Churchill War Ministry


Churchill War Ministry

Contents

The War Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister of Defence
  Winston Churchill May 1940 May 1945 Conservative
Deputy Prime Minister   Clement Attlee February 1942 May 1945 Labour
Lord President of the Council   Neville Chamberlain May 1940 October 1940 Conservative
  Sir John Anderson October 1940 September 1943 Independent
  Clement Attlee September 1943 May 1945 Labour
Lord Privy Seal   Clement Attlee May 1940 February 1942 Labour
  Sir Stafford Cripps February 1942 October 1942[1] Labour
Chancellor of the Exchequer   Sir Kingsley Wood October 1940 February 1942[2] Conservative
  Sir John Anderson September 1943 May 1945 National
Foreign Secretary   The Viscount Halifax May 1940 December 1940 Conservative
  Anthony Eden December 1940 May 1945 Conservative
Home Secretary   Herbert Morrison October 1942 May 1945 Labour
Minister of Aircraft Production   The Lord Beaverbrook August 1940 May 1941[1] Conservative
Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs   Clement Attlee February 1942 September 1943[1] Labour
Minister of Labour and National Service   Ernest Bevin October 1940 May 1945 Labour
Minister Resident Middle East   Oliver Lyttelton February 1942 March 1942 Conservative
  Richard Casey March 1942 January 1944 Independent
  The Lord Moyne January 1944 November 1944[1] Conservative
Minister without Portfolio   Arthur Greenwood May 1940 February 1942 Labour
Minister of Reconstruction   The Lord Woolton November 1943 May 1945 Conservative
Minister of State   The Lord Beaverbrook May 1941 June 1941 Conservative
Minister of Supply   The Lord Beaverbrook June 1941 February 1942 Conservative
Minister of War Production   The Lord Beaverbrook February 1942 February 1942 Conservative
  Oliver Lyttelton March 1942 May 1945 Conservative


Changes
  • August 1940: Lord Beaverbrook (a Canadian-British citizen), Minister of Aircraft Production, joins the War Cabinet
  • October 1940: Sir John Anderson succeeds Neville Chamberlain as Lord President. Sir Kingsley Wood, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Ernest Bevin, the Minister of Labour, enter the War Cabinet. Lord Halifax assumes the additional job of Leader of the House of Lords.
  • December 1940: Anthony Eden succeeds Lord Halifax as Foreign Secretary. Halifax remains nominally in the Cabinet as Ambassador to the United States. His successor as Leader of the House of Lords is not in the War Cabinet.
  • May 1941: Lord Beaverbrook ceased to be Minister of Aircraft Production, but remains in the Cabinet as Minister of State. His successor was not in the War Cabinet.
  • June 1941: Lord Beaverbrook becomes Minister of Supply, remaining in the War Cabinet.
  • 1941: Oliver Lyttelton enters the Cabinet as Minister Resident in the Middle East.
  • 4 February 1942: Lord Beaverbrook becomes Minister of War Production; his successor as Minister of Supply is not in the War Cabinet.
  • 19 February 1942: Beaverbrook resigns and no replacement Minister of War Production is appointed for the moment. Clement Attlee becomes Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister. Sir Stafford Cripps succeeds Attlee as Lord Privy Seal and takes over the position of Leader of the House of Commons from Churchill. Sir Kingsley Wood leaves the War Cabinet, though remaining Chancellor of the Exchequer.
  • 22 February 1942: Arthur Greenwood resigns from the War Cabinet.
  • March 1942: Oliver Lyttelton fills the vacant position of Minister of Production ("War" was dropped from the title). Richard Gardiner Casey (a member of the Australian Parliament) succeeds Oliver Lyttelton as Minister Resident in the Middle East.
  • October 1942: Sir Stafford Cripps retires as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons and leaves the War Cabinet. His successor as Lord Privy Seal is not in the Cabinet, Anthony Eden takes the additional position of Leader of the House of Commons. The Home Secretary, Herbert Morrison, enters the Cabinet.
  • September 1943: Sir John Anderson succeeds Sir Kingsley Wood (deceased) as Chancellor of the Exchequer, remaining in the War Cabinet. Clement Attlee succeeds Anderson as Lord President, remaining also Deputy Prime Minister. Attlee's successor as Dominions Secretary is not in the Cabinet.
  • November 1943: Lord Woolton enters the Cabinet as Minister of Reconstruction.
  • January to November 1944: Lord Moyne replaces Richard Gardiner Casey as Minister Resident in the Middle East.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Successor not in cabinet.
  2. ^ Left the cabinet but remained chancellor.

References

Preceded by
Chamberlain War Ministry
British ministries
1940–1945
Succeeded by
Churchill Caretaker Ministry

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