Cao Ren


Cao Ren

Three Kingdoms infobox
Name=Cao Ren


imagesize=
Caption=
Title=Military general
Kingdom=Cao Wei
Born=168
Died=223
Simp=曹仁
Trad=曹仁
Pinyin=Cáo Rén
WG=Ts'ao Jen
Zi=Zixiao (子孝)
Post=Marquis Zhong

Cao Ren (168 – 223) was a military general under the powerful warlord Cao Cao during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China. He played a significant part in the civil wars leading to the disintegration of the Eastern Han Dynasty and the establishment of the Kingdom of Wei.

Life

Born in the county of Qiao (谯, present day Bozhou, Anhui), Cao Ren was a younger cousin of Cao Cao. His grandfather and father had both held significant civil and military posts. Cao Ren was fond of hunting on horseback in his youth. During the years of the Yellow Turban Rebellion, he gathered more than a thousand young men under his flag and wandered the area between Huai River and Si River (泗水).

In 190, Cao Cao started raising an army to join the coalition against Dong Zhuo, the tyrannical warlord who was holding the emperor hostage in the imperial court. Cao Ren and his followers then joined Cao Cao. Throughout the early 190s he accompanied Cao Cao on various campaigns around northern China, against Dong Zhuo, Yuan Shu, Tao Qian (陶谦) and Lü Bu. Cao Ren performed very well during these early campaigns, often pitching himself in the forefront of battles.

In 196, after Cao Cao was entrusted with the custody of Emperor Xian in Xuchang, he gave Cao Ren the position of Grand Administrator of Guangyang (广阳太守). However, Cao Cao kept Cao Ren in Xuchang as he had greater use of the brave yet crafty man.

In 197, Cao Cao's camp was attacked by Zhang Xiu outside Wan. Caught unprepared, Cao Cao lost many troops and several trusted subjects, including his bodyguard Dian Wei and his own son Cao Ang. Zhang Xiu then pursued Cao Cao as the latter retreated north. Under such adverse circumstance, Cao Ren inspired the soldiers through his own bravery in battle and eventually defeated Zhang Xiu in a counterattack.

During the Battle of Guandu in 200, Yuan Shao incited Liu Bei to harass the rear of Cao Cao's territory. Leading a cavalry force, Cao Ren defeated Liu Bei. Later, Yuan Shao attempted to attack Cao Cao's rear again, which was once more thwarted by Cao Ren. Cao Ren also undertook the task of harassing Yuan Shao's line of supply.

In 208, after he lost the Battle of Red Cliffs, Cao Cao retreated north, leaving Cao Ren to defend the strategic city of Jiangling against the advance of Wu troops. The enemy commander Zhou Yu dispatched a several thousand-strong vanguard force to attack the city. Cao Ren sent his aide Niu Jin (牛金) with 300 men into battle, which soon turned against the defenders. Cao Ren then rode out with dozens of horsemen and successfully rescued Niu Jin. Upon his return, Cao Ren's subjects exclaimed, "General, you are truly a man from Heaven!"

Throughout most of the 210s Cao Ren held the position of General who Conquers the South (征南将军) and garrisoned at Fan (樊), a strategic city on the shores of the Han River that is vital to the defense of Jingzhou (荆州).

In 219, Liu Bei's most trusted general Guan Yu came in force to take Fan. He cut off communications and supply lines to the city and diverted the Han River to flood its walls. The food stock was depleting fast but Cao Ren roused his men and held out until a relief force under Xu Huang arrived. By this time the flood had subsided. Combined with Xu Huang's strength, Cao Ren forced Guan Yu to retreat.

After Cao Pi succeeded Cao Cao, he made Cao Ren General of Chariots and Cavalry (车骑将军), to be in charge of all military affairs of Jingzhou, Yangzhou (扬州) and Yizhou (益州). Cao Ren was later promoted to General-in-Chief (大将军) and subsequently Minister of Defense (大司马). In his last years, Cao Ren defended Hefei against a number of Sun Quan's offensives.

Cao Ren died in 223 and was posthumously enfeoffed as Marquis Zhong, literally meaning the loyal marquis. Indeed this was largely how he was remembered – a steadfastly loyal commander who obeyed and enforced laws and commands strictly.

The Cao clan

Direct Descendants

*Cao Tai (曹泰)
**Cao Chu (曹初)
*Cao Kai (曹楷)
*Cao Fan (曹范)

Immediate family

*Cao Chun (younger brother)
**Cao Yan (曹演)
***Cao Liang (曹亮)

Extended family

*Cao Cao¹ (elder cousin)
**Cao Pi
***Cao Rui
****Cao Fang
*****Cao Mao
******Cao Huan
**Cao Zhang
**Cao Zhi
**Cao Xiong
**Cao Ang
**Cao Chong
*Cao Hong (cousin) (曹洪)
*Cao Xiu (distant nephew)
**Cao Zhao (曹肇)
*Cao Zhen (distant nephew)
**Cao Shuang
**Cao Xi (曹羲)
**Cao Xun (曹训)
*Cao Anmin (distant nephew) (曹安民)

¹ For a complete list of Cao Cao's sons, see Cao Cao.

References

*cite book|author=Chen Shou|title=San Guo Zhi|publisher=Yue Lu Shu She|year=2002|id=ISBN 7-80665-198-5

Modern references

Cao Ren is featured in the Koei video game series, "Dynasty Warriors" and "Warriors Orochi". He is portrayed as a short-statured, peace-loving man who cares deeply for the peasants and labourers of Cao Wei. In Dynasty Warriors 4 and 5, he wears armor similar to that of a European knight, and fights using a shield that has a short, double-edged sword on it, which can be removed for combat. In Dynasty Warriors 6 he is more heavily armored and wields a double ended trident.

ee also

*Three Kingdoms
*Han dynasty
*Personages of the Three Kingdoms
*"Records of Three Kingdoms"
*"Romance of the Three Kingdoms"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cao Ren — (168 – 223) était un général militaire sous les ordres du puissant seigneur de guerre Cao Cao durant le déclin de la dynastie Han et la période des Trois Royaumes de Chine. Il joua un rôle important dans la guerre civile conduisant à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cao Ren — (chinesisch 曹仁 Cáo Rén, W. G. Ts ao Jen, Großjährigkeitsname 子孝 Zixiào, W. G. Tzu hsiao; * 168 in Qiao (heute: Bozhou, Anhui); † 223), war ein General des chinesischen Kriegsherrn Cao Cao während der späten Han Dynastie und zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cao Cao — L empereur Cao Cao, selon une gravure d époque Ming roi de Wei Naissance 155 Bozhou, Anhui, Chie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CAO — bezeichnet: einen alten chinesischen Staat, siehe Cao (Staat) CaO, die chemische Formel für Calciumoxid Cao ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Cao Ang (175–197), chinesischer General Cao Anmin († 197), General unter Cao Cao Cao Bao († 194) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cao Huan — Cao Huang (chin. 曹璜, Caó Huáng), später Cao Huan (chin. 曹奐, Cáo Hùan, W. G. Ts ao Huan; * 246; † 303) war ein Enkel Cao Caos und herrschte als fünfter und letzter Kaiser der Wei Dynastie unter dem Namen Kaiser Yuan von Wei (chin. 魏元帝, Wèi Yúandì …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cao Chun — (? 210) est un cousin de Cao Cao et jeune frère de Cao Ren. Il dirigea l unité d élite de Cao Cao, les Dresseurs de fauves . Après la Bataille de la Falaise Rouge, il aide Cao Ren à défendre les villes de Nanjun et Yiling contre les forces de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • REN — steht für: Ren, das arktische Rentier aus der Familie der Hirsche Ren (Rename), die Kurzform des MS DOS Befehls zur Umbenennung von Dateien; Ren, das lateinische Wort für die Niere Ren (Ägyptische Mythologie), das altägyptische Wort für Name Ren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cao Pi — Wèi Wéndì (曹魏文帝) Familienname: Cáo (曹) Vorname: Pī (丕) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cao Cao — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cao Cao (chino: 曹操, pinyin: Cáo Cāo, Wade Giles: Ts ao Ts ao,) (nacido en 155 15 de marzo de 220), fue el último primer ministro de la dinastía Han. Como figura central del Período de los Tres Reinos estableció… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cao Mao — Emperor of Cao Wei Born 241 Died 260 (aged 19) Predecessor Cao Fang Successor Cao Huan …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.