- James, Viscount Severn
James Viscount Severn Full name James Alexander Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor House House of Windsor Father Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Mother Sophie, Countess of Wessex Born 17 December 2007
Frimley Park Hospital, Surrey, England
James, Viscount Severn (James Alexander Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor; born 17 December 2007) is the second child and only son of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, and the youngest grandchild of Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh. Viscount Severn is eighth in the line of succession to the thrones of 16 independent states.
Lord Severn was born by caesarean section at 16:20 UTC on 17 December 2007 at Frimley Park Hospital. At birth he weighed 6 pounds, 2 ounces (2.8 kg). Prince Edward, who was present for the birth of his second child, remarked that the birth was "a lot calmer than last time" (a reference to the emergency delivery of their first child, Lady Louise), that his wife was "doing very well," and that his son was "like most babies, rather small, very cute and very cuddly." The baby and his mother were released from hospital on 20 December, and the following day his names were announced as James Alexander Philip Theo. His sister, Lady Louise Windsor, is four years his senior. The siblings live with their parents at Bagshot Park in Surrey.
Lord Severn was christened on 19 April 2008 in the private chapel of Windsor Castle by the Dean of Windsor, Bishop David Conner. His christening gown was a newly made replica of the gown originally used by his great-great-great-grandaunt, Princess Victoria, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, in 1840. It has been worn for most royal christenings since then, and the old gown has now been preserved. Severn's godparents are Denise Poulton, Jeanye Irwin, Alastair Bruce, Duncan Bullivant and Tom Hill.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 17 December 2007 – present: Viscount Severn
Letters patent issued in 1917 (and still remaining in force today) assign a princely status and the style of Royal Highness to all male-line grandchildren of a monarch. Therefore, all else being equal, James would have been styled as His Royal Highness Prince James of Wessex. However, when his parents married, the Queen, via a Buckingham Palace press release, announced that (in hopes of avoiding some of the burdens associated with royal titles) their children would be styled as the children of an earl, rather than as princes or princesses. The eldest son of an earl is customarily accorded one of his father's subsidiary titles by courtesy, thus James is named as Viscount Severn, and court communications never refer to him as a prince of the United Kingdom, but simply as Viscount Severn. There are two opposing opinions as to whether or not James is "legally" a prince and His Royal Highness: Some experts consider the Queen's press release to not have enough legal force to override the 1917 letters patent, whereas other experts contend that the Queen's will, however expressed, is law in matters of royal titles and styles. If the latter is the case, then the 1960 letters patent is also applicable and James bears (but is not styled with) the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.
Ancestors of James, Viscount Severn 16. George I of Greece 8. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark 17. Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia 4. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 18. Prince Louis of Battenberg 9. Princess Alice of Battenberg 19. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine 2. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex 20. George V of the United Kingdom 10. George VI of the United Kingdom 21. Princess Mary of Teck 5. Elizabeth II 22. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne 11. Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon 23. Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck 1. James, Viscount Severn 24. Theophilius Rhys-Jones 12. Theophilius Rhys-Jones 25. Sarah Margaret Tait 6. Christopher Bournes Rhys-Jones 26. Lawrence Teesdale Molesworth 13. Margaret Patricia Newall Molesworth 27. Anna Maria Caroline Wallace Bournes 3. Sophie Rhys-Jones 28. Michael O'Sullivan 14. Cornelius Thomas O'Sullivan 29. Mary Ann O'Connor 7. Mary O'Sullivan 30. George Frederick Stokes 15. Doris Emma Stokes 31. Emma Saunders
Notes and sources
James, Viscount SevernBorn: 17 December 2007
- ^ "The Countess of Wessex – Marriage and family". The official website of the British Monarchy. 2008/2009. http://www.royal.gov.uk/ThecurrentRoyalFamily/TheCountessofWessex/Marriageandfamily.aspx. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- ^ "Special Report , 1999 , 06/99 , royal wedding , Wessex titles for Edward and Sophie". BBC News. 19 June 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/special_report/1999/06/99/royal_wedding/373120.stm. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- ^ a b "Countess gives birth to baby boy". BBC. 17 December 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7148830.stm.
- ^ "Edward and Sophie name baby James". BBC. 21 December 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7156438.stm.
- ^ "Royal baby has allergic reaction". BBC. 25 January 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7208901.stm.
- ^ a b "Announcement of the Arrangement for the Christening of Viscount Severn". royal.gov.uk. 15 April 2008. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page6246.asp.
- ^ a b "Queen sees grandson's christening". BBC News. 19 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7354474.stm.
- ^ Royal Styles and Titles – 1917 Letters Patent
- ^ Statement issued by the Press Secretary to the Queen: Announcement of the christening of Lady Louise Windsor – The official website of The British Monarchy
- ^ Heraldica – The children of the Earl of Wessex
- ^ UK Royal Titles – The Wessex question
- ^ 1960 Letters Patent – website Heraldica.org
- ^ "Prince Edward begins Winnipeg visit". The Vancouver Sun (Canada). 2 June 2008. http://www.vancouversun.com/news/story.html?id=fd966f54-9c34-40d9-ba86-e9274cd753db. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
British royalty Preceded by
The Earl of Wessex
Line of succession to the British Throne
Lady Louise Windsor
Line of succession to the
Dukedom of Edinburgh
Last in line First
Line of succession to the
Earldom of Wessex
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom Preceded by
Prince Henry of Wales
British princesThe generations indicate descent from George I, who formalised the use of the titles prince and princess for members of the British Royal Family. 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation
George IV · Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany · William IV · Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn · Ernest Augustus I of Hanover · Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex · Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge · Prince Octavius · Prince Alfred · Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
5th generation 6th generation 7th generation
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale · George V · Prince John of Wales · Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha · Prince Arthur of Connaught · Charles Edward, Duke of Albany and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha · Prince George William of Hanover · Prince Christian of Hanover · Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
Edward VIII · George VI · Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester · Prince George, Duke of Kent · Prince John · Alastair Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn · John Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha · Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha · Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover · Prince George William of Hanover
9th generation 10th generation 11th generation1 Not a British prince by birth, but created Prince Consort. 2 Not a British prince by birth, but created a Prince of the United Kingdom.Severn · Linley · Mandeville · Drumlanrig · Raynham · Cranborne · Weymouth · Castlereagh · Erleigh · Ingestre · Andover · Fielding · Maidstone · Hinchingbrooke · Woodstock · Bury · Strathallan · Maitland · Garnock · Dupplin · Reidhaven · Kelburn · Tamworth · Chewton · Petersham · Lymington · Folkestone · Althorp · Stormont · Chelsea · FitzHarris · Dungarvan · Moore · Forbes · Duncannon · Ikerrin · Boyle · Stopford · Pollington · Kinsborough · Kirkwall · Jocelyn · Vaughan · Dunluce · Carlow · Crichton · Corry · Stuart · Suirdale · Alexander · Marsham · Grey de Wilton · Glentworth · Clive · Somerton · Sandon · Lascelles · Melgund · Grimston · Boringdon · Newport · Encombe · Curzon · Dunwich · Newry · Emlyn · Anson · Northland · Lambton · Coke · Campden · Enfield · Dangan · Ednam · Tarbat · Carlton · Garmoyle · Knebworth · Wolmer · St Cyres · Errington · Windsor · Hawkesbury · Borodale · Dawick · Elveden · Asquith · Glenapp · Cranfield · Corvedale · Ruthven of Canberra · Gwynedd · Macmillan of Ovenden · Ipswich · Strabane · Slane · Savernake · Aithrie
*Current courtesy viscounts, listed by precedence, from highest to lowest
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Look at other dictionaries:
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