Deng Ai

Deng Ai
Deng Ai
General of Cao Wei
Born (Unknown)
Died 264
Simplified Chinese 邓艾
Traditional Chinese 鄧艾
Pinyin Dèng Ài
Wade-Giles Teng Ai
Style name Shizai (士载)

Deng Ai (died 264)[1] was a military general of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms era of Chinese history. It was said that whenever he saw a hill or wide valley, he would immediately size up the best places to store grain and position troops. His talent was recognized by Sima Yi, who recommended him to take up greater appointments. Deng Ai also defended Wei from attacks led by Jiang Wei of the rival state of Shu Han.

In 263, Deng Ai took part in the campaign against Shu with Zhong Hui. Jiang Wei fended them off somewhere south of Hanzhong. Deng Ai suggested to pass troops through Yinping (陰平) but Zhong Hui rejected the idea.

Deng Ai then carried out his own plan with his son Deng Zhong and troops and it turned out to be a great success. They eventually managed to enter Chengdu, and the Shu emperor Liu Shan surrendered.

Jiang Wei, however, did not want Shu to fall. He determined that Zhong Hui wanted to rebel against Wei. They united, defamed Deng Ai, and ordered Wei Guan to capture him. Jiang Wei's plan failed and the Wei army killed Zhong Hui and Jiang Wei. These soldiers tried to rescue Deng Ai, but Wei Guan feared that they might take vengeance on him so he killed both Deng Ai and Deng Zhong.

Deng Ai, prior to his appointment, was often harassed because of his stuttering problem, a fault which he used to his advantage in speaking with his superiors, who often regarded his curious stuttering as jokes or witty expressions.


Appointments and titles held

  • Official in the Grand Commandant's Office (太尉府掾屬)
  • Gentleman of the Imperial Secretariat (尚書郎)
  • Marquis of Guannei (關內侯)
  • Administrator of Runan (汝南太守)
  • Inspector of Yan Province (兗州刺史)
  • General Who Inspires Might (振威將軍)
  • General Who Pacifies the West (安西將軍)
  • General Who Guards the West (鎮西將軍)
  • Marquis of Deng (鄧侯)
  • General Who Attacks the West (征西將軍)

Modern references

Deng Ai is first introduced as a playable character in the seventh installment of Koei's Dynasty Warriors video game series.

See also


  1. ^ de Crespigny, Rafe (2007). A biographical dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23–220 AD). Brill. p. 109. ISBN 978-90-04-15605-0.