- Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
Camilla Duchess of Cornwall; Duchess of Rothesay (more) The Duchess in April 2011 Spouse Andrew Parker Bowles
(m. 1973–1995, divorced)
Charles, Prince of Wales
Issue Tom Parker Bowles
Full name Camilla Rosemary House House of Windsor Father Bruce Shand Mother The Honourable Rosalind Shand Born 17 July 1947
London, England, UK
Religion Anglican (Church of England)
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Rosemary; née Shand, previously Parker Bowles; born 17 July 1947) is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and is the current holder of the titles of Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay and Countess of Chester. Although Camilla became the Princess of Wales upon her marriage to the Prince of Wales, she has chosen to be known by the alternative and lesser title of the Duchess of Cornwall, thereby avoiding confusion with her husband's first wife, the late Diana, Princess of Wales. She is known by this title worldwide, but in Scotland protocol determines that she is properly styled the Duchess of Rothesay.
- 1 Early life and first engagement and marriage
- 2 Duchess of Cornwall
- 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 4 Issue
- 5 Ancestry
- 6 References
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 External links
Early life and first engagement and marriage
Born at King's College Hospital, London, on 17 July 1947, Camilla was raised opposite the Plumpton Racecourse, East Sussex by her parents, Major Bruce Shand (1917–2006) (a British Army officer, turned wine merchant, as well as Prisoner of War in World War II who received the Military Cross with Bar) and The Honourable Rosalind Cubitt (1921–1994, eldest child of Roland Calvert Cubitt, 3rd Baron Ashcombe): her siblings are Mark and Annabel. Camilla's maternal great-grandmother, Alice Keppel, formerly Alice Frederica Edmonstone, was the mistress of King Edward VII from 1898 to 1910.
She was christened on 1 November 1947 at Firle Church, Sussex, and her godparents were The Hon Harry Cubitt (her maternal uncle), Major Neil Speke, Mrs Heathcoat Amory, Mrs Lombard Hobson, and Miss Vivien Mosley.
Camilla attended Dumbrells School in Sussex, as well as Queen's Gate School in Kensington. She subsequently attended the Mon Fertile finishing school in Switzerland and studied at the Institut Britannique in Paris. Following her education, she worked for a year at the offices of designers Sybil Colefax and John Fowler. She also became an avid equestrienne and participated in fox hunting.
On 4 July 1973, Camilla married Andrew Parker Bowles, at the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London, their bridesmaids including Parker Bowles' goddaughter Lady Emma Herbert. The couple had two children: Tom, born in the year after their marriage, who is a godson of Prince Charles, and Laura, born in 1978; both Parker Bowles children were raised in their father's Roman Catholic faith, although both were married in the Church of England; Tom, like his father, is in remainder to the Earldom of Macclesfield. Andrew Parker Bowles initiated divorce proceedings against Camilla following the admission by the Prince of Wales that he had conducted a long-term extramarital affair with Camilla; the couple's divorce was finalised on 3 March 1995.
Relationship with the Prince of Wales
The relationship between Camilla and Prince Charles began when they met at a polo match in 1970. Though she became one of the numerous girlfriends of Charles, and he was said to have wanted to marry her, Camilla was seen by royal courtiers as an unsuitable match for the future king. Robert Lacey wrote in his 2002 book, Royal: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, that Charles had met Camilla too early, and that he had not asked her to wait for him when he went overseas for military duties in 1972. Reliable published reports indicate that they renewed their romantic relationship in the 1980s.
The affair became public knowledge a decade later, with the publication of Diana: Her True Story, followed by the Camillagate, the Homewrecker scandal, wherein an intimate telephone conversation between Camilla and Charles was secretly recorded and the transcripts published in the tabloids. With the extra-marital relationship in the open, Diana gave an interview on the BBC programme Panorama, in which she blamed the relationship between Camilla, whom she privately referred to as "the Rottweiler", and the Prince of Wales as the reason for the breakup of her own marriage, saying: "Well, there were three of us in this marriage, so it was a bit crowded." Though Camilla kept a low profile at this time, she became unpopular by these revelations. It was confirmed by Charles in a televised interview with Jonathan Dimbleby that the relationship between him and Camilla resumed during their respective marriages. Following this, the Parker Bowleses announced their own divorce in 1995; they had been living apart for some time, and a year later Andrew Parker Bowles married Rosemary Pitman.
Camilla occasionally became Charles' unofficial companion at events. This temporarily ceased at the time of Diana's death, but Camilla and Charles were photographed in public together in 1999. Though she maintained her residence in Wiltshire, Camilla then moved into Charles' household in 2003, resulting in decorative changes to both homes, though Buckingham Palace was explicit in pointing out that public funds had not been used for the renovations. In 2005, the media reported that Charles had also bought Camilla jewellery and a designer wardrobe. As the future Supreme Governor of the Church of England, the prospect of Charles marrying a divorcée was seen as controversial. Opinion—of both the public and the church—shifted, though, to a point where civil marriage was seen as an agreeable solution.
Second engagement and marriage
On 10 February 2005, it was announced by Clarence House that Camilla and the Prince of Wales were engaged; Camilla had been presented with an engagement ring that had belonged to the late Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother. The marriage was to have been on 8 April of that year, and was to take place in a civil ceremony at Windsor Castle, with a subsequent religious blessing at St George's Chapel. To conduct a civil marriage at Windsor Castle would oblige the venue to obtain a licence for civil marriages, which it did not have. A condition of such a licence is that the licensed venue must be available for a period of one year to anyone wishing to be married there. As the Royal Family did not wish to make Windsor Castle available to the public for civil marriages, even just for one year, the location was changed to the Windsor Guildhall. On 4 April it was announced that the marriage would be delayed by one day to allow for the Prince of Wales and some of the invited dignitaries to attend the funeral of Pope John Paul II. As Charles' parents did not attend the marriage ceremony (the Queen's reluctance to attend arising from her position as Supreme Governor of the Church of England), neither did Camilla's father; her children, instead, acted as witnesses of the union, as did Prince William and Prince Harry. The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh did, however, attend the service of blessing, and held a reception for the newlyweds at Windsor Castle afterwards. Following the wedding, the couple travelled to the Prince's country home in Scotland, Birkhall, and carried out their first public duties as a couple during their honeymoon.
Duchess of Cornwall
After becoming Duchess of Cornwall, the duchess automatically acquired rank as the second highest female in the United Kingdom Order of Precedence (after the Queen), and as typically fifth or sixth in the orders of precedence of her other realms, following the Queen, the relevant viceroy, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Prince of Wales. It was revealed, though, that the royal order of precedence for private occasions had Camilla placed fourth, after the Queen, the Princess Royal, and Princess Alexandra. Within two years of the marriage, the Queen extended Camilla visible tokens of membership in the Royal Family; use of a tiara of the late Queen Mother, and the badge of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II.
Though no details were publicly released, it was confirmed in March 2007 that Camilla had undergone a hysterectomy. According to an announcement by Clarence House, it was the Duchess' intent to attend the anniversary memorial service for Diana, Princess of Wales on 31 August 2007, along with The Prince of Wales, and Princes William and Harry of Wales. The Duchess withdrew from attending, stating that she wished not to "divert attention from the purpose of the occasion which is to focus on the life and service of Diana." On 8 April 2010, Camilla broke her left leg while hill walking in Scotland. Camilla, along with her husband, were indirectly involved in the 2010 UK student protests when their car was attacked by protesters. She was also physically attacked when a rioter managed to push a stick into the royal limousine and jab her in the ribs.
Initially, the Duchess of Cornwall's royal duties involved accompanying the Prince of Wales on his official obligations. Camilla's first solo engagement was a visit to a hospital in Southampton; she attended the Trooping the Colour for the first time in June 2005, making her appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace afterwards. The same year, she made her inaugural overseas tour to the United States, and, in March of the following year, the Prince and Duchess undertook a trip through Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and India. She also conducted the naming ceremony for HMS Astute on 8 June 2007, and, on 10 December, she did the same for the new Cunard cruise ship, MS Queen Victoria, it being said that the Queen had been surprised by Cunard's invitation. The Duchess of Cornwall is the patron of The Royal School, Hampstead, an independent girls' school, as well as President or Patron of a number of other charities, as detailed below.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
Royal styles of
The Duchess of Cornwall
Reference style Her Royal Highness Spoken style Your Royal Highness Alternative style Ma'am
- 17 July 1947 – 4 July 1973: Miss Camilla Rosemary Shand
- 4 July 1973 – 3 March 1995: Mrs Andrew Parker Bowles
- 3 March 1995 – 9 April 2005: Mrs Camilla Parker Bowles
- 9 April 2005 – : Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cornwall
- in Scotland: 9 April 2005 – : Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Rothesay
Camilla's style and title in full: Her Royal Highness The Princess Charles Philip Arthur George, Princess of Wales & Countess of Chester, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Carrick, Baroness of Renfrew, Lady of the Isles, Princess of Scotland.[not in citation given]
Because the title 'Princess of Wales' became so strongly associated with the previous holder of that title, the late Diana, Princess of Wales, Camilla has adopted to being referred to with the feminine form of her husband's highest-ranking subsidiary title, namely that of Duke of Cornwall. Thus, unless any specific Act of Parliament is passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom (and other Commonwealth States) to the contrary, should Prince Charles become King, she can assume by courtesy the style of "Queen Camilla". However, such was the controversy raised in certain sections of the press, it had been previously mooted that Prince Charles' wife might remain with a morganatic style, albeit by courtesy she is always entitled to be acknowledged with the rank and style of her husband. similar to the style of Prince Albert. It has been stated that when Charles becomes King, Camilla will adopt the unprecedented style of Princess Consort. It is worth noting that this is not the same usage as her father-in-law, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, who does not hold the title of 'Prince Consort' (although as a prince and a consort, he is the Queen's prince consort).
- 2005: Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
- 30 October 2007: Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
Honorary military appointments
The Duchess of Cornwall holds the following military appointments:
- Royal Colonel of the 4th Battalion of The Rifles
- 2008: Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Halton
- Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Leeming
- Commodore-in-Chief of the Naval Medical Services
- Commodore-in-Chief Naval Chaplaincy Service
- Lady sponsor of HMS Astute
ArmsArms of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
NotesOn the duchess' 58th birthday, Clarence House announced that Camilla had been granted by the Queen a coat of arms for her own personal use. It was reported that the Queen, Charles, and Camilla all took a "keen interest" in the arms' creation, and they were prepared by Peter Gwynn-Jones, Garter Principal King of Arms. The Duchess' coat of arms impale the Prince of Wales' main coat of arms to the dexter, with her father's coat of arms to the sinister. Adopted17 July 2005 CoronetHer husband's coronet as the heir apparent. EscutcheonQuarterly 1st and 4th gules three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langed azure 2nd or a lion rampant gules armed and langued azure within a double tressure flory counterflory of the second 3rd azure a harp or stringed argent (the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom), the whole difference with a label of three points Argent; with an inescutcheon of four lions passant guardant, in gold and red, counterchanged, surmounted by the coronet of the heir (for the Principality of Wales); impaled with a shield of Azure a Boar's Head erased close Argent armed and langued Or on a Chief engrailed Argent between two Mullets Gules a Cross crosslet fitchy Sable. SupportersDexter: a lion rampant gardant Or crowned with the coronet of the heir, differenced with a label of three points Argent; sinister: a Boar Azure armed and unguled Or langued Gules and gorged with a Coronet composed of crosses formy and fleurs-de-lys attached thereto a Chain reflexed over the back and ending in a ring all Or. SymbolismAside from the invention of a boar supporter (reflected in her paternal arms) for the sinister side, Camilla's coat of arms is entirely consistent with the historical heraldic arrangement for a married woman who is not herself a heraldic heiress.
Name Birth Marriage Issue Tom Parker Bowles 18 December 1974 10 September 2005 Sara Buys Lola Rosalind and Freddy Parker Bowles Laura Parker Bowles 1 January 1978 6 May 2006 Harry Lopes Eliza, Louis and Gus Lopes
According to genealogist William Addams Reitwiesner, the Duchess of Cornwall's ancestry is predominantly French, English, Dutch, and Scottish. Through her French lineage, Camilla's maternal line great-great-grandmother was Sophia Mary MacNab of Hamilton, Ontario, who was herself the descendant of 17th century immigrants to Quebec, daughter of Sir Allan MacNab, and wife of William Coutts Keppel, Earl of Albemarle. Their son, George, was husband to Alice Edmonstone, who was the mistress of King Edward VII, himself the great-great-grandfather of Prince Charles. Also through George Keppel on Camilla's side and through the late Queen Mother on Charles' side, Camilla and Charles are ninth cousins once removed. Through her mother she is a descendant of Zacharie Cloutier. This same lineage makes Camilla a distant relation of Celine Dion, Hillary Clinton, Angelina Jolie and Madonna, while her bloodline is also connected to King Charles II, through his illegitimate son, Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond; Thomas Cubitt, prominent Victorian architect; and, through the Earl of Albemarle, Judith Keppel, the first winner of the top prize on the television game show Who Wants to be a Millionaire?.
Ancestors of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall 16. Hugh Morton Shand 8. Alexander Faulkner Shand 17. Edrica Faulkner 4. Philip Morton Shand 18. Charles Coates 9. Augusta Mary Coates 19. Sarah Clegg Hope 2. Bruce Shand 20. Henry Harrington 10. George Woods Harrington 21. Eliza Woods 5. Edith Marguerite Harrington 22. Frederick Stillman 11. Alice Edith Stillman 23. Ann Endle 1. Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall 24. George Cubitt, 1st Baron Ashcombe 12. Henry Cubitt, 2nd Baron Ashcombe 25. Laura Joyce 6. Roland Calvert Cubitt, 3rd Baron Ashcombe 26. Archibald Motteux Calvert 13. Maud Marianne Calvert 27. Constance Maria Peters 3. Rosalind Maud Cubitt 28. William Keppel, 7th Earl of Albemarle 14. George Keppel 29. Sophia Mary MacNab 7. Sonia Rosemary Keppel 30. Sir William Edmonstone, 4th Baronet 15. Alice Edmonstone 31. Mary Elizabeth Parsons
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- ^ The Sunday Times. 03.04.2005.
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- ^ See CNN story "Love spans more than 30 years" claims bread roll pelting.
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- ^ "Camilla Breaks A Leg But Says 'Life Goes On'". British Sky Broadcasting. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/UK-News/Camilla-Breaks-Her-Leg-Duchess-Of-Cornwall-Has-Twisted-Break-Of-Fibula-In-Scotland/Article/201004215597585?lpos=UK_News_News_Your_Way_Region_3&lid=NewsYourWay_ARTICLE_15597585_Camilla_Breaks_Her_Leg%3A_Duchess_Of_Cornwall_Has_Twisted_Break_Of_Fibula_In_Scotland. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
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- ^ The Royalist – Queen Expresses "Surprise" Over Camilla Invite
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Order of precedence in England and Wales and in Northern Ireland Preceded by
HRH The Duchess of Cornwall
The Countess of Wessex
Order of precedence in Scotland Preceded by
HRH The Duchess of Rothesay
The Countess of Wessex
Family Events Titles Family Events Charities Miscellaneous Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Titles FamilyCatherine, Duchess of Cambridge (wife) • Charles, Prince of Wales (father) • Diana, Princess of Wales (mother) • Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (stepmother) • Prince Harry of Wales (brother) • Michael Middleton (father-in-law) • Carole Middleton (mother-in-law) • Pippa Middleton (sister-in-law) • James Middleton (brother-in-law) Events MiscellaneousRosa 'Royal William' • William & Kate • William & Catherine: A Royal Romance British princesses by marriage 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation
*not including short-term appointments, visiting dignitaries and most peers
- HM The Queen
- HRH The Princess Royal
- HRH Princess Beatrice of York
- HRH Princess Eugenie of York
- Lady Louise Windsor
- Zara Phillips, MBE
- HRH The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
- HRH The Duchess of Cornwall
- HRH The Countess of Wessex
- HRH The Duchess of Cambridge
- HRH The Duchess of Gloucester
- HRH The Duchess of Kent
- HRH Princess Michael of Kent
- The Rt Hon The Baroness D'Souza CMG PC
Princesses of Wales
Camilla Shand (2005 – present)Lady Diana Spencer (1981–1997) · Mary of Teck (1901–1910) · Alexandra of Denmark (1863–1901) · Caroline of Brunswick (1795–1820) · Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1736–1751) · Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1714–1727) · Catherine of Aragon (1501–1502) · Anne Neville (1470–1471) · Joan of Kent (1361–1376) · Eleanor de Montfort (pre-conquest) (c. 1252–1282)
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