He bleached his hair and was given the moniker "Natural Guy", later "Nature Boy", by promoter Jack Pfefer. In the early 1950s, Lillian Ellison (under the moniker Slave Girl Moolah) worked as his valet. Ellison claims that the partnership ended after Rogers pushed for a sexual relationship, which Ellison refused.
With the advent of television, Rogers' flashy look, great physique and bombastic personality instantly caught the ire of audiences. The first sign of Rogers' impact was his involvement in Sam Muchnick's opposition promotion in St. Louis, Missouri, a major wrestling market at the time. He was pitted against the well respected Lou Thesz as a draw. In the end, Muchnick's promotion was powerful enough with Buddy Rogers as its main star that the two promotions merged. Rogers continued control of the Midwest as a booker and wrestler, most notably in Chicago, frequently selling out the 11,000-seat arena. In the 1950s, Rogers expanded into Vince McMahon, Sr.'s Capitol Wrestling Corporation. He also wrestled in the Al Haft promotion out of Columbus, Ohio in the 1950s into the 1960s.
National Wrestling Alliance (1960–1963)
In 1961, the National Wrestling Alliance voted him into a NWA World Heavyweight Championship match. On June 30, 1961, Pat O'Connor lost the title to Rogers in front of 38,622 fans at Comiskey Park, a North American professional wrestling attendance record that lasted until the David Von Erich Memorial Parade of Champions in 1984. The ticket sales of $148,000 were a professional wrestling record for almost 20 years. The match, a two out of three falls match, was billed as the "Match of the Century". During the match, both men had gained a pinfall, when O'Connor missed a dropkick, hit his head, and Rogers pinned him to win the match.
To many promoters, it seemed that Buddy Rogers favored northeastern promoters over other territories. Promoters and noted shooters Karl Gotch and Bill Miller confronted Rogers in Columbus and broke his hand. Another injury in Montreal in a match against Killer Kowalski kept Rogers on the sidelines. On his return, the heads of the NWA voted to switch the title back over to Lou Thesz, who publicly disliked Rogers. On January 24, 1963, the match took place in Toronto. Rogers was hesitant about dropping the title, so promoter Sam Muchnick put in place three safeguards to guarantee Rogers' cooperation. First, the match was only one fall, out of the ordinary since most title matches were two out of three falls until the mid-1970s. The second safeguard was his threat to give Rogers' bond (the NWA Champion was required to pay a $25,000 deposit to the NWA Board of Directors before being given the title; the deposit was returned to the wrestler after losing the title) away to charity. The third was matching him against the legitimate wrestler Thesz who could "take" the title if necessary. Thesz won the match and the title.
Rogers was also co-holder of the U.S. Tag Team Championship, with frequent tag partner Handsome Johnny Barend. They won the belts in 1962 on Washington, D.C. television from Johnny Valentine and Arnold Skaaland (Skaaland subbing for the missing Ellis, but the belts were still up). Rogers and Barend defeated Valentine & Ellis in a title rematch at Madison Square Garden, and went on to defend the belts until spring 1963, when they lost the titles on Washington, D.C. television to Killer Buddy Austin & The Great Scott (even though one of the falls was on a disqualification and they technically should not have passed). Rogers and Barend split briefly and feuded, but reunited that summer to defeat Bruno Sammartino & Bobo Brazil in Madison Square Garden 2 falls to 1.
During the brief Rogers-Barend feud, Rogers teamed up regularly with a masked wrestler, The Shadow (veteran wrestler Clyde Steeves). Prior to the title reign with Barend, he was frequently a tag partner with Bob Orton, grandfather of Randy Orton.
World Wide Wrestling Federation (1963)
Northeast promoters, led by McMahon and Toots Mondt, withdrew their membership from the NWA and formed the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF), as Thesz was not a strong draw in the area. Promoter Willie Gilzenberg, and first WWWF "President" appeared on Washington, D.C. TV in April 1963; and announced that Rogers had been the victor in a wrestling tournament which took place in Brazil, effectively making him the first WWWF title holder. Rogers' reign was cut short by a mild heart attack that greatly hindered his endurance. Physically in decline, Rogers was matched against the hugely popular and immensely powerful Bruno Sammartino. Rogers was beaten by Sammartino on May 17 of that year, in a match that lasted a mere 48 seconds. Stunned and disheartened, Rogers quickly left the ring. Legend says that Mondt dragged Rogers out of his hospital bed and forced him into the match, but it was obvious that Rogers could not take the burden of a world championship in his condition. Sammartino publicly claimed that Rogers was not ill, but that he just didn't want to lose the belt. Sammartino also claimed that he told Rogers that he (Bruno) would be winning the belt that night—not their promoter and Rogers just wanted to get it over quickly.
After losing to Sammartino, Rogers stayed on top, in anticipation of a rematch. He defeated Hans "The Great" Mortier in less than a minute with the Figure-4 in Madison Square Garden, and teamed with Handsome Johnny Barend to take 2 out of 3 falls via pin from Sammartino and Bobo Brazil, with Rogers pinning Sammartino for the final fall.
The big rematch was to be held October 4, 1963, at Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City, New Jersey. The tickets were printed with Rogers–Sammartino on them. However, it was announced that Rogers was retiring, and Gorilla Monsoon, who had won a Ring Wrestling TV tournament, got the title shot that night. Rogers subsequently only wrestled an occasional show for The Sheik's promotion in Detroit and Montreal. In 1968, Rogers appeared for a brief time in an Ohio-based promotion called Wrestling Show Classics where he spent time on TV talking with his former manager Bobby Davis and appearing in brief studio and arena matches.
Jim Crockett Promotions and WWF (1978–1992)
In 1978, Rogers returned to wrestling as a babyface in Florida although he was in his late 50s. He later moved up to Jim Crockett Promotions in the Carolinas as a heel manager managing wrestlers like Jimmy Snuka, Ken Patera, Gene Anderson, and Big John Studd. His most notable moment during his run in the Carolinas was his feud with the new "Nature Boy", Ric Flair before Rogers put over the younger Nature Boy on July 9, 1978. After his time in Mid-Atlantic, he moved back into WWF where he was a babyface manager and part-time wrestler who also hosted the interview segment "Rogers' Corner." During a feud teaming with his old protégé Jimmy Snuka against Lou Albano and Ray Stevens, Rogers broke his hip and retired from wrestling for good.
End of career and death
He was set to wrestle yet another "Nature Boy", this time Buddy Landel, in a comeback match for the Tri-State Wrestling Alliance (a predecessor of ECW) in early 1992, but the promotion went out of business and the match never occurred. Later in the year, Rogers was weakened by a severe broken arm and suffered three strokes, two on the same day. He was put on life support and died a short time afterward on June 26, 1992.
Rogers was not well liked during his prime years because he had a habit of taking advantage of opponents in the ring. During his prime years, he was known as much for his distinctive peacock-like strut as for his wrestling performance. He was also very skilled at drawing heat during interviews, with a smug "to a nicer guy, it couldn't have happened" being his catch phrase of sorts whenever he was victorious. He may have been the first authentic "charismatic" pro-wrestler, who, along with almost equally charismatic Bobby Davis, would use cruel, yet hilarious, put-downs of his opponents, such as "After I get through with him, he'll be back driving a garbage truck where he belongs." Almost like a tag-team of pseudo-arrogance, Bobby Davis would incredulously say of Roger's opponents that they didn't even deserve to be in the same ring as Rogers, bemoaning the fact that "This is a sport of Kings!" With age, Rogers mellowed and became a very respected veteran. Rogers was considered the first total package wrestler. He had all the looks, physique, personality, and ability promoters wanted. He is often attributed with developing the psychology that several heels went on to use with great success, and with inventing the "Figure Four Grapevine" (later renamed the Figure-Four Leglock).
According to his pro wrestling colleague and occasional ring opponent Lou Thesz (as stated in Thesz's autobiography Hooker), Rogers, although admittedly an excellent wrestler and a superb showman, was a manipulative schemer behind the scenes and was fond of saying in private: "Use your friends, and be good to your enemies; so they'll become your friends, and you can use them too."
Rogers had one of the longest consistent top drawing periods of any main-eventer—15 years—and the ability to draw in several different territories successfully. In 1994, he was posthumously inducted into the World Wrestling Federation Hall of Fame.
Fellow professional wrestler Ric Flair throughout his whole career to the present day, adopted the "Nature Boy" gimmick from Buddy Rogers as a tribute to him. Even using Rogers' own signature move the Figure-Four Leglock as his own, Flair even went as far as doing his own variation of the Buddy Rogers strut as well.
- Finishing moves
- Figure Four Grapevine (Figure four leglock) – innovated
Championships and accomplishments
- American Wrestling Association
- AWA Eastern States Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- AWA World Heavyweight Championship (Ohio version) (3 times)
- Midwest Wrestling Association
- MWA Ohio Tag Team Championship (4 times) - with Great Scott (3) and Juan Sebastian (1)
- Montreal Athletic Commission
- World Heavyweight Championship (Montreal version) (3 times)
- NWA Capitol Wrestling
- NWA United States Tag Team Championship (Northeast version) (2 times) - with Johnny Valentine (1) and Johnny Barend (1)
- NWA Chicago
- NWA Mid-America
- NWA San Francisco
- NWA World Tag Team Championship (San Francisco version) (1 time) - with Ronnie Etchison
- NWA Western States Sports
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- PWI Stanley Weston Award (1990)
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum
- Class of 2002 (Television Era)
- Southwest Sports Inc.
- World Wide Wrestling Federation / World Wrestling Federation
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards
- Other titles
- Maryland Eastern Heavyweight Championship (3 times)
- World Heavyweight Championship (Jack Pfeffer version) (5 times)
1Five of Rogers' six reigns with the NWA Texas Heavyweight Championship occurred before the title came under the control of the NWA and before the NWA was created. The situation is the same regarding Rogers' reign with the NWA Texas Tag Team Championship.
- ^ Ellison, Lillian (2003). The Fabulous Moolah: First Goddess of the Squared Circle. ReaganBooks. p. 59. ISBN 9780060012588.
- ^ a b c Ellison, Lillian (2003). The Fabulous Moolah: First Goddess of the Squared Circle. ReaganBooks. pp. 60–65. ISBN 9780060012588.
- ^ a b c d Oliver, Greg (2006-03-16). "Chicago's big moment: O'Connor vs Rogers, 1961". SLAM! Wrestling. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2006/03/11/1483388.html. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
WWE ChampionsBuddy Rogers · Bruno Sammartino · Ivan Koloff · Pedro Morales · Stan Stasiak · Billy Graham · Bob Backlund · The Iron Sheik · Hulk Hogan · André the Giant · Randy Savage · The Ultimate Warrior · Sgt. Slaughter · Undertaker · Ric Flair · Bret Hart · Yokozuna · Kevin Nash · Shawn Michaels · Sycho Sid · Stone Cold Steve Austin · Kane · The Rock · Mick Foley · Triple H · Vince McMahon · Big Show · Kurt Angle · Chris Jericho · Brock Lesnar · Eddie Guerrero · John "Bradshaw" Layfield · John Cena · Edge · Rob Van Dam · Randy Orton · Jeff Hardy · Batista · Sheamus · The Miz · CM Punk · Rey Mysterio · Alberto Del Rio (current) NWA World Heavyweight ChampionsOrville Brown · Lou Thesz · Leo Nomellini · Whipper Billy Watson · Édouard Carpentier · Dick Hutton · Pat O'Connor · Buddy Rogers · Bobo Brazil · Gene Kiniski · Dory Funk, Jr. · Harley Race · Jack Brisco · Giant Baba · Terry Funk · Dusty Rhodes · Tommy Rich · Ric Flair · Kerry Von Erich · Ron Garvin · Ricky Steamboat · Sting · Tatsumi Fujinami · Masahiro Chono · The Great Muta · Barry Windham · Shane Douglas · Chris Candido · Dan Severn · Naoya Ogawa · Gary Steele · Mike Rapada · Sabu · Steve Corino · Shinya Hashimoto · Ken Shamrock · Ron Killings · Jeff Jarrett · A.J. Styles · Raven · Rhino · Christian Cage · Abyss · Adam Pearce (current) · Brent Albright · Blue Demon, Jr. · Colt Cabana · The Sheik WWE Hall of Fame 1990sClass of 1993Class of 1994Class of 1995Class of 1996 2000sClass of 2004Class of 2005Class of 2006Class of 2007Class of 2008Class of 2009 2010sClass of 2010Class of 2011Class of 2012
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