- TAP Portugal Flight 425
Infobox Airliner accident|name=TAP Flight 425
Image caption= CS-TBR parked at Madeira Airport prior to the crash
November 19, 1977
Aircraft Type=Boeing 727-282Adv
Operator=TAP Air Portugal
Survivors = 33
TAP Air PortugalFlight 425, tail number CS-TBR, was a Boeing 727aircraft named Sacadura Cabral en route from Brussels, Belgiumto Funchal Airport, Portugal, with an intermediate scheduled stop in Lisbon, Portugal on November 19, 1977.
Shortly before 9:48pm on that Saturday evening, after 13 hours and 15 minutes of service time, the tired crew of the 727 was trying to land the airplane on the difficult Madeira airport runway, which at the time was 1600 meters (5,250 feet) long. After two unsuccessful attempts to land the aircraft, the Captain João Lontrão and
Co-pilotMiguel Guimarães Leal decided to make one last try to land the plane, before they would have to make the decision to divert to the Gran Canaria Airportin the Canary Islands.
While on final approach to runway 24 in heavy rain, strong winds and poor visibility, the aircraft touched down 2000 feet past the threshold, and started hydroplaning. With just about 3000 feet of runway left, the crew tried desperately to stop, applying maximum reverse thrust and brakes, but the aircraft slid off the runway with a ground speed of approximately 43 knots and plunged over a 200 feet steep bank hitting a nearby bridge and crashing on the beach; splitting in two pieces and bursting into flames. [http://multimedia.rtp.pt/index.php?tvprog=20716
Rádio e Televisão de PortugalDocumentary "TP425 - O voo interminável" (aired November 14th 2007, in portuguese)] ]
Of the 164 people aboard (156 passengers and 8 crew), 131 were killed (125 passengers and 6 crew), [http://www.airdisaster.com/cgi-bin/view_details.cgi?date=11191977%C2%AE=CS-TBR&airline=TAP+Portugal AirDisaster.com Accident Database] listing for flight 425. Accessed 05/07/2008] making it the deadliest airplane accident in Portugal to that point.
After the accident occurred, TAP stopped flying the Boeing 727-200 to Madeira, and started flying only the 727-100, which was six metres shorter and took 60 fewer passengersRTP Documentary] .
The crash prompted officials to explore ways of extending the short runway. Because of the height of the runway relative to the beach below, an extension was very difficult and too expensive to perform.RTP Documentary] Between 1982 and 1986 [http://www.aeroportosdamadeira.pt/anam/uk/madeira/historia/1982_1986.asp 1982-86 History of Madeira] , the airport where flight 425 crashed. Accessed 05/07/2008] a 200 meter extension was built, fourteen years later [http://www.aeroportosdamadeira.pt/anam/uk/madeira/historia/2000.asp 2000 History of Madeira] , the airport where flight 425 crashed. Accessed 05/07/2008] the runway was again extended. Following the 2000 extension the runway measured 2781 meters (9,124 feet) long and was capable of handling wide body commercial jets like the
Boeing 747or the Airbus A340.
List of accidents and incidents on commercial airliners
* [http://www.airdisaster.com/cgi-bin/view_details.cgi?date=11191977%C2%AE=CS-TBR&airline=TAP+Portugal AirDisaster.com Accident Database]
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