Outline of Papua New Guinea


Outline of Papua New Guinea
The location of Papua New Guinea
An enlargeable map of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea

The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is a sovereign island nation of Oceania comprising the eastern half of the Island of New Guinea[1] and numerous offshore islands in the western South Pacific Ocean.[2] Papua New Guinea is located in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia. Its capital, and one of its few major cities, is Port Moresby. It is one of the most diverse countries on Earth, with over 850 indigenous languages and at least as many traditional societies, out of a population of just under 6 million. It is also one of the most rural, with only 18 per cent of its people living in urban centres.[3] The country is also one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior of Papua New Guinea.

The majority of the population live in traditional societies and practise subsistence-based agriculture. These societies and clans have some explicit acknowledgement within the nation's constitutional framework. The PNG Constitution (Preamble 5(4)) expresses the wish for traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society,[4] and for active steps to be taken in their preservation. The PNG legislature has enacted various laws in which a type of tenure called "customary land title" is recognised, meaning that the traditional lands of the indigenous peoples have some legal basis to inalienable tenure. This customary land notionally covers most of the usable land in the country (some 97% of total land area);[5] alienated land is either held privately under State Lease or is government land. Freehold Title (also known as fee simple) can only be held by Papua New Guinea citizens.[6]

The country's geography is similarly diverse and, in places, extremely rugged. A spine of mountains runs the length of the island of New Guinea, forming a populous highlands region. Dense rainforests can be found in the lowland and coastal areas. This terrain has made it difficult for the country to develop transportation infrastructure. In some areas, planes are the only mode of transport. After being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea gained its independence from Australia in 1975.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Papua New Guinea:

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Papua New Guinea

Geography of Papua New Guinea

An enlargeable topographic/hydrographic map of Papua New Guinea

Environment of Papua New Guinea

An enlargeable satellite image of Papua New Guinea
  • Climate of Papua New Guinea
  • Environmental issues in Papua New Guinea
  • Ecoregions in Papua New Guinea
  • Renewable energy in Papua New Guinea
  • Geology of Papua New Guinea
  • Protected areas of Papua New Guinea
    • Biosphere reserves in Papua New Guinea
    • National parks of Papua New Guinea
  • Wildlife of Papua New Guinea

Natural geographic features of Papua New Guinea

  • Fjords of Papua New Guinea
  • Glaciers of Papua New Guinea
  • Islands of Papua New Guinea
  • Lakes of Papua New Guinea
  • Mountains of Papua New Guinea
  • Rivers of Papua New Guinea
    • Waterfalls of Papua New Guinea
  • Valleys of Papua New Guinea
  • World Heritage Sites in Papua New Guinea

Regions of Papua New Guinea

Ecoregions of Papua New Guinea

Administrative divisions of Papua New Guinea

Provinces of Papua New Guinea
Districts of Papua New Guinea
Municipalities of Papua New Guinea

Demography of Papua New Guinea

Government and politics of Papua New Guinea

Main article: Government of Papua New Guinea and Politics of Papua New Guinea

Branches of the government of Papua New Guinea

Executive branch of the government of Papua New Guinea

Legislative branch of the government of Papua New Guinea

  • Parliament of Papua New Guinea (unicameral)

Judicial branch of the government of Papua New Guinea

Foreign relations of Papua New Guinea

International organization membership

The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is a member of:[2]

Law and order in Papua New Guinea

  • Capital punishment in Papua New Guinea
  • Constitution of Papua New Guinea
  • Crime in Papua New Guinea
  • Human rights in Papua New Guinea
  • Law enforcement in Papua New Guinea

Military of Papua New Guinea

  • Command
  • Forces
    • Army of Papua New Guinea
    • Navy of Papua New Guinea
    • Air Force of Papua New Guinea
    • Special forces of Papua New Guinea
  • Military history of Papua New Guinea
  • Military ranks of Papua New Guinea

Local government in Papua New Guinea

History of Papua New Guinea

Main article: History of Papua New Guinea, Timeline of the history of Papua New Guinea, and Current events of Papua New Guinea
  • Economic history of Papua New Guinea
  • Military history of Papua New Guinea

Culture of Papua New Guinea

  • Architecture of Papua New Guinea
  • Cuisine of Papua New Guinea
  • Ethnic minorities in Papua New Guinea
  • Festivals in Papua New Guinea
  • Humor in Papua New Guinea
  • Languages of Papua New Guinea
  • Media in Papua New Guinea
  • National symbols of Papua New Guinea
  • People of Papua New Guinea
  • Prostitution in Papua New Guinea
  • Public holidays in Papua New Guinea
  • Records of Papua New Guinea
  • Religion in Papua New Guinea
    • Buddhism in Papua New Guinea
    • Christianity in Papua New Guinea
    • Hinduism in Papua New Guinea
    • Islam in Papua New Guinea
    • Judaism in Papua New Guinea
    • Sikhism in Papua New Guinea
  • World Heritage Sites in Papua New Guinea

Art in Papua New Guinea

  • Art in Papua New Guinea
  • Cinema of Papua New Guinea
  • Literature of Papua New Guinea
  • Music of Papua New Guinea
  • Television in Papua New Guinea
  • Theatre in Papua New Guinea

Sports in Papua New Guinea

Economy and infrastructure of Papua New Guinea

  • Agriculture in Papua New Guinea
  • Banking in Papua New Guinea
    • National Bank of Papua New Guinea
  • Communications in Papua New Guinea
    • Internet in Papua New Guinea
  • Companies of Papua New Guinea
  • Papua New Guinea Stock Exchange

Education in Papua New Guinea

Infrastructure of Papua New Guinea

  • Health care in Papua New Guinea
  • Transportation in Papua New Guinea
  • Water supply and sanitation in Papua New Guinea

See also

Portal icon Papua New Guinea portal
Portal icon Oceania portal
Portal icon Commonwealth realms portal

References

  1. ^ The western portion of the Island of New Guinea is a part of Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua
  2. ^ a b "Papua New Guinea". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pp.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  3. ^ "World Bank data on urbanisation". World Development Indicators. World Bank. 2005. http://devdata.worldbank.org/wdi2005/Table3_10.htm. Retrieved 2005-07-15. 
  4. ^ "Constitution of Independent State of Papua New Guinea (consol. to amendment #22)". Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute. http://www.paclii.org/pg/legis/consol_act/cotisopng534/. Retrieved 2005-07-16. 
  5. ^ Lynne Armitage. "Customary Land Tenure in Papua New Guinea: Status and Prospects" (PDF). Queensland University of Technology. http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/archive/00001043/00/armitage.pdf. Retrieved 2005-07-15. [dead link]
  6. ^ HBW International Inc. (September 10, 2003). "Facilitating Foreign Investment through Property Lease Options" (PDF). pp. 9. http://www.mj.gov.tl/dntp/rel/DATA/LLP%20I/ARD%20Reports%20and%20studies/Compartive%20Study/Comparative%20study%20by%20HBW%20Inc.pdf. Retrieved 2007-08-28.  See footnote 30 which explains that the precise reference in legislation was not found.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Papua New Guinea


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