List of heads of state of Hungary


List of heads of state of Hungary
President of the
Republic of Hungary
Standard of the President of Hungary.svg
Standard of the President
Incumbent
Pál Schmitt

since 6 August 2010
Residence Sándor Palace
Appointer National Assembly
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mátyás Szűrös
Formation 18 October 1989
Website The Office of the President of the Republic of Hungary
Hungary

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Hungary



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For earlier rulers, see Grand Prince of the Hungarians, King of Hungary and List of rulers of Hungary

Contents

Heads of State of Hungary

Hungarian Revolution of 1848

Parties       Opposition Party

Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
Kossuth-Photo.jpg Lajos Kossuth 14 April 1849 11 August 1849 Opposition Party Governor-President; appointed after the declaration of independent Hungarian state.
Barabas Gorgei Artur.jpg Artúr Görgey
acting civil and military authority
11 August 1849 13 August 1849 Military Surrendered Hungarian army to the Russian troops at Világos; the end of the Revolution.

Hungarian Democratic Republic (1918–1919)

Parties       Independence Party

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
1 Karolyi.jpg Mihály Károlyi 16 November 1918 21 March 1919 Independence Party President of the Republic

Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)

Parties       Socialist Party of Hungary       MSZDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
2 Garbai Kalló Kiskunhalas.JPG Sándor Garbai 21 March 1919 1 August 1919 Socialist Party of Hungary Chairman of the Central Executive Council/Prime Minister; Hungarian–Romanian War.
3 Peidl.jpg Gyula Peidl 1 August 1919 6 August 1919 MSZDP Acting President/Prime Minister; the end of the Hungarian–Romanian War.

Romanian Occupation (1919–1920)

Parties       KNEP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
4 Joseph August Austria 1872 1962 in1916.jpg Joseph August 6 August 1919 23 August 1919 Independent Regent; Romania occupies Hungary.
Friedrich.JPG István Friedrich 23 August 1919 24 November 1919 Independent → KNEP Acting Head of State/Prime Minister; Romanian occupation continues.
Huszar Karoly.jpg Károly Huszár 24 November 1919 1 March 1920 KNEP Acting Head of State/Prime Minister; Romanian occupation ends.

Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1944)

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
1 Horthy the regent.jpg Miklós Horthy 1 March 1920 15 October 1944 Independent Regent of a Kingdom with no King on the throne

Government of National Unity (1944–1945)

Parties       Arrow Cross Party

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
Ferenc Szálasi 1944.jpg Ferenc Szálasi 16 October 1944 28 March 1945 Arrow Cross Party Leader of the Nation for an Arrow Cross-dominated puppet-government in the Nazi occupied portions of the country; Hungary is occupied by Nazi Germany.

Soviet Backed Provisional Governments (1944–1946)

Parties       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
Noimage.png Béla Miklós
in opposition
21 December 1944 25 January 1945 Independent Prime Minister for a Communist-dominated puppet-government in the Soviet occupied portions of the country; Hungary is occupied by the Red Army.
Noimage.png High National Council
in opposition to 28 March 1945
26 January 1945 1 February 1946 Multi-party Collective Head of State of the Kingdom of Hungary

Republic of Hungary (1946–1949)

Parties       FKGP       MKP-MDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
5 Noimage.png Zoltán Tildy 1 February 1946 2 August 1948 FKGP President of the Republic
6 Noimage.png Árpád Szakasits 2 August 1948 23 August 1949 MKP President of the Republic

People's Republic of Hungary (1949–1989)

Parties       MDP-MSZMP       Non-partisan

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
7 Noimage.png Árpád Szakasits 23 August 1949 26 April 1950 MDP Chairman of the Presidential Council
8 Noimage.png Sándor Rónai 26 April 1950 14 August 1952 MDP Chairman of the Presidential Council
9 Noimage.png István Dobi 14 August 1952 13 April 1967 MSZMP Chairman of the Presidential Council
10 Noimage.png Pál Losonczi 13 April 1967 25 June 1987 MSZMP Chairman of the Presidential Council
11 Noimage.png Károly Németh 25 June 1987 29 June 1988 MSZMP Chairman of the Presidential Council
12 Noimage.png Brunó Ferenc Straub 29 June 1988 18 October 1989 Non-partisan Chairman of the Presidential Council

Republic of Hungary (1989–Present)

Parties       MSZMP-MSZP       SZDSZ       Non-partisan       Fidesz

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
Szuros matyas.jpg Mátyás Szűrös 18 October 1989 2 May 1990 MSZMP Interim President
13 Goncz arpad.jpg Árpád Göncz 2 May 1990 4 August 2000 SZDSZ President of the Republic
14 Ferenc Mádl.jpg Ferenc Mádl 4 August 2000 5 August 2005 Non-partisan President of the Republic
15 László Sólyom.jpg László Sólyom 5 August 2005 6 August 2010 Non-partisan President of the Republic
16 Pál Schmitt (2011).jpg Pál Schmitt 6 August 2010 Incumbent Fidesz President of the Republic

General Secretaries of the Hungarian Communist/Socialist Workers' Party (1945–1989)

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Notes
1 Matyas Rakosi.jpg Mátyás Rákosi February 1945 18 July 1956 MDP also Prime Minister (1952-1953)
2 Noimage.png Ernő Gerő 18 July 1956 25 October 1956 MDP
3 János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg János Kádár 25 October 1956 27 May 1988 MSZMP also Prime Minister (1956-1958 and 1961-1965)
4 Noimage.png Károly Grósz 27 May 1988 26 June 1989 MSZMP Prime Minister (1987-1988)
5 Noimage.png Rezső Nyers 26 June 1989 7 October 1989 MSZMP chairman, not General Secretary

Living former Presidents

Name Term Date of birth
Mátyás Szűrös 1989–1990 11 September 1933
Árpád Göncz 1990–2000 10 February 1922
László Sólyom 2005–2010 3 January 1942

Latest election

Hungarian Presidential elections, 2010[1]
Candidate Nominating Party Votes  %
Pál Schmitt Fidesz 263 68.1
András Balogh Hungarian Socialist Party 59 15.3
Did not vote[note 1] 20 5.2
Invalid votes[note 2] 44 11.4
Total votes 366 94.8
Total seats 386 100.00
  1. ^ 20 MPs opted for not registering and did not pick up their ballots
  2. ^ 44 empty ballots cast with neither candidate supported

See also

References


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