List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft


List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft

This list of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft is grouped by the years in which the accidents and incidents occurred. For more exhaustive lists, see the [http://www.baaa-acro.com/ Aircraft Crash Record Office] or the [http://aviation-safety.net Aviation Safety Network] websites.

1922

*April 7 – A Daimler Airway-operated de Havilland DH.18A collided with a Compagnie des Grands Express Aériens (CGEA)-operated Farman F.60 Goliath over Picardie, France, killing seven people. This was the first mid-air collision of airliners.

1930

*October 5 – The British airship R101 crashed north of Paris, killing 48 people in an eruption of flames.

1931

*March 21Australian National Airways Southern Cloud, an Avro 618 Ten, crashed in the Snowy Mountains while flying from Sydney to Melbourne. All eight on board were killed in Australia's first significant airline disaster. The crash site remained undiscovered for 27 years. Severe weather at the time of the flight was the likely cause of the accident.
*March 31Transcontinental & Western Air Flight 599, a Fokker F-10 Trimotor, crashed near Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, killing all eight aboard, including University of Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne.

1933

*October 10 – A United Airlines Boeing 247 was destroyed by a bomb over Chesterton, Indiana in the first proven case of air sabotage on a commercial aircraft; all seven on board were killed.

1934

*December 20 – The KLM Douglas DC-2 PH-AJU called "Uiver" ran into bad weather on its way from The Netherlands to the Dutch East Indies and crashed in the Syrian desert. All four crew and three passengers were killed.

1935

*May 18 – The Tupolev ANT-20 known as "Maxim Gorky" during a demonstration flight in Moscow is touched by the wing from an Ilyushin Il-5, falling into a residential district of Moscow killing 45 including 11 crew.

1937

*January 12 - A Western Air Express twin-engine Boeing 247D (NC13315), crashed into Pinetos Peak northeast of San Fernando, near Saugus, Newhall, California. Western Air Express flight No 7 was en route from Salt Lake City, Utah, to the Union Air Terminal, Burbank California. It had a crew of three plus ten passengers. There were five fatalities (four passengers and one crew member). [http://members.aol.com/jaydeebee1/crash30s.html Notable California Air Disasters of the 1930s] ]
*May 6 – A Deutsche Zeppelin Reederei flight, the Zeppelin "Hindenburg", burst into flames and crashed while attempting a landing at Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst in New Jersey; of the 97 people on board, 35 were killed. One person on the ground also died.
*November 16 – A Sabena Junkers Ju 52 crashed near Ostend, Belgium, killing all 11 on board, including the Grand Duke and Grand Duchess Cecilie of Hesse, who was eight months pregnant.

1938

*January 10Northwest Airlines Flight 2, a Lockheed L14H Super Electra, crashed near Bozeman, Montana, killing all ten on board; the machine with which the manufacturer measured component vibration was found to be inaccurate, causing the aircraft to be more prone to flutter than thought.
*October 25 – An Australian National Airways Douglas DC-2 crashed in heavy fog into Mount Dandenong in Victoria, Australia, killing all 18 people on board.

1939

*January 13Northwest Airlines Flight 1, a Lockheed L14H Super Electra, crashed on takeoff from Miles City, Montana, killing all four on board. The aircraft's cross-feed fuel valve leaked fuel into the cockpit and an intense fire broke out.

1940

*June 14 – In the Kaleva shootdown, an Aero Junkers Ju 52-3/mge flying from Tallinn, Estonia to Helsinki, Finland was shot down by two Soviet bombers over the Gulf of Finland during peacetime. All nine aboard died.

1941

*February 26Eastern Air Lines Flight 21, a DC-3, crashed while descending to land at Atlanta, Georgia, killing 16 of 25 aboard; World War I hero and Eastern Air Lines president Eddie Rickenbacker was among the survivors.

1942

*January 16TWA Flight 3, a Douglas DC-3 returning to California, crashed into Mount Potosi 30 miles southwest of Las Vegas. All 22 passengers died, including actress Carole Lombard and her mother.

1943

*June 1BOAC Flight 777, a Douglas DC-3, was shot down by Luftwaffe fighter aircraft over the Bay of Biscay, killing 17 passengers and crew, including actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation that the flight was attacked because German intelligence believed that British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was aboard.

1947

*August 12 – A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian named "Star Dust" disappeared over the Andes after transmitting an enigmatic coded message ("STENDEC"); the fate of the plane remained a mystery until the crash site was located in 2000; Four crew and nine passengers were killed.
*October 24United Airlines Flight 608, a DC-6, crashed near Bryce Canyon Airport, Utah, when a fire caused by a design flaw destroyed the aircraft; all 52 on board died.

1948

*January 28 – A flight chartered by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service crashed in the hills west of Coalinga, California, killing 32. The crash became the impetus of the Woody Guthrie song "Deportee."
*March 12Northwest Airlines Flight 4422, a DC-4, crashed into Mount Sanford in the Alaska Territory, killing 30.
*April 5 – In the 1948 Gatow air disaster, a British European Airways Vickers VC.1 Viking crashed near RAF Gatow, Berlin after a collision with a Soviet Air Force Yakovlev Yak-3 fighter. All 14 people on board the Viking were killed, as was the Soviet pilot.
*June 17United Airlines Flight 624, a DC-6, crashed near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania after errors in attempting to extinguish what is believed to have been an on-board fire. All 43 on board died.
*July 17 – A Catalina seaplane named "Miss Macao", operated by a Cathay Pacific subsidiary, with 23 passengers and three crew on board flying from Macau to Hong Kong, was hijacked midway over the Pearl River delta by a group of four hijackers attempting to rob the passengers on board. The pilot was attacked and lost control during the ensuing struggle in the cockpit. The subsequent crash killed all on board except one passenger, who was later identified to be the lead hijacker. This was the first known case of airliner hijacking.
*October 2 – In the Bukken Bruse disaster, a flying boat crashed upon landing in Trondheim, Norway. 19 were killed; Bertrand Russell was among the 24 survivors.
*October 20 – In the 1948 KLM Constellation air disaster, a Lockheed Constellation named "Nijmegen" crashed near Prestwick, Scotland, killing 40.

1949

*May 4 – In the Superga air disaster, an Italian Airlines FIAT G212CP carrying the Torino football team crashed into the Superga hills near Turin, killing all 31 on board, including 18 players.
*September 9 – A Canadian Pacific Airlines Douglas DC-3 exploded in flight en route from Quebec City to Baie-Comeau, Quebec as the result of sabotage, killing all 23 on board.
*November 1Eastern Air Lines Flight 537, a Douglas DC-4, on approach to Washington National Airport, suffered a mid-air collision with a Lockheed P-38. All 55 people on board the DC-4 died, including Congressman George J. Bates, "New Yorker" cartoonist Helen E. Hokinson, and former Congressman Michael J. Kennedy. The pilot and sole occupant of the P-38 was seriously injured.
*November 29American Airlines Flight 157, a Douglas DC-6 en route from New York City to Mexico City, veered off the runway and struck buildings after the flight crew lost control of the aircraft during its final approach to Dallas Love Field. 26 passengers and two flight attendants died.

1950

*June 24Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2501, a Douglas DC-4 with 58 people on board, disappeared without a trace over Lake Michigan.
*August 31TWA Flight 903, a Lockheed L749A Constellation, crashed because of an engine fire, in the desert about 65 miles NNW of Cairo, Egypt. All 55 on board were killed.

1951

*April 25Cubana de Aviación Flight 493, a Douglas DC-4 en route from Miami, Florida to Havana, Cuba, collided in mid-air with a United States Navy Beech SNB-1 Kansan off Key West. All 43 aboard both aircraft were killed.
*June 22Pan Am Flight 151, a Lockheed L049 Constellation en route from Accra, Ghana to Monrovia, Liberia, crashed into a hill near Sanoye in Bong County, Liberia, 54 miles (86 km) from the airport. All 31 passengers and nine crew members died.
*August 24United Airlines Flight 615, a Douglas DC-6B, crashed near De Coto (now Union City), California, while on final approach to Oakland, California. All 50 aboard were killed.

1952

*April 28Pan Am Flight 202, a Boeing 377 Stratocruiser, crashed after a propeller failure in a remote area of Brazil on its way from Buenos Aires, Argentina to New York City via Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. All 50 on board were killed.

1953

*May 2 - a BOAC de Havilland Comet 1A aircraft crashes 6 minutes after takeoff (in severe tropical storm) from Kolkata Airport, killing all 43 passengers and crew
*October 29British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines Flight 304, a DC-6, crashed into King's Mountain, southeast of Half Moon Bay, California, on its approach to the San Francisco International Airport. The accident killed all 11 passengers, including American pianist William Kapell, and the crew of eight.

1954

*January 10BOAC Flight 781, a de Havilland Comet flying from Rome to London on the last leg of a flight from Singapore, disintegrated in midair, when metal fatigue from repeated pressurization cycles compromised the fuselage, killing the 29 passengers and six crew.
*April 8South African Airways Flight 201, a de Havilland Comet flying from Rome to Cairo bound for Johannesburg, disintegrated in midair, killing all 14 passengers and seven crew. As in BOAC Flight 781, metal suffered fatigue at stress risers at the corners of the square windows in the aluminum skin. Subsequently, all pressurized aircraft windows have been constructed with wide radius corners.
*September 5KLM Flight 633, a Lockheed L1049 Super Constellation, ditched after takeoff from Shannon Airport in Ireland, killing 28 of 56 on board.

1955

*February 19TWA Flight 260, a Martin 404, crashed into the Sandia Mountains near Albuquerque, New Mexico, killing all 16 on board.
*March 26Pan American World Airways Flight 845/26, a Boeing 377, ditched into the Pacific Ocean off the Oregon coast.
*April 11 – An Air India aircraft named Kashmir Princess was bombed under suspicious circumstances. 16 people were killed and three survived.
*July 27El Al Flight 402, a Lockheed L-049 Constellation, inadvertently strayed over Bulgarian territory on its way from Vienna to Tel Aviv, and was shot down by two Bulgarian fighter aircraft, killing all 58 on board.
*October 6United Airlines Flight 409 crashed near Centennial, Wyoming, killing all 66 on board.
*November 1United Airlines Flight 629 was bombed by Jack Gilbert Graham over Denver, Colorado. All 44 on board were killed.

1956

*April 2Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2, a Boeing Stratocruiser, ditched into Puget Sound after takeoff from Seattle-Tacoma International Airport after the cowl flaps were incorrectly set for takeoff. Four passengers and a flight attendant died, probably of hypothermia, while waiting for rescue; 33 survived.
*June 30United Airlines Flight 718, a DC-7, collided with TWA Flight 2, a Lockheed Constellation, over the Grand Canyon, killing all 128 aboard both planes. Operating under VFR, the planes failed to see each other. The Federal Aviation Administration was created in the aftermath. The FAA established new rules for passenger carriers, among them the requirement to operate under IFR, even in good weather.
*July 9 – A Trans-Canada Air Lines Vickers Viscount shed a propeller blade over Flat Rock, Michigan. The blade entered the passenger cabin, killing one of 35 aboard. This was the first known case of a turboprop shedding a blade in passenger service.
*October 16Pan Am Flight 6, a Boeing 377 Stratocruiser, was forced to ditch in the Pacific Ocean between Hawai'i and San Francisco. All 31 on board were rescued by a nearby United States Coast Guard ship.
*December 9Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810, a Canadair Northstar, crashed near Hope, British Columbia, Canada, killing all 62 people on board. The wreckage was located almost a year later.

1957

*February 1Northeast Airlines Flight 823, a DC-6, crashed during a snowstorm shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport. Twenty of the 101 occupants died.
*November 8Pan Am Flight 7, a Boeing 377 Stratocruiser, vanished between San Francisco and Honolulu. Small pieces of wreckage and human remains were found almost a week later by the United States Navy. All 44 on board are believed to have been killed. Carbon monoxide poisoning was a suspected cause of the crash.

1958

*February 6 – In the Munich air disaster, a British European Airways Airspeed Ambassador crashed during takeoff from Munich-Riem airport, killing 23 of 44, including eight Manchester United footballers.
*February 27 – In the Winter Hill air disaster, a Silver City Bristol 170 Freighter travelling from the Isle of Man to Manchester Ringway Airport crashed into Winter Hill, Rivington Moor, Lancashire, killing 35 people and injuring seven.
*April 6Capital Airlines Flight 67, a Vickers Aircraft 745D Viscount, crashed at Tri-City Airport (now MBS International Airport) near Freeland, Michigan, killing all 47 passengers and crew. An undiscovered ice buildup on the wing and windy conditions were possible causes.
*August 14KLM Flight 607-E, a Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation en route from Brussels, Belgium to New York, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after takeoff from Shannon Airport in Ireland, killing all 99 passengers and crew, including six members of the Egyptian fencing team.

1959

*February 3American Airlines Flight 320, a Lockheed L-188 Super Electra, crashed into the East River, New York City, as a result of pilot error. Sixty-five passengers and crew were killed.
*October 30Piedmont Airlines Flight 349, a Douglas DC-3, crashed on Bucks Elbow Mountain near Charlottesville, Virginia, killing the crew of three and 23 of 24 passengers. The sole survivor was seriously injured. The cause was a navigational error during an ILS approach.
*November 16National Airlines Flight 967, a Douglas DC-7B, crashed into the Gulf of Mexico while on a flight from Tampa, Florida to New Orleans, Louisiana, in a possible case of sabotage. All 40 on board perished.

1960

*January 6National Airlines Flight 2511, a Douglas DC-6B bound from New York to Miami, crashed near Bolivia, North Carolina, when a bomb planted on board exploded in mid-air. All 34 people on board were killed.
*January 18 - Capital Airlines Flight 20, a Vickers Viscount flying from Washington to Norfolk crashed near Holdcroft, Virginia due to engine failure caused by icing conditions, all 50 on board killed.
*March 17Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 710, a Lockheed L188 Super Electra en route from Chicago, Illinois to Miami, Florida, broke apart at 15,000 feet and crashed near Tell City, Indiana, killing all 63 on board.
*October 4Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, a Lockheed L188 Super Electra, crashed on takeoff from Boston's Logan International Airport after a bird strike (a flock of starlings) damaged the engines, clogged the pitot tubes, and obstructed the pilot's view. The aircraft crashed into Winthrop Bay; 62 of 72 aboard died.
*December 16 – The 1960 New York air disaster: United Airlines Flight 826, a DC-8, and TWA Flight 266, a Super Constellation, suffered a mid-air collision over Staten Island in New York. All 128 aboard the two planes and six people on the ground were killed.

1961

*January 3Aero Flight 311, a Douglas DC-3, crashed into woods near Koivulahti, Finland, killing all 25 on board.
*February 15Sabena Flight 548, a Boeing 707, crashed on approach in Brussels, Belgium, killing 73, including the entire United States figure skating team: a runaway stabilizer is thought to have been the cause of the first fatal accident involving a 707 in regular passenger service.
*September 17Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 706, a Lockheed L-188 Electra, crashed on takeoff from Chicago as a result of a maintenance error causing the ailerons to become detached from the control wheels. All 37 on board died.

1962

*March 1American Airlines Flight 1, a Boeing 707, crashed in Jamaica Bay, Queens, New York, killing 95.
*March 4Caledonian Airways Flight 153, a DC-7, crashed into a jungle swamp at Douala, Cameroon, killing 111.
*March 16Flying Tiger Line Flight 739, a Lockheed L1049 Super Connie chartered by the United States military, and carrying 96 American soldiers en route to South Vietnam, disappeared over the western Pacific.
*May 22Continental Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 707, breaks up in mid-air after a passenger's bomb exploded in the lavatory while the flight was near Unionville, Missouri. All 45 on board were killed.
*June 3Air France Charter Flight Chateau de Sully, a Boeing 707, skidded and burned after the pilot aborted takeoff at Orly Airport, killing many of Atlanta, Georgia's civic and cultural leaders. Two flight attendants were the only survivors, as 130 died in the worst one-aircraft accident to that date.
*November 23United Airlines Flight 297, a Vickers Aircraft 745D Viscount, crashed near Ellicott City, Maryland, following a bird strike. All 17 people on board died.
*November 30Eastern Air Lines Flight 512, a Douglas DC-7B, crashed as a result of pilot error on a missed approach into New York's Idlewild Airport. 25 of 51 on board were killed.

1963

*July 3New Zealand National Airways Corporation Flight 441, a DC-3 Skyliner flying from Whenuapai Airport, Auckland to Tauranga, crashed into the Kaimai Ranges; all 23 aboard died, making it the worst air disaster in mainland New Zealand to date.
*July 3Mohawk Airlines Flight 121, a Martin 404, crashed near Rochester, New York while attempting takeoff, killing seven of the 43 people on board.
*August 21 – An Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-124 ditched in the Neva river in Leningrad after engine failure. There were no fatalities among the 52 on board, but the aircraft was destroyed.
*November 29Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831, a DC-8, crashed shortly after takeoff from Montréal/Dorval Airport, killing all 118 people on board.
*December 8Pan Am Flight 214, a Boeing 707, was struck by positive lightning and crashed near Elkton, Maryland, killing all 81 people on board.

1964

*February 25Eastern Air Lines Flight 304, was a Douglas DC-8 flying from New Orleans International Airport to Washington Reagan National Aiport. It crashed into Lake Pontchartrain killing all 51 passengers and seven crew aboard.
*May 7Pacific Air Lines Flight 773, a Fairchild F27, crashed near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard, after a passenger shot both the captain and first officer before turning the gun on himself.
*November 15Bonanza Air Lines Flight 114, a Fairchild F27, crashed into a mountain in poor weather while on a nighttime approach to Las Vegas, Nevada. All 29 aboard perished when the plane crashed only 10 feet (3 m) below a ridge. Initially blamed on a pilot's misreading his approach chart, years later the chart maker agreed to pay a settlement of US$490,000 to some of the victims' heirs after it was shown the chart had incorrect markings.
*November 20Linjeflyg Flight 277, a Convair CV-340, crashed during the approach to Engelholm, Sweden, when in instrument meteorological conditions the crew abandoned the set procedure and began the landing too soon. 31 people were killed and 12 survived.
*December 24Flying Tiger Line Flight 282, a Lockheed Constellation, crashed near San Bruno, California after an unexplained course deviation, killing the crew of three.

1965

*February 8Eastern Air Lines Flight 663, a Douglas DC-7B on takeoff, overreacted in avoiding Pan Am Flight 212 (a Boeing 707) on approach, lost control, and crashed into the ocean several miles off Jones Beach State Park, New York, killing all 84 on board.
*May 20Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705, a Boeing 720, crashed on descent to Cairo International Airport, killing 119.
*July 1Continental Airlines Flight 12, a Boeing 707, ran off the end of the runway at Kansas City Downtown Airport, breaking into three pieces. All 66 on board survived.
* July 8Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 21, a Douglas DC-6, crashed near 100 Mile House, British Columbia after the explosion of a device in the lavatory. All 46 passengers and six crew aboard perished.
* November 11United Airlines Flight 227, a Boeing 727, crashed short of the runway during landing at Salt Lake City International Airport. Forty-three of 91 aboard were killed.

1966

*February 4All Nippon Airways Flight 60, a Boeing 727-100, crashed into Tokyo Bay, Japan. All 133 aboard were killed.
*March 4 - Canadian Pacific Airlines Flight 402 (CP402), a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-43 crashed on landing at Tokyo International Airport in Japan, killing 64 passengers and crew, eight passengers survived.
*March 5BOAC Flight 911, a Boeing 707 bound for Hong Kong, crashed at Mount Fuji near Gotenba, Japan, killing all 124 passengers and crew.
*August 6 – All 42 on board were killed when Braniff Flight 250, a BAC One-Eleven, flew into an active squall line and broke apart in mid-air near Falls City, Nebraska.
*October 1West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashed with 18 fatalities 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon, marking the first loss of a Douglas DC-9.
*November 13All Nippon Airways Flight 533, a NAMC YS-11, plunged into Seto Inland Sea after an overrun at Matsuyama Airport, Shikoku, Japan, killing all 50 passengers and crew.
*November 15Pan Am Flight 708, a Boeing 727, crashed near Berlin, Germany. All three crew members were killed.

1967

*March 9TWA Flight 553, a Douglas DC-9, collided with a Beechcraft Baron near Dayton, Ohio, killing all 26 on both planes.
*June 4 – In the Stockport air disaster, a British Midland Canadair C4 Argonaut carrying passengers returning from Palma de Mallorca was on approach to Manchester Airport when an engine lost power because of a design failure in the aircraft's fuel system. 72 of 84 on board were killed.
*June 23Mohawk Airlines Flight 40, a BAC One-Eleven, crashed in Blossburg, Pennsylvania, killing all 34 people on board.
*July 19Piedmont Airlines Flight 22, a Boeing 727 departing from Asheville, North Carolina, crashed shortly after departure after a mid-air collision with a twin-engine Cessna 310 on instrument approach to Asheville. All 82 passengers and crew on both aircraft died.
*November 4th - Iberia Airlines Flight 062, a Sud Aviation Caravelle, crashed at Black Down Hill Sussex, United Kingdom. All 37 passengers and crew were killed, including actress June Thorburn, who was six months pregnant.
*November 20TWA Flight 128, a Convair 880, crashed in Constance, Kentucky on approach to Greater Cincinnati Airport, killing 70 of 82 persons on board.

1968

*March 24Aer Lingus Flight 712, a Vickers 803 Viscount, crashed off the Irish coast. All 61 on board perished.
*April 8BOAC Flight 712, a Boeing 707, suffered an engine fire after takeoff from London Heathrow Airport. The plane made an emergency landing at Heathrow, but five of 127 aboard died in the resulting fire.
*May 3Braniff Flight 352, a Lockheed L188A Super Electra en route from Houston, Texas to Dallas, crashed in a thunderstorm, killing its five crew and 80 passengers.
*May 22 - Los Angeles Airways Flight 841, a Sikorsky S-61L, crashed near Paramount, California resulting in the loss of 23 lives.
*July 1Seaboard World Airlines Flight 253, a Douglas DC-8, was forced to land in the Soviet Union. On board were over 200 American troops bound for Vietnam.
* August 14Los Angeles Airways Flight 417, a Sikorsky S-61L prototype, crashed in Compton, California resulting in the loss of 21 lives.
*September 11Air France Flight 1611, a Caravelle, crashed off Nice, France, killing 95 passengers and crew.
*October 25Northeast Airlines Flight 946, a Fairchild 227, crashed near Etna, New Hampshire, killing 32 passengers and crew.

1969

*January 18United Airlines Flight 266, a Boeing 727-22C en route from Los Angeles to Milwaukee, Wisconsin lost all electrical power and crashed into Santa Monica Bay. Six crew and 32 passengers were killed.
*February 18Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708, a Douglas DC-3, crashed near Lone Pine, California, killing all 35 people on board.
*April 2LOT Polish Airlines Flight LO 165, an Antonov An-24, crashed in southern Poland, killing all 53 people on board.
*September 9Allegheny Airlines Flight 853, a DC-9, collided in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashed near Fairland, Indiana, killing all 83 occupants aboard the two aircraft.
*November 19Mohawk Airlines Flight 411, a Fairchild 227, crashed near Glens Falls, New York, killing all 14 people on board.

1970

*February 15 – Contaminated fuel caused dual engine failure shortly after takeoff from Las Américas International Airport near Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in the Dominicana DC-9 air disaster. All 102 on board were killed.
*February 21 – A bomb in the cargo hold of Swissair Flight 330, a Convair CV-990, detonated nine minutes after takeoff from Zürich International Airport in Kloten, Switzerland. All 38 passengers and nine crew perished.
*March 31Japan Airlines Flight 351, a Boeing 727, was hijacked to North Korea by a Japanese Red Army faction.
*May 2ALM Flight 980, a Douglas DC-9 operated by Overseas National Airways, ditched near St. Croix, Virgin Islands, killing 23, including two infants and one crew member; 40, including 4 crew members, survived.
*July 5Air Canada Flight 621, a Douglas DC-8, exploded following a failed landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport, with 109 fatalities.
*August 9 – LANSA Flight 502, a Lockheed Electra turboprop, crashed and burned shortly after takeoff from Cuzco, Peru, killing 99 people on the plane and two on the ground; among the dead were 49 American high school exchange students.
*August 12China Airlines Flight 206, a NAMC YS-11, crashed in thick fog and a severe thunderstorm into Yuan Mountain, near Taipei Airport, killing 14 of 31 people on board.
*September 6 – The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine orchestrated the Dawson's Field hijackings of El Al Flight 219, Pan Am Flight 93, Swissair Flight 100, TWA Flight 741, and (on September 9) BOAC Flight 775. The unprecedented scale of the incident drew international outrage and played a major role in instigating the eventual widespread implementation of air passenger screening, heretofore done only haphazardly and inconsistently.
*October 2 - In what is known as the Wichita State Crash, a Martin 4-0-4 aircraft crashed near Silver Plume, Colorado. It was one of two planes carrying the Wichita State University football team to Logan, Utah for a game. Twenty-eight passengers, the plane's captain and a flight attendant died out of forty passengers on board.
*November 14Southern Airways Flight 932, a chartered Douglas DC-9-31, crashed on approach at Tri-State Airport in Huntington, West Virginia, killing all 75 on board, including 37 players of the Marshall University football team and all but one of the coaching staff.

1971

*June 6 – Following a mid-air collision with a United States Marine Corps F-4B Phantom II jet fighter, Hughes Airwest Flight 706, a DC-9, crashed into the San Gabriel Mountains near Duarte, California, killing all 49 people aboard. The pilot of the Phantom also died. The radar intercept officer on the Phantom successfully bailed out.
*July 3 – Toa Domestic Airlines Flight 64, a NAMC YS-11, hit Yokotsudake near Hakodate Airport, Hokkaidō, Japan, killing all 68 passengers and crew.
*July 30ANA Flight 58, a Boeing 727-200, collided with a JSDF F-86 fighter jet at Shizukuishi near Morioka, Japan, killing all 162 passengers and crew; the JSDF pilot parachuted to safety, and was later arrested by local police on suspicion of colliding with a civilian aircraft.
*November 24 – A man using the name D.B. Cooper hijacked Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 305, a Boeing 727, out of Portland, Oregon. He released the passengers in exchange for US$200,000 and four parachutes. The crew took off with Cooper on board, and he parachuted from the plane. Cooper was never found and his fate is still unknown, although a roll of bills from his ransom was found in a riverbed many years later.
*December 24 – LANSA Flight 508, a Lockheed Electra en route from Lima to Pucallpa, Peru, broke apart in mid-air after being set aflame by lightning. It crashed in the Amazon Rainforest and 91 people died; the sole survivor was Juliane Koepcke, a 17-year old girl who survived a fall from 2 miles and a 10-day walk through the jungle before being found by hunters. Her mother, famous ornithologist Maria Koepcke, died; cinema director Werner Herzog had narrowly missed being on the same flight.

1972

*January 26JAT Yugoslav Flight 367, a DC-9, suffered a bomb explosion while en route from Copenhagen to Zagreb. Twenty-seven of twenty-eight on board were killed. Vesna Vulović, the only survivor, was entered in the Guinness Book of World Records for surviving the longest fall without a parachute, over ten thousand meters.
*March 3Mohawk Airlines Flight 405, a Fairchild FH227B twin-engine turboprop, crashed near Albany, New York while descending to land, killing 16 of the 48 people on board and 1 on the ground.
*May 5Alitalia Flight 112, was a Douglas DC-8 scheduled flight from Leonardo da Vinci Airport, in Rome, Italy, to Palermo International Airport in Palermo, Italy, with 115 on board. It crashed into Mount Longa, about 5 km (3.1 mi) south-west of Palermo while on approach. All passengers and crew died. Investigators believe that the crew had 3 miles visibility and did not adhere to the established vectors issued by air traffic control. It remains the deadliest single-aircraft disaster in Italy.
*May 30Delta Air Lines Flight 9570, a Douglas DC-9, crashed at Greater Southwest International Airport because of wake turbulence from a leading DC-10. All four on board perished.
*June 12American Airlines Flight 96, a DC-10, suffered explosive decompression when one of its cargo doors failed in flight. The crew managed an emergency landing at Detroit, Michigan, and all 67 on board evacuated safely.
*June 15 – A carry-on suitcase bomb exploded on Cathay Pacific Flight 700Z, a Convair CV-880, at 29,000 feet over Vietnam. All 81 on board perished.
*June 18British European Airways Flight 548 went through a series of stalls as a result of pilot error, followed by a deep stall and crashed near Staines, United Kingdom. All 118 on board were killed.
*June 24Prinair Flight 191 was over-rotated because of pilot error and crashed in Ponce, Puerto Rico, killing 5 of 20 people on board.
*December 8United Airlines Flight 553 crashed after aborting its landing attempt at Chicago Midway International Airport, killing 43 of 60 people on board and 2 people on the ground. Among those killed was Dorothy Hunt, wife of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt.
*December 23Braathens Flight 239 crashed in Asker upon landing at Fornebu airport, Oslo, Norway, killing 40 of 45 people on board. The aircraft was four nmi off course in bad weather conditions.
*December 29Eastern Air Lines Flight 401, a Lockheed L-1011, crashed in the Florida Everglades, killing 103 of 176 people on board. The crew was distracted by a faulty gear-down light, resulting in controlled flight into terrain. This was the first crash of a widebody aircraft.

1973

*February 21Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114, a Boeing 727, flew off course and was shot down by Israeli jets in the Sinai war zone, killing 108 of 113 people on board.
*July 11Varig Flight 820, a Boeing 707, experienced an on-board fire and crashed near Paris, France, killing 123 out of 134 on board.
*July 23Japan Air Lines Flight 404, a Boeing 747, was hijacked after takeoff from Amsterdam Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands. One terrorist was killed and the flight's purser injured by a grenade blast during the hijacking. After several days and multiple flight legs, the passengers were released in Benghazi, Libya and the aircraft was blown up on the ground.
*July 31Delta Air Lines Flight 723, a Douglas DC-9, hit a seawall with main landing gear on the final approach to Boston Logan International Airport. A defective instrument gave misleading guidance during the instrument approach in visibility less than a half mile with 500 foot cloud ceilings.
* August 13 - Aviaco Flight 118, a SE210 Caravelle en-route from Madrid to La Coruña crashed while approaching La Coruña Alvedro airport, in Montrove, 2km from the airport. 84 of 85 died.
* December 17Pan Am Flight 110, a Boeing 707, was firebombed by Palestinian militants while at gate in Rome, Italy killing 29 of 68 passengers and crew. They then hijacked a Lufthansa Boeing 737 to Athens. In total, 33 died as a result of the firebombing and hijacking.

1974

*March 3Turkish Airlines Flight 981, a DC-10, crashed in the Ermenonville forest near Senlis, France after the rear underfloor cargo door opened during flight; all 346 on board died.
*September 8 – A bomb in the cargo hold of TWA Flight 841 plunged it into the Ionian Sea, killing all 88 on board.
*September 11Eastern Air Lines Flight 212, a DC-9, crashed on approach to Charlotte, North Carolina; 72 of 82 people on board were killed.
*September 15Air Vietnam Flight 706 was hijacked and crashed in Phan Rang, Vietnam; all 75 on board died.
*November 20Lufthansa Flight 540 crashed shortly after takeoff in Nairobi, Kenya; 59 of 157 on board were killed in the first crash of a Boeing 747.
*December 1TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727 in-bound to Dulles International Airport, crashed into Mount Weather in Bluemont, Virginia, killing all 85 passengers and 7 crew.

1975

*June 24Eastern Air Lines Flight 66, a Boeing 727, encountered wind shear on final approach and struck approach lights at John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing 112 of 124 people on board.
*September 30Malév Flight 240, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed on approach near Lebanon, killing all 60 people on board.

1976

*January 1Middle East Airlines Flight 438, a Boeing 720, crashed in Saudi Arabia when a bomb exploded in the forward baggage compartment, killing all 81 people on board.
*April 27American Airlines Flight 625, a Boeing 727, crashed on approach to St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, killing 37 of 88 people on board.
*June 27Air France Flight 139, an Airbus A300, was hijacked from Athens by two Palestinians and two Germans who diverted the flight to Libya and then to Uganda, where the plane was met by pro-Palestinian forces from Idi Amin's government. Israeli troops eventually stormed the airport in Operation Entebbe, killing hijackers and Ugandan soldiers and freeing all but three of the hostages. Israeli colonel Yonatan Netanyahu, brother of Benjamin Netanyahu, was also killed in the raid.
*July 28ČSA Flight OK-NAB, an Ilyushin Il-18, crashed near Bratislava in Czechoslovakia, killing 76 of 78 people on board.
* August 15SAETA Flight 232, a Vickers Viscount 785D, went missing mid-route from Quinto to Cuenca, Ecuador. All 4 crew members and 55 passengers were killed, but the scene went undiscovered for 26 years until October 17, 2002, when climbers on the eastern face of the stratovolcano Chimborazo came upon the site.
*September 10 – A mid-air collision occurred between a British Airways Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing all 176 people on board both aircraft.
*October 6Cubana Flight 455, a Douglas DC-8, was bombed by anti-Castro terrorists and crashed near Bridgetown, Barbados, killing all 73 people on board.

1977

*January 15 – A Skyline Sweden Vickers Viscount 838 crashed in Kälvesta, Sweden just outside Stockholm, killing all 22 on board.
*March 27KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736, both Boeing 747s, collided in the Tenerife disaster. This accident, the worst in the history of commercial aviation, killed 583 of 644 people on board both aircraft.
*April 4Southern Airways Flight 242, a DC-9, crash-landed on a highway near New Hope, Georgia after dual engine failure encountered in a thunderstorm. 62 out of 85 aboard were killed, along with 8 people on the ground.
*April 28 – An Aviateca Convair 240 crashed near Guatemala City, Guatemala, killing all 28 people on board
*May 14 – A Dan-Air/IAS Cargo Boeing 707 crashed near Lusaka, Zambia, killing all 6 on board.
*May 27 – An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed on approach in Havana, Cuba. It remains the second-worst air accident in Cuba's history.
*September 28Japan Air Lines Flight 472, a Douglas DC-8, was hijacked after taking off from Mumbai, India by Japanese Red Army (JRA) terrorists. The terrorists forced the plane to land in Dhaka, Bangladesh, where they demanded US$6,000,000 and the release of nine imprisoned JRA members being held in Japan. The Japanese government complied and all of the hostages were eventually released.
*October 13Lufthansa Flight 181, a Boeing 737, was hijacked by four Palestinian members of the PFLP. The hijackers killed the captain; subsequently, German police commandos from GSG 9 stormed the aircraft, killing three of the hijackers and capturing the fourth, with no other casualties.
*October 20Lynyrd Skynyrd's chartered Convair 240 airliner ran out of fuel en route to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, crashing five miles north of Gillsburg, Mississippi in a swampy pine forest while trying to reach an alternate airport. Four members of the band and crew were killed, as were both pilots. Lead singer and founder of the band, Ronnie Van Zant, died at the crash site.
*November 19TAP Portugal Flight 425, a Boeing 727, overran the runway at Madeira Airport and plunged over a steep bank, bursting into flames and killing 131 of the 164 people on board.
*December 4Malaysia Airlines Flight 653, a Boeing 737, was hijacked under mysterious circumstances; minutes later, the airliner crashed into a swamp near Tanjung Kupang, Malaysia at a steep angle, killing all 100 people aboard.
*December 18SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730, a Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle 10R, crashed into the sea while on final approach to Madeira Airport, killing 36 people.

1978

*January 1Air-India Flight 855, a Boeing 747, crashed into the Arabian Sea as a result of instrument malfunction and pilot error. All 213 passengers and crew died.
*April 20Korean Air Lines Flight 902, a Boeing 707, was shot down by Soviet fighter planes. The plane crash-landed near the Soviet Union's border with Finland; 2 of the 109 people on board were killed. The rest were subsequently released.
*May 8National Airlines Flight 193, a Boeing 727, landed short on approach to Pensacola, Florida, United States in Escambia Bay, as a result of pilot error. Three passengers out of fifty-eight people on board drowned.
*June 26Air Canada Flight 189, a DC-9, crashed on takeoff in Toronto, Ontario, Canada because of tire failure. Two died out of 107 passengers on board.
*September 3Air Rhodesia Flight RH825, a scheduled flight flying from Kariba to Salisbury was shot down by a SA-7 surface-to-air missile, killing all 59 aboard.
*September 25Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 182, a Boeing 727, collided with a Cessna 172 over San Diego, California, United States. All 135 aboard the airliner, both pilots of the Cessna, and 7 people on the ground were killed, making this the worst aviation disaster in California history.
*November 15 – Icelandic Airlines Flight LL 001, a DC-8 on a charter flight, crashed into a coconut plantation while on approach to Katunayake, Sri Lanka for a refueling stop. 184 out of 264 people on board were killed.
*December 28United Airlines Flight 173, a DC-8, ran out of fuel while circling near Portland, Oregon, United States so that the crew could investigate a light indicating a problem with the landing gear. The plane crashed in a wooded area, killing 10 and injuring 24 of the 181 on board.

1979

*May 25American Airlines Flight 191, a DC-10, crashed on takeoff from O'Hare International Airport after catastrophic mechanical failure, killing all 271 on board and 2 on the ground. Prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks, this was the worst airliner incident in American history, and it remains the worst single-aircraft airliner "accident" on US soil.
*July 11 – A Garuda Indonesia Fokker F28 struck a volcano on approach to Medan Airport, Indonesia, killing all 61 on board.
*October 31Western Airlines Flight 2605, a McDonnell-Douglas DC-10, struck a vehicle on a closed runway in dense fog at Mexico City, Mexico. 72 died.
*November 26Pakistan International Airlines Flight 740, a Boeing 707, crashed after a fire in the cabin in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. All 145 passengers and 11 crew died.
*November 28Air New Zealand Flight 901, a DC-10, hit high ground on Mount Erebus, Antarctica during a sightseeing flight, killing all 257 people on board. This is also known as the Mount Erebus disaster.

1980

*January 21 - Iran Air Boeing 727-86 crashed near Tehran, Iran hitting high ground in a snowstorm during the approach to land. All 128 aboard were killed.
*March 14LOT Polish Airlines Flight 007, an Ilyushin Il-62, crashed near Warsaw, Poland after the No. 2 engine disintegrated and severed the elevator and rudder control lines. All 87 on board were killed.
*June 27Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 crashed into the sea near Italy in controversial circumstances, killing all 81 people on board.
*August 19Saudia Flight 163 landed at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia when a fire broke out on board. The evacuation of the plane upon landing was delayed and all 301 on board died.

1981

*August 22Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 103, a Boeing 737, disintegrated during flight and crashed near Taipei, Taiwan. Severe corrosion in the fuselage structure led to explosive decompression and disintegration at high altitude; all 110 on board were killed.
*October 6NLM Cityhopper Flight 431 was destroyed by a tornado near Rotterdam, killing all 17 people on board.
*December 1Inex-Adria McDonnell Douglas MD-81 crashed in the mountains while approaching Campo dell'Oro Airport in Ajaccio, Corsica, killing all 180 on board.

1982

*January 13Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737, crashed into the frozen Potomac River after takeoff from Washington National Airport. Five on board survived; 78 on board and 4 on the ground died, including one initial survivor who died after ensuring that the other crash survivors were rescued from the frozen river.
*January 23World Airways Flight 30, a DC-10, overshot the runway at Boston, Massachusetts. Two passengers were ejected from the aircraft; their bodies were never found.
*February 9Japan Air Lines Flight 350, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61, crashed on approach to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda). Among the 166 passengers and 8 crew, 24 passengers were killed.
*March 11Widerøe Flight 933 crashed into the Barents Sea near Mehamn, killing all 15 on board. This incident remains highly controversial in Norway.
*March 20 – A Garuda Indonesia Fokker F28 overran the runway in bad weather at Tanjung Karang-Branti Airport; all 27 were killed when the aircraft burst into flames.
*June 8VASP Flight 168, a Boeing 727, crashed into a hillside in Brazil, killing all 137 on board.
*June 23British Airways Flight 009, a Boeing 747-200, flew through a cloud of volcanic ash south of Java; all engines failed in flight, forcing the plane to glide. The crew was able to restart the engines and make a safe landing.
*July 6Aeroflot Flight 411, an Ilyushin Il-62, crashed after take-off from Sheremetyevo International Airport. All 90 on board were killed.
*July 9Pan Am Flight 759, crashed in Kenner, Louisiana, shortly after takeoff. All 145 on board and 8 people on the ground were killed.
*September 13Spantax Flight 995, a DC-10-30CF, was destroyed by fire after an aborted take-off at Malaga, Spain. Fifty of the 294 on board died.

1983

*June 2Air Canada Flight 797, a DC-9, caught fire during flight over Kentucky. 23 of 46 passengers died from smoke inhalation even after the crew successfully landed the aircraft in Cincinnati, Ohio. Renowned Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers died while helping other passengers evacuate the aircraft.
*July 16 – A British Airways Sikorsky S-61 helicopter crashed into the sea off the Isles of Scilly. 20 of 26 people on board died, making the incident the worst helicopter accident in the United Kingdom at the time and sparking a review of helicopter safety.
*July 23Air Canada Flight 143, a Boeing 767, ran out of fuel above Manitoba because of a miscalculation. The crew successfully glided the aircraft to a safe landing at a former Air Force base at Gimli, Manitoba. The aircraft became known as the "Gimli Glider".
*September 1Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a Boeing 747, was shot down by Soviet fighter planes near Sakhalin after violating Soviet airspace. All 269 people on board were killed.
*September 23Gulf Air Flight 771, a Boeing 737, crashed near Mina Jebel Ali in the United Arab Emirates after a bomb planted by the Abu Nidal Organization detonated on board. All 117 people on board perished.
*November 27Avianca Flight 11, a Boeing 747, struck a hill because of a navigational error while attempting to land at Madrid, Spain. Of the 192 passengers and crew aboard, 11 survived.

1984

*March 22Pacific Western Airlines Flight 501, a Boeing 737, suffered a catastrophic mechanical failure during takeoff from Calgary. All passengers and crew were safely evacuated, but the plane burned to the ground.

1985

*January 1Eastern Air Lines Flight 980, a Boeing 727, impacts Mount Illimani in Bolivia. All 29 people on board are killed.
*January 21Galaxy Airlines Flight 203, a Lockheed L-188 Electra, crashes in Reno, Nevada while attempting to return to the airport to troubleshoot a noise, killing 70 of the 71 people on board. It is later discovered that the air start door was not properly secured.
*February 19
**Iberia Flight 610, a Boeing 727-256, crashes in fog, near Bilbao, Spain, after hitting an antenna at the top of the 1024 metre Mount Oiz. All the 148 on board die.
**China Airlines Flight 006, a Boeing 747SP, suffers an engine flameout off the coast of California and dives 30,000 feet before regaining control and landing safely in San Francisco.
*June 14TWA Flight 847, a Boeing 727, is hijacked by Lebanese militants. One passenger is murdered during the three-day ordeal.
*June 23Air-India Flight 182, a Boeing 747, is bombed by Sikh extremists. It crashes into the ocean near Ireland, killing all 329 people on board.
*July 10Aeroflot Flight 7425, a Tupolev Tu-154B, stalls while cruising at 38,000 feet (11,600 m) and enters an unrecoverable spin, killing all 200 aboard.
*August 2Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed Tristar, crashes on approach to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport because of wind shear from a sudden microburst thunderstorm. Of the 163 passengers and crew aboard, 29 survive.
*August 12Japan Air Lines Flight 123, a Boeing 747, crashes into Mount Osutaka after catastrophic failure of the tailplane severs all hydraulic lines and renders the aircraft uncontrollable. 520 of 524 people on board are killed. To date, it is the worst single-aircraft disaster in history.
*August 22British Airtours Flight 28M, a Boeing 737, aborts its takeoff from Manchester, England because of an engine fire. While 63 passengers and crew escape alive, 53 are killed, most from smoke inhalation.
*August 25Bar Harbor Airlines Flight 1808 crashes near Auburn, Maine killing all 8 people on board, including Samantha Smith and her father.
*September 6Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a DC-9, crashes after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin because of engine failure and pilot error. All 31 people on board are killed.
*November 23EgyptAir Flight 648, a Boeing 737, is hijacked by Palestinian militants. Egyptian special forces storm the plane on the island of Malta. The incident kills 58 out of 90 passengers and all but one of the hijackers.
*December 12Arrow Air Flight 1285, a DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing all 256 passengers and crew on board, making it currently the worst air disaster to occur in Canada; the cause is determined to be a stall most likely caused by wing icing.

1986

*March 31Mexicana Flight 940, a Boeing 727, crashes into high ground near Santiago Maravatío, Mexico. All 167 passengers and crew are killed.
*April 2TWA Flight 840, a Boeing 727, is bombed by Palestinian militants, killing four out of 121 people on board. The plane manages to land safely in Athens.
*August 31Aeroméxico Flight 498, a DC-9, collides with a Piper Cherokee over Los Angeles, killing all 67 people aboard both aircraft and 15 people on the ground.
*September 5Pan Am Flight 73, a Boeing 747, is hijacked on the ground at Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, Pakistan, by Palestinian militants. About twenty passengers and crew out of 379 on board die during a shootout inside the plane.
*November 6 – A Boeing 234LR Chinook helicopter operated by British International Helicopters crashes on approach to Sumburgh Airport, Shetland Islands with the loss of 45 lives.
*December 25Iraqi Airways Flight 163, a Boeing 737, is hijacked by Hezbollah militants while "en route" to Amman, Jordan. A shootout with security forces causes the plane to crash, killing 63 of the 106 people on board.

1987

*May 9LOT Polish Airlines Flight 5055, an Ilyushin Il-62M, crashes near Warsaw during landing because of engine failure. All 183 passengers and crew members perish.
*June 27Philippine Airlines Flight 206, a Hawker Siddeley HS 748, crashes on the slopes of Mount Ugo, Benguet, as it begins its approach to Loakan Airport in Baguio City; all 50 passengers and crew are killed. Poor visibility is blamed for the crash.
*August 16Northwest Airlines Flight 255, an MD-82, crashes on takeoff from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Romulus, Michigan, 25 miles west of Detroit, as a result of pilot error. Out of 155 on board, Cecelia Cichan, a 4-year-old girl, is the only survivor.
*August 31Thai Airways Flight 365, a Boeing 737, crashes into the ocean off the coast of Thailand as a result of pilot error. All 83 passengers and crew perish.
*November 15Continental Airlines Flight 1713, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 crashes on take-off during a snowstorm at Stapleton International Airport, in Denver.
*November 28South African Airways Flight 295, a Boeing 747, crashes into the Indian Ocean after a fire in the cargo hold. All 159 aboard die.
*November 29Korean Air Flight 858, a Boeing 707, crashes into the Andaman Sea after a bomb explodes on board. All 115 people on board are killed.
*December 7Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771, a BAe 146, is hijacked and deliberately crashed near Cayucos, California, by a disgruntled airline employee. All 43 people on board, including the hijacker, are killed.

1988

*March 17Avianca Flight 410, a Boeing 727, crashes into terrain near Cúcuta, Colombia after takeoff as a result of pilot error. All 142 people on board die.
*April 28Aloha Airlines Flight 243, a Boeing 737, suffers explosive decompression during flight but manages to land safely. Of 95 people on board, one flight attendant is blown out of the plane and killed, and several passengers are injured.
* May 6 – A Widerøe-operated Dash 7 crashes in Torghatten, Norway in heavy fog, killing all 36 passengers in the worst-ever Dash 7 accident.
*June 26Air France Flight 296, an Airbus A320, makes a low pass over Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport in landing configuration during an air show and crashes into trees at the end of the runway. Of 130 passengers aboard, 3 die.
*July 3Iran Air Flight 655, an Airbus A300, is shot down over Iranian waters by the missile cruiser "USS Vincennes" near Dubai. All 290 people on board are killed.
*August 31Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a Boeing 727, crashes on takeoff from Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport as a result of pilot error; of 108 people on board, 12 passengers and two crew members are killed.
* October 19Indian Airlines Flight 113 hits an electric mast 5 miles (8 kilometers) out on approach in poor visibility in Ahemadabad, India. All six crew members and 124 of 129 passengers are killed.
*December 21Pan Am Flight 103, a Boeing 747, disintegrates in the air over Lockerbie, Scotland after a terrorist bomb explodes on board. All 259 people on board and 11 on the ground are killed. The incident is also known as the "Lockerbie air disaster".

1989

*January 8British Midland Flight 92, a Boeing 737, crashes near Kegworth, Leicestershire, United Kingdom after one of its engines loses a fan blade and fails. Of the 118 passengers and 8 crew, 79 survive. The incident became known as the "Kegworth air disaster".
*February 8Independent Air Flight 1851, a Boeing 707, crashes into a hill on approach to Santa Maria, the Azores. All 144 people on board are killed.
*February 24United Airlines Flight 811, a Boeing 747, suffers an explosive decompression shortly after takeoff from Honolulu, Hawaii, United States caused by a cargo door which burst open during flight. Of 355 people on board, nine passengers are sucked out of the plane, but the crew manage to land safely at Honolulu.
*March 10Air Ontario Flight 1363, a Fokker F28, crashes immediately after takeoff from Dryden, Ontario, Canada because of ice on the wings, killing 24 of 69 people on board.
*June 7Surinam Airways Flight PY764, a Douglas DC-8, crashes while attempting to land in heavy fog at Paramaribo, Suriname. The plane hits trees and flips upside down, killing 176 of 187 people on board.
*July 19United Airlines Flight 232, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10, suffers a complete hydraulic system failure over Iowa, United States after the tail-mounted engine disintegrates. The crew maintains partial control of the aircraft using differential throttle, bringing it to a crash landing on the runway of the Sioux City, Iowa airport. Of the 296 people on board, 111 die.
*September 3Varig Flight 254, a Boeing 737, runs out of fuel because of incorrect navigation and crashes in the Brazilian jungle, killing 13 of the 54 people on board.
*September 8Partnair Flight 394, a Convair 580, crashes into the North Sea after its tail section falls off in midair. All 55 people on board perish.
*September 19UTA Flight 772, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10, explodes in mid-air over the Sahara desert when a bomb hidden in its forward cargo hold detonates. All 170 people on board are killed. Responsibility for the bombing is later traced back to Abdullah Sanussi, the brother-in-law of Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, whose government in 2003 agrees to pay compensation to the victims.
*November 27Avianca Flight 203, a Boeing 727, explodes in mid-air over Colombia, killing all 107 people on board and three people on the ground. The Medellín Cartel claimed responsibility for the attack.
*December 15KLM Flight 867, a Boeing 747 flying from Amsterdam to Anchorage, Alaska, flies through a cloud of volcanic debris, subsequently losing power from all four engines. The crew is able to restart the engines and land the plane safely.

1990

*January 25Avianca Flight 52, a Boeing 707, runs out of fuel and crashes while attempting to land at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York. Of the 158 people on board, 85 survive.
* February 14Indian Airlines Flight 605, an Airbus A320, crashes on its final approach to Bangalore airport. 92 out of 146 people on board are killed.
*June 10British Airways Flight 5390, a BAC One-Eleven, suffers explosive decompression over Didcot, Oxfordshire, England when one of the front windscreen panes blows out. The captain is partially sucked out of the cockpit, but a flight attendant manages to keep his unconscious body from falling from the aircraft. The first officer lands the aircraft safely at Southampton Airport. All on board survive.
*October 2Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301, a Boeing 737, is hijacked. During landing at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, it clips a China Southwest Airlines Boeing 707 and collides with a China Southern Airlines Boeing 757, killing a total of 128.

1991

*February 1USAir Flight 1493, a Boeing 737, strikes a Fairchild Metro commuter plane waiting to take off from the same runway on which the Boeing 737 was landing at Los Angeles International Airport. Of the 101 people on both aircraft, 34 people, including all 12 aboard the Metro and 22 of the Boeing 737 passengers, are killed.
*March 3United Airlines Flight 585, a Boeing 737, crashes while attempting to land at Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing all 25 people on board. The cause of the crash is not identified until the investigation into the crash of USAir Flight 427 in 1994; both crashes are eventually attributed to defects in a valve associated with the rudder.
*March 26Singapore Airlines Flight 117 is hijacked by Pakistani militants "en route" to Singapore, where, upon landing, it is stormed by Singapore Special Operations forces. All of the hijackers are killed in the operation, with no fatalities amongst the passengers and crew.
*April 5Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311, an Embraer 120RT Brasilia, rolls sharply and crashes on final approach to Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 people on board, including former Texas senator John Tower, his adult daughter, and astronaut Sonny Carter.
*May 26Lauda Air Flight 004, a Boeing 767, disintegrates in mid-air over Uthai Thani Province, Thailand, killing all 223 people on board. A thrust reverser had accidentally deployed in flight, causing the disaster.
*July 11Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Nationair DC-8-61 chartered by Nigeria Airways to transport Nigerian pilgrims to Mecca, crashes shortly after takeoff from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, because of a fire caused by tyre failure. All 261 on board die, including 14 Canadian crew members.
* August 16Indian Airlines Flight 257 hits high ground during descent about 30 km from the Imphal airport. All six crew members and 63 passengers were killed.
*September 11Continental Express Flight 2574 crashes on descent in Eagle Lake, Texas, killing all 14 people on board. Maintenance crews traded work shifts during repairs to the horizontal stabilizer, inadvertently leaving 47 bolts missing. Reformers pointed to this error and called for development of a "safety culture".
*December 27 – Both engines of SAS Flight 751, an MD-81, fail shortly after takeoff from Stockholm, Sweden. The pilots successfully make an emergency landing in a nearby field, injuring 25 passengers but incurring not a single fatality.

1992

*March 22USAir Flight 405, a Fokker F-28, crashes on takeoff from New York because of ice buildup. Twenty-seven of the 51 people on board are killed. The then-president of Cleveland, Ohio's renowned Cleveland Clinic is among the survivors.
*July 30TWA Flight 843 aborts takeoff at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The Lockheed L-1011 turns off the runway onto grass in order to avoid striking a concrete barrier. The plane is destroyed by fire shortly after all 292 passengers and crew evacuate with no loss of life.
*July 31Thai Airways International Flight 311 crashed on approach into Kathmandu, Nepal, killing all 12 crew and 99 passengers on board.
*September 28Pakistan International Airlines Flight 268, an Airbus A300, crashes near Kathmandu, Nepal, killing all 12 crew and 155 passengers.
*October 4El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747 freighter, crashes into high-rise apartment buildings in Amsterdam after two of its engines detach from the wing. Forty-three people, including the plane's crew of 3, are killed. The incident became known as the "Bijlmerramp" (Bijlmer disaster).
*November 15 - An Aerocaribbean Ilyushin Il-18 en route from Santo Domingo International Airport to Gregorio Luperón International Airport, crashes into the side mount Isabel de Torres, in Puerto Plata province -Dominican Republic- while flying in IFR conditions on approach. All 34 aboard perish.
*December 21Martinair Flight 495 crashes in Faro, Portugal, killing 54 people and injuring 106.

1993

*April 26Indian Airlines Flight 491, a Boeing 737, strikes a large vehicle on a road just outside the Aurangabad airport and crashes subsequently, killing 55 of the 118 people on board.
*July 26Asiana Airlines Flight 733, a Boeing 737, crashes into a mountain in Haenam, South Korea after failed landing attempts, killing 78 of the 110 people on board.
*September 14Lufthansa Flight 2904, an Airbus A320, crashes after overrunning the runway in Warsaw, Poland, killing 2 and injuring 68 of the 72 people on board.
*September 21Transair Georgian Airline Crash (21 September): A Tupolev Tu-134A is hit on approach to Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport by a surface-to-air missile; the plane crashes into the Black Sea, killing all five crew members and all 22 passengers.
*September 22Transair Georgian Airline Crash (22 September): Another plane, a Tupolev Tu-154A carrying refugees from a besieged city, Tbilisi, is shot down on takeoff from Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport; the plane crashes on the runway and catches fire, killing 106 of the 132 people on board.

1994

*March 23Aeroflot Flight 593, an Airbus A310, crashes into a wooded hillside in Siberia. All 75 passengers and crew are killed.
*April 7FedEx Flight 705, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10, encounters an attempted hijacking by a FedEx employee. The three crew members are heavily injured, but manage to subdue the attacker and land the aircraft safely with no loss of life.
*April 26China Airlines Flight 140, an Airbus A300, crashes while landing at Nagoya, Japan as a result of pilot error. 264 people of the 271 on board die.
*June 6 - China Northwest Airlines Flight 2303, a Tupolev Tu-154M, breaks up in mid-air and crashes near Xian, China killing all 160 on board. The deadliest airplane crash ever to occur in China is attributed to a maintenance error.
*July 2USAir Flight 1016, a DC-9, crashes while attempting to land at Charlotte, North Carolina during a thunderstorm. 37 of the 51 people on board are killed.
*July 19Alas Chiricanas Flight 00901, an Embraer EMB-110, explodes in mid-air over Panama, killing all 21 people on board. Investigators conclude that a suicide bomber caused the plane to explode, although motives and affiliation of the bomber remain unclear.
*September 8USAir Flight 427, a Boeing 737, crashes while attempting to land at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, killing all 133 people on board. Investigations showed that a fault in the Boeing 737 rudder was to blame for the crash.
*October 31American Eagle Flight 4184, an ATR 72 turboprop, crashes near Roselawn, Indiana, while waiting to land at Chicago, Illinois, because of ice buildup on its wings. All 68 people on board die.
*December 11 – A bomb explodes on board Philippine Airlines Flight 434, a Boeing 747, killing one passenger, in a prelude to the terrorist Bojinka Plot. Despite subsequent difficulties in controlling the aircraft, the crew succeeds in making an emergency landing at Naha, Okinawa.
*December 24Air France Flight 8969, an Airbus A300, is hijacked on the tarmac at Algiers, Algeria by the militant group GIA. After a two-day standoff, the plane is allowed to fly to Marseille, France, where it is stormed by French commandos who kill the hijackers.

1995

*March 31Tarom Flight 371, an Airbus A310, crashes near Baloteşti, Romania killing all 60 on board.
*June 5Ansett New Zealand Flight 703, a de Havilland DHC-8, crashes during a landing approach near Tararua Range, New Zealand killing four of the 21 people on board.
*August 21Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529, an Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia, crashes in a field near Carrollton, Georgia in the United States, killing 10 of the 29 people on board.
*December 18 – A Trans Service Airlift Lockheed L-188 Electra crashes after taking off from Jamba, Angola, because of overloading. Of the 144 people on board, 141 are killed.
*December 13Banat Air Flight 166, a Romavia Antonov An-24 (registered "YR-AMR"), crashes after taking off from Verona airport, because of overloading and ice accumulation on the wings. All 4 crew and all 45 passengers die.
*December 20American Airlines Flight 965, a Boeing 757, crashes into a mountain while approaching Santiago de Cali, Colombia; of the 164 people on board, only 4 people and a dog survive.

1996

*January 8 – An overloaded Air Africa Antonov An-32 aborts takeoff and overruns into a market in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 297.
*February 6Birgenair Flight 301, a Boeing 757 with 189 people on board, crashes into the ocean off Puerto Plata in the Dominican Republic shortly after taking off. All passengers and crew are killed.
*February 29 – Compañía de Aviación Faucett Flight 251, a Boeing 737, crashes into a hill while attempting to land at Arequipa, Peru. All 123 people on board die.
*May 11ValuJet Airlines Flight 592, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, crashes in the Everglades near Miami, Florida, because of a fire in its cargo hold. All 110 people on board are killed.
*July 17TWA Flight 800, a Boeing 747, explodes in mid-air above the ocean off East Moriches, New York, killing all 230 people on board.
* August 19Spair Airlines Flight PAR-3601, an Ilyushin Il-76, crashes near Belgrade with twelve fatalities.
*August 29Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashes into a mountain on Spitsbergen, an island in the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, killing all 141 on board.
*October 2Aeroperú Flight 603, a Boeing 757, crashes into the ocean off Pasamayo, Peru, because of a maintenance error. All 70 people on board are killed.
*October 31TAM Airlines Flight 402, a Fokker 100, crashes shortly after takeoff from Congonhas/São Paulo International Airport, Brazil, striking an apartment building and several houses. All 90 passengers and 6 crew members on board die. Three people are killed on the ground.
*November 12Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763, a Boeing 747, collides in mid-air with Air Kazakhstan Flight 1907, an Ilyushin Il-76, near Charkhi Dadri, India. All 312 on board the Boeing 747 and all 37 on board the Ilyushin Il-76 are killed.
*November 23Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961, a Boeing 767, is hijacked over Kenya. The aircraft runs out of fuel, and the pilot attempts to ditch the aircraft in the ocean off Moroni, Comoros. Of the 175 people on board, 123 are killed.

1997

*January 9Comair Flight 3272, an Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia, crashes near Ida, Michigan during a snowstorm. All 29 on board die.
*May 8China Southern Airlines Flight 3456, a Boeing 737, makes a hard landing in Shenzhen, China during poor weather and crashes, killing 35 of the 74 people on board.
*August 6Korean Air Flight 801, a Boeing 747, crashes while attempting to land in heavy rain in Hagåtña, Guam. Of the 254 people on board, 228 die.
*September 3Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, a Tupolev Tu-134, crashes on approach to Phnom Penh International Airport in heavy rain, killing 65 of the 66 people on board.
*September 26Garuda Indonesia Flight 152, an Airbus A300, crashes into a mountain near Buah Nabar, Indonesia killing all 234 on board.
*December 16Air Canada Flight 646, a Canadair CRJ-100, crashes after a failed go-around attempt in Fredericton, New Brunswick. All passengers and crew survive.
*December 19SilkAir Flight 185, a Boeing 737, crashes abruptly into the Musi River near Palembang, Indonesia, killing all 102 people on board.

1998

*February 2Cebu Pacific Air Flight 387, a McDonnell-Douglas DC-9, crashes into a mountain near Mount Sumagaya in Misamis Oriental in the Philippines. The plane is flying an unfamiliar route not well documented in maps following an unscheduled stop in Leyte to drop off two mechanics. All 104 passengers and crew members are killed.
*February 16China Airlines Flight 676, an Airbus A300, crashes into a residential area while attempting to land in Taipei, Taiwan. All 196 people on board are killed, in addition to six on the ground.
*March 22Philippine Airlines Flight 137, an Airbus A320, overshoots the end of the runway while landing at Bacolod City in the Philippines, plowing through several houses. None of the passengers were harmed, but three people on the ground were killed and several more injured.
*April 20 - TAME Airlines Flight 422, a Boeing 727, crashed into the mountains east of Bogotá, Colombia when it was taking off from El Dorado International Airport of Bogotá at about 4:45pm local time. The plane was owned by TAME, an Ecuadoran airline, but leased to Air France. The accident was caused by foggy weather and all passengers and crew were lost, at least 53 people.
*September 2Swissair Flight 111, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, crashes into the sea near Halifax, Nova Scotia in Canada, because of an on-board fire. All 229 people on board perish.
*December 11Thai Airways Flight 261, an Airbus A310, crashes during poor weather near Surat Thani, Thailand. Of the 146 people on board, 102 are killed.

1999

*June 1American Airlines Flight 1420, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, skids off the runway on landing at Little Rock, Arkansas during strong winds. Eleven of 145 on board die.
*July 24All Nippon Airways Flight 61, a Boeing 747, is hijacked by a passenger, Yuji Nishizawa, wielding a knife. After fatally stabbing the captain, he is overpowered by the crew. The first officer lands the plane safely at Haneda, Japan.
*August 22China Airlines Flight 642, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, crashes on landing at Hong Kong International Airport during Tropical Storm Sam. Of the 315 people on board, three die.
*August 31LAPA Flight 3142, a Boeing 737, overshoots the runway in Buenos Aires, Argentina and crashes into a golf course. Of the 103 people on board, 64 are killed as well as ten on the ground.
*September 14Britannia Airways Flight BY226A, a Boeing 757, veers off the runway at Girona, Catalonia (Spain) while landing in a thunderstorm and comes to rest in a field, broken apart in two places; no fatalities.
*September 23Qantas Flight 1, a Boeing 747, overshoots the runway upon landing in Bangkok, Thailand. None of the 410 people on board are seriously injured.
*October 31EgyptAir Flight 990, a Boeing 767 on its way to Cairo, Egypt, crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off Nantucket, Massachusetts. All 217 passengers and crew members on board are killed.
*November 9TAESA Flight 725, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9, crashes near Uruapan, Mexico killing all 18 on board.
*December 24Indian Airlines Flight 814, an Airbus A300, is hijacked "en route" to Delhi, India. One hostage is killed.

2000

*January 10Crossair Flight 498, a Saab 340, crashes two minutes after takeoff in Niederhasli, Switzerland, killing all ten people on-board.
*January 30Kenya Airways Flight 431, an Airbus A310, carrying 169 passengers and 10 crew members, crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off Côte d'Ivoire after takeoff from Abidjan. Only ten people survive.
*January 31Alaska Airlines Flight 261, an MD-83, crashes into the Pacific Ocean off Point Mugu, California after problems with its horizontal stabilizer. All 83 passengers and 5 crew members are killed.
*March 5Southwest Airlines Flight 1455, a Boeing 737, overruns the runway in Burbank, California. Of the 142 people on board, 43 are injured, two seriously.
*April 19Air Philippines Flight 541, a Boeing 737-200, crashes in a coconut grove on Samal Island, Davao del Norte while preparing to approach the Davao International Airport, killing all 131 people on board.
*July 12Hapag-Lloyd Airlines Flight 3378, an Airbus A310, lands 500 meters short of the runway in Vienna after running out of fuel in flight. There are no serious injuries or fatalities.
*July 17Alliance Air Flight 7412, a Boeing 737, crashes into government housing in Patna, India as it approaches the airport, killing 55 of the 58 on board and five people on the ground.
*July 25Air France Flight 4590, an Aerospatiale-BAC Concorde, crashes during takeoff from Paris, France after its fuel tank catches fire, killing 9 crew and 100 passengers as well as four on the ground; the entire Concorde fleet is grounded for one year, and is eventually retired.
*August 23Gulf Air Flight 072, an Airbus A320, crashes into the Persian Gulf off Manama, Bahrain while attempting to land. All 143 passengers and eight crew members are killed.
*October 31Singapore Airlines Flight 006, a Boeing 747, strikes construction equipment after using a closed runway for takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan and crashes, killing 83 out of 179 people on board.

2001

*January 31Japan Airlines Flight 907 and Japan Airlines Flight 958 narrowly avoid colliding near Yaizu, Japan.
*August 24Air Transat Flight 236 runs out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean and makes an emergency landing in the Azores. Upon landing some of the tires blow out, causing a fire that is extinguished by emergency personnel on the ground. None of the 304 people on board the Airbus A330 are seriously injured.
*September 11September 11, 2001 attacks
**American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 with 92 people on board, is hijacked after taking off from Boston, and is flown into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. All on board are killed as well as many more on the ground and in the building.
**United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 with 65 people on board, is hijacked after taking off from Boston and is flown into the south tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. All on board are killed as well as many more on the ground and in the building. The collapse of both towers brings the total death toll from the two crashes to at least 2,759 including the hijackers and 343 firefighters.
**American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 with 64 people on board, is hijacked after taking off from Dulles International Airport and is flown into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia. All on board are killed as well as 125 people in the building and on the ground.
**United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 with 44 people on board, is hijacked after taking off from Newark, New Jersey. After passengers struggle with the hijackers, the aircraft crashes in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, killing all on board.
*October 4Siberia Airlines Flight 1812, a Tupolev Tu-154, is shot down by a Ukrainian missile over the Black Sea. All 66 passengers and 12 crew members are killed.
*October 8SAS Flight 686, a MD-87, crashes into a Cessna business jet on takeoff from Milan, Italy. The MD-87 then swerves into a baggage handling building and catches fire. All 110 people on board Flight 686 die as well as all four in the Cessna. Four people on the ground are also killed.
*November 12American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300, crashes into a Queens neighborhood in New York City when the plane's vertical tail fin snaps just after takeoff. All 251 passengers and nine crew members on board are killed as well as five people on the ground.
*November 24Crossair Flight 3597, a BAe 146, crashes at Birchwil, Switzerland, while attempting to land in Zürich. Of the 28 passengers and five crew members on board, 21 passengers (including pop singer Melanie Thornton) and three crew members die.
*December 22 – On board American Airlines Flight 63, a Boeing 767, a passenger, Richard Reid, attempts to detonate explosives hidden in his shoe, but fails and is subdued by two flight attendants and passengers. The plane lands safely in Boston.

2002

*January 14Lion Air Flight JT-386, a Boeing 737, crashes while attempting to take off from Riau, Indonesia. All 103 on board survive.
*April 15Air China Flight 129, a Boeing 767, crashes into a hill during a landing attempt at Busan, South Korea in misty conditions. Of the 155 passengers and 11 crew, 38 survive.
*May 7China Northern Airlines Flight 6136, an MD-82, crashes near Dalian, China, after a passenger sets fire to the cabin with gasoline. All 103 passengers and 9 crew members are killed.
*May 25China Airlines Flight 611, a Boeing 747, disintegrates above the Taiwan Strait, apparently because of metal fatigue. All 206 passengers and 19 crew members are killed.
*July 1Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, a Tupolev Tu-154 with 57 passengers and 14 crew members on board, collides with a DHL Boeing 757 cargo plane with 2 pilots on board near Lake Constance, Germany. All people on both planes perish.
*July 1America West Airlines Flight 556, an Airbus 319, is ordered back to the terminal at Miami, Florida before take-off after security screeners report that the pilots are intoxicated. The passengers are allowed to fly to Phoenix, Arizona on other airlines. The pilots are eventually given prison sentences.
*November 6Luxair Flight 9642, a Fokker 50, crashes short of the runway while landing near Niederanven, Luxembourg in foggy conditions. Of the 19 passengers and three crew members on board, only two survive.

2003

*January 8Air Midwest Flight 5481, a Beechcraft 1900, crashes on takeoff from Charlotte North Carolina in the United States; all 19 passengers and 2 pilots are killed.
*March 6Air Algerie Flight 6289, a Boeing 737, veers off the runway on takeoff in Tamanrasset, Algeria; 96 of the 97 passengers and all 6 crew members perish.
*May 29 – A man attempts to hijack QantasLink Flight 1737 in Melbourne, Australia, intending to crash the plane in Tasmania. He is overpowered by the flight crew and passengers, but injures three people.
*November 22 – A DHL Airbus A300 is struck by a missile near Baghdad, Iraq and loses hydraulic system function, but manages to land safely with only engine controls without any fatalities. This is the first safe landing of an airliner without control surfaces.
*December 25Union des Transports Aériens de Guinée Flight 141, a Boeing 727, overshoots the runway upon landing at Cotonou, Benin and crashes onto the beach on the Bight of Benin, killing 151 of the 163 occupants.

2004

*January 3Flash Airlines Flight 604, a Boeing 737, crashes into the Red Sea, killing all 135 passengers and 13 crew members.
*May 9American Eagle Flight 5401 is damaged by high winds during landing in San Juan, Puerto Rico, injuring 13 people.
*August 13Air Tahoma Flight 185, a Convair 580, crashes near Covington, Kentucky while descending to land, killing the first officer.
*August 24Russian aircraft bombings of August 2004:
**Siberia Airlines Flight 1047, a Tupolev Tu-154, explodes in mid-air while flying over Rostov Oblast, Russia killing all 38 passengers and 8 crew members on board.
**Volga-AviaExpress Flight 1303, a Tupolev Tu-134, explodes in mid-air while flying over Tula Oblast, Russia killing all 34 passengers and 9 crew members on board.
*October 19Corporate Airlines Flight 5966, a Handley Page Jetstream, crashes near Kirksville, Missouri in the United States; 13 of the 15 people on board die.
*November 21China Eastern Airlines Flight 5210, a Bombardier CRJ-200LR, stalls and crashes near Baotou, China shortly after takeoff because of frost contamination; all 53 on board and two people on the ground are killed.
*November 30Lion Air Flight 538, a DC-9, crash-lands in Solo City, Indonesia, killing 25 of the 154 people on board.

2005

*February 3Kam Air Flight 904, a Boeing 737, crashes in a snowstorm in Afghanistan. All 96 passengers and eight crew members die.
*May 3Airwork Flight 23, a Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner crashes in Taranaki, New Zealand killing both crew members.
*June 9US Airways Flight 1170 and Aer Lingus Flight 132 almost collide on a runway at Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts. None of the 381 people on either planes are harmed.
*August 2Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340, skids off a runway in Toronto, Ontario, while landing and catches fire; all 309 on board escape without fatalities or serious injuries, but the aircraft is completely destroyed by the fire.
*August 10Copterline Flight 103, a Sikorsky S-76 helicopter crashes off Tallinn, Estonia killing all 14 on board.
*August 14Helios Airways Flight 522, a Boeing 737, crashes near Kalamos, Greece with 115 passengers and 6 crew members on board; there are no survivors.
*August 16West Caribbean Airways Flight 708, an MD-82, crashes in western Venezuela. All on board, 152 passengers and 8 crew members, die.
*August 23TANS Peru Flight 204, a Boeing 737, crashes near Pucallpa, Peru. Forty of the 92 passengers on board, as well as four of the six crew members, perish.
*September 5Mandala Airlines Flight 091, a Boeing 737, crashes in Medan, Indonesia, killing 103 of the 111 passengers and all 5 crew members on the plane and an additional 47 people on the ground.
*September 21JetBlue Airways Flight 292, an Airbus A320, makes an emergency landing in Los Angeles, California in the United States because of landing gear steering failure. There are no injuries to the 139 passengers and six crew members.
*October 22Bellview Airlines Flight 210, a Boeing 737, crashes in central Nigeria, killing all 117 people on board.
*December 7 – A passenger disembarking American Airlines Flight 924, a Boeing 757, in Miami, Florida is shot and killed by an air marshal when the marshal believes that he hears the man say that he has a bomb.
*December 8Southwest Airlines Flight 1248, a Boeing 737, slides off the runway during landing at Chicago Midway International Airport in Chicago, Illinois in heavy snow. None of the people on board are injured, but the plane hits two automobiles on the ground, killing a six-year-old boy.
*December 10Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145, a DC-9 with 110 people on board, crashes during landing in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 107 people die.
*December 19Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101, a Grumman Mallard, crashes off the coast of Miami Beach, Florida, killing all 20 on board.

2006

*May 3Armavia Flight 967, an Airbus A320, crashes into the Black Sea near the Russian city of Sochi, killing all 113 on board.
*July 9S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310, crashes into a concrete barricade and catches fire on landing in Irkutsk, Russia. Of the 203 people on board, 128 are killed.
*July 10Pakistan International Airlines Flight 688, a Fokker F27, crashes into a wheat field near Multan, Pakistan ten minutes after taking off, killing all 41 passengers and 4 crew members on board.
*August 22Pulkovo Airlines Flight 612, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashes near Donetsk, Ukraine, killing all 170 people on board.
*August 27Comair Flight 191, a CRJ-100, crashes during takeoff near Lexington, Kentucky, killing 49 of the 50 people on board.
*September 1 – An Iran Air Tours Tu-154 carrying 148 people crashes while attempting to land in Mashad, Iran killing 28 people.
*September 29Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907, a Boeing 737, collides with an Embraer Legacy business jet and crashes in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The Embraer Legacy, with seven on board, lands safely with no reported injuries. All 154 people on board the Boeing 737 perish.
*October 3Turkish Airlines Flight 1476, a Boeing 737, is hijacked over Greece. The plane lands in Brindisi, Italy. None of the 113 people on board are hurt.
*October 10Atlantic Airways Flight 670, a BAe 146, slides off the runway at Stord, Norway, killing four of the 16 people on board.
*October 29ADC Airlines Flight 53, a Boeing 737, crashes near Abuja, Nigeria, killing 97 of the 104 people on board.

2007

*January 1Adam Air Flight 574, a Boeing 737 with 102 people on board, crashes into the ocean off the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia, killing all on board.
*January 9 – An AerianTur-M Antonov An-26 crashes near Balad, Iraq, killing 34 of the 35 people on board. The official cause of the crash is poor weather conditions, but other sources claim that the plane was shot down by a missile.
*January 24Air West Flight 612, a Boeing 737 with 103 people on board, is hijacked over Sudan shortly after taking off from Khartoum, but lands safely in N'Djamena, Chad.
*February 15 – An Air Mauritanie Boeing 737 is hijacked after taking off from Nouakchott, Mauritania, but lands safely in Las Palmas, Spain without any serious injuries among the 79 people on board.
*February 18 – A Shuttle America Embraer ERJ-170 jet, operating as Delta Connection flight 6448, is substantially damaged when it overruns a snow covered runway by 150 feet on landing at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Cleveland, Ohio and contacts the localizer antenna and fence. None of the 74 aboard were injured.
*February 21Adam Air Flight 172, a Boeing 737, suffers structural damage while landing near Surabaya, Indonesia. None of the 149 people on board were seriously injured.
*March 7Garuda Indonesia Flight 200, a Boeing 737, overshoots the runway and crashes while landing at Yogyakarta, Indonesia, killing 22 of the 140 people on board.
*March 17UTair Flight 471, a Tupolev Tu-134, suffers severe structural damage while landing in Samara, Russia, killing six of the 63 people on board.
*March 23 – A TransAVIAexport Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 crashes in Mogadishu, Somalia killing all 11 on board; the plane, which crashes during the Battle of Mogadishu, is thought to have been shot down.
*March 30 – A Sudan Airways flight with 284 people on board is hijacked but lands safely in Khartoum, Sudan.
*May 5Kenya Airways Flight 507, a Boeing 737 with 114 people on board, crashes near Douala, Cameroon killing everyone on board.
*June 3 – A Paramount Airlines Mil Mi-8 helicopter crashes in Lungi, Sierra Leone killing all 22 people on board.
*June 21 – A Free Airlines Let-410UVP crashes shortly after takeoff from Kamina Town, Democratic Republic of Congo because of severe overloading, killing 1 and injuring 4 of the 21 people on board.
*June 25PMTair Flight 241, an Antonov An-24, crashes in southwestern Cambodia killing all 22 on board.
*June 28 – A TAAG Angola Airlines Boeing 737, D2-TBP, with 78 people on board, loses control while landing and crashes in M'banza-Kongo, Angola, killing at least six people on board and injuring an unknown number of others.

*July 17TAM Airlines Flight 3054, an Airbus A320, crashes in São Paulo, Brazil killing all 187 people on board and 12 on the ground.
*August 9 – An Air Moorea de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter crashes into the lagoon of the island of Moorea in French Polynesia just 11 seconds after take off, killing all 20 on board. Suspected failure of steering equipment.
*August 20China Airlines Flight 120, a Boeing 737, bursts into flames after landing at Naha, Japan. None of the 165 passengers were seriously injured.
*Scandinavian Airlines 2007 Dash 8 landing gear incidents:
**September 9Scandinavian Airlines Flight 1209, a de Havilland Canada Dash 8, experiences a landing gear failure in Aalborg, Denmark. None of the 73 people on board were seriously injured, but three days later, after a similar incident, the airline grounds the type.
**September 12Scandinavian Airlines Flight 2748, a de Havilland Canada Dash 8, experiences a landing gear failure in Vilnius, Lithuania. None of the 52 people on board were injured, but because of a similar incident three days earlier, all their Dash 8s are grounded.
**October 27Scandinavian Airlines Flight 2867, a de Havilland Canada Dash 8, experiences a landing gear failure in Copenhagen, Denmark. None of the 44 people on board were injured, but because of similar incidents in September, the airline "permanently" removes its Dash 8s from service. Cause is eventually ascribed to maintenance error.
*September 16One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 carrying 130 people, crashes and bursts into flames after attempting to land in Phuket, Thailand during poor weather conditions killing 90 people.
*October 4 – An Africa One Antonov An-26 crashes into a residential area in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, shortly after taking off. At least 50 people are killed, most of whom were on the ground.
*November 30Atlasjet Flight 4203, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, crashes into a mountain near Isparta, Turkey killing all 57 on board.

2008

*January 2Asian Spirit Flight 321, an NAMC YS-11, overruns the runway while landing in Masbate City, Philippines; all 47 on board survive.
*January 4 – A Transaven Let L-410 Turbolet crashes near the Los Roques archipelago off Venezuela killing all 14 on board.
*January 10Air Canada Flight 190, an Airbus A319 experiences severe turbulence over the Canadian Rocky Mountains, injuring ten of the 88 on board, and is forced to divert and make an emergency landing at Calgary International Airport.
*January 17British Airways Flight 38, a Boeing 777, lands short of the runway at London Heathrow Airport in the United Kingdom. Nine of the 152 people on board are treated for minor injuries, but there are no fatalities.
*February 8Eagle Airways Flight 2279, a BAe Jetstream 32 is hijacked ten minutes after taking off from Blenheim, New Zealand by a passenger who attacked both pilots. The hijacker is eventually restrained by the co-pilot and the flight lands safely at Christchurch. All nine on board survive the incident.
*February 14Belavia Flight 1834, a Bombardier CRJ200, hits its left wing on the runway while taking off from Yerevan, Armenia. All 21 on board escape the aircraft before it erupts into flames.
*February 21Santa Bárbara Airlines Flight 518, an ATR 42-300, crashes shortly after taking off from Mérida, Venezuela killing all 46 on board.
*April 3 – An Antonov An-28 operated by Blue Wing Airlines crashes near Benzdorp in Suriname. All nineteen on board are killed.
*April 11 – A Sudanese airline Antonov An-32 crashes returning shortly after taking off from Chişinău International Airport, Moldova for Turkey. All eight on board are killed.
*April 15 – A Douglas DC-9 operated by Hewa Bora Airways crashes into a market near Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40 people, including three passengers.
*May 25 – A Kalitta Air Boeing 747 cargo crashes at Brussels Airport and snaps in two, but without serious injury.
*May 30TACA Airlines Flight 390, an Airbus A320, overruns the runway at Toncontín International Airport in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, killing five (including two on ground).
*June 10Sudan Airways Flight 109, an Airbus A310, crashes at Khartoum International Airport and breaks apart, catching fire. 30 deaths are confirmed, 6 passengers are listed as missing.
*July 25Qantas Flight 30, a Boeing 747-438 "en route" from Hong Kong to Melbourne, performs an emergency descent and lands in Manila after a hull penetration results in rapid decompression. All aboard survive.
*August 20Spanair Flight 5022, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 crashes on takeoff at Barajas Airport in Madrid, Spain. Of the 172 people on board, 154 are killed.
*August 24Itek Air Flight 6895 Boeing 737-200 crashes just after take-off from Manas Airport in capital Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Reports suggest some 71 are killed while 19 survive of the 83 passengers and 7 crew aboard.
*September 14 - Aeroflot Flight 821, a Boeing 737-500, crashes on approach to Perm Airport from Moscow. All 88 people on board are killed.
*October 7 - Qantas Flight 72 an Airbus A330-300 makes an emergency landing in Exmouth, Australia following a rapid descent that leaves 38 people injured, 20 of them seriously.
*October 8 - Yeti Airlines Flight 103 De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter crashes 60 NM from Mt Everest, Nepal killing 18 of 19 people on board.

ee also

* Air safety
* Aircraft hijacking
* Aviation accidents and incidents - history, causes, etc.
* List of accidents and incidents involving airliners by airline
* List of accidents and incidents involving airliners by location
* List of aviation accidents and incidents by death toll
* List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft
* List of sole survivors of aviation accidents or incidents

Investigators

External links

* [http://www.faa.gov/data_statistics/accident_incident/preliminary_data/ Federal Aviation Administration (US) Preliminary Accident and Incident Reports]
* [http://www.aaib.gov.uk Air Accidents Investigation Branch (UK)]
* [http://aviation-safety.net Aviation Safety Network]
* [http://www.jacdec.de/ Jet Airliner Crash Data Evaluation Centre]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2008892.stm Timeline of air disasters] since 1998 at BBC News
* [http://www.planecrashinfo.com/ PlaneCrashInfo.com]
* [http://www.airdisaster.com/cgi-bin/database.cgi/ AirDisaster.com Accident Database]


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