Empress Zhen (Cao Fang)

Empress Zhen (Cao Fang)

Empress Zhen (甄皇后, personal name unknown) (died 251), formally Empress Huai (懷皇后, literally "the kind-but-died-early empress") was an empress of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period. She was Cao Fang's first wife.

Not much is known about her, other than that her grandfather, Zhen Yan (甄儼), was a brother of Cao Fang's adoptive father Cao Rui's mother, Zhen Luo. Cao Fang created her empress in 243. She died in 251 and was buried with honors due an empress. (The reason why her posthumous name was one character rather than two was because her husband was eventually deposed in 254, and therefore never given a posthumous imperial name; the customs at the time generally dictated that the empress' posthumous name carry one character from their husbands'.)


* "Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms", vols. 4, 5.
* "Zizhi Tongjian", vols. 74, 75.

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