President of Moldova


President of Moldova
President of Moldova
Preşedintele Republicii Moldova
Standard of the President of Moldova.svg
Standard of the President of Moldova
Incumbent
Marian Lupu (Acting)

since December 30, 2010
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential palace
Condriţa
Appointer Parliament of Moldova
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
Formation September 3, 1990
Website www.presedinte.md
Moldova

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The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova.

Contents

Description of the post

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, of the unity and territorial integrity of the nation. The President is indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term. Presidents are limited to two terms.

Acting President

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Preşedinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

When the office of the President of the Republic of Moldova becomes vacant or the President has been suspended from office, or finds himself in the temporary impossibility of discharging his duties, the responsibility of the office shall devolve ad interim on the President of Parliament or the Prime Minister, in that priority order.

Suspension from Office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if a two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office may be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the president without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.

Vacancy

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate of resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.


List of people who occupied the post of President or equivalent

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917-1918)

Picture Name From Until Party
Ion C. Inculeţ (1884-1940), President of Moldavian Democratic Republic.jpg Ion Inculeţ December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940-1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

  • Fyodor Brovko (28 June 1940 - 29 March 1951)
  • Ivan Koditsa (29 March 1951 - 5 April 1963)
  • Kirill Ilyashenko (5 April 1963 - 10 April 1980)
  • Ivan Călin (10 April 1980 - 24 December 1985)
  • Aleksandr Mokanu (24 December 1985 - 12 July 1989)
  • Ivan Ceban (12 July 1989 - 29 July 1989)
  • Mircea Ion Snegur (29 July 1989 - 27 April 1990)

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

  • Piotr Borodin (2 August 1940 - 11 February 1942) (in exile in Russian SFSR from 1941)
  • Nikita Salogor (13 February 1942 - 5 January 1946) (in exile in Russian SFSR until 1944) (acting)
  • Nicolae Coval (5 January 1946 - July 1950)
  • Leonid Brezhnev (26 July 1950 - 25 October 1952)
  • Dimitri Gladki (25 October 1952 - 8 February 1954)
  • Zinovie Serdiuk (8 February 1954 - 29 May 1961)
  • Ivan Bodiul (29 May 1961 - 22 December 1980)
  • Semion Grossu (22 December 1980 - 16 December 1989)
  • Petru Lucinschi (16 November 1989 - 5 February 1991)
  • Grigore Eremei (5 February - August 1991)

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Picture Name From Until Party
Mircea Snegur 27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991-Present)

No Picture Name Took office Left office Party
1 Standard of the President of Moldova.svg Mircea Snegur 3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Non-party
2 Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg Petru Lucinschi 15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Agrarian Party of Moldova
3 Vladimir Voronin 2006.jpg Vladimir Voronin 7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists
Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Mihai Ghimpu
(Acting)
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat.jpg Vlad Filat
(Acting)
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu.JPG Marian Lupu
(Acting)
30 December 2010 Incumbent Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)

See also

External links


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