- Transport in England
The British rail network is largely based on services originating from one of
London's rail termini operating in all directions.
National Express East Coast
London Kings Crossto the North East: Leeds, York, Newcastle upon Tyne(onwards to Scotland).
London Eustonto the midlands: Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Coventry.
London Eustonto the northwest: Liverpool, Manchester, Lancaster, Carlisle(onwards to Scotland).
First Great Western
London Paddingtonto the southwest: Reading, Swindon, Bristol(onwards to South Wales), Exeter, Plymouth.
South West Trains
London Waterlooto the south.
London Fenchurch Streetto Southend.
London Victoriato the south: Southampton, Brighton.
London St Pancrasto the southeast: Ashford, Margate, Canterbury.
London Maryleboneto the midlands.
Long distance travel that doesn't pass through London is generally referred to as "cross country" travel. Most services are operated by
CrossCountryand often terminate in Walesor Scotland.
Regional train services also exist.
Two cities in England have
rapid transitsystems. Most well known is the London Underground(commonly known as the Tube), the oldest and longest rapid transit system in the world. Also in Londonare the separate Docklands Light Railway(though this is integrated with the Underground in many ways), and the North London Line, operated by Silverlink(formerly by British Rail). Outside of London, there is the Tyne and Wear Metro. However, many other cities in the UK have rapid transit systems combined of local or light rail with bus and tram systems.
Trams and light rail
Tramsystems were popular in England in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. However, with the rise of the motor bus and later the car they began to be widely dismantled in the 1950s. By 1962, only Blackpool tramwayremained. However in recent years trams have seen a revival, as in other countries, as have light rail systems. Examples of this second generation of tram systems and light rail include:
Docklands Light Railwayin East London.
Manchester Metrolinkin Greater Manchester.
Sheffield Supertramin Sheffield.
Midland Metroin the West Midlands.
Merseytramin Merseyside(planned, but currently suspended).
Rail links with adjacent countries
* Wales; yes.
* Scotland; yes.
* France; yes; via
* Ireland; no; proposed via an
Irish Sea Tunnel.
England contains a vast majority of the UK's motorways, dating from the first built in 1958 (part of the M6) to the most recent (
M6 Toll). Important motorways include:Note: There is no defintion of a major motorway. Those in the table are particularly important due to their destinations, and other motorways exist. Where a major city (such as London) is given as a destination it is usually to give a general idea of the location, as most (London) motorways end outside the actual city (for example, the M40 actually ends in Buckinghamshire).
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