- Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex
Infobox British Royalty|royal
name = Prince Augustus Frederick
title = Duke of Sussex
caption = Portrait by Louis Gauffier, 1793
Lady Augusta Murray
(m. 1793; an. 1794)
Cecilia Underwood, Duchess of Inverness(m. 1831)
titles = "HRH" The Duke of Sussex
"HRH" The Prince Augustus Frederick
royal house =
House of Hanover
father = George III
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
date of birth =
27 January 1773
place of birth =
Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK
date of death = Death date and age|1843|4|21|1773|1|27|df=yes
place of death =
Kensington Palace, London, England, UK
place of burial =
Kensal Green Cemetery, London, England, UK|
Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (
27 January 1773– 21 April 1843), was the sixth son of George III of the United Kingdomand his consort, Queen Charlotte. He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or naval career.
"His Royal Highness" The Prince Augustus Frederick was born at
Buckingham Palace. He was tutored at home before being sent to the University of Göttingenin Germanyin summer 1786, along with his brothers Prince Ernest and Prince Adolphus. Prince Augustus, who suffered from asthma, did not join his brothers in receiving military training in Hanover. He briefly considered becoming a cleric in the Church of England.
While travelling in
Italy, he met Lady Augusta Murray(1768-1830), the second daughter of 4th Earl of Dunmore. The couple married in Romeon 4 April 1793, and again at St. George's, Hanover Square, Londonon 5 December 1793, without the knowledge or the consent of the King. The later minister of Hanover affairs Ernst zu Münsterwas sent to Italy, to escort him back to London.
In August 1794, the
Prerogative Courtannulled the marriage on the grounds that it contravened the Royal Marriages Act 1772because it had not been approved by the King. Prince Augustus continued to live with Lady Augusta until 1801, when he received a parliamentary grant of £12,000. Lady Augusta retained custody of the children and received a maintenance of £4,000 a year.
The King created him
Duke of Sussex, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Arklow in the peerageof the United Kingdom and a Knight of the Garter on 27 November 1801. Since he died without legitimate issue, the title became extinct.
The Duke of Sussex married a second time on
2 May 1831(again in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act) to Lady Cecilia Letitia Buggin (1793-1873), the eldest daughter of Arthur Gore, 2nd Earl of Arranand Elizabeth Underwood; and the widow of Sir George Buggin. It should be noted that even allowing for the irregularity of these marriages, this second marriage would not have been bigamous since Lady Augusta Murrayhad died the year before. On the same day, Lady Cecilia assumed by Royal Licence the surname Underwood. She was never titled or recognized as the Duchess of Sussex. However, she was created Duchess of Inverness in her own right in 1840.
William IV appointed his younger brother Chief Ranger and Keeper of St. James's and Hyde Parks on
29 January 1831. The Duke of Sussex was elected president of the Society of Arts in 1816 and held that post for the rest of his life. He also held the honorary posts of Captain-General and Colonel of the Hon. Artillery Company from 1817 onward. He was president of the Royal Societybetween 1830 and 1838.
The Duke of Sussex was the favourite uncle of Queen Victoria. He gave her away at her wedding to
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The Duke of Sussex died at Kensington Palacein 1843. In his will he specified that he was not to have a state funeraland was accordingly buried at Kensal Green Cemeteryon 5 May 1843. [cite book | author=Liza Picard | authorlink=Liza Picard | title=Victorian London | publisher=Orion | year=2006 | isbn=0-7538-2090-0 | pages=362-364 ] The Duchess of Inverness continued to reside at Kensington Palace until her death in 1873. She was buried next to her second husband.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
27 January 1773–27 November 1801: "His Royal Highness" The Prince Augustus Frederick
27 November1801– 21 April 1843: "His Royal Highness" The Duke of Sussex
*Grand Master of the
Premier Grand Lodge of England, "1813"
*Grand Master of the
United Grand Lodge of England, "1813-1843"
*Knight of the
Order of the Thistle
As a son of the sovereign, the Duke of Sussex had use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a "label argent of three points, the centre point bearing a two hearts gules, the outer points each bearing a cross gules". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]
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