- Passenger Transport Executive
United Kingdom, Passenger Transport Executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transportwithin large urban areas. They are accountableto bodies called Passenger Transport Authorities (PTAs) (see below).
There are six PTEs in
England, one for each of the metropolitan counties.
Scotland, the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport, formerly Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive, covers the former region of Strathclyde, which includes the urban area around Glasgow.
A similar body,
Transport for London, exists in Greater London.
shire countyareas, similar functions are carried out by county councils.
The PTEs are represented by the Passenger Transport Executive Group (known as "pteg"). Strathclyde Partnership for Transport and Transport for London are both Associate Members of "pteg".
The first PTEs and PTAs were first established in the late 1960s by the
Transport Act 1968as transport authorities serving large conurbations, by the then transport minister Barbara Castle. Prior to this, public transport was run by individual local authorities and private companies, with little co-ordination. The PTE's took over municipal bus operations from individual councils, and became responsible for managing local rail networks.
The 1968 act created five PTE/As. These were:
*West Midlands on
October 1, 1969
*SELNEC (South East Lancashire North East Cheshire) on
November 1, 1969(Now Greater Manchester)
December 1, 1969
January 1, 1970(Now Tyne and Wear)
*Greater Glasgow on
June 1, 1973(also operated the Glasgow Subway)
Initially they covered slightly different areas to the ones they cover today. Local government in England was re-organised in 1974 by the
Local Government Act 1972. The re-organisation created the six metropolitan counties, and the existing five English PTEs were named after, and made to match the borders of the new counties (for example West Midlands PTE was expanded to take on Coventryand Tyneside PTE expanded to include Sunderlandbecoming Tyne and Wear PTE in the process). In addition to this, two new PTEs were created for the newly established metropolitan counties of South Yorkshireand West Yorkshire.
The 1974 reorganisation also abolished the PTAs, and their role was taken over by the Metropolitan
county councils(MCCs). However when the MCCs were abolished in 1986, the PTAs were re-created.
Local government re-organisation in Scotland in 1975 created the region of
Strathclyde, and the existing Greater Glasgow PTE was named after, and made to cover the new region.
Until the mid-1980s the PTEs operated
busservices in their areas, but bus deregulationby the Transport Act 1985 forced the PTAs to sell their bus fleets to private operators. They were also stripped of their powers to regulate the fares and timetables of private bus operators.
*The PTAs are now responsible for subsidising bus services which are not profitable to run but are considered socially necessary, and the PTEs organise this role on their behalf. And for providing bus shelters and stations.
*Most PTEs do not operate public transport services. There are limited number of cases where they do - the
Tyne and WearPTE operates the Tyne and Wear Metro, and Strathclyde Passenger Transport operates the Glasgow Subway. In Merseyside, Strathclyde and Tyne and Wear, some ferryservices are operated by the PTEs.
*The PTEs, on the PTAs' behalf, have retained more powers over local train services, which they do not operate but are responsible for setting fares and timetables of.
*The PTEs are also responsible for planning and funding new public transport facilities, such as
light railsystems and new stations.
*They fund concessionary travel schemes for the elderly and disabled including free passes and "Dial-a-Ride" services.
*They are also responsible for giving out travel information about transport services.
Transport Act 2000made PTAs and metropolitan boroughs jointly responsible for producing Local Transport Plans in their areas.
In recent years the PTEs and PTAs have campaigned to be given more powers to regulate local bus services, as is the case in London (see
Passenger Transport Authorities
The Passenger Transport Authorities (PTAs) are the bodies which administer the executives, they are made up of councillors representing the areas served by the PTEs. They are responsible for funding the PTEs, and making the policies which the PTEs carry out on their behalf. PTEs secure services on behalf of the PTA but it is the PTA that pays for them.
In the six metropolitan counties, councillors are appointed to the PTAs by the
metropolitan boroughs, or in the case of Strathclyde by the twelve unitary authoritycouncils in the area.
The Passenger Transport Authorities are not "precepting authorities", so they have to negotiate a "levy" every year that is applied to council tax collected by the local authorities in the areas that they serve. The Executive usually requests a budget and the council representatives on the PTAs negotiate from this position.
It is worth bearing in mind that PTEs do not, strictly speaking, own anything - their role is a statutory one to provide services using the resources provided to them by the PTAs. Whilst such a structure might appear to allow a PTA to sack its respective PTE, this is not permitted.
2007 Local Transport Bill
A number of changes to PTE/As are to be made under the Local Transport Bill [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200708/ldbills/001/en/index_001.htm Local Transport Bill] - From publications.parliament.uk ] currently passing through parliament. If passed the main changes to be made will be:
*Passenger Transport Authorities (PTAs) would to be renamed as Integrated Transport Authorities (ITAs) although PTEs would retain their current names.
*The bill would allow for the possibility of new PTEs being created, and for the areas of existing ones to be altered.
*The bill would strengthen the powers of PTEs/ITAs to regulate bus services, and would make ITAs the sole transport planning authorities in their areas.
pteg, or the Passenger Transport Executive Group, is a federated body that brings together and promotes the interests of the six PTEs in England, plus associated members Strathclyde Partnership for Transport and Transport for London.
pteg's main tasks are facilitating the exchange of knowledge and good practice within the PTE network, and raising awareness nationally about the key transport challenges which face the city regions, and the public transport solutions which PTEs are implementing.
pteg's strategy and policy is determined by the Directors General of the PTEs, who meet at least quarterly. pteg also administers a number of task groups and committees which bring together professionals from the PTEs, SPT and TfL to focus on specific policy areas, and to share expertise and good practice. The pteg Support Unit, based in Leeds, coordinates pteg’s activities and acts as a central point of contact. pteg publish all their reports and publications on their web site (see below).
History of the PTE bus operations
* [http://www.pteg.net/ "pteg" - (Passenger Transport Executive Group)] - An association of PTEs
* [http://www.pteg.net/NR/rdonlyres/D4358A1B-DBBA-4FC0-810C-D3F628114324/0/PTEAPowers20051115.pdf Comprehensive guide to PTEs and PTAs] - In pdf format
* [http://ec.europa.eu/transport/road/policy/access_market/rules_road_passenger_general_en.htm EU: passenger transport policy] .
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