Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Prince Henry
title =Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn
spouse =Anne Horton
royal house =House of Hanover
titles ="HRH" The Duke of Cumberland
"HRH" Prince HenryHe is called simply "(His Royal Highness) Prince Henry" in the "London Gazette" [ 8 September 1761] ; [ 25 May] ; [ 28 December 1765] ; [ 14 December 1771] ]
full name = Henry Frederick
father =Frederick, Prince of Wales
mother =Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
date of birth =birth date|1745|11|7|df=y
place of birth =Leicester House, London
date of christening =30 November 1745
place of christening =Leicester House, London
date of death =death date and age|1790|9|18|1745|11|7|df=y
place of death =London|

Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn (Henry Frederick; 7 November 174518 September 1790) was the sixth child of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, and a younger brother of George III.

Early life

"HRH Prince Henry" was born on 7 November 1745, at Leicester House, London to Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of George II and Caroline of Ansbach, and his wife The Princess of Wales. He was christened at Leicester House twenty-three days later. [ [ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings] ]

Royal Dukedom

On 22 October 1766 [ Yvonne's Royalty: Peerage] ] , just prior to his twenty-first birthday, the prince was created Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn and Earl of Dublin.


On 4 March 1767 the Duke of Cumberland allegedly married Olive Wilmot (later Mrs Payne), a commoner, in a secret ceremony. There reportedly was one child, Olivia Wilmot (1772-1834) from this relationship, though the duke's parenthood was never proven. A landscape painter and novelist, Olivia Wilmot married John Thomas Serres, 1759-1825, and later, controversially, assumed the style of Princess Olivia of Cumberland.

Royal Navy

In 1768, at the fairly late age of 22, the Duke entered the Royal Navy as a midshipman and was sent to Corsica in HMS Venus. However, he returned in September when the ship was recalled following the French invasion of the Corsican Republic. He was promoted to Rear-Admiral the following year and Vice-Admiral in 1770. [The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography]


The Duke's marriage to the commoner Anne Horton (or Houghton) (1743-1808) on 2 October 1771 caused a rift with the King, and was the catalyst for the Royal Marriages Act 1772, which forbids any descendant of George II to marry without the monarch's permission. There were no children from this marriage. Anne, though from a noble family - she was a daughter of the Viscount (later Earl of) Carhampton, and the widow of Christopher Horton of Catton Hall -- seems to have been rather loose with her favors, given one wag's comment that she was "the Duke of Grafton's Mrs Houghton, the Duke of Dorset's Mrs Houghton, everyone's Mrs Houghton."cite book
last = Walpole
first = Horace
authorlink = Horace Walpole
title = Memoirs and Portraits, 195

The marriage between Anne Horton and Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, was described as a “conquest at Brighthelmstone” (now Brighton) by Mrs. Horton, the widow of one Christopher Horton of Calton Park, Derbyshire, "who", Horace Walpole says, "had for many months been dallying with his passion, till (sic) she had fixed him to more serious views than he had intended."cite book
last = Walpole
first = Horace
authorlink = Horace Walpole
title = Memoirs and Portraits, 244

Later life

In 1775, the Duke of Cumberland established the Cumberland Fleet, which would later become the Royal Thames Yacht Club. He was promoted Admiral in 1778, though was forbidden from assuming any command [The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography] . The Duke was also instrumental in the development of Brighton (at the time called "Brighthelmstone") as a popular resort; he had first visited in 1771 and in 1783 the Prince of Wales visited his uncle there.The Duke of Cumberland died in London on 18 September 1790. His widow died in 1808.

Titles, styles, honours and arms


*7 November 174522 October 1766: "His Royal Highness" Prince Henry
*22 October 1766–18 December 1790: "His Royal Highness" The Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn


Henry was granted use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a "label argent of five points, the centre bearing a cross gules, the other points each bearing a fleur-de-lys azure". [ [ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]


style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn
2= 2. Frederick, Prince of Wales
3= 3. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
4= 4. George II of Great Britain
5= 5. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
6= 6. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
7= 7. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
8= 8. George I of Great Britain
9= 9. Sophia Dorothea of Celle
10= 10. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
11= 11. Eleanor Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach
12= 12. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
13= 13. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
14= 14. Charles of Anhalt-Zerbst
15= 15. Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
16= 16. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
17= 17. Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine
18= 18. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
19= 19. Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse
20= 20. Albert, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
21= 21. Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen
22= 22. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
23= 23. Johanetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
24= 24. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
25= 25. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
26= 26. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
27= 27. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
28= 28. John VI, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
29= 29. Sophie Augusta, Princess of Holstein-Gottorp
30= 30. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (= 26)
31= 31. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (= 27)


* [ Henry Churchyard "Royal Genealogies, Part 10"]
* [ Sam Sloan "Big Combined Family Trees (pafg733)"]


Nancy Parsons

It is, however, notable that the Mrs Houghton to whom Walpole refers may be Nancy (“Anne”) Parsons, the daughter of a Bond Street tailor, a noted prostitute of wit and beauty. According to Walpole, Nancy had been a figurante in the opera when she began supplementing her income by working as a highly-paid prostitute. Her youth and undeniable beauty (as attested by later portraits by Thomas Gainsborough and Joshua Reynolds) subsequently caught the attention of a member of the Haughton dynasty of West Indies slave merchants, who married her and took her to Jamaica. Upon his death she returned to London and resumed her profession.

Ironically, Nancy Parson’s beauty had outlived many of her aristocratic detractors. In addition to a grand-manner portrait by Reynolds, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, a portrait of Nancy Parsons in Turkish masquerade dress, painted by George Willison in 1769, is held by the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven, Connecticut. Nor was she bereft of attention after she spurned the Duke’s platonic love. At the age of 40, Nancy Parsons turned to the very young and impressionable, 24-year old John Frederick Sackville, Duke of Dorset. In 1776 Parsons captivated and married another young aristocrat, Charles Maynard, second Viscount Maynard. In old age, it is said, Nancy devoted herself to pious good works.

External links

* [ Portrait of the Duchess of Cumberland]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn — (* 27. Oktoberjul./ 7. November 1745greg. in Leicester House, London; † 18. September 1790 ebenda) war ein britischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn — Prince Edward Duke of Kent and Strathearn Duke of Kent and Strathearn …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale — Ernest Augustus Crown Prince of Hanover Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale Predecessor George V …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Prince Henry title =Duke of Gloucester caption =Photographic Portrait as Governor General succession = Duke of Gloucester successor =Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester spouse =Princess Alice, Duchess of… …   Wikipedia

  • Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Anne title =Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn spouse =Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland (1771–) Christopher Horton (1765–17??) titles = HRH The Duchess of Cumberland The Hon Mrs Christopher Horton… …   Wikipedia

  • Prince William, Duke of Cambridge — Prince William redirects here. For other uses, see Prince William (disambiguation). Prince William Duke of Cambridge (more) HRH The Duke of Cambridge in Ottawa, July …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Cumberland — For the steamship, see TSS Duke of Cumberland. HRH Prince Ernest Augustus, the last person to hold the title, was deprived thereof in 1919 Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family,… …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh — For other people known as Duke of Edinburgh, see Duke of Edinburgh. For others known as Prince Philip, see Prince Philip (disambiguation). Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip in 1992 …   Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Friedrich, Herzog von Cumberland und Strathearn — Heinrich Friedrich (* 7. November 1745 in Leicester House, London; † 18. September 1790 ebenda) war der Herzog von Cumberland und Strathearn. Leben Heinrich Friedrich war der sechste Sohn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumberland Lodge — View from the garden. Cumberland Lodge is a 17th century country house in Windsor Great Park located 3.5 miles south of Windsor Castle. It is now occupied by a charitable foundation which holds residential conferences, lectures and discussions… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.