- List of adjectival and demonymic forms of place names
The following is a partial list of adjectival forms of place names in English and their
demonymic equivalents, which denote the people or the inhabitants of the places.
Demonymsare given in plural forms. Singular forms simply remove the final 's' or, in the case of "-ese" endings, are the same as the plural forms. The ending "-men" has feminine equivalent "-women" (e.g. "an Irishman and a Scotswoman"). The French terminations "-ois" / "ais" serve as both the singular and plural masculine; adding 'e' ("-oise" / "aise") makes them singular feminine; 'es' ("-oises" / "aises") makes them plural feminine. The Spanish termination "-o" usually denotes the masculine and is normally changed to feminine by dropping the "-o" and adding "-a". The plural forms are usually "-os" and "-as" respectively.
Adjectives ending "-ish" can be used as collective demonyms (e.g. "the English, the Cornish"). So can those ending in "-ch" / "-tch" (e.g. "the French", "the Dutch") provided they are pronounced with a 'ch' sound (e.g. the adjective "Czech" does not qualify).
Where an adjective is a link, the link is to the
languageor dialectof the same name. (Reference: [http://www.ethnologue.org/ Ethnologue, Languages of the World] )
Many place-name adjectives and many demonyms refer also to various other things, sometimes with and sometimes without one or more additional words. (Sometimes, the use of one or more additional words is optional.) Notable examples are cheeses, cat breeds, dog breeds, and horse breeds. (See
List of words derived from toponyms.)
Countries and nations
Australian states and territories
Canadian provinces and territories
New Zealand regions
Former nations and regions
List of ethnic slurs
Lists of people by nationality
List of British regional nicknames
-onym, especially ethnonymand Exonym and endonym
* [http://www.geography-site.co.uk/pages/countries/demonyms.html Alphabetical list of world demonyms]
* [http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node=Demonyms%20of%20the%20World Demonyms of the World]
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