Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany


Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Prince Edward
title =Duke of York and Albany


royal house =House of Hanover
titles ="HRH" The Duke of York
"HRH" Prince EdwardIn the "London Gazette", the Prince is called simply 'Prince Edward' ( [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9636&geotype=London&gpn=1&type=ArchivedIssuePage&all=&exact=&atleast=&similar= 16 November 1756] ; [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9700&geotype=London&gpn=3&type=ArchivedIssuePage&all=&exact=&atleast=&similar= 28 June 1757] ; [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9784&geotype=London&gpn=2&type=ArchivedIssuePage&all=&exact=&atleast=&similar= 18 April 1758] ; [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9943&geotype=London&gpn=3&type=ArchivedIssuePage&all=&exact=&atleast=&similar= 27 October 1759] ; [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9962&geotype=London&gpn=2&type=ArchivedIssuePage&all=&exact=&atleast=&similar= 1 January] ; [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=9971&geotype=London&gpn=2&type=ArchivedIssuePage&all=&exact=&atleast=&similar= 2 February 1760] )]
father =Frederick, Prince of Wales
mother =Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
full name = Edward Augustus
date of birth =birth date|1739|3|25|df=yes
place of birth =Norfolk House, London
date of christening =22 April 1739
place of christening =Norfolk House, London
date of death =death date and age|1767|9|17|1739|3|25|df=yes
place of death =Prince's Palace, Monaco-Ville
place of burial =Westminster Abbey, London|

Prince Edward, Duke of York (Edward Augustus; 25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767), was the younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom, the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.

Early life

The young prince was baptised Edward Augustus, at Norfolk House, by The Bishop of Oxford, Thomas Secker, and his godparents were his great-uncle The King in Prussia (for whom The Duke of Queensberry stood proxy), The Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (who was represented by Lord Carnarvon), and his maternal aunt The Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels (for whom Lady Charlotte Edwin, a daughter of the late 4th Duke of Hamilton, stood proxy). [ [http://users.uniserve.com/~canyon/christenings.htm#Christenings Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings] ]

Later life

He was created Duke of York and Albany and Earl of Ulster by his paternal grandfather, George II, on 1 April 1760 [http://mypage.uniserve.ca/~canyon/peerage_titles.htm#Holders Yvonne's Royalty: Peerage] ] .

Between the death of his paternal grandfather on 25 October 1760 and the birth of George, Prince of Wales on 12 August 1762, he was heir presumptive to the British throne. Perhaps in light of this situation, his brother made him a privy counsellor in 1760.

In the late summer of 1767, on his way to Genoa, Edward fell ill and had to be landed in the harbour of Monaco. Despite the care and attention he was given, he died in the Palace of Honoré III, Prince of Monaco on 17 September and is interred in Westminster Abbey.

Titles, styles, honour and arms

Titles and styles

*25 March 17391 April 1760: "His Royal Highness" Prince Edward
*1 April 1760–17 September 1767: "His Royal Highness" The Duke of York and Albany

Arms

Edward was granted use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a "label argent of five points, the centre bearing a cross gules, the other points each bearing a canton gules". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]

Ancestors

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1= 1. Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany
2= 2. Frederick, Prince of Wales
3= 3. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
4= 4. George II of Great Britain
5= 5. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
6= 6. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
7= 7. Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
8= 8. George I of Great Britain
9= 9. Sophia Dorothea of Celle
10= 10. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
11= 11. Eleanor Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach
12= 12. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
13= 13. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
14= 14. Charles of Anhalt-Zerbst
15= 15. Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
16= 16. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
17= 17. Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine
18= 18. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
19= 19. Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse
20= 20. Albert, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
21= 21. Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen
22= 22. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
23= 23. Johanetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
24= 24. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
25= 25. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
26= 26. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
27= 27. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
28= 28. John VI, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
29= 29. Sophie Augusta, Princess of Holstein-Gottorp
30= 30. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (= 26)
31= 31. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (= 27)

References


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