Special needs

Special needs

Special needs is a term used in clinical diagnostic and functional development to describe individuals who require assistance for disabilities such as medical, mental, or psychological. For instance, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or the International Classification of Diseases 9th edition both give guidelines for clinical diagnosis. Autism, Down syndrome, developmental delays, blindness, and cystic fibrosis are examples of special needs.

More narrowly, it is a legal term applying in foster care in the United States, derived from the language in the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997. It is a diagnosis used to classify children as needing "more" services than those children without special needs who are in the foster care system. It is a diagnosis based on behavior, childhood and family history, and is usually made by a health care professional.

U.S. special needs adoption statistics

In the United States, more than 150,000 children with special needs are waiting for permanent homes. Traditionally, children with special needs have been considered harder to place for adoption than other children, but experience has shown that many children with special needs can be placed successfully with families who want them. The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-89) has focused more attention on finding homes for children with special needs and making sure they receive the post-adoption services they need. The United States Congress enacted the law to ensure that children in foster care, who cannot be reunited with their birth parents, are freed for adoption and placed with permanent families as quickly as possible.

See, http://www.specialneedsneighborhood.com, a meeting place for parents/caregivers of kids with special needs who are seeking resources.

See also

* Developmentally disabled


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Special Needs — Single par Placebo extrait de l’album Sleeping With Ghosts Face A Special Needs Sortie 15 septembre 2003 Durée 05:19 Parolier Brian Molko …   Wikipédia en Français

  • special needs — noun plural the particular needs of people who are physically or mentally disabled a. only before noun relating to people who have special needs, or the things that are provided for them: special needs students special needs education …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • special needs — n [plural] needs that someone has because they have mental or physical problems ▪ children with special needs …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • special needs — same as ↑special educational needs above. • • • Main Entry: ↑special …   Useful english dictionary

  • special needs — The needs of a person with disabilities for things and services other than food and shelter, which SSI provides. Category: Wills, Trusts & Estates → Getting Your Affairs in Order Category: Wills, Trusts & Estates → Living Trusts & Avoiding… …   Law dictionary

  • special needs — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ particular educational requirements resulting from learning difficulties, physical disability, or emotional and behavioural difficulties …   English terms dictionary

  • special needs — 1) N PLURAL: oft N n People with special needs are people who need special help or care, for example because they are physically or mentally disabled. [BRIT] ...a school for children with special needs. ...a teacher who s worked with special… …   English dictionary

  • special-needs — spe·cial needs or special needs (spĕshʹəl nēdzʹ) adj. Of or relating to people who have specific needs, as those associated with a disability: special needs housing; a special needs teacher * * * …   Universalium

  • special needs — UK / US noun [plural] a) the particular needs of people who have physical or mental disabilities b) [only before noun] relating to people who have special needs, or to the things that are provided for them special needs students special needs… …   English dictionary

  • special needs — noun Needs for special care, services or accommodations. He is a child with special needs …   Wiktionary

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