infobox UK place
country = England
population = 14,740
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
constituency_westminster= Harrogate and Knaresborough
postcode_district = HG5
Knaresborough is an historic
market townand spa townin the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England, located four miles east of Harrogatetown.
Knaresborough is mentioned in the
Domesday BookCite web|title=A Brief History|work=Harrogate council|url=http://www.harrogate.gov.uk/pdf/HBCDatafile04_pt2.pdf|year=2004|accessdate=2007-07-24] as Chednaresburg or Chenaresburg. Knaresborough Castledates from Norman times,Cite web|title=Knaresborough Castle|work=Knaresborough online|url=http://www.knaresborough.co.uk/castle/history.htm|year=2005|accessdate=2007-07-24] and around 1100, the town began to grow and provide a market and attract traders to service the castle. The present Parish church of St. John's was also established around this time. The earliest name for a Lord of Knaresborough is from around 1115 when Serlo de Burgh held the 'Honour of Knaresborough' from the King [ Dr Maurice Turner 'A Brief History of Knaresborough' 1990 ] .
Dr Arnold Kellett has established that the first
Maundy Moneywas given out in Knaresborough by King John.cite book |first=Arnold |last=Kellet |year=1991 |title=Historic Knaresborough|isbn=978-1870071666] Knaresborough Forest, which extended far south, is reputed to have been one of King John's favourite hunting grounds.
During the Civil War, following the
Battle of Marston Moor( July 2 1644), the castle was besieged by Parliamentary forces. The castle eventually fell and in 1646 an order was made by Parliament for its destruction (but not carried out till 1648). The destruction was mainly done by citizens looting the stone. Many town centre buildings are built of 'castle stone'.
Bishop of Knaresboroughis a suffragan bishopin the Diocese of Ripon and Leeds.
Attractions and events
Sights in the town include remains of
Knaresborough Castle, Mother Shipton's petrifying well, The House in the Rock, and several cavedwellings, one a chapel, dating from the Middle Ages. Knaresborough is also the site of the oldest chemist shop in England, opened in 1720.Every year the town hosts a number of large social events, chief among them being the "Knaresborough Bed Race". Every summer, teams of locals and visitors, comprising six runners and one passenger, decorate special tube frame 'beds' for a parade through the town. Then, once the beds have been stripped of their non-essential decorations, they compete to push the bed on a combination race/time trial through the town. The climax of the race comes when the teams must cross the River Niddand climb a steep muddy bank to reach the finish line. Beds without sufficient flotation devices have been known to sink. Although most teams are local, competitors often come from across the country and from Knaresborough's German twin town Bebrato compete. Past celebrities who have taken part include James Whale and Peter Duncan, who famously ran the course for his show ' Duncan Dares'.
Another notable sporting feature is the Knaresborough Fun Run, which takes place in May every year. This is organised by [http://www.king-james.co.uk/ King James's School] , and raises money for the PTA. There is a 2.5 mile course, run round the town, taking in Abbey Road, and Crag Top, and a 10K route, which heads out towards the villages.
There is also a yearly arts festival, FEVA (Festival of Entertainment and Visual Arts), which has been running since 2001. This takes place in the summer in various parts of the town centre. [ [http://www.feva.info/ FEVA - Knaresborough Festival of Entertainment and Visual Arts ] ]
Public Open Spaces
The principle areas of public open space in the town are the
Knaresborough Castlegrounds, the nearby Bebra Gardens (formerly Moat Gardens) named after Knaresborough's twin town in Germany, the Conyngham Hall grounds, Horseshoe Field, the King George V Playing Field. Jacob Smith Park, a 30 hectare parkland on the edge of the town bequeathed to Knaresborough by Miss Winifred Jacob Smith. There is currently a project underway to [http://www.knaresborough.co.uk/bebragardens/pressept06.htm revamp the Bebra gardens]
* St Robert, a 12th. century hermit. St. Robert's cave can be found near the river Nidd.
Ursula Southeil, better known as Mother Shipton was a medieval seerwho is said to have been born in a cavesouth of the town.
* John Metcalf, otherwise known as "Blind Jack". Lost his sight in childhood, violin player, local guide, bridgebuilder and roadmaker. A public house in the market square bears his name.
Philip Inman, 1st Baron Inman, former Chairman of the BBC was born here
Guy Fawkesonce lived in Scotton near Knaresborough
* Richard II was imprisoned in the town
Robert Aagaard, a Knaresborough manufacturer, founded the youth movement Cathedral Camps
* The four knights accused of murdering
Thomas Becketwere also said to have taken refuge in Knaresborough.
* The noted 18th century scholar and murderer
Eugene Aramlived here.
Knaresborough is served by
Knaresborough railway station, on the Harrogate Lineto Leedsand Yorkand is serviced by Northern Rail. The town lies some four miles from junction 47 of the A1 (M) Motorway(Great North Road). It is further served by the Harrogate and Districtbus company.
Knaresborough Town F.C.are the town's predominant football team and are based at Manse Lane; they play in the West Yorkshire Football League. However, Knaresborough Celtic also provide youth football with junior teams from Under 6s to Under 17s.
[http://www.kfcc.co.uk/ Knaresborough Forest Cricket Club] were crowned Nidderdale League Division 3 winners in 2005 then promoted from Division 2 as runners-up in the following season.
Knaresborough town mayor
* [http://www.knaresborough.co.uk/ Knaresborough Online] - Knaresborough Community Website since 1998
* [http://www.northyorks.com/knaresborough.htm Knaresborough Mini Guide]
* [http://www.knaresboroughonline.co.uk Knaresborough Online] Knaresborough Community Website.
* [http://www.knaresborough.co.uk/bedrace/ Knaresborough Bed Race]
* [http://www.knaresboroughinbloom.co.uk/ Knaresborough in Bloom]
* [http://www.knaresborough.co.uk/knaresboroughniddgorge/ Knaresborough Nidd Gorge Conservation Group]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Knaresborough — Viadukt über den Fluss Nidd Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Knaresborough — (spr. Nehrsborro), Stadt am Nidd in Westriding der englischen Grafschaft York; Grammarschule, Baumwollenmanufacturen, Leinwandwebereien; Eisenbahnverbindung mit York u. Leeds; 6000 Ew.; dabei kalte tropfende Mineralquellen, gut gegen Wassersucht … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Knaresborough — (spr. nǟrsböro), Stadt im Westbezirk von Yorkshire (England), malerisch am Nidd gelegen, den hier Felsen einengen, und von den großartigen Ruinen eines Schlosses aus der Zeit Eduards III. überragt, hat eine alte gotische Kirche, Lateinschule,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Knaresborough — 54° 00′ 26″ N 1° 28′ 10″ W / 54.00719, 1.46932 … Wikipédia en Français
Knaresborough — Original name in latin Knaresborough Name in other language Knaresborough, Nejrsboro, Нейрсборо State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.0091 latitude 1.46851 altitude 77 Population 14740 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Knaresborough — ▪ England, United Kingdom town (“parish”), Harrogate borough, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, northern England. It lies on the left bank of the River Nidd where the river has cut a deep gorge in… … Universalium
KNARESBOROUGH — (5), Yorkshire market town, 14 m. W. of York; manufactures woollen rugs, grinds flour, and trades in corn … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Knaresborough Castle — is a ruined fortress overlooking the River Nidd in the town of Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, England (gbmapping|SE348569).HistoryIt was built around 1100 by a Norman baron on a cliff above the River Nidd. In the 1170s Hugh de Moreville and his… … Wikipedia
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Knaresborough Town F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Knaresborough Town fullname = Knaresborough Town Football Club nickname = founded = prior to 1902 (as Knaresborough) ground = Manse Lane, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire capacity = Unknown chairman =… … Wikipedia