Donald Trump


Donald Trump
Donald Trump

Donald Trump, February 2011
Born Donald John Trump
June 14, 1946 (1946-06-14) (age 65)
Queens, New York City,
New York, U.S.
Residence Trump Tower, Manhattan
Nationality American
Alma mater Fordham University
University of Pennsylvania (B.S.)
Occupation
  • Chairman and president of The Trump Organization[1]
  • Chairman of Trump Plaza Associates, LLC[2]
  • Chairman of Trump Atlantic City Associates[2]
  • Host of The Apprentice
Years active 1968–present
Salary $60 million (2010–11)[2]
Net worth increase US$2.7 billion (2011)[2]
Political party Republican (1987–99; 2009–present)
Democratic (2001–09)[3]
Reform Party (1999–2000)[4]
Religion Presbyterian[5]
Spouse Melania Trump (2005–present)
Marla Maples (1993–99)
Ivana Trump (1977–92)
Children Donald Trump Jr. (b. 1977)
Ivanka Trump (b. 1981)
Eric Trump (b. 1984)
Tiffany Trump (b. 1993)
Barron Trump (b. 2006)
Signature
Website
TrumpOnline.com

Donald John Trump, Sr. (born June 14, 1946) is an American business magnate, television personality and author. He is the chairman and president of The Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts.[1] Trump's extravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner and role on the NBC reality show The Apprentice have made him a well-known celebrity who was No. 17 on the 2011 Forbes Celebrity 100 list.[2]

Trump is the son of Fred Trump, a New York City real-estate developer.[6] He worked for his father's firm, Elizabeth Trump & Son, while attending the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1968 officially joined the company.[7] He was given control of the company in 1971 and renamed it The Trump Organization.[8][9]

In 2010, Trump expressed an interest in becoming a candidate for President of the United States in the 2012 election.[10][11] In May 2011, he announced he would not be a candidate, but a few weeks later he said he had not completely ruled out the possibility.[12][13]

Contents

Early life and education

Trump is a son of Fred Trump and his wife, Mary Anne MacLeod, who married in 1936. His mother was born on the Island of Lewis, off the west coast of Scotland.[14] Donald was one of five children. Donald's oldest brother, Fred Jr., died in 1981 at the age of 43.[15] Trump's paternal grandparents were German immigrants.[citation needed] His grandfather, Frederick Trump ( Drumpf), emigrated to the United States in 1885 and became a naturalized American citizen in 1892. Frederick married Elisabeth Christ (October 10, 1880 – June 6, 1966)[16] at Kallstadt, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, on August 26, 1902. They had three children.

Trump attended the Kew-Forest School, Forest Hills, New York, as did some of his siblings. At age 13 after having some difficulties there, his parents sent him to the New York Military Academy (NYMA), hoping to direct his energy and assertiveness in a positive manner.[17] At NYMA, in upstate New York, Trump earned academic honors, and played varsity football in 1962, varsity soccer in 1963, and varsity baseball from 1962 to 1964 (baseball captain 1964). The baseball coach, Ted Dobias, a local celebrity for his work with area youth, awarded him the Coach's Award in 1964. Promoted to Cadet Captain-S4 (Cadet Battalion Logistics Officer) in his senior year, Trump and Cadet First Sergeant Jeff Donaldson (NYMA class of 1965; West Point 1969) formed a composite company of cadets, taught them advanced close-order drill, and marched them down Fifth Avenue on Memorial Day, 1964.

Trump attended Fordham University for two years before transferring to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Science in economics.[18] In his book, Trump: The Art of the Deal, Trump discusses his undergraduate career:

After I graduated from the New York Military Academy in 1964, I flirted briefly with the idea of attending film school... but in the end I decided real estate was a much better business. I began by attending Fordham University... but after two years, I decided that as long as I had to be in college, I might as well test myself against the best. I applied to the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania and I got in... I was also very glad to get finished. I immediately moved back home and went to work full time with my father.[citation needed]

Personal life

Donald Trump as featured in Vanity Fair, March 31, 2011[19]

Trump is popularly known as The Donald, a nickname given to him by the media after his first wife Ivana Trump, a native of the Czech Republic, referred to him as such in an interview.[20] Trump is also known for his catchphrase, "You're fired!", made popular by his television series The Apprentice. While it has been reported that Trump does not shake hands because of fear of germs,[21] he claims this phobia is "a rumor that the enemies say", and shook hands repeatedly in public during a visit to New Hampshire in April 2011.[22]

Religion

Trump has stated in various interviews that he is a Presbyterian. In April 2011 on Human Events he said that he is "a Presbyterian within the Protestant group".[5] In another April 2011 interview, on the 700 Club, Trump said, "I'm a Protestant, I'm a Presbyterian. And you know I've had a good relationship with the church over the years. I think religion is a wonderful thing. I think my religion is a wonderful religion."[23][24] A 2010 article in The Daily Telegraph stated that Trump was Catholic.[25] A February 2011 Politics Daily article described Trump as "apparently a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, which is a Presbyterian denomination".[26] Andrew Cusack in 2008 stated that Donald Trump is a member of New York City's Marble Collegiate Church. Explaining that church's organizational relationships, Cusack says "the Collegiate Reformed Protestant Dutch Church is actually a denomination within a denomination" and that the Collegiate Churches are "now part of the Reformed Church of America".[27] Marble Collegiate Church also states that it is denominationally affiliated with the Reformed Church in America,[28] with the RCA website stating that the RCA has a local church "presbyterian form of government".[29]

Trump married Melania Knauss, his third (and current) wife, at the Episcopal church of Bethesda-by-the-Sea, in a "traditional ceremony".[30][31][32] Their son, Barron, was baptized in that church.[33]

In September 2010, Trump expressed on Anderson Cooper's show on CNN, his "suspicions of ulterior motives at the imam running the project" known as Park51, claiming the imam was "using religion" (meaning Islam) to get a good price for the real estate.[34] He also appeared on Fox's Hannity, and said much the same.[35] Trump was quoted by the New York Post that, while he "is a 'big believer in freedom of religion,' ... his personal opinion was that the mosque should not be built close to Ground Zero ...". After Trump offered in a letter to buy the two-building site for more than $6 million in order to end the general controversy, the lawyers for the majority stakeholder, according to the Post, "blasted Trump's letter offering to buy the site as a publicity stunt".[36]

Trump does not drink alcohol.[37]

Family

Melania Knauss-Trump

Trump's mother, Mary Anne, was born at Tong, Stornoway on the Isle of Lewis in Scotland in 1912. In 1930, aged 18, on holiday in New York, she met Fred Trump and stayed in New York. Born in Queens, New York,[citation needed] Trump has four siblings: two brothers, Fred Jr. (who is deceased) and Robert; and two sisters, Maryanne and Elizabeth. His elder sister, Maryanne Trump Barry, is a federal appeals court judge.

In 1977, Trump married Ivana Zelníčková and together they have three children: Donald Jr. (born December 31, 1977), Ivanka (born October 30, 1981), and Eric (born January 6, 1984). They were divorced in 1992.

In 1993, he married Marla Maples and together they had one child, Tiffany (born October 13, 1993). They divorced on June 8, 1999. In a February 2008 interview on ABC's Nightline Trump commented on his ex-wives by saying, "I just know it's very hard for them (Ivana and Marla) to compete because I do love what I do. I really love it."[citation needed]

On April 26, 2004, he proposed to Melania Knauss (Melanija Knavs), a native of Slovenia. Trump and Knauss (who is 24 years Trump's junior) married on January 22, 2005, at Bethesda by the Sea Episcopal Church, on the island of Palm Beach, Florida, followed by a reception at Trump's Mar-A-Lago estate.[31] Melania gave birth to a boy named Barron William Trump, Trump's fifth child, on March 20, 2006.

In 2007, Trump became a grandfather when son Donald Jr. and his wife Vanessa welcomed a daughter, Kai Madison,[38] and again in 2009 when grandson Donald Trump III was born.[39] In 2011, it was announced that Trump will be a grandfather for the third time by way of his daughter, Ivanka.[40] Ivanka Trump welcomed daughter Arabella Rose Kushner on July 17, 2011.[41][42] Donald Jr. and Vanessa are expecting their third child.[43][44]

Hobbies

Trump is a golfer, with a low single-figure handicap. He is a member of the Winged Foot Golf Club in Mamaroneck, New York, and also plays regularly at the other courses he owns and operates.[45]

Business career

Trump renovated the Commodore Hotel and created the Grand Hyatt with the Pritzker family. He also renovated the Trump Tower in New York City and several other residential projects. He later bought the Eastern Shuttle routes,[46] and Atlantic City casino business, including acquiring the Taj Mahal Casino in a transaction with Merv Griffin and Resorts International.[47]

In March 1990, Trump threatened to sue Janney Montgomery Scott, a stock brokerage, whose analyst made negative comments on the financial prospects of Taj Mahal. The analyst refused to retract the statements, and the firm fired him. The firm denied being influenced by Trump's threat.[48] Taj Mahal declared bankruptcy for the first time in November 1990.[49] The analyst was awarded $750,000 by arbitration panel against his firm for his termination. A defamation lawsuit by the analyst against Trump for $2 million was settled out of court.[50]

This expansion, both personal and business, led to mounting debt.[51] Much of the news about him in the early 1990s involved his much publicized financial problems, creditor-led bailout, extramarital affair with Marla Maples (whom he later married), and the resulting divorce from his first wife, Ivana Trump.

The late 1990s saw a resurgence in his financial situation and fame. In 2001, he completed Trump World Tower, a 72-story residential tower across from the United Nations Headquarters.[52] Also, he began construction on Trump Place, a multi-building development along the Hudson River. Trump owns commercial space in Trump International Hotel and Tower, a 44-story mixed-use (hotel and condominium) tower on Columbus Circle. Trump currently owns several million square feet of prime Manhattan real estate,[53] and remains a major figure in the field of real estate in the United States and a celebrity for his prominent media exposures.

Early success (1968–89)

Trump began his career at his father's company,[54] the Trump Organization, and initially concentrated on his father's preferred field of middle-class rental housing in Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. One of Trump's first projects, while he was still in college, was the revitalization of the foreclosed Swifton Village apartment complex in Cincinnati, Ohio, which his father had purchased for $5.7 million in 1962. Trump became intimately involved in the project, personally flying in for a few days at a time to carry out landscaping and other low-level tasks. After $500,000 investment, Trump successfully turned a 1200-unit complex with a 66% vacancy rate to 100% occupancy within two years. The Trump Organization sold Swifton Village for $6.75 million in 1972.[55]

In 1971 Trump moved to Manhattan, where he became convinced of the economic opportunity in the city, specifically large building projects in Manhattan that would offer opportunities for earning high profits, utilizing attractive architectural design, and winning public recognition.[6] Trump began by landing the rights to develop the old Penn Central yards on the West Side, then – with the help of a 40-year tax abatement by the financially strained New York City government, which was eager to give tax concessions in exchange for investments at a time of financial crisis – turned the bankrupt Commodore Hotel into a new Grand Hyatt.[56]

He was also instrumental in steering the development of the Javits Convention Center on property he had an option on. The development saga of the Javits Convention Center brought Trump into contact with the New York City government when a project that he had estimated could have been completed by his company for $110 million ended up costing the city between $750 million and $1 billion. He offered to take over the project at cost, but the offer was not accepted.[57]

A similar opportunity would arise in the city's attempt to restore the Wollman Rink in Central Park, a project started in 1980 with an expected 2½-year construction schedule that was still, with $12 million spent, nowhere near completion in 1986. Trump offered to take over the job at no charge to the city, an offer that was initially rebuffed until it received much local media attention. Trump then was given the job which he completed in six months and with $750,000 of the $3 million budgeted for the project left over.[58]

Trump was also involved with the old USFL, a competitor to the NFL, as owner of the New Jersey Generals.[59] In addition, Trump at one time acted as a financial advisor for Mike Tyson,[60] hosting Tyson's fight against Michael Spinks in Atlantic City.[61]

Financial problems (1989–97)

By 1989, the effects of the recession left Trump unable to meet loan payments. Trump financed the construction of his third casino, the $1 billion Taj Mahal, primarily with high-interest junk bonds. Although he shored up his businesses with additional loans and postponed interest payments, by 1991 increasing debt brought Trump to business bankruptcy[51] and the brink of personal bankruptcy. Banks and bond holders had lost hundreds of millions of dollars, but opted to restructure his debt to avoid the risk of losing more money in court. The Taj Mahal re-emerged from bankruptcy on October 5, 1991, with Trump ceding 50% ownership in the casino to the original bondholders in exchange for lowered interest rates on the debt and more time to pay it off.[62]

On November 2, 1992, the Trump Plaza Hotel was forced to file a prepackaged Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection plan after being unable to make its debt payments. Under the plan, Trump agreed to give up a 49% stake in the luxury hotel to Citibank and five other lenders. In return Trump would receive more favorable terms on the remaining $550+ million owed to the lenders, and retain his position as chief executive, though he would not be paid and would not have a role in day-to-day operations.[63]

By 1994, Trump had eliminated a large portion of his $900 million personal debt[64] and reduced significantly his nearly $3.5 billion in business debt. While he was forced to relinquish the Trump Shuttle (which he had bought in 1989), he managed to retain Trump Tower in New York City and control of his three casinos in Atlantic City. Chase Manhattan Bank, which lent Trump the money to buy the West Side yards, his biggest Manhattan parcel, forced the sale of the tract to Asian developers. According to former members of the Trump Organization, Trump did not retain any ownership of the site's real estate – the owners merely promised to give him about 30 percent of the profits once the site was completely developed or sold. Until that time, the owners of The West Side Yards gave him modest construction and management fees to oversee the development, and allowed him to put his name on the buildings that eventually rose on the yards because his well-known moniker allowed them to charge a premium for their condos.[65]

Trump was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame in 1995.[66]

In 1995, he combined his casino holdings into the publicly held Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts. Wall Street drove its stock above $35 in 1996, but by 1998 it had fallen into single digits as the company remained profitless and struggled to pay just the interest on its nearly $3 billion in debt. Under such financial pressure, the properties were unable to make the improvements necessary for keeping up with their flashier competitors.

Legal developments (2002–05)

In January 2002, the Securities and Exchange Commission brought a financial-reporting case against Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts Inc., alleging that it had committed several "misleading statements in the company's third-quarter 1999 earnings release." The matter was settled with the defendant neither admitting nor denying the charge.[67]

Finally, on October 21, 2004, Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts announced a restructuring of its debt.[68] The plan called for Trump's individual ownership to be reduced from 56 percent to 27 percent, with bondholders receiving stock in exchange for surrendering part of the debt. Since then, Trump Hotels has been forced to seek voluntary bankruptcy protection to stay afloat. After the company applied for Chapter 11 Protection in November 2004, Trump relinquished his CEO position but retained a role as Chairman of the Board. In May 2005[69] the company re-emerged from bankruptcy as Trump Entertainment Resorts Holdings.[70]

Resurgence (1997–2007)

Trump has several projects under way, with varying levels of success in their progress. The Trump International Hotel and Tower – Honolulu seems to be a success. According to Trump, buyers paid non-refundable deposits, committing to purchase every unit on the first day they were made available. Construction of the Trump International Hotel and Tower – Chicago seems to be proceeding as planned, although 30% of the units remain unsold. The Trump International Hotel and Tower – Toronto has had a series of delays and a height reduction. The Trump Tower – Tampa has been quite controversial because the initial sales were so successful that all deposits were returned in order to charge a higher price. Three years after construction of this controversial development began, construction has delayed and lawsuits have been filed. In Fort Lauderdale, Florida, one Trump construction project was put on hold in favor of another (Trump International Hotel and Tower – Fort Lauderdale). Meanwhile, Trump Towers – Atlanta is being developed in a housing market having the nation's second-highest inventory of unsold homes.[71]

In its October 7, 2007 Forbes 400 issue, "Acreage Aces", Forbes valued Trump's wealth at $3.0 billion.[72] His wealth went down and then up in the 2000s recession, but according to Forbes, Trump's wealth was valued at $2.7 billion in March 2011.[2] though Trump claimed it was much more.[73]

Financial crisis

Sales for Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago have been lagging.[citation needed] Lender Deutsche Bank refused to let Trump lower the prices on the units to spur sales. Arguing that the financial crisis and resulting drop in the real estate market is due to circumstances beyond his control, Trump invoked a clause in the contract to not pay the loan. Deutsche Bank then noted in court that "Trump is no stranger to overdue debt" and that he had twice previously filed for bankruptcy regarding his casino operations.[74] Trump then initiated a suit asserting that his image had been damaged. Both parties agreed to drop their suits, and sale of the units is nearly complete.[75]

On February 17, 2009 Trump Entertainment Resorts filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy; Trump stating on February 13 that he would resign from the board.[76] Trump Entertainment Resorts has three properties in Atlantic City.

Trump's unsuccessful libel lawsuit against author Timothy L. O'Brien, for O'Brien's estimating his net worth at less than $250 million, was dismissed in 2009.[77][78] In the lawsuit it was revealed that in 2005, Deutsche Bank valued Trump's net worth at $788 million, to which Trump objected.[77][78][79]

Business ventures

The Trump Organization owns many skyscrapers including Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago.

Trump branding and licensing

Trump has succeeded in marketing the Trump name on a large number of products, including Trump Financial (a mortgage firm), Trump Sales and Leasing (residential sales), Trump University (a business education company),[2] Trump Restaurants (Located in Trump Tower and consisting of Trump Buffet, Trump Catering, Trump Ice Cream Parlor, and Trump Bar), GoTrump[3] (an online travel website), Donald J. Trump Signature Collection (a line of menswear, men's accessories, and watches), Donald Trump The Fragrance (2004), Trump Ice bottled water, Trump Magazine, Trump Golf, Trump Institute, Trump The Game (1989 Board Game), Trump Vodka, and Trump Steaks. In addition, Trump reportedly receives $1.5 million for each one-hour presentation he does for The Learning Annex.[80] Trump also has a business simulation game called Donald Trump's Real Estate Tycoon.[citation needed]

In 2011, Forbes reported that its financial experts had estimated the value of the Trump brand at $200 million. Trump disputes this valuation, saying that his brand is worth about $3 billion.[81]

Many developers pay Trump to market their properties and to be the public face for their projects.[79] For that reason, Trump does not own many of the buildings that display his name.[79] According to Forbes, this portion of Trump's empire, actually run by his children, is by far his most valuable, having a $562 million valuation. According to Forbes there are 33 licensing projects under development including seven "condo hotels" (the seven Trump International Hotel and Tower developments).

Other ventures

Other investments include a 17.2% stake in Parker Adnan, Inc. (formerly AdnanCo Group), a Bermuda-based financial services holdings company. In late 2003, Trump, along with his siblings, sold their late father's real estate empire to a group of investors that included Bain Capital, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, and LamboNuni Bank reportedly for $600 million. Donald Trump's 1/3 share was $200 million, which he later used to finance Trump Casino & Resorts.

In April 2011, it was reported that Trump was in the process of negotiating a deal with New York City to reopen the historic Tavern on the Green restaurant in Central Park.[82]

Beauty pageants

The Miss Universe Organization is owned by Donald Trump and the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). The organization produces the Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss Teen USA pageants.

In December 2006, talk show host Rosie O'Donnell criticized Trump's lenience toward Miss USA, Tara Conner, who had violated pageant behavioral guidelines. This sparked a tabloid war between the two celebrities which lasted for several weeks thereafter.[83][84][85][86]

Entertainment media

Donald Trump's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Susan Mulcahy [editor of Page Six during the early 1980s]: He was a great character, but he was full of crap 90 percent of the time.

Donald Trump: I agree with her 100 percent.

Vanity Fair, 2004[87]

Donald Trump, a two-time Emmy Award-nominated personality, has made appearances as a caricatured version of himself in television series and films (e.g. Home Alone 2: Lost in New York, The Nanny, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Days of our Lives, Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps.[88]), and as a character (The Little Rascals). He has been the subject of comedians, flash cartoon artists, and online caricature artists.

In March 2011, Trump was the subject of a Comedy Central Roast. The special was hosted by Seth MacFarlane, and roasters included Larry King, Snoop Dogg, and Anthony Jeselnik among regular roast participants. Trump's daughter Ivanka was seen in the audience. In April 2011, Trump attended the White House Correspondents' Dinner, featuring comedian Seth Meyers. President Obama used the occasion to present several prepared jokes mocking Trump.[89]

The Apprentice

Trump with Celebrity Apprentice star Dennis Rodman

In 2003, Trump became the executive producer and host of the NBC reality show, The Apprentice, in which a group of competitors battled for a high-level management job in one of Trump's commercial enterprises. The other contestants were successively "fired" and eliminated from the game. In 2004, Donald Trump filed a trademark application for the catchphrase "You're fired."[4][5][6]

For the first year of the show Trump was paid $50,000 per episode (roughly $700,000 for the first season), but following the show's initial success, he is now paid a reported $3 million per episode, making him one of the highest paid TV personalities.[citation needed] In 2007, Trump received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contribution to television (The Apprentice).

Along with British TV producer Mark Burnett, Trump also put together The Celebrity Apprentice, where well-known stars compete to win money for their charities. While Trump and Burnett co-produced the show, Trump stayed in the forefront, deciding winners and "firing" losers.

World Wrestling Entertainment

Trump is a known World Wrestling Entertainment fan and friend of WWE owner Vince McMahon. He has hosted two WrestleMania events in the Trump Plaza and has been an active participant in several of the shows. Trump's Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City was host to the 1991 WBF Championship (which was owned by WWE, known at the time as the "World Wrestling Federation."). Trump was interviewed by Jesse Ventura ringside at WrestleMania XX. He also appeared at WrestleMania 23 in the corner of Bobby Lashley who competed against Umaga with WWE Chairman McMahon in his corner, in a hair versus hair match, with either Trump or McMahon having their head shaved if their competitor lost. Lashley won the match, and he and Trump both proceeded to shave McMahon bald.[90]

On June 15, 2009, as part of a storyline, McMahon announced on WWE Raw that he had 'sold' the show to Donald Trump. Appearing on screen, Trump confirmed it and declared he would be at the following commercial-free episode in person and would give a full refund to the people who purchased tickets to the arena for that night's show in the amount of USD $235,000. McMahon "bought back" Raw on June 22, 2009.[citation needed] His entrance theme "Money, Money" was written by Jim Johnston.

Political activity

2000s

In the 2000 election, Trump expressed a desire to run as a third-party candidate for the United States presidency, considering running nomination by the Reform Party as a business conservative, socially moderate candidate.[91][92][93][94] In his 2000 tome, The America We Deserve, economic policies Trump proposed include:

  • Institution of a once-only 14.25% tax on personal estates and trusts over $10 million, which he estimated would raise $5.7 trillion in revenue toward retirement of the national debt, tax cuts for the middle class, and supplementing the funding of Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid; and, by way of compensating this one-time tax on the wealthy, permanent abolition of the 55% federal inheritance tax.
  • Repeal of limits on campaign contributions, combined with outlawing soft money campaign contributions
  • Regarding universal health care, Trump touted himself as "a conservative on most issues, but a liberal on this one. Working out detailed plans will take time. But the goal should be clear: Our people are our greatest asset."[95][96]
  • Renegotiation of U.S. trade policies[97]

For 2004 and 2008, Trump speculated about running for President in the Republican party and for 2006 considered running for governor of New York as a representative of the party[98] In October 2007, Trump appeared on Larry King Live and delivered a strong criticism of then-United States President George W. Bush, particularly concerning the Iraq War. He speculated that Rudy Giuliani and Hillary Clinton could win the Republican and Democratic Presidential nominations, respectively, and voiced some support for either of them being elected President. He expressed doubt, on CNN's The Situation Room at the time, over whether a candidate for President could win the election by supporting a continued escalation of the war in Iraq.[99]

On September 17, 2008, Trump officially endorsed John McCain for the U.S. Presidency on Larry King Live.[100]

Trump again registered as a Republican in 2009 after having registered with the Democratic Party in 2001.[101] Trump said in an interview in 2007, "I'm very much independent in that way. I go for the person, not necessarily the party. I mean, I vote for Republicans and I vote for Democrats."[102]

Since the 1990 U.S. elections, Donald Trump has made contributions to campaigns of both Republican Party candidates (including John McCain, Rudolph Giuliani, Newt Gingrich, and George W. Bush)[103] as well as Democratic Party candidates (including Ted Kennedy, John Kerry, Tom Daschle, Joe Biden, Harry Reid, Rahm Emanuel, Hillary Clinton, Anthony Weiner, Charles Schumer, Kirsten Gillibrand, and Charles Rangel).[103][104][105]

2012 politics and potential presidential candidacy

In 2010, Trump said he considered himself a potential candidate for President of the United States in the 2012 election.[106][107] In his primary campaign, Trump has made a February speech to a CPAC gathering,[108] an early venue for candidates considering a presidential run, as a write-in candidate in its straw poll for the office. A Wall Street Journal/NBC News poll released in March 2011 found Donald Trump leading among potential contenders for the Republican nomination for President of the United States, one point ahead of former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney.[109] A Newsweek poll conducted February 2011 showed Trump within a few points of Obama, with many voters undecided in the November 2012 general election for President of the United States against Barack Obama.[110] A poll released in April 2011 by Public Policy Polling showed Trump having a nine point lead in a potential contest for the Republican nomination for President of the United States.[111] A poll conducted on May 10, 2011, showed Trump tied for fifth place with Ron Paul among Republicans.[112]

Speaking to an audience in Boca Raton, Florida on April 16, 2011, Trump said that voter reaction to George W. Bush's performance as U.S. President was the cause for the election of his successor, Barack Obama, and further that Obama would probably be known as the worst president in U.S. history.[113]

Trump's present political stances include being pro-life, against same-sex marriage,[23] anti-gun control, advocating the repeal and replacement of Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, anti-foreign aid;[108][114] and supporting a fair trade policy and believing generally that the People's Republic of China should be considered more of an adversarial competitor, subjected to significant import tariffs as a response to China's currency manipulation in order to help balance the U.S. budget.[115][116] He also believes the U.S. should disengage in Iraq and Afghanistan.[117]

His campaign has been reported by some media as a possible promotional tool for his reality show The Apprentice.[118][119] Time.com had the headline "Donald Trump Begins Not Running For President"[120] and the Huffington Post was similarly skeptical of whether he would run.[121]

Regardless of this skepticism, Trump has quietly chosen to participate in the “Politics and Eggs” forum at the New Hampshire Institute of Politics at Saint Anselm College, a popular spot for presidential candidates visiting New Hampshire.[122] This scheduled visit is important because the event is taking place in mid June 2011, supposedly after Trump had been supposed to make his decision whether to or not to run.

On April 23, 2011, the New York-based TV station NY1 reported that Trump had not voted in primary elections in New York City for a span of 21 years,[123] beginning after the city's mayoral primary in 1989, an accusation he has denied. A City election board spokeswoman confirmed the story.[124]

On May 5, 2011, Trump announced he would not be the celebrity pace-car driver for the 2011 Indy 500 as was previously announced a month earlier by the Indianapolis Motor Speedway (on April 5, 2011.)[125][126] Trump stated he made the decision because of business constraints, but there had been a fan campaign for the Speedway to instead name a racing celebrity to the position[127] and a Speedway press release stated that Trump cancelled because of his intention to run for President.[128]

On May 16, 2011, Trump announced he would not run for president.[12]

On May 23, 2011, Trump stated that he hasn't ruled out running for president, adding: "The country is so important, so vital that we choose the right person, and at this moment, I don't see that person."[13]

Statements regarding President Obama

Speaking to an audience in Boca Raton, Florida on April 16, 2011, Trump contended that voter reaction to George W. Bush's performance as U.S. President was the cause for the election of his successor, Barack Obama, and further that Obama would probably be known as the worst president in U.S. history.[113]

Trump has promoted conspiracy theories about Obama's citizenship status in media appearances, and been criticized for this.[129][130] In an NBC-TV interview broadcast April 7, 2011, Trump said he was not satisfied that Obama had proven his citizenship.[131]

In an April 2011 NBC interview, Trump claimed he had sent people to Hawaii to investigate Obama's citizenship, commenting "they cannot believe what they're finding."[132] On Anderson Cooper 360° on CNN, April 25, 2011, Trump said he wanted Obama to end the issue by releasing his long-form Certificate of Live Birth (distinct from the short-form Certification of Live Birth – Hawaii's prima facie evidence of birth), adding, "I've been told very recently ... the birth certificate is missing."[133][134]

On April 27, 2011, the long-form of Obama's birth certificate was released by the White House. Obama said it should put the matter to rest; that the nation had more pressing problems to solve and could not afford to be "distracted by side shows and carnival barkers".[135] Trump expressed pride at his role in the release of the long-form certificate in a press conference followup.[136]

Public Policy Polling described the events as "one of the quickest rises and falls in the history of presidential politics", reporting:

Trump really made hay out of the 'birther' issue and as the resonance of that has declined, so has his standing. In February we found that 51% of Republican primary voters thought Barack Obama was not born in the United States. Now with the release of his birth certificate only 34% of Republican partisans fall into that camp, and Trump's only in fifth place with that now smaller group of the electorate at 9%.[137]

On the Today Show on October 19, 2011, Trump stated that "I could vote for anybody over President Obama. President Obama has been a total and complete disaster."[138]

Bibliography

Trump has authored many books including:

  • Trump: The Art of the Deal (1987)
  • Trump: Surviving at the Top (1990)
  • Trump: The Art of Survival (1991)
  • Trump: The Art of the Comeback (1997)
  • Trump: How to Get Rich (2004)
  • The Way to the Top: The Best Business Advice I Ever Received (2004)
  • Trump: Think Like a Billionaire: Everything You Need to Know About Success, Real Estate, and Life (2004)
  • Trump: The Best Golf Advice I Ever Received (2005)
  • Why We Want You to be Rich: Two Men – One Message (2006), co-written with Robert Kiyosaki.
  • Think Big and Kick Ass in Business and Life (2007), co-written with Bill Zanker. (ISBN 978-0-06-154783-6)
  • The America We Deserve (2000) (with Dave Shiflett, ISBN 1-58063-131-2)
  • Trump: The Best Real Estate Advice I Ever Received: 100 Top Experts Share Their Strategies (2007)
  • Trump 101: The Way to Success (2007)
  • Trump Never Give Up: How I Turned My Biggest Challenges into Success (2008)
  • Trump Tower (2011) (a novel with Jeffrey Robinson, ISBN 978-1-59-315643-5)
  • Midas Touch: Why Some Entrepreneurs Get Rich-And Why Most Don't (2011), co-written with Robert Kiyosaki. (ISBN 1-612-68095-X)

References

  1. ^ a b Hoover's coverage by Diane Ramirez (2008-01-02). "The Trump Organization information and related industry information from Hoover's United Kingdom (UK)". Hoovers.com. http://www.hoovers.com/the-trump-organization/--ID__40473--/freeuk-co-factsheet.xhtml. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Donald Trump". Forbes (Reference for Business). http://www.forbes.com/profile/donald-trump. Retrieved July 17, 2011. 
  3. ^ Griffith, Carson; Fischer, Molly (February 15, 2011). "President Trump? The Donald swapped party affiliations for potential presidential bid in 2009: doc". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2011/02/15/2011-02-15_president_trump_the_donald_swapped_party_affiliations_for_potential_presidential.html. 
  4. ^ "Jesse The Body Ventura bodyslams national Reform Party". CNN. March 13, 2000. http://articles.cnn.com/1999-10-25/politics/trump.cnn_1_reform-party-donald-trump-independence-party?_s=PM:ALLPOLITICS. 
  5. ^ a b Mattera, Jason (March 14, 2011). "Trump Unplugged". Human Events. http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=42268. Retrieved March 16, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Donald(John) Trump biography". biography.com. http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9511238. Retrieved July 6, 2008. 
  7. ^ Trump, Donald; Schwartz, Tony (1987). The Art of the Deal. Random House. p. 67. ISBN 9780345479174. http://books.google.com/books?id=Ye6e_VxM00kC&pg=PA67&lpg=PA67#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  8. ^ Blair, Gwenda (2000, 2005). Donald Trump: Master Apprenticel. Simon & Schuster. p. 23. ISBN 9780743275101. http://books.google.com/books?id=AiFeQZhakXQC&pg=PA23#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  9. ^ Trump, Donald; Schwartz, Tony (1987). The Art of the Deal. Random House. p. 105. ISBN 9780345479174. http://books.google.com/books?id=Ye6e_VxM00kC&pg=PA105#v=onepage&q=trump%20organization&f=false. 
  10. ^ Donald Trump seriously considers running for President in 2012. New York Post October 5, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
  11. ^ "Poll: "Could Trump beat Obama in 2012?"". Politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com. February 22, 2011. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2011/02/22/poll-could-trump-beat-obama-in-2012/. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b CNN Political Unit (May 16, 2011). "BREAKING: Trump not running for president". CNN. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2011/05/16/breaking-trump-not-running-for-president/?hpt=T2. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b Brown, Kristen (May 23, 2011).[Read more: http://politics.blogs.foxnews.com/2011/05/23/trump-maybe-i-am-running-after-all#ixzz1NDQT5QJg Trump: Maybe I'm running after all].Fox News. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  14. ^ Scottish Genealogy, Scottish Ancestry - Donald Trump Scottishroots.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011
  15. ^ "Flashy Symbol of an Acquisitive Age: DONALD TRUMP". Time. January 16, 1989. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,956733-4,00.html. 
  16. ^ "Ancestry of Donald Trump". WARGS. http://www.wargs.com/other/trump.html. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  17. ^ Bender, Marylin (August 7, 1983). "The empire and ego of Donald Trump". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C05E7D91E39F934A3575BC0A965948260. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  18. ^ Donald Trump Biography. Biography.com. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  19. ^ Handy, Bruce (March 31, 2011). "Shocking Truth Behind Donald Trump’s Hair Revealed?". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2011/03/shocking-truth-behind-donald-trumps-hair-revealed.html. Retrieved April 3, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Trump vs Trump in Battle of the Exes". The New York Observer. http://www.observer.com/node/40991. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  21. ^ Carlson, Margaret (October 18, 1999). "My Evening with Donald Trump". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,992254,00.html. Retrieved August 6, 2010. 
  22. ^ Viser, Matt (April 28, 2011). "Trump brings his buzz tour to N.H.". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/politics/articles/2011/04/28/trump_brings_his_buzz_tour_to_nh/. Retrieved April 28, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b Jones, Lawrence (April 12, 2011). "Donald Trump: Christianity is a 'wonderful religion'". The Christian Post. http://www.christiantoday.com/article/donald.trump.christianity.is.a.wonderful.religion/27821.htm. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  24. ^ Haberman, Maggie (April 11, 2011). "Donald Trump Talks Religion: 'I Am a Christian'". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/52942.html. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  25. ^ Spillius, Alex (October 17, 2010). "Trump sets his sights on the White House". The Daily Telegraph (UK). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/us-politics/8044423/Donald-Trump-sets-his-sights-on-the-White-house.html. Retrieved August 26, 2010. 
  26. ^ David Gibson (February 10, 2011). "Donald Trump, Family Values Conservative – Believe It or Not". Politics Daily. http://www.politicsdaily.com/2011/02/11/donald-trump-family-values-conservative-believe-it-or-not/. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  27. ^ Andrew Cusack (December 6, 2008). "New York’s Dutch Cathedral, The Collegiate Church of St. Nicholas, Fifth Avenue". AndrewCusack.Com. http://www.andrewcusack.com/2008/12/06/new-yorks-dutch-cathedral/#more-2361. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Our Origin". Marble Collegiate Church. http://www.marblechurch.org/AboutUs/History/OurOrigin/tabid/86/Default.aspx. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  29. ^ "How we're organized". Reformed Church in America. https://www.rca.org/organized. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  30. ^ It is not clear whether they used Rite I or Rite II service. See Episcopal church of Bethesda-by-the-Sea. Accessed April 13, 2011.
  31. ^ a b Brown, Tina (January 27, 2005). "Donald Trump, Settling Down". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A40186-2005Jan26.html. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  32. ^ Schneider, Karen (February 7, 2005). "A Magical Merger". People (magazine). http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20146758,00.html. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Barron Trump Baptized," Celebrity Babies blog, December 20, 2006, citing "Barron Trump baptized," Palm Beach Daily News, December (9?), 2006, headline available at Kelly Blatt, "The decade online: 'Shiny Sheet' unveils its Web hits from 2003 to 2009," Palm Beach Daily News, December 26, 2009, see Beach Daily News; full article behind a paywall. Accessed April 14, 2011.
  34. ^ Martel, Frances (September 11, 2010). "Donald Trump: Park51 Imam ‘Using Religion’ To Get A Better Price On Property". Media ITE. http://www.mediaite.com/tv/donald-trump-park51-imam-using-religion-to-get-a-better-price-on-property/. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  35. ^ "On Hannity, Donald Trump says Park51 developers are "using" religion "to bludgeon a lot of money out of people"". Media Matters. September 10, 2010. http://mediamatters.org/mmtv/201009100039. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  36. ^ Mangan, Dan (September 9, 2010). "Donald Trump makes proposed bid for proposed mosque building". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/manhattan/donald_trump_makes_bid_for_proposed_5ANYMOLLxkPKjOnOfO2NMN#ixzz1JQue7WqL. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Ten Teetotalling Moguls". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2011/03/11/teetotal-moguls_slide_2.html. 
  38. ^ Dagostino, Mark (May 13, 2007). "Kai Madison". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20038764,00.html. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  39. ^ Dagostino, Mark (February 18, 2009). "Donald John Trump III". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20259930,00.html. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  40. ^ Triggs, Charlotte (January 21, 2011). "Ivanka Trump Is Pregnant". People.com. http://celebritybabies.people.com/2011/01/21/ivanka-trump-is-pregnant. Retrieved January 26, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner welcome baby girl". Herald Sun. July 17, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  42. ^ "Ivanka Trump tweets birth announcement of 1st child, a daughter born in NYC". Washington Post. July 17, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  43. ^ Abrams, Natalie (2011-03-30). "Donald Trump Jr. Expecting Baby No. 3". TV Guide. http://www.tvguide.com/News/Donald-Trump-Baby-1031263.aspx. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  44. ^ Cina, Mark (2011-03-30). "Donald Trump Jr. Expecting Third Baby". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/donald-trump-jr-expecting-third-172926. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  45. ^ Shoumatoff, Alex (May 2008). "The Thistle and the Bee". Vanity Fair: 188–204. 
  46. ^ Sloan, Allan (September 24, 1991). "The Art of the Greater Fool: How the Shuttle Business Got Grounded". The Washington Post. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/74738263.html?dids=74738263:74738263&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=SEP+24%2C+1991&author=ALLAN+SLOAN&pub=The+Washington+Post&desc=The+Art+of+the+Greater+Fool%3A+How+the+Shuttle+Business+Got+Grounded&pqatl=google. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  47. ^ Cuff, Daniel (December 18, 1988). "Seven Acquisitive Executives Who Made Business News in 1988: Donald Trump – Trump Organization; The Artist of the Deal Turns Sour Into Sweet". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/12/27/business/seven-acquisitive-executives-who-made-business-1988-donald-trump-trump.html. Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  48. ^ Henriques, Diana (March 27, 1990). "Analyst Who Criticized Trump Casino Is Ousted". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/03/27/business/analyst-who-criticized-trump-casino-is-ousted.html?n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fSubjects%2fG%2fGambling&gwh=BA66E012E36D1D5C640C0B36A0A841BF. Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  49. ^ Hylton, Richard (November 17, 1990). "Trump, $47 million Short, Gives Investors 50% of His Prize Casino". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/11/17/business/trump-47-million-short-gives-investors-50-of-his-prize-casino.html. Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Analyst Settles Trump Lawsuit". Reuters via New York Times. June 11, 1991. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/06/11/business/analyst-settles-trump-lawsuit.html?n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fSubjects%2fG%2fGambling. Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  51. ^ a b "Trump Trips Up". TIME. May 6, 1991. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,972889,00.html. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  52. ^ "Trump World Tower". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=100377. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  53. ^ "What is Trump Worth?". Forbes. September 21, 2006. http://www.forbes.com/2006/09/20/trump-wealth-biz_06rich400_0921trump.html. Retrieved July 4, 2008. 
  54. ^ "In Step With: Donald Trump". Parade Magazine. November 14, 2004. http://www.parade.com/articles/editions/2004/edition_11-14-2004/in_step_with_0. 
  55. ^ Korte, Gregory. "Complex was troubled from beginning". Cincinnati Enquirer. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2002/09/01/loc_complex_was_troubled.html. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  56. ^ "The House that Fred Built". The New York Time on the Web. http://www.nytimes.com/books/00/12/03/reviews/001203.03margolt.html. Retrieved July 6, 2008. 
  57. ^ "No Stadium Needed". The New York Sun. http://www.nysun.com/opinion/no-stadium-needed/11526. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  58. ^ "Faster and cheaper, Trump finishes N.Y.C. ice rink". The Philadelphia Inquirer. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=PI&s_site=philly&p_multi=PI&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB29BD2772C31D2&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  59. ^ "SPORTS PEOPLE; New Jersey Generalities". The New York Times. April 4, 1984. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/04/04/sports/sports-people-new-jersey-generalities.html. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  60. ^ Anderson, Dave (July 12, 1988). "Sports of The Times; Trump: Promoter Or Adviser?". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE1D81730F931A25754C0A96E948260. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  61. ^ "Trump Gets Tyson Fight". The New York Times. February 25, 1988. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/02/25/sports/trump-gets-tyson-fight.html. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  62. ^ "Taj Mahal is out of Bankruptcy". The New York Times. October 5, 1991. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CEED9133BF936A35753C1A967958260&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fPeople%2fT%2fTrump%2c%20Donald%20J%2e. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  63. ^ "Trump Plaza Hotel Bankruptcy Plan Approved". The New York Times. December 12, 1992. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2DC133CF931A25751C1A964958260&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fPeople%2fT%2fTrump%2c%20Donald%20J%2e. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  64. ^ "Donald Trump". Magazine USA. http://www.magazineusa.com/us/info/show.aspx?unit=originals&doc=502. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  65. ^ O'Brien, Timothy L. (October 23, 2005). "What's He Really Worth". NY Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/23/business/yourmoney/23trump.html?pagewanted=6&incamp=article_popular. Retrieved July 4, 2008. 
  66. ^ "The Gaming Hall of Fame". University of Nevada Las Vegas. http://gaming.unlv.edu/hof/index.html. Retrieved August 30, 2009. 
  67. ^ "SEC Brings First Pro Forma Financial Reporting Case". SEC. January 16, 2002. http://www.sec.gov/news/headlines/trumphotels.htm. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  68. ^ "Trump casinos file for bankruptcy". MSNBC. November 22, 2004. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6556470/. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  69. ^ "Company news: Trump delays emergence from bankruptcy by a week". New York Times. May 5, 2005. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9806E5D91730F936A35756C0A9639C8B63. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  70. ^ "Indiana Gaming Commission on Trump Resorts' Bankruptcy" (PDF). Indiana Gaming Commission. Archived from the original on June 27, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070627071835/http://www.in.gov/gaming/meetings/resolution/2005/2005-23-reso.pdf. Retrieved July 7, 2007. 
  71. ^ Frangos, Alex (November 16, 2007). "Stalled Condo Projects Tarnish Trump's Name". Dow Jones & Company. http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB119517867398895020.html. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  72. ^ Forbes topic page on Donald Trump Forbes.com. Accessed April 2010.
  73. ^ "What's Donald Trump's net worth?". CNN. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7O8JB4Ka5n0. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  74. ^ Floyd Morris (December 4, 2008). "Trump Sees Act of God in Recession". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/05/business/05norris.html?_r=1&scp=8&sq=donald%20trump&st=cse. 
  75. ^ "Donald Trump, Deutsche Bank reach truce over Chicago skyscraper's finances – Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. March 4, 2009. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-03-04/news/0903030537_1_donald-trump-trump-international-hotel-skyscraper. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  76. ^ Peterson, Kyle (February 17, 2009). "Trump Entertainment files for bankruptcy". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/ousivMolt/idUSTRE51G05X20090217. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  77. ^ a b Hartman, Rachel (February 15, 2011). "Trump confirms he’d use wealth for presidential race, but how much does he have?". Yahoo News. http://news.yahoo.com/s/yblog_theticket/20110215/el_yblog_theticket/trump-confirms-hed-use-wealth-for-presidential-race-but-how-much-does-he-have. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  78. ^ a b Kelly, Keith (July 16, 2009). "Getting 'Trumped': Embarrassing court loss for The Donald". New York Post date=July 16, 2009. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/business/item_pjHYwiKqf87fvUfkTdIDCO;jsessionid=5CDD9B02F7ED7B8AE2F6856B8B839F19. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  79. ^ a b c Frangos, Alex (May 18, 2009). "Trump on Trump: Testimony Offers Glimpse of How He Values His Empire: Worth Rises, Falls 'With Markets and Attitudes And With Feelings, Even My Own Feeling'.". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124261067783429043.html. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  80. ^ "That's rich! The Donald cash advice costs 1.5m". New York Daily News (New York). October 23, 2005. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/2005/10/23/2005-10-23_that_s_rich__the_donald_cash.html. Retrieved July 4, 2008. 
  81. ^ Blankfeld, Keren. Forbes. http://blogs.forbes.com/kerenblankfeld/2011/04/28/donald-trump-on-his-brand-value-forbes-numbers-are-ridiculous/. 
  82. ^ "Trump seeks to run NYC's Tavern on the Green". Apnews.myway.com. http://apnews.myway.com//article/20110127/D9L0QORO0.html. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  83. ^ Dagostino, Mark; Orloff, Brian (December 20, 2006). "Rosie Slams Trump, The Donald Fires Back". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20005103,00.html. Retrieved July 7, 2007. 
  84. ^ "War of words escalates between Trump, Rosie ", Associated Press/MSNBC, December 21, 2006
  85. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. "Barbara Walters: I Don't Regret Hiring Rosie", People' magazine, January 3, 2007
  86. ^ Hall, Sarah. "Rosie vs. Donald: She Said, He Said", E! Online, December 21, 2006
  87. ^ DiGiaomo, Frank (2004-12). "The Gossip Behind the Gossip". Vanity Fair. http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2004/12/pagesix200412.print. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  88. ^ "Slashfilm.com". Slashfilm.com. November 30, 2009. http://www.slashfilm.com/2009/11/30/casting-notes-donald-trump-cameos-in-wall-street-2-jeremy-piven-and-kate-walsh-go-to-canada/. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  89. ^ "Obama mocks Trump at WH correspondents' dinner". CBS News.com. May 1, 2011. http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7364572n. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 
  90. ^ "Vince shave by donald trump". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wQPf3Cx-9eE. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  91. ^ Reinhard, Beth (February 15, 2011). "Trump's Flip-Flop on Abortion". National Journal. http://www.nationaljournal.com/politics/trump-s-flip-flop-on-abortion-20110215. 
  92. ^ Milbank, Dana (February 13, 2011). "The Donald trumps the pols at CPAC". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/12/AR2011021200109.html. 
  93. ^ "Political Leaders: Donald Trump On the issues". Ontheissues.org. http://www.ontheissues.org/Donald_Trump.htm. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 
  94. ^ "Editorial: Reform Party is Everything – And, In the Mix, Nothing". Dayton Daily News. October 27, 1999. 
  95. ^ Saltonstall, Dave (January 2, 2000). "Trump's 2000 Tome: The I's Have It". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/2000/01/02/2000-01-02_trump_s_2000_tome__the_i_s_h.html. 
  96. ^ "Every Political Leader on Every Issue: The America We Deserve, by Donald Trump". Ontheissues.org. http://www.ontheissues.org/America_We_Deserve.htm. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 
  97. ^ Kellman, Laurie (December 15, 1999). "Trump says he would tax possessions of the rich". Associated Press. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=MmRbAAAAIBAJ&sjid=s1ANAAAAIBAJ&pg=5611,6167575&l=en. 
  98. ^ Levine, Greg (December 30, 2005). Trump's Next Building: NYS Governor's Mansion?. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2005/12/30/trump-governor-nys-cx_gl_1230autofacescan06.html. 
  99. ^ "CNN Larry King Live: Interview With Donald Trump". CNN. October 15, 2007. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0710/15/lkl.01.html. Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  100. ^ "Trump down on economy, up on McCain". Cable News Network. September 18, 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2008/LIVING/personal/09/18/lkl.donald.trump/index.html. Retrieved September 20, 2008. 
  101. ^ Amira, Dan (February 16, 2011). Donald Trump vs. Donald Trump: The Difference a Decade Makes. http://nymag.com/daily/intel/2011/02/trump_through_the_years_1.html. 
  102. ^ Travis, Shannon (February 17, 2011). "Is Trump 'flip-flopping' or evolving?". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/02/17/donald.trump.issues/index.html. 
  103. ^ a b Newkirk, Zachary (February 17, 2011). "Donald Trump's Donations to Democrats, Club for Growth's Busy Day and More in Capital Eye Opener". OpenSecrets.org. http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2011/02/donald-trumps-donations-to-democrats.html. 
  104. ^ "Hollywood helps Rahm haul in $10.6M – Meredith Shiner". Politico.Com. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0111/47924.html. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  105. ^ Hasssett, Kevin (February 21, 2011). "Trump's Run for President Requires Memory Loss: Kevin Hassett". Business Week. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-21/trump-s-run-for-president-requires-memory-loss-kevin-hassett.html. 
  106. ^ Madison, Lucy (October 4, 2010) "Donald Trump for President in 2012?", CBS News. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  107. ^ Zwick, Jesse (October 4, 2010) "Donald Trump for President?", The Washington Independent. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  108. ^ a b "Crowd Goes Wild Over Donald Trump Speech at CPAC". Townhall.com. February 10, 2011. http://townhall.com/tipsheet/katiepavlich/2011/02/10/crowd_goes_wild_over_donald_trump_speech_at_cpac. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  109. ^ Haberman, Maggie (March 7, 2011).Trump tops Romney, Pawlenty. NBC New York. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  110. ^ Schoen, Douglas (February 21, 2011). "Obama Hits 50 Percent Approval Rating, According to New Newsweek/Daily Beast Poll". The Newsweek / Daily Beast Company LLC. http://www.thedailybeast.com/blogs-and-stories/2011-02-21/obama-hits-50-percent-approval-rating-according-to-new-newsweekdaily-beast-poll/?cid=hp:beastoriginalsL2. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  111. ^ Shadid, Aliyah (April 15, 2011).Donald Trump takes lead in GOP primary poll, beats Romney, Huckabee, Palin, Gingrich, Bachmann, Paul.New York Daily News. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
  112. ^ "Public Policy Polling" (PDF). http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/PPP_Release_US_0510925.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  113. ^ a b Donald Trump: Obama will go down as worst president in U.S. history.Bright House Networks. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
  114. ^ Nikki Schwab and Katy Adams. "Trump makes a case for the Oval Office, upsets Paul supporters | Nikki Schwab | Yeas & Nays". Washington Examiner. http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/yeas-nays/2011/02/trump-makes-case-oval-office-upsets-paul-supporters. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  115. ^ "The Case for Donald Trump for President". Right Wing News. http://rightwingnews.com/2011/01/the-case-for-donald-trump-for-president/. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  116. ^ [1][dead link]
  117. ^ Meyers, Jim; Walter, Kathleen (January 31, 2011). Trump: Rebuild America, Not Afghanistan. News Max. http://www.newsmax.com/InsideCover/trump-iraq-afghanistan-reconstruction/2011/01/31/id/384563. 
  118. ^ "Donald Trump says he might run for president. Three reasons he won't.". CSMonitor.com. February 10, 2011. http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/The-Vote/2011/0210/Donald-Trump-says-he-might-run-for-president.-Three-reasons-he-won-t. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  119. ^ "Donald Trump's fake campaign lands him on Limbaugh show – War Room". Salon.com. March 2, 2011. http://www.salon.com/news/politics/war_room/2011/03/02/trump_president_limbaugh. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  120. ^ Time. February 11, 2011. http://tunedin.blogs.time.com/2011/02/11/breaking-donald-trump-begins-not-running-for-president/. 
  121. ^ "Donald Trump Brings His 'Pretend To Run For President' Act To CPAC". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/11/donald-trump-cpac-president-act_n_821923.html. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  122. ^ "Blogs.abdnews.com". Blogs.abcnews.com. 2011-03-14. http://blogs.abcnews.com/thenote/2011/03/donald-trump-plans-new-hampshire-visit-in-june.html. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  123. ^  . "NY1.com". NY1.com. http://www.ny1.com/content/137902/donald-trump-s-primary-voting-record-spotty--records-show. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  124. ^ Guardian.co.uk[dead link]
  125. ^ Curt Cavin; Dan McFeely (May 5, 2011). "Donald Trump bows out of Indy 500; won't drive pace car". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/motor/indycar/2011-05-05-trump-indy500_N.htm. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  126. ^ Paul Kelly (April 5, 2011). "Global Icon Trump To Drive 100th Anniversary Indianapolis 500 Pace Car". Indianapolis Motor Speedway. http://www.indianapolismotorspeedway.com/default/news/show/42166-global-icon-trump-to-drive-100th-anniversary-indianapolis-500-pace-car/. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  127. ^ Dan McFeely (May 4, 2011). "Campaign grows to set early bump day for Trump". Indianapolis Star. http://www.indystar.com/article/20110504/ENTERTAINMENT/105040329/Campaign-grows-set-early-bump-day-Trump?odyssey=tab. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  128. ^ Weir, Tom (May 5, 2011). "Donald Trump bows out of Indy 500 pace car role". USA Today (Gannett). http://content.usatoday.com/communities/gameon/post/2011/05/donald-trump-bows-out-of-indy-500-pace-car-role/1. Retrieved May 7, 2011. 
  129. ^ Marr, Kendra (March 17, 2011). "Donald Trump, birther?". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0311/51473.html#ixzz1GsPWRHLL. 
  130. ^ Glynnis MacNicol, "TRUMP: Maybe Obama's Missing Birth Certificate Says He's A Muslim", Business Insider March 30, 2011
  131. ^ "Trump goes after Obama on US citizenship, says citizenship questions remain unanswered", The Washington Post, Associated Press, April 7, 2011 
  132. ^ "Donald Trump, wannabe President: I've sent investigators to Hawaii to look into Obama's citizenship". Daily News. April 7, 2011. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-04-07/news/29412491_1_donald-trump-president-obama-hawaii. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  133. ^ "Trump claims Obama birth certificate 'missing'". CNN. April 25, 2011. http://ac360.blogs.cnn.com/2011/04/25/trump-claims-obama-birth-certificate-missing/. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  134. ^ "Birtherism: Where It All Began". The Politico. April 22, 2011. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/53563_Page3.html. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  135. ^ Obama Birth Certificate Released By White House (PHOTO).Huffington Post April 27, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
  136. ^ Trump takes credit for Obama birth certificate release, but wonders "is it real?" CBS News April 27, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
  137. ^ "Public Policy Polling – May 10, 2011". Publicpolicypolling.blogspot.com. 2011-05-10. http://publicpolicypolling.blogspot.com/2011/05/trump-collapses.html. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  138. ^ Stump, Scott (19 October 2011). "Ignore 'Occupy' at parties' peril, says Trump". MSNBC. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/44957300/ns/today-today_people/. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 

Further reading

External links

Portal icon Biography portal
Portal icon Business and economics portal
Portal icon New York City portal
Business positions
New title Chief Executive Officer of Trump Hotels and Casino Resorts
1995–2004
Succeeded by
Robert F. Griffin

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Donald Trump, Jr. — Donald Trump Jr. Born Donald John Trump, Jr. December 31, 1977 (1977 12 31) (age 33) New York City, New York, U.S. Alma mater University of Pennsylvania Occupation Executive Vice President …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Trump — (2008) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Donald Trump — Nom de naissance Donald John Trump Naissance 14 juin 1946 (1946 06 14) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donald Trump — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Donald Trump — ➡ Trump * * * …   Universalium

  • Donald Trump — n. Donald John Trump (born 1946), famous United States businessman engaged in real estate business, nicknamed The Donald …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Donald Trump — Cockney Rhyming Slang Dump (shit) I ve got to go for a donald …   English dialects glossary

  • Donald Trump (song) — Donald Trump Single by Mac Miller from the album Best Day Ever Released May 17, 2011 Format MP3 Recorded 2011 …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Trump's Real Estate Tycoon — Real Estate Tycoon Developer(s) Airborne Publisher(s) Activision Value …   Wikipedia

  • Donald J. Trump — Donald Trump (2008) Donald Trump und seine Frau Melania Donald John Trump (* 14. Juni 1946 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia