- West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive
West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive Type Passenger Transport Executive Industry Public transport Founded 1974
(Local Government Act 1972)
Headquarters Wellington House,
40-50 Wellington Street,
Area served West Yorkshire Parent West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority (WYITA) Website www.wymetro.com
The West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (WYPTE) is the Passenger Transport Executive for the county of West Yorkshire, England. It is the executive arm of the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority (ITA) and was originally formed on 1 April 1974 as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive, with the formation of the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire.
From the outset, the WYPTE branded its operations as Metro, originally with a suffix of its district; that is, Metro Leeds for Leeds, Metro Bradford for Bradford, Metro Wakefield for Wakefield, Metro Kirklees for Huddersfield, and Metro Calderdale for Halifax, but regional variations in branding have since been discontinued. It is responsible for setting transport policy in the area, and by subsidising bus services and by funding local train services, which are branded as MetroTrain.
- 1 History
- 2 MetroBus
- 3 MetroTrain
- 4 Leeds Supertram
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive was formed on 1 April 1974 as a separate statutory body responsible for integrating public transport within the guidelines laid down by the newly formed Metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, created following the Local Government Act of 1972. The Executive had to operate within the policy guidelines of the County Council Public Transport Committee, coordinating the operation of all public transport in the county. The Executive also inherited approximately 1500 buses operated by the former municipal authorities of Bradford, Leeds, Halifax and Huddersfield along with 6000 staff and the associated garages and street furniture.
The executive relinquished ownership of local buses following the Transport Act 1985, creating arms-length operating companies. It continued to coordinate public transport as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority when the metropolitan county was abolished in 1986.
Buses in West Yorkshire are operated by private companies, with early morning, late evening, Sunday and rural services often supported by Metro. They have a special rural bus section, which promotes a combination of minor local links and major long distance routes in the county.
Bus fleet 1974-1980
New buses were purchased in large numbers at the outset, with Leyland Atlanteans and Fleetlines being bodied by Charles H. Roe of Leeds to a specific design for the PTE, with most of the Fleetlines going to Halifax, though a small number of Fleetlines were bodied by Northern Counties. A number of MCW-Scania Metropolitans were also purchased. Single decks were met by short Leyland Leopards with Plaxton Derwent bodies usually for Halifax. The PTE also had a coach fleet which traded as MetroCoach, with the more upmarket coaches having being branded MetroCoach Executive: these were usually Leyland Leopards with Plaxton and Duple bodies, but later Leyland Tigers with the same bodies were also purchased including some Royal Tigers with stylish Roe Doyen bodywork bought in 1983. The coach livery was ivory, red and brown.
In 1979 the last Fleetlines arrived for the PTE (making a total of 156 PTE specified Fleetlines), and towards the end of the year the a new batch of Atlanteans arrived with a revised driving position, which was made higher up, pantograph windscreen wipers, and a new interior decor which was akin to London Transport's with yellow/orange upper and green/brown lower panels and a new moquette (seat pattern), again, similar to LT's in a brown and orange pattern. This was the new standard interior specification.
In 1976 modifications were made to the livery. Originally there were three stripes at the sides of the destination box that wrapped round to the sides of the bus and swept down. This took time to apply, and a trial was made with one thin line. In 1977 a further modification was made when the lines were removed entirely and the green area at the skirting area of was raised up: thus there was slightly more green. The other change was the fleet name, which was known as MetroBus, removing the district names.
New integrated bus system
During July 1981 MetroBus (the WYPTE) and the National Bus Company (NBC) formed a new integrated transport system for West Yorkshire, known as the "Metro-National Transport Company Ltd". All PTE and NBC buses in the West Yorkshire area began to appear with a new emblem, which consisted of the MetroBus WY's in one box and the NBC "double N" or "N-blem" appearing in another to the right of the PTE emblem, and slightly lower, both boxes were linked to show the integration. They also appeared with MetroBus fleetnames with "The easy way from here to there in West Yorkshire"
Bus fleet 1980-1986
December 1981 saw the last Atlanteans delivered to the PTE with VWW361X: numbered 6361 it carried the PTE standard Roe bodywork. In 1980/1 the PTE initially ordered 22 of the new Leyland Olympians (although two were cancelled); also ordered was a further 10 MCW Metrobuses but with the 'new' Alexander RH-type bodywork. They also received two of three long National 2's VWU1331/2X (1331/2) with YWX333X (1333) arriving in early 1982. In October 1981 the first Olympian 5001 (reg UWW1X) arrived: this bus is now with Chester City Transport as HTU785X (this vehicle has however been out of service since June 2005), the second 5002 (UWW2X) arrived about the same time. The rest of the batch arrived during March 1982 and around the same time were the ten Alexander Metrobuses. More Olympians arrived from later in 1982-3.
January 1983 saw the arrival of 20 MCW Metrobus MK2's and a batch of Duple Dominant bus bodied Leyland Tiger buses, which were dual-purpose. Also in 1983 two buses in Huddersfield were painted to mark 100 years of public transport in Huddersfield with Atlanteans 6299/300 (PUA299/300W), the former being painted in Huddersfield red and cream and the latter in Huddersfield Tramways livery. Later in the year more Olympians arrived, and during 1984 a total of 40 Metrobuses were purchased plus more Tigers. Charles H. Roe closed down at this time (although was to reopen in 1985 as Optare) and the last batch of Roe-bodied Olympians made a total of 151 Roe-bodied Olympians, with the last complete bus being 5145 (B140RWY); six of the batch were coach-seated for MetroCoach - these vehicles however had only their shells built at Roe - the interiors were finished off at ECW.
In 1985 the PTE ordered 15 Leyland Olympians with Optare bodywork:
- ten arrived in 1985, of which five were coach-seated (5507-5511), with TL11 engines, for MetroCoach. One of these (5511) was delivered in four-tone blue and white for the X33 White Rose express linking Bradford, Cleckheaton, Wakefield, and Sheffield; the other five were bus-seated with the usual Gardner 6LXB engines; three (5148-5150) had a full roof and two (5146/5147) were convertible open toppers.
- the remaining five (5512-5516) arrived in Feb 1987.
In 1986 the company bought some minibuses: a batch of Optare-bodied Freight Rover Sherpas. These were 1701-1715. Also in 1986 fifteen Leyland Cubs were built - 1801 to 1815. Whilst all of these featured the same moquette as the coach-seated Olympians (5501-5516) built by Roe/ECW and Optare, only the first four Cubs had full coach seats, the remainder having lower seats with handrails on top.
- 1705 (Sherpa), 1807 (Cub), 5507 and 5515 (Olympians), 2004 (StarRider) are preserved by the Transport Yorkshire Preservation Group , and various other vehicles are in private preservation.
As of November 2008, the only bus with direct West Yorkshire PTE parentage still in service with a successor of WYPTE is Leyland Olympian 5150, C150KBT, which is expected to be withdrawn imminently, bringing a final closure to this chapter.
De-regulation occurred on Sunday 26 October 1986. The WYPTE bus division was re-named Yorkshire Rider and with it a new livery of dark olive green and cream was used and a stylised "YR" emblem, five double-decker buses were operated in each of the municipal council's colours (already included were the two Huddersfield buses), with words on the sides between the decks saying "Building on a Great Tradition". The bus services and fare/bus pass/timtables division was re-named Metro. Throughout 1986/7 a lot of Freight-Rover Sherpa minibuses were purchased which was the craze during the early days of de-regulation, though bigger MCW Metroriders were purchased in 1987/8. Yorkshire Rider privatised in October 1988, the first PTE to be privatised, during this time 50 new double-dckers arrived, 25 MCW Metrobuses and 25 low-height Northern Counties Leyland Olympians, which featured yet again another interior decor change, with two tone grey panels, and a new moquette being two tone grey and pink with YR emblems on. These were the last order before privatisation. From then on the PTE (by now known as Metro) did not run buses anymore.
As of 2011 the following companies are the primary service bus operators within West Yorkshire and are subject to Metro conditions and ticketing :
- Arriva Yorkshire in Dewsbury, Wakefield, Castleford, Pontefract, Leeds, Bradford, Halifax and Huddersfield with services also running to Barnsley, Doncaster, Selby.
- BL Travel in Hemsworth and Pontefract
- Centrebus Holdings, of which Arriva have a 40% stake in, who own K-Line, Huddersfield Bus Company and Centrebus in Huddersfield, Calderdale, Bradford, Leeds and Leeds Bradford Airport with services running to Barnsley, Harrogate and Rochdale
- Connexionsbuses in Guiseley, Ilkley, Otley, Wetherby and onto Harrogate and York
- First Group who operate as:
- First Manchester between Huddersfield, Oldham and Manchester
- First West Yorkshire who operate as:
- Geldards Coaches in Leeds and the 711 White Rose Centre-Bradford service
- Halifax Bus Company (also known as TJ Walsh) in Halifax
- Halifax Joint Committee in Halifax and Bradford
- Jackson's of Silsden in Ilkley onto Skipton and Malham
- Longstaffs in Mirfield and onto Dewsbury
- M Travel in Castleford, Pontefract and Wakefield
- Red Line Buses in Hemsworth and South Elmsall to Barnsley
- Rossendalebus between Todmorden, Bacup and Rawtenstall
- Stagecoach Group who operate as:
- Stotts Coaches in Huddersfield
- Tates Travel in Holmfirth, Wakefield and South Yorkshire
- TLC Travel in Bradford and Otley
- Transdev who operate as:
- Transdev Burnley and Pendle in Keighley and out to Colne, Nelson and Burnley
- Transdev Harrogate & District in Leeds onto Wetherby, Harrogate and Ripon
- Transdev Keighley & District in Keighley, Leeds, Bradford, Hebden Bridge and Skipton
- Transdev Yorkshire Coastliner in Leeds and onto York and the East Coast
- Tyrer Bus in Hebden Bridge, Keighley and Todmorden
- Utopia Coaches in Otley and Wetherby
- York Pullman in Otley and Ilkley onto Harrogate, Knaresborough, York, Skipton and Malham
- Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day - no service. Some free services are provided by volunteers using buses from the Keighley Bus Museum Trust during Christmas Day daytime. In 2007 Metro have agreed to provide trial services on main routes in Huddersfield and Leeds on Boxing Day 2007.
- Christmas and New Year's Eves - Saturday service (or Sunday service if these days fall on a Sunday), but with early finish.
- Weekdays between Xmas and New Year - Saturday service. Any Bank Holidays in lieu of Christmas Day falling on a weekend will have a Sunday service
- Bank Holiday Mondays - Sunday service (except Saturday service on Harrogate and District, and where otherwise stated).
- Good Friday - normal service.
In August Metro start to Issue A ticket called Metro Active. This ticket is Available after 09:30am and is used by children (under 11) with parents, children aged 11-16 with a young persons photocard and teenagers aged 17-19 with a Scholars Photocard. The cost of the ticket is just £1 and can be used on all operators services within West Yorkshire (Also includes Barnsley and Doncaster).
'My bus' school bus services
- a dedicated fleet of school buses (rather than ordinary transit buses or coaches borrowed from other duties); additional use of these vehicles is limited to school and young-person focussed activities and all have low floors and seat belts
- drivers with enhanced Criminal Records Bureau checks, who permanently assigned to each route, assisted on some routes by volunteer escorts
- a bus seat is permanently assigned to each student
- in-school education campaign to support the service
The service, using buses painted yellow with coordinated My bus branding gained significant mode shift: 64% of primary school users were previously driven by car. Under this scheme, these buses were not allowed to be used for non-school purposes.
West Yorkshire Metro claims benefits from 'My bus' ranging from reductions in car use, traffic congestion, air pollution, traffic accidents, social exclusion, truancy and late student arrivals and improvements to education, safety for pedestrians and cyclists, integration of people with special needs and children's experiences of public transport.
Local and inter-urban rail services within West Yorkshire and the surrounding areas, which are part funded by Metro are advertised under MetroTrain brand. Some trains, which are sponsored or wholly owned by Metro, also carry MetroTrain livery. As of 2008 the MetroTrain brand is no longer used and West Yorkshire's Rail Network is used instead.
There are 12 lines running through the West Yorkshire area, each with their own name. The names are Airedale, Caldervale, Dearne Valley, Hallam, Harrogate, Huddersfield, Leeds-Bradford, Penistone, Pontefract, Wakefield, Wharfedale and York & Selby, which has been named after the areas that they serve.
The majority of these lines run into Leeds, while most lines also run into neighbouring areas, serving towns and cities such as Barnsley, Blackpool, Doncaster, Harrogate, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham, Preston, Sheffield and York plus Manchester Airport. Some lines over-lap each other, which means that some stations such as Caslteford, Huddersfield and Wakefield Westgate is served by more than one line.
Most lines have frequent services along its routes, however the Dearne Valley line has a limited service, running two trains a day in each direction.
This is a list of routes in West Yorkshire :
NB: Places in bold are where services terminate, places in italic are stations located outside of West Yorkshire
Airedale Line Caldervale Line Dearne Valley Line Hallam Line Harrogate Line Huddersfield Line
Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast
then continues along Settle-Carlisle Line to:
or continues along Leeds-Morecambe Line to:
Operator: Northern Rail, Grand Central
Operator: Northern Rail
Operator: Northern Rail
Operator: Northern Rail, East Coast
Operator: Northern Rail, First TransPennine Express
- Manchester Victoria
Leeds/Bradford Line Penistone Line Pontefract Line Wakefield Line Wharfedale Line York & Selby Line
Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast
Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast
Operator: Northern Rail, Grand Central
Operators: Northern Rail
Operators: Northern Rail, TransPennine Express, CrossCountry
continues to Middlesbrough, Newcastle and Scarborough
1 Although stations are in North Yorkshire, MetroCards are valid at these stations 2 Limited Service only 3 Service continues along Caldervale Line to Manchester Victoria via Hebden Bridge
WYPTE has had a programme of reopening railway stations throughout its existence and has reopened at least 20 stations in West Yorkshire since it came into being in 1974. The stations it has reopened are:
1983 - Bramley
1984 - Saltaire
1989 - Berry Brow
1990 - Walsden and Steeton and Silsden
There are plans to reopen further stations including at Apperley Bridge and Kirkstall Forge on the Airedale Line, hopefully in 2012 and Low Moor near Bradford on the Caldervale Line. New stations are also planned at Horsforth Woodside and East Leeds Parkway which would be located at Micklefield.
As of 2008/9 the current MetroTrain brand is being phased out by Northern Rail. The branding is still seen on some British Rail Class 321s, British Rail Class 333s & British Rail Class 144s but these are currently being re-painted with Northern's own branding.
In 2001 Metro (the West Yorkshire PTE), came up with Leeds Supertram, with the idea of operating (and, to some extent bringing back) a tram network for Leeds. After the original scheme exceeded its budget, the Government asked Metro to look at ways of reducing cost of Supertram. In the spring of 2005 Metro went back to the Government with a re-costed plan but the Secretary of State for Transport (then Alistair Darling) rejected the proposal after the 2005 General Election. Mr. Darling responded by pointing to plans by a private bus operator for a bus system where the vehicles were designed to look like trams.
The Leeds SuperTram project is considered one of the major victims of the "Darling Axe".
This is not the first time such a scheme has been unsuccessfully pursued. In the mid-1980s the PTE was interested in bringing back trolleybuses in Bradford, but this came to naught.
- Commuter rail in the United Kingdom
- ^ Colin Speakeman (1985). Public Transport in West Yorkshire, Ten Years of Achievement. Metro–West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. ISBN 0951020102.
- ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
- ^ Her Majesty's Stationery Office, Aspects of Britain: Local Government, (1996)
- ^ "Metro - Buses - Bus Operators". Metro. http://www.wymetro.com/BusTravel/LocalBusOperators. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- ^ a b "Metro - Mybus-schoolbuses - 'My bus' school transport: How it works". Metro. http://www.wymetro.com/BusTravel/SchoolTransport/MyBus/HowDoesYellowBusWork.htm. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- ^ a b "Metro - Executive Summary – My bus report". Metro. http://www.wymetro.com/NR/rdonlyres/6B865068-ACFC-4670-866A-3F4C09C38C510/Mybus_ExecutiveSummary.pdf. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
- ^ "WestYorkshireBusesWebsite . . . . a to z". West Yorkshire Buses. http://www.westyorkshirebuses.freeserve.co.uk/wyatoz.htm. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- ^ "Metro - Timetables & routes - West Yorkshire's rail network timetable". Metro. http://www.wymetro.com/TrainTravel/traintimetables/Network. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- ^ "Metro - Timetables & routes - Train routes and timetables". Metro. http://www.wymetro.com/TrainTravel/traintimetables. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
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