President of Georgia


President of Georgia

The President of Georgia ( _ka. საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი) is the commander-in-chief of Georgia. Presidents serve five-year terms.

Duties

The President awards state decorations and has the power to grant pardons.

Before the amendments to the Constitution made in February 2004 the President also served as the head of government.

Oath

On the third Sunday after the presidential elections the inauguration is held. The President takes an oath before God and the Nation:

"მე საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი, ღვთისა და ერის წინაშე ვაცხადებ, რომ დავიცავ საქართველოს კონსტიტუციას, ქვეყნის დამოუკიდებლობას, ერთიანობასა და განუყოფლობას, კეთილსინდისიერად აღვასრულებთ პრეზიდენტის მოვალეობას, ვიზრუნებ ჩემი ქვეყნის მოქალაქეთა უსაფრთხოებისა და კეთილდღეობისათვის, ჩემი ხალხის და მამულის აღორძინებისა და ძლევამოსილებისათვის!"

"I, the President of Georgia, solemnly pledge before God and my nation to defend the Constitution of Georgia and the independence, unity and inseparability of my country. I will honestly perform the duties of President. I will protect the welfare and security of my people, and will care for the revival and might of my Nation and Fatherland."

tandard (Flag)

The standard is the Georgian flag, charged in the center with the Georgian coat of arms. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, at the Chancellary Building, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Georgia.

Leaders of Georgia since 1918

Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921)

Head of state

*Noe Nikolozis dze Zhordania (26 May 1918 - 12 March 1919) (President of National Council to October 1918, then President of Parliament)

President of Constituent Assembly

*Nikolay Chkheidze (12 March 1919 - 25 February 1921)

Democratic Republic of Georgia in Exile (1921-1954)

Heads of state

*Noe Nikolozis dze Zhordania (18 March 1921 - 11 January 1953) (in exile in Leuville-sur-Orge, France)
*Yevgeniy Petrovich Gegechkori (1953 - 1954) (in exile in Leuville-sur-Orge, France)

Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1922-1936) and Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936-1991)

First secretaries of the Georgian Communist Party

*Mamia Dmitriyevich Orakhelishvili (March 1921 - April 1922)
*Mikhail S. Okudzhava (April - 22 October 1922)
*Vissarion Vissarionovich Lominadze (25 October 1922 - August 1924)
*Mikhail Ivanovich Kakhiani (August 1924 - May 1930)
*Levan Davydovich Gogoberidze (May - 19 November 1930)
*Samson Andreyevich Mamulia (20 November 1930 - 11 September 1931)
*Lavrenty Iosipovich Kartvelishvili (11 September - 14 November 1931)
*Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria (14 November 1931 - 18 October 1932) (1st time)
*Pyotr Semenovich Agniashvili (18 October 1932 - 15 January 1934)
*Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria (15 January 1934 - 31 August 1938) (2nd time)
*Kandid Nestorovich Charkviani (31 August 1938 - 2 April 1952)
*Akaki Ivanovich Mgeladze (2 April 1952 - 14 April 1953)
*Aleksandr Iordanovich Mirtskhulava (14 April - 19 September 1953)
*Vasily Pavlovich Mzhavanadze (20 September 1953 - 29 September 1972)
*Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze (29 September 1972 - 6 July 1985)
*Dzhumber Ilich Patiashvili (6 July 1985 - 14 April 1989)
*Givi Grigoryevich Gumbaridze (14 April 1989 - 7 December 1990)
*Avtandil Antonovich Margiani (7 December 1990 - 19 February 1991)
*Dzhemal Pridonovich Mikeladze (20 February - 26 August 1991)

Republic of Georgia (1991-Present)

Chairman of the Supreme Council

*Zviad Konstantines dze Gamsakhurdia (14 November 1990 - 14 April 1991)

Presidents

*Zviad Konstantines dze Gamsakhurdia (14 April 1991 - 6 January 1992)
*Tengiz Kalistratis dze Kitovani and Dzhaba Aleksandres dze Ioseliani (6 January - 10 March 1992) (co-leaders of the Military Council)

Chairman of the State Council

*Eduard Amvrosis dze Shevardnadze (10 March - 6 November 1992)

Chairman of the Parliament

*Eduard Amvrosis dze Shevardnadze (6 November 1992 - 26 November 1995)

Presidents

*Eduard Shevardnadze (26 November 1995 - 23 November 2003)
*Nino Burjanadze (22 November 2003 - 25 January 2004 (acting (in opposition to 23 November 2003))
*Mikheil Saakashvili (25 January 2004 - 25 November 2007)
*Nino Burjanadze (25 November 2007 - 20 January 2008) (acting)
*Mikheil Saakashvili (20 January 2008 - Present)

Administration of the President

*Ekaterine Sharashidze - Head of the Administration of the President
*Maka Skhirtladze - Deputy Head of the Administration of the President
*Lado Chanturia - Legal Councellor of the President of Georgia
*Dimitri Qitoshvili - Parliamentary Secretary of the President of Georgia

External links

* [http://www.president.gov.ge Official Site of the President of Georgia]


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