- Kirksville, Missouri
official_name = City of Kirksville, Missouri
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in the state of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Adair
subdivision_type3 = Township
subdivision_name3 = Benton
leader_name = Martha Rowe
area_magnitude = 1 E7
area_total_km2 = 27.2
area_land_km2 = 27.1
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 10.5
area_land_sq_mi = 10.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.04
elevation_m = 299
elevation_ft = 981
latd = 40 |latm = 11 |lats = 37 |latNS = N
longd = 92 |longm = 34 |longs = 46 |longEW = W
population_as_of = 2004
population_note = 29014 (micropolitan area)
population_total = 17057 (city proper)
population_density_sq_mi = 1624
population_density_km2 = 629
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latitude = 40°11'37" N
longitude = 92°35' W
website = [http://www.kirksvillecity.com www.kirksvillecity.com]
postal_code = 63501
area_code = 660
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 29-39026GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0735678GR|3
Kirksville is the county seatGR|6 of Adair County,
Missouri, United States. It is located in Benton Township. The population was 16,988 at the 2000 census. Kirksville also anchors a micropolitan area that comprises Adair and Schuyler counties. The city is perhaps best known as the location of Truman State Universityand the Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine.
Kirksville is located at coor dms|40|11|37|N|92|34|58|W|city (40.19368958, -92.58285181)GR|1.According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27.2 km²), of which, 10.5 square miles (27.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.38%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 16,988 people, 6,583 households, and 2,975 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,624.0 people per square mile (627.1/km²). There were 7,303 housing units at an average density of 698.2/sq mi (269.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.38% White, 1.73% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population.
There were 6,583 households out of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.8% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the city the population was spread out with 15.6% under the age of 18, 37.6% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,836, and the median income for a family was $36,772. Males had a median income of $26,776 versus $22,309 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $14,388. About 14.4% of families and 30.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.7% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.
The first permanent settlement in Adair County began in 1828. Most of the
settlerswere from Kentucky. This was twenty-five years after the Louisiana Purchase, seven years after Missouri was granted statehood, and four years after the Sac and Fox Indians surrendered their claims to the land. The original settlement was called "Cabins of White Folks" or simply "The Cabins," and was located six miles west of present-day Kirksville, along the Chariton River. The area was named after John Adairwho was governor of Kentucky at the time. The Village (now City) of Kirksville was established on a Pre-emption Grant(certificate no. 26406) of the North West Quarter of Section Nine in Township Sixty-Two, of Range Fifteen; in the District of Lands subject to sale at Fayette, Missouri.The Patent was issued under The Act of 26, May, 1824and The Act of 24, April, 1820on December 1, 1848. This was based upon claim made by Jonathan Floyd Trustee Adair County Commissioners under the Acts above cited on December 25, 1846and recorded at the Land Office in Boonville Missouri for the establishment of the County Seat. Though selected in 1841 for the site of the Seat of Justice for Adair County, the Village of Kirksville dates from an Act, approved January 30th 1857 incorporating the Town. In 1841 the site was selected by Jefferson Collins, L. B. Mitchell, and Thomas Ferrell and a plat was established in 1842. In Violette's History of Adair County the town has been identified with Long Point and the apocryphal Hopkinsville. However, a small block-house is distinctly cited as being built in 1832 ("Goodspeed's" 1888 Illustrated History of Adair, Sullivan, Putnam and Schuyler Counties, Missouri on p236) "on the ridge at Long Point, just outside the city limits of Kirksville" and this is born out by the plat and land entries which show no settlements on the actual site until after its selection as the county seat. According to tradition, Jesse Kirk, Kirksville’s first postmaster, shared a dinner of turkey and whiskywith surveyors working in the area on the condition that they would name the town after him. Not only the first postmaster, Kirk was also the first to own a hotel and a tavern in Kirksville (contrary to popular belief, the name of the city has no connection to John Kirk, onetime president of Truman State University). However, the grandson of Jesse Kirk reported that the town was named for Kirk's son John, a figure of local legend credited with killing two deer with a single bullet. "Hopkinsville" was explained as a joking reference to the peculiar gait of John Kirk's lame father-in-law, David Sloan; the jocular name was discarded when the village was selected for the seat of justice in Adair County (Kirksville Daily Express, March 20, 1941).
The Big Neck War
"Cabins of White Folks", a very small settlement near what is now Kirksville, had been established for one year in July 1829, when a large party of Iowa (or Ioway), led by Chief Big Neck, returned to their former hunting grounds, in violation of treaty. One of the Ioway's dogs killed a pig, and they threatened (or according to some sources insulted) the white women. The settlers sent messengers south to Randolph County. Captain William Trammell led a party north to help, and engaged the Indians. Routed, they returned to the cabins, got the women, and headed for Huntsville. Four of the Randolph men, including Trammell, were killed in the fight. A group of militia under General John B. Clark pursued and apprehended Big Neck and his braves, Big Snake, Young Knight, and One-that-Don't-Care. The Ioway tribesmen were captured
March 11, 1830, and put on trial by a grand jury of Randolph County. The jury found on March 31, 1830, that: "After examining all the witnesses, and maturely considering the charges for which these Iowa Indians are now in confinement, we find them not guilty, and they are at once discharged." [http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~towlescanote/history.html History of Randolph County]
The Battle of Kirksville
The Battle of Kirksville was fought August 6-9, 1862 during the
American Civil War. Union troops led by John McNeilforced Confederate volunteers under Joseph Porterto vacate the city. Casualty estimates (almost entirely Confederate) range from 150-200 dead and up to 400 wounded. According to the August 12, 1862, "Quincy Herald" there were 8 Federal dead and 25 wounded. The victorius Union commander, Colonel McNeil, gained brief national attention for his post-battle execution of a small number of Confederate prisoners. These prisoners had been previously captured in battle and then paroled with the understanding they would no longer take up arms against the Union, upon penalty of death if recaptured. Nonetheless, Confederate government officials were outraged, and it is said that Confederate president Jefferson Davis even called for the execution of Colonel (later Brigadier General) McNeil if he were to be captured.
The Kirksville Cyclone
On the evening of
April 27, 1899, a cyclonepassing through Adair County cut a path of destruction three blocks wide, killed 32 people and destroyed hundreds of buildings. The popular song "Just as the Storm Passed O'er" was based on the event, and the Kimball Piano Companyexploited the incident for its advertising, when one of their instruments was carried a long distance by the tornado but still found in working condition. [ [http://library.truman.edu/gallery/Tornado/tornado.htm The Kirksville Cyclone in 1899 ] ]
Kirksville is home to three institutions of higher learning:
Truman State University, originally the North Missouri Normal School and Commercial College, and more recently Northeast Missouri State University.
A.T. Still University, home of the Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine, the founding osteopathic medical school.
*Moberly Area Community College (MACC) operates a Kirksville campus.
Kirksville is served by two watersheds.
Hazel Creek Lake(530 acres), formed in 1982, was first used as a water source the next year. The larger water source, Forest Lake (640 acres), was formed by the city in the 1950s when it dammed Big Creek. Forest Lake anchors the Thousand Hills State Park, located just west of the city.
Kirksville trash pick-up is currently conducted through the Veolia Environmental Services of Macon, MO. The company also picks up recycling and yard waste for the city.
Routes 6 and 11 and U.S. Route 63 run through Kirksville. In late 2005, a four-lane stretch of US 63 between Kirksville and Macon opened, partially funded by a one-half cent sales tax passed by Kirksville voters in 2002.
The City of Kirksville operated the
Kirksville Regional Airport(formerly Clarence Cannon Airport), four miles south of the city, by the village of Millard. Kirksville, by way of La Plata, is serviced by Amtrak's Southwest Chiefwhich runs along the BNSF Railway.
Kirksville once had two operational railroads that ran through town. The
Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad, which became Burlington Northernin 1970, ran east and west. The portion of the line that ran west of Kirksville towards Green City was abandoned and eventually torn down in the early 1950s. The portion of the line that ran east of town towards Edina, Labelle, and West Quincy was torn down in the middle 1970s. The depot which serviced along the Burlington Northern in Kirksville still stands along Elson Street just north of Cottonwood Street and plans are that it will be renovated.
Kirksville's other railroad, the
Wabash Railroad, which became the Norfolk and Western Railwayin 1960 and later became the Norfolk Southern Railwayin 1982 after N&W merged with Southern Railway, ran north and south. In April 1992, the last official NS train ran the line between Albia, IA and Moberly, MO as the railroad announced it would abandon the line due to a loss in profit. During the summer of 1993, the railroad reopened to train traffic as the floods of the midwest affected lines around the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Trains continued to run the line until 1995. After failed attempts from buyers wanting to purchase the line and turn it into a shortline railroad, work began on tearing down the railroad from Moberly, MO northward toward La Plata, MO where it has a hookup with the BNSF Railway and from Moulton, IA southward toward La Plata, MO. The portion of the line from Moulton, IA northward towards Albia was purchased by the Appanoose County Community Railroad. In late September 1997, the tracks through Kirksville were finally torn down leaving the city without a rail line. The project to tear down the abandoned line was completed by the end of 1997.
In 1952, the
United States Air Forceopened a radarbase that was home to the 790th Radar Squadron, an Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, in Sublette, about 10 mi (15 km) north of Kirksville. The Air Force deactivated the 790th Radar Squadron in 1968. The Federal Aviation Administrationtook over running the radar and most of the surrounding 78.51 acres were given to Northeast Missouri State University. [http://www.dnr.mo.gov/alpd/hwp/ws-special/ffs-dod.htm] The current radar, an Air Route Surveillance Radar - Model 3, is a long-range radar that feeds data to air traffic control centers that control aircraft flying over the region.
Three fatal airplane accidents have occurred near Kirksville:
May 6, 1935, a plane carrying Senator Bronson Cuttingof New Mexicocrashed south of Kirksville, killing him. As a result, Congress created the Civil Aeronautics Administration. [http://www.trumanindex.com/media/paper607/news/2004/10/21/News/Kirksville.History-775771.shtml] [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/197.html] .
May 22, 1962, Continental Airlines Flight 11, heading to Kansas City from Chicagounder heavy weather, was brought down by a dynamiteexplosion northwest of Kirksville. Some aviation historians consider this the first act of aviation terrorismin history.
October 20, 2004, Corporate Airlines Flight 5966(now RegionsAir) crashed just south of Kirksville Regional Airport, killing 13 of 15 passengers and crew.
The City of Kirksville offers bus service, called Kirk Tran, which operates on a fixed route Monday through Friday [http://www.kirksvillecity.com/Kirk_Tran_Bus_Schedule.htm] . The schedule is:This schedule repeats each hour. The cost is $2 for each time a passenger boards the vehicle. A $15 coupon book - good for 10 stops on the Fixed Route only - are available from the fixed route driver and City Hall.
The current Kirksville City Council Members are [http://www.adrcohs.org/] :
Mayor Martha RoweA Kirksville resident since 1973, Rowe was employed by a local accounting firm between 1980 and 1993, and continues to work part time for that firm during tax season. Elected in April 2002, she is serving her third term on the City Council. Her term expires April 2011.
Mayor Pro Tem Jill McCordMcCord is a Kirksville native. She has a nursing and healthcare administration background. She and her husband, Mac, moved back to Kirksville to open the Cottage Grove Bed and Breakfast. First elected in April 2006, her term expires in April 2009.
Council Member Aaron RodgersonFirst elected in April 2007, his term expires in April 2010.
Council Member Todd KuhnsTodd and his wife Bich first moved to Kirksville in 1996. He now works on staff at
Truman State Universityas Web Services Manager. Todd posts regular council updates on his website, [http://www.toddkuhns.com] . First elected in April 2008, his term expires in April 2011.
Council Member Richard L. DetweilerDetweiler graduated from Kirksville Senior High School in 1972, and in 1982 he graduated from
Truman State University(formerly Northeast Missouri State University) with a B.S. in Business Administration. First elected in April 2008, his term expires in April 2010.
The Kirksville-Ottumwa DMA includes a FOX affiliate, KYOU-TV 15, and is covered by NBC and CBS from Hannibal-Quincy and, in some areas, Kansas City. Radios in Kirksville can also pick up stations from Brookfield, Macon, Moberly, Hannibal-Quincy, and
Keokuk, Iowa. Among low-powered translators and micro-broadcasters is 107.5 FM, operated by students from Truman's campus.
In print, Kirksville is served by the [http://www.kirksvilledailyexpress.com/ "Daily Express"] six days a week and on Thursdays by the Index, a weekly newspaper produced by students at Truman State University.
Truman students produce a weekly news broadcast, News 36, played on CableOne channel 3 and on their on-campus station, TruTV, on Tuesday and Thursday at 5:30pm, 9:00pm, 10:00pm, and 2:00am.
Truman State University
* Northeast Regional Health System [http://www.hospital-data.com/hospitals/NORTHEAST-REGIONAL-HEALTH-SYSTEMS-KI497.html data] | [http://www.nermc.com/ web]
A.T. Still University(includes Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine) [http://www.atsu.edu web]
* Adair Foods (
Kraft Foods) [http://www.kraftoperations.com/Facility.asp?FacilityID=102]
* Kirksville R-III Public School District [http://www.kirksville.k12.mo.us/]
* Preferred Family Health Care [http://www.pfh.org/]
* Hollister, Inc. [http://www.hollister.com/us/about/corporate.html]
* Twin Pines Adult Care Center
* Ortech Company
* City of Kirksville municipal government
* Northeast Missouri Health Council, Inc. [http://www.nmhcinc.org/]
* Kirksville Manor Care Center [http://www.hospital-data.com/hospitals/KIRKSVILLE-MANOR-CARE-CENTER-KIRKSVI821.html]
* Wire Rope of America [http://www.wrca.com/support_about.html]
* Commercial Envelope Manufacturing [http://www.commercial-envelope.com/]
Andrew Taylor Still, M.D., D.O., founder of Osteopathic Medicine
Joseph Baldwin, founder and first president of Truman State University
Gordon Bell, early computer engineer
Robert J. Behnen, a genealogistand former Republican member of the Missouri House of Representatives
John W. Cauthorn, a Republican member of the Missouri State Senate
Debra Di Blasi[http://www.writers.net/writers/4352] , prize-winning writer
Rusty Draper, singer
Jenna Fischer, best known for her role as Pam Beesly, in the U.S. adaptation of " The Office"
Glen Jacobs, a.k.a. "Kane", professional wrestlerwith World Wrestling Entertainment(WWE) and actor See No Evil, 2006.
Alphonso Jackson, current and 13th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development(HUD)
Harry H. Laughlin, eugenicsproponent in the early 20th century
Rebecca McClanahan, Professor of Nursing and Democratic member of the Missouri House of Representatives
Milton McPike, [http://www.madison.com/tct/mad/topstories/279540] , Educator, NFL Player, Community Leader
Archie Musickpainter 1902–1978
Ruth Ann Musick, folklorist and author
Ken Norton, boxer, one of the few to beat Muhammad Ali
Geraldine Page, Academy Award-winning actress
John J. Pershing, General of the Armies of the United States
Mary Rhodes Russell, judge on the Supreme Court of Missouri, appointed in 2004
Rhonda Vincent, Award-winning bluegrass singer.
* Darrin Vincent, Award-winning bluegrass performer and producer.
John Wimber, Charismatic Movementleader and keyboardist for the Righteous Brothers
Anthony Cistaro, actor
* William Traylor, actor, best known for movie roles in "Fletch" series.
* Colonel James Reiger, World War 1 soldier, lauded as "The Hero Of The Arrgone".
* Dr. J. Mark Scearce, modern composer and music educator.
* Arthur Lee Willard, US Navy Admiral. First to raise the American flag on Cuban soil in the Spanish-American War.
* [http://www.kirksvillecity.com/ City of Kirksville website]
* [http://www.kirksvillechamber.com/ Kirksville Area Chamber of Commerce website]
* [http://www.adrcohs.org/ Adair County Historical Society]
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