- Partition of Vietnam
The Partition of Vietnam was the establishment of the 17th parallel as the
Vietnamese Demilitarized Zonein 1954, splitting Vietnaminto halves after the First Indochina War.
The Geneva Conference was held at the conclusion of the First Indochina War. As part of the post-war settlement announced on
July 21, 1954, Vietnam was temporarily partitioned into northern and southern zones pending unification on the basis of internationally supervised free elections to be held in 1956. The elections were never held. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the north, controlled by Ho Chi Minhand the Viet Minhsince the August Revolutionin 1945, became formally recognized in the international communities as a separate state. The capital was Hanoi. The south under Emperor Bảo Đạibecame the State of Vietnam, commonly known as South Vietnam, with its capital at Saigon. The International Control Commissionwas formed to supervise the ceasefire and implementation of the Geneva Accords.
Conflicts between the north and the south continued and soon developed into the
Vietnam War. (See Background to the Vietnam War.)
Vietnam was re-united in 1976 at the end of the Vietnam War. The
Fall of Saigonto the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong forces on April 30is commemorated as Reunification Dayor 'Liberation Day' (Ngày Giải Phóng), now a public holiday in Vietnam.
History of Vietnam
Partitions of Poland
Partition of India
Partition of Ireland
1947 UN Partition Planfor Palestine
Northern and southern Vietnam
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