Xiahou Shang


Xiahou Shang

Three Kingdoms infobox
Name=Xiahou Shang
Title=General
Kingdom=Cao Wei
Born=185
Died=225
Simp=夏侯尚
Trad=夏侯尚
Pinyin=Xiàhóu Shàng
WG=Hsiahou Shang
Zi=Boren (伯仁)

Xiahou Shang (185? - 225) was a nephew of the Wei officer Xiahou Yuan during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms Period in ancient China.

Life

Xiahou Shang was the nephew of Xiahou Yuan, who adopted Xiahou Shang as his adopted son. Xiahou Shang was not very active when Cao Cao was alive, only participating in suppressing Hu rebellions. Cao Cao's successor, Cao Pi, was a good friend of Xiahou Shang, so Cao Pi gave him important positions, such as General who Conquers the South (征南將軍) and Inspector of the Jing province. Xiahou Shang generally took over commands for Wei's southern frontiers. He took the Shu Han outpost at Shangyong (上庸) from Liu Feng, and although Eastern Wu was allied to Wei at the time, Xiahou Shang tightened his defences against Wu. Surely enough, Sun Quan rebelled soon after. In 222, Xiahou Shang and Cao Zhen attacked the Wu fortress at Jiangling, guarded by Zhuge Jin. Xiahou Shang advanced both through land and water, burning Zhuge Jin's ships mid-river and capturing the fortress. However, he was called back because of a plague.

In 224, a favourite concubine of his drew the envy of his wife, who was the sister of Cao Zhen; in support of his clansmen, Cao Pi had the concubine strangled. Xiahou Shang became depressed after the loss of his favourite concubine and would not see anyone. A year later, Xiahou Shang fell to sickness and died, before which Cao Pi held his hand and sobbed.

In "Romance of the Three Kingdoms"

In the novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", he is only portrayed as a minor officer. It was said that when he was fighting against Shu under Xiahou Yuan, he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Mount Dingjun, but was returned to Wei after being traded for Chen Shi. During the trade, however, Huang Zhong shot him in the back, heavily injuring him.

References

*Chen Shou. "".
*Luo Guanzhong. "".

ee also

*Three Kingdoms
*Personages of the Three Kingdoms
*"Records of Three Kingdoms"
*"Romance of the Three Kingdoms"


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xiahou Shang — (* 185; † 225) war ein Neffe des Wei Generals Xiahou Dun zur Zeit der Drei Reiche im alten China. Er diente bei der Schlacht am Berg Dingjun (219) unter seinem Cousin Xiahou Yuan, wurde aber von den Shu gefangengenommen und gegen Chen Shi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Shang — bezeichnet: Die zweite chinesische Dynastie von etwa 16. Jh. v. Chr. bis etwa zum 11. Jh. v. Chr, siehe Shang Dynastie Das Buch der Urkunden, auch Shangshu genannt Shang (Tibetische Zehntausendschaft) Shang ist der Name folgender Personen: Han… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Xiahou Yuan — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Xiahou Yuan Caption=Portrait of Xiahou Yuan from a Qing Dynasty edition of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms Title=Military general Kingdom=Cao Cao Born= Died=219 Simp=夏侯渊 Trad=夏侯淵 Pinyin=Xiàhóu Yuān WG=Hsiahou Yuan Zi …   Wikipedia

  • Xiahou — Die Familie Xiahou (夏侯) war eine mächtige Sippe der Zeit der Drei Reiche im alten China, aus der zahlreiche Generäle der Wei Dynastie hervorgingen. Ihr Stammvater Xiahou Ying war laut der Geschichte der Drei Reiche mit der Cao Familie verwandt,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Xiahou Mao — Chinese t=夏侯楙 s=夏侯楙Xiahou Mao (? ndash; ?) was a Chinese military Wei general and civilian administrator under the powerful warlord Cao Cao during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms Period in ancient China and the second son of… …   Wikipedia


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