Order of precedence in England and Wales


Order of precedence in England and Wales

The Order of precedence in England and Wales as of 11 May 2010:

Names in italics indicate higher precedence elsewhere in the table.

Contents

Men

Royalty, archbishops, et al.

Royal Family

Archbishops, High Officers of State, et al.

The Lord High Steward (none, ceremonial and only appointed for coronations)
The Lord High Treasurer (none, in commission since 1714)
The Lord Speaker[1] (currently a woman, Baroness D'Souza)
The Lord High Constable of England (none, ceremonial and only appointed for coronations)
The Lord High Admiral (The Duke of Edinburgh who ranks higher as the sovereign's spouse)

Nobility, bishops, et al.

Dukes, et al.

Marquessess, et al.

Earls, et al.

Viscounts, et al.

Bishops

  • The Bishop of LondonRichard Chartres
  • The Bishop of DurhamVacant
  • The Bishop of WinchesterVacant
  • 21 Other Church of England diocesan bishops with seats in the House of Lords (ordered according to seniority of consecration)
  • 16 Other Church of England diocesan bishops (ordered according to seniority of consecration)
  • Suffragan bishops (ordered according to seniority of consecration)
  • Retired Church of England diocesan bishops (ordered according to seniority of consecration)

Barons

Secretaries of State being of the degree of a baron (currently none)
  • 31 Barons of England (ordered according to date of creation; excepting 6 Baronesses in their own right)
  • 16 Scottish Lords of Parliament (ordered according to date of creation; excepting 3 Ladies of Parliament in their own right)
  • 24 Barons of Great Britain (ordered according to date of creation)
  • 31 Barons of Ireland created before 1801 (ordered according to date of creation)
  • 334 Hereditary barons of the United Kingdom and of Ireland created after 1801, and barons for life of the United Kingdom [5] (ordered according to date of creation)
    Lord Chalfont is the only baron for life who outranks hereditary barons (four) in seniority of creation, excepting:
    • Lord Vestey, who ranks higher as The Master of the Horse;
    • The presently disclaimed three hereditary baronies of Merthyr, Silkin and Sanderson;
    • Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers, who ranks higher as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom;
    • Lord Selkirk of Douglas, who ranks higher as a younger son of a duke;
    • Lord Judge, who ranks higher as Lord Chief Justice;
    • Lord Carey, who ranks higher as a retired Archbishop of Canterbury;
    • Lord Habgood, who ranks higher as a retired Archbishop of York;
    • Lord Hope of Thornes, who ranks higher as a retired Archbishop of York; and
    • Lord Harries, who ranks higher as a retired Bishop of Oxford.

Gentry, et al.

Senior legal officials and justices

Royal Household Officials

Lord Commissioners of the Great Seal (none)

Cabinet, et al.

  • Secretaries of State under the degree of baron
    • William Hague MP (Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)
    • Kenneth Clarke MP (Secretary of State for Justice; ranks higher as Lord Chancellor)
    • Philip Hammond MP (Secretary of State for Defence)
    • Dr Vince Cable MP (Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills)
    • Iain Duncan Smith MP (Secretary of State for Work and Pensions)
    • Chris Huhne MP (Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change)
    • Andrew Lansley MP (Secretary of State for Health)
    • Michael Gove MP (Secretary of State for Education)
    • Eric Pickles MP (Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government)
    • Owen Paterson MP (Secretary of State for Northern Ireland)
    • Michael Moore MP (Secretary of State for Scotland)
    • Jeremy Hunt MP (Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media, and Sport)
    • The Secretaries of State for the Home Department; for Transport; for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; and for Wales are women
  • Eldest sons of viscounts (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders)
  • Younger sons of non-royal earls and of countessess in their own right (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders)
  • Eldest sons of hereditary barons, of Lords of Parliament, of 3 Ladies of Parliament in their own right and of 6 baronesses in their own right (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders)

Knights of the Garter and Knights of the Thistle

Knights of St Patrick (none, order dormant)

Privy counsellors, et al.

Senior judges, et al.

  • Senior judges
    1. President of the Queen's Bench Division (Sir Anthony May ranks as a Privy Counsellor)
    2. President of the Family Division of the High Court (Sir Nicholas Wall ranks as a Privy Counsellor)
    3. Chancellor of the High Court (Sir Andrew Morritt ranks as a Privy Counsellor)
    4. Lords Justices of Appeal (ordered according to seniority of appointment) (Lord Justices of Appeal are customarily made Privy Counsellors, and thus rank accordingly)
  • Judges of the High Court (ordered according to seniority of appointment) (High Court Judges are customarily also conferred bachelor knighthoods)
  • Younger sons of viscounts (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders)
  • Younger sons of hereditary barons, Lords of Parliament, 6 hereditary baronesses in their own right and 3 Ladies of Parliament in their own right (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders)
  • All sons of barons and baronesses for life (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders) [7]

Baronets

Knights

Lower level judges, et al.

  • Vice-Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster (Mr Justice David Richards) (customarily a High Court Judge is named to this position and as such already ranks much higher in precedence)
  • Recorder of London (Judge Beaumont, QC)
  • Recorders of Manchester and of Liverpool (in order of appointment):
    • Recorder of Liverpool (Judge Goldstone, QC)
    • Recorder of Manchester (Judge Gilbart, QC)
  • Common Serjeant of London (Judge Barker, QC)
  • Judges junior to those of the High Court
    • Circuit judges
    • Senior Judge of the Court of Protection (Denzil Lush)

Other lower ranks

Companions, commanders, lieutenants and officers of various orders

Eldest sons of various grades

  • Eldest sons of younger sons of hereditary peers or hereditary peeresses in their own right (ordered according to the precedence of peerage holders)
  • Eldest sons of baronets (ordered according to the precedence of baronets or baronetess in their own right)
  • Eldest sons of knights (ordered according to the precedence of knights or dames/ladies in their own right)

Members of orders

Younger sons of various grades

  • Younger sons of baronets (ordered according to the precedence of baronets or baronetess in their own right)
  • Younger sons of knights (ordered according to the precedence of knights or dames/ladies in their own right)

Lesser titles

Women

Members of the Royal Family

High Officers of State, et al.

Nobility, et al.

  • Wives of non-royal Dukes (Duchesses)
  • Certain members of the extended Royal Family
    1. Countess of Ulster, wife of the Earl of Ulster
    2. Countess of St Andrews, wife of the Earl of St Andrews
    3. The Lady Davina Lewis, eldest daughter of the Duke of Gloucester
    4. The Lady Rose Gilman, younger daughter of the Duke of Gloucester
    5. The Lady Helen Taylor, eldest daughter of the Duke of Kent
  • Marchionesses
  • Wives of dukes' eldest sons
  • Daughters of dukes not married to peers
  • Countesses (ordered according to the year the earldom was created; whether in her own or her husband's right)
  • Wives of younger sons of dukes of the Blood Royal (The Lady Nicholas Windsor)
  • Wives of marquesses' eldest sons
  • The Lady Gabriella Windsor, member of the extended Royal Family
  • Marquesses' daughters not married to peers
  • Wives of dukes' younger sons
  • Viscountesses
  • Wives of eldest sons of earls or of countesses in their own right
  • Earls' daughters not married to peers
  • Sophie Winkleman, wife of Lord Frederick Windsor
  • Wives of marquesses' younger sons
  • Secretaries of State, if of the degree of a baron
  • Baronesses in their own right, Ladies of Parliament and wives of Barons

Gentry, et al.

  • The Justices of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom other than the President and the Deputy President.[2] (Baroness Hale ranks higher as a baroness for life)
  • The Royal Household
    Lord Commissioners of the Great Seal (none)
  • Secretaries of State under the degree of baroness:

Other lower ranks

  • Wives of viscounts' eldest sons
  • Viscounts' daughters not married to peers
  • Wives of younger sons of earls or of countesses in their own right
  • Wives of eldest sons of barons or baronesses
  • Daughters of barons or baronesses not married to peers

Ladies and Dames, et al.

Members of orders, et al.

Companions of orders

    • Companions of the Order of the Bath
    • Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
    • Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
    • Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of members of orders
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of the Bath
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of the Star of India
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire
    • Wives of Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
    • Wives of Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
    • Wives of Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
  • Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  • Wives of Companions of the Imperial Service Order

Wives and daughters of peers, baronets, and knights, et al.

  • Wives of the eldest sons of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Daughters of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Wives of the eldest sons of baronets
  • Daughters of baronets
  • Wives of eldest sons of knights
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights of the Garter
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights of the Thistle
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights of St Patrick
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
      • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  • Daughters of knights:
    • Daughters of Knights of the Garter
    • Daughters of Knights of the Thistle
    • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
      • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
      • Daughters of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
      • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Daughters of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
      • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
      • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
    • Daughters of Knights Commander
      • Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
      • Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
      • Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
      • Daughters of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
      • Daughters of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  • Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Members of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of members of the Order of the British Empire

Wives of younger sons

  • Wives of younger sons of baronets
  • Wives of younger sons of knights
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights of the Garter
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights of the Thistle
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights of St Patrick
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross or Knights Grand Commander
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Star of India
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
      • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire

Local precedence

  • The Lord Lieutenant of the County
  • The High Sheriff of the County
  • The Lord Mayor
  • The (elected) mayor
  • The chairman of the county council
  • The deputy mayor
  • Aldermen
  • Councillors
  • Justices of the Peace
  • The clerk of the County Council
  • The town clerk
  • The chief constable
  • The county engineer or borough engineer

References

  1. ^ a b following a Resolution of the House of Lords on 12 July 2005, and a further Resolution on 31 January 2006, by which the office of Lord Speaker was established, The Queen issued a Warrant dated 4 July 2006 establishing the rank and precedence of the Lord Speaker of the House of Lords as being immediately after that of the Speaker of the House of Commons. [1]
  2. ^ a b c d London Gazette: no. 59201. p. 16957. 1 October 2009.
  3. ^ a b London Gazette: no. 58529. p. 17439. 30 November 2007.
  4. ^ If the Master of the Horse holds a rank lower than a Duke in the peerage, then by Royal Warrant of 6 May 1907, the Master of the Horse ranks next after the Lord Chamberlain.
  5. ^ Barons and baronesses for life created under the Life Peerages Act of 1958 and the Appellate Jurisdiction Act of 1876.
  6. ^ Justices of the Supreme Court of the UK (who are not peers) have the right to the courtesy title of "Lord" or "Lady" by authority of Royal Warrant issued 13 December 2010.[2]
  7. ^ rank and precedence set by Royal Warrant, dated 21st July, 1958 and published in The London Gazette, No. 41454, page 4641 on 22nd July, 1958 [3]
  8. ^ In formal documents the word ‘Knight' or the abbreviation ‘Kt.' may be added. This style is often adopted by Knights Bachelor who are also peers, baronets or knights of the various statutory orders.[4]
  9. ^ a b "Precedence Amongst Ladies in England and Wales". Debretts.com. http://www.debretts.com/forms-of-address/hierarchies/table-of-precedence-ladies.aspx. 

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