Wei Guan


Wei Guan

Wei Guan (衛瓘) (220-291), courtesy name Boyu (伯玉), formally Duke Cheng of Lanling (蘭陵成公), was a Cao Wei and Jin Dynasty (265-420) official.

Early life and career during Cao Wei

Wei Guan was from Hedong Commandery (roughly modern Yuncheng, Shanxi). His father Wei Ji (衛覬) was a high-level Cao Wei official and a marquess, who died in 229. Wei Guan inherited his title, and when he grew older became a low-level official. Throughout the years, he became known for his capability and was continuously promoted. After Cao Huan became emperor, he became the justice minister, and was known for his strength in logical thinking.

When the Cao Wei regent Sima Zhao commissioned Zhong Hui and Deng Ai to attack Shu Han in 263, Wei served as Deng's deputy. After Shu Han's fall that year, Zhong planned a rebellion, and the first step of his preparation was to falsely accuse Deng of crimes. Sima Zhao, believing Zhong's accusations, ordered Deng arrested, and Zhong in turn ordered Wei to arrest Deng, hoping that Wei would fail and be killed by Deng so that he could further affirm his accusations against Deng. Wei knew this, and surprised Deng in the middle of the night and arrested him successfully. When Zhong later declared his rebellion, Wei pretended to be seriously ill. Zhong therefore did not guard him securely, and later, Wei participated in rousing the troops to kill Zhong and thus end the rebellion. Fearful that Deng would then retaliate him, he had Deng tracked down and killed. When Du Yu publicly denounced Wei, instead of becoming angry and retaliate against Du, Wei visited Du to apologize to him. He also declined a larger march that Sima Zhao was ready to bestow on him for his accomplishments.

Career during Jin

In 265, Sima Zhao died and was succeeded as regent by his son Sima Yan, who later that year forced Cao Huan to abdicate to him, ending Cao Wei and establishing Jin (as Emperor Wu). Throughout Emperor Wu's reign, Wei Guan continued to be an important official and general, serving in a variety of roles capably. As a result, one of his brothers and one of his sons were granted marquess titles. Wei attempted to implement a revised civil service system, where the civil service examiner (中正) would have less input on grading officials, and actual job performance would become more important, but while Emperor Wu liked Wei's suggestions, he did not carry them out.

Wei was one of the few officials who dared to openly speak to Emperor Wu about his choice of crown prince, his son Sima Zhong, who was developmentally disabled. On one occasion, Emperor Wu, after Wei hinted that Crown Prince Zhong should not be crown prince, sent a number of inquiries to Crown Prince Zhong to have answered. When the inquiries were appropriately answered (because Crown Prince Zhong's wife Crown Princess Jia Nanfeng had someone else answer the inquiries for Crown Prince Zhong), Emperor Wu was happy and publicly showed Wei the answers, embarrassing Wei greatly and making it clear to other officials that Wei had said something.

After Emperor Wu's death in 290, Yang Jun, the father of Empress Dowager Yang assumed the regency for Crown Prince Zhong (who ascended the throne as Emperor Hui), but in 291 was overthrown and killed by Empress Jia. Wei was then made regent, along with Emperor Hui's granduncle Sima Liang. Wei and Sima Liang did tried to get the government on track, but Empress Jia continued to interfere with governmental matters. They also became concerned about the violent temper of Emperor Hui's brother Sima Wei the Prince of Chu (who was heavily involved in the coup against Yang Jun) and therefore tried to strip him of his military command, but Sima Wei persuaded Empress Jia to let him keep his military command. Sima Wei's assistants Qi Sheng (岐盛) and Gongsun Hong (公孫宏) thereafter falsely told Empress Jia that Sima Liang and Wei planned to depose the emperor. Empress Jia, who had already resented Wei for having, during Emperor Wu's reign, suggested that he change his heir selection, also wanted more direct control over the government, and therefore resolved to undergo a second coup.

In summer 291, Empress Jia had Emperor Hui personally write an edict to Sima Wei, ordering him to have Sima Liang and Wei removed from their offices. His forces thereby surrounded Sima Liang and Wei's mansions, and while both men's subordinates recommended resistance, each declined and was captured. Against what the edict said, both were killed -- Sima Liang with his heir Sima Ju (司馬矩) and Wei with nine of his sons and grandsons. After Empress Jia, concerned about Sima Wei's power, then falsely declared that the edict was forged by Sima Wei and had him executed, Wei was posthumousy honored and created a duke.

ee also

*Three Kingdoms
*Personages of the Three Kingdoms
*"Records of Three Kingdoms"
*"Romance of the Three Kingdoms"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wei Guan — (chinesisch 衛瓘 Wèi Guàn; * 220; † 291), stilisiert Boyu (伯玉 Bóyù), formell Fürst Cheng von Lanling (蘭陵成公 Lánlíng chénggōng) war ein Beamter der Wei und der Jin Dynastie. Karriere unter den Wei Wei Guan stammte aus der Hedong… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wei — Wèi (chinesisch 魏) bezeichnet: mehrere chinesische Staaten oder Dynastien: Wei (Staat) (445–225 v. Chr.) zur Zeit der Frühlings und Herbstannalen und der Streitenden Reiche Wei Dynastie (220–265) zur Zeit der Drei Reiche das von Ran Min… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guan Yu — General of Liu Bei Born (Unknown) Died 219 …   Wikipedia

  • Wei Dingguo — (魏定国) is character in the epic Chinese novel the Water Margin .Wei Dingguo donned a red helmet, with a red feather at the tip, and wore a set of red coloured armour. He carried a bow and arrows with him, and rode on a red horse, wielding a broad… …   Wikipedia

  • Guan Yu — (160 – 219) fue un general de la milicia bajo el mando de Liu Bei durante la dinastía Han tardía del Este y el Período de los Tres Reinos de la antigua China. Fue uno de los mejores guerreros de los Tres Reinos. Bien preparado en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guan Xing — était le second fils du général Guan Yu et frère de sang de Zhang Bao. Étant jeune, il s entraîna tôt dans les domaines des arts martiaux et de la cavalerie. Alors aux côtés de son père dans la défense de la province de Jing, il fut envoyé à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wei Jiansu — (韋見素) (687 763), courtesy name Huiwei (會微), formally Duke Zhongzhen of Bin (豳忠貞公), was an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, serving as a chancellor during the reigns of Emperor Xuanzong and Emperor Suzong. Background Wei Jiansu was… …   Wikipedia

  • Guan Hanqing — (zh ts|t=關漢卿|s=关汉卿, fl. 14th century CE), sobriquet the Oldman of the Studio (齋叟 Zhāisǒu), was a Chinese playwright in Yuan Dynasty.BiographyGuan was born in the capital city of the Yuan Dynasty, Dadu and produced about 65 plays, mostly in… …   Wikipedia

  • Guan Hanqing — (Chino tradicional: 關漢卿, Chino simplificado: 关汉卿) es un escritor chino del siglo XIII, de la Dinastía Yuan. Autor de múltiples y variadas composiciones (雜劇). Biografía Nació en la ciudad capital de la Dinastía Yuan, Dadu. Destacó como profesional …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guan Yu — Noms Chinois traditionnel (simplifié) : 關羽 (关羽) Pinyin: Guān Yǔ EFEO : Kouan Yu Surnom social : Yúncháng(雲長) Chángshēng(長生) Nom japonais : Kan u Unchō Nom coréen : Gwanu Unjang Noms en religion …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.