Chancellor of Austria


Chancellor of Austria
Chancellor of the
Republic of Austria
Austria Bundesadler.svg
Coat of arms
Incumbent
Werner Faymann

since 12 December 2008
Residence Ballhausplatz 2
Appointer Heinz Fischer,
as President of Austria
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Karl Renner,
12 November 1918
Formation First Austrian Republic,
12 November 1918
Website www.bundeskanzler.at
Austria

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Austria



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
view · talk · edit

The Federal Chancellor (German: Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. Its deputy is the Vice-Chancellor. Before 1918, the equivalent office was the Minister-President of Austria. The Federal Chancellor (also known more simply as the Chancellor) is considered to be the most powerful political position in Austrian politics.

Contents

Appointment

The Chancellor is appointed by the President of Austria. The Chancellor assumes his office immediately after the appointment and is sworn in by the president.

In theory, the President can select anyone he wishes to be Chancellor. In practice, since the National Council has the right to pass a motion of no confidence in the government at any time, the Chancellor is always the leader of the majority party in the chamber or the biggest party in the governing coalition.

Role and powers

The Chancellor is "primus inter pares" ("first among equals") in the Austrian government. He chairs the meetings of the Austrian government but has no power to instruct other Federal Ministers. He is not the head of state, nor is he the commander in chief of the Austrian Armed Forces. Both roles are vested with the Federal President. The Chancellor cannot appoint nor dismiss other federal ministers. He can only recommend such an action to the Federal President, who may then appoint or dismiss a minister. However, it has become a very strong constitutional convention for the President to act on the Chancellor's advice. Furthermore the Chancellor normally also heads a federal ministry. Thus, although considered as the most powerful political position in Austria, he has a much weaker standing than the United States President or the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

The political power of the Chancellor mainly derives from his power in his political party, which he normally chairs, and can vary a lot depending on whether there is a coalition or a single-party cabinet. Normally the Chancellor is the leader of the biggest party in the Austrian parliament, however the Federal President is free to appoint any other person also. In 2000 the Federal president appointed Wolfgang Schüssel although his party then had only been 3rd in the previous elections.

List of Chancellors of Austria

See also

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vice-Chancellor of Austria — Austria This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Austria …   Wikipedia

  • Chancellor (disambiguation) — Chancellor is a political title. Chancellors include: Chancellor of Austria, the Austrian head of government Chancellor of Germany, the German head of government Chancellor of the Exchequer, the British finance minister Chancellor of the Duchy of …   Wikipedia

  • Chancellor, Federal —    The title of chancellor (Germ.: Kanzler) in the Second Austrian Republic was passed on from the administration of the First Republic. Though some high officials of the former Habsburg Empire and the Holy Roman Empire had also been called… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Chancellor — This article is about the position in government. For other uses, see Chancellor (disambiguation). This series is part of the Politics series Executive branch Head of state Dictator Monarch President Government Head of g …   Wikipedia

  • AUSTRIA — AUSTRIA, country in Central Europe. Middle Ages Jews lived in Austria from the tenth century. However the history of the Jews in Austria from the late Middle Ages was virtually that of the Jews in vienna and its environs. In the modern period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Austria at the Time of National Socialism — describes in particular the period of Austrian history from March 12, 1938 when the German annexation of Austria made Austria part of the German Third Reich until the end of World War II in spring 1945. Early history In 1918, at the end of World… …   Wikipedia

  • Chancellor of Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) — Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany Bundeskanzler Coat of Arms of the German Government …   Wikipedia

  • Chancellor of Germany — Chancellor of Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Austria history: chronology —  ♦ 5000 BCE Late Stone Age culture.  ♦ 2000 Indo Germanic settlements northwest of Vienna.  ♦ 800 Bronze Age settlements on the Vienna Hoher Markt.  ♦ 750 Hallstatt culture.  ♦ 400 Celtic culture.  ♦ 15 Roman occupation of province of Noricum.  ♦ …   Historical dictionary of Austria


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.