Operation Unthinkable


Operation Unthinkable
Territory of the western Allies (blue) and Soviet Union and its allies (red) in September 1945.[citation needed]
Allied army positions on 10 May 1945

Operation Unthinkable was a British plan to attack the Soviet Union. The creation of the plan was ordered by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1945 and developed by the British Armed Forces' Joint Planning Staff at the end of World War II in Europe.

Contents

Offensive operations

The initial primary goal of the operation was declared as follows: "to impose upon Russia the will of the United States and the British Empire. Even though 'the will' of these two countries may be defined as no more than a square deal for Poland, that does not necessarily limit the military commitment" [1] (The word "Russia" is used heavily throughout the document, as during the Imperial period the term was used as pars pro toto for the Czarist Empire, with which the USSR was almost coterminous.)

The Chiefs of Staff were concerned that given the enormous size of Soviet forces deployed in Europe at the end of the war, and the perception that the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was unreliable, there existed a Soviet threat to Western Europe. The Soviet Union had yet to launch its attack on Japan, and so one assumption in the report was that the Soviet Union would instead ally with Japan if the Western Allies commenced hostilities.

The plan was taken by the British Chiefs of Staff Committee as militarily unfeasible due to a three-to-one superiority of Soviet land forces in Europe and the Middle East, where the conflict was projected to take place. The majority of any offensive operation would have been undertaken by American and British forces, as well as Polish forces and up to 100,000 surrendered German Wehrmacht soldiers. Any quick success would be due to surprise alone. If a quick success could not be obtained before the onset of winter, the assessment was that the Allies would be committed to a total war which would be protracted. In the report of 22 May 1945, an offensive operation was deemed "hazardous".

Defensive operations

In response to an instruction by Churchill of 10 June 1945 a follow up report was written concerning "what measures would be required to ensure the security of the British Isles in the event of war with Russia in the near future".[2] United States forces were relocating to the Pacific Theatre to prepare for the invasion of Japan, and Churchill was concerned that this reduction in supporting forces would leave the Soviets in a strong position to take offensive action in Western Europe. The report concluded that if the United States focused on the Pacific theatre, Great Britain's odds "would become fanciful."[3]

The Joint Planning Staff rejected Churchill's notion of retaining bridgeheads on the continent as having no operational advantage. It was envisaged that Britain would use its air force and navy to resist, although a threat from mass rocket attack was anticipated, with no means of resistance except for strategic bombing.

Subsequent discussions

By 1946 tensions and conflicts were developing between capitalist and communist areas of Europe. These were seen as being potential triggers for a wider conflict. One such area was the Julian March, and on 30 August 1946 informal discussions took place between the British and US Chiefs of Staff concerning how such a conflict could develop and the best strategy for conducting a European war.[4] Again the issue of retaining a bridgehead on the continent was discussed, with Dwight D. Eisenhower preferring a withdrawal to the Low Countries, rather than Italy, for their proximity to the United Kingdom.

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Operation Unthinkable — (Operation Undenkbar) war der Name eines im Mai 1945 vom britischen Premierminister Winston Churchill in Auftrag gegebenen Kriegsplans, der die militärische Unterwerfung der damaligen Sowjetunion durch Großbritannien und die USA zum Ziel hatte.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Opération Unthinkable — Les zones sous contrôle occidental (en bleu) et soviétique (en rouge) en novembre 1945. L opération Unthinkable est un projet britannique qui visait à attaquer l Union soviétique à la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. La création du plan a été… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Operation Strikeback — Part of Cold War (1953–1962) The GIUK Gap . Type NATO …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Ivy Bells — was a joint United States Navy, CIA and National Security Agency (NSA) mission whose objective was to place wire taps on Soviet underwater communication lines during the Cold War. Contents 1 History 2 Cover story and success 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Dropshot — war im Verteidigungsministerium der Vereinigten Staaten der Codename eines Kontingenzplans eines möglichen atomaren sowie konventionellen Krieges mit der Sowjetunion und ihren Verbündeten, um auf die erwartete Eroberung Westeuropas, des nahen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Operation Condor — For other uses, see Operation Condor (disambiguation). Operation Condor …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Gladio — Emblem of Gladio , Italian branch of the NATO stay behind paramilitary organizations. The motto means In silence I preserve freedom . Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio) is the codename for a clandestine NATO stay behind operation in… …   Wikipedia

  • Opération Condor — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Opération Condor (homonymie). L’opération Condor (en espagnol : Operación Cóndor) est le nom donné à une campagne d assassinats et de lutte anti guérilla conduite conjointement par les services secrets du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Opération Ajax — 32° 25′ 40″ N 53° 41′ 17″ E / 32.427908, 53.688046 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Operation Anadyr — For other uses, see Anadyr (disambiguation). Operation Anadyr Date 1962 Location Cuba Result Cuban Missile Crisis …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.