- Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) is a member organization of the World Bank Group that offers political risk insurance. It was established to promote foreign direct investment into developing countries. MIGA was founded in 1988 with a capital base of $1 billion and is headquartered in Washington, DC. 175 member countries comprise MIGA's shareholders.
MIGA promotes foreign direct investment into developing countries by insuring investors against political risk, advising governments on attracting investment, sharing information through on-line investment information services, and mediating disputes between investors and governments. MIGA's membership in the World Bank Group enables the organization to intervene with host governments to resolve claims before they are filed.
Members of the MIGA include 174 members of the United Nations and the Republic of Kosovo.
Non-members are: Brunei, Sao Tome and Principe, Niger, Somalia, Comoros, San Marino, Bhutan, Myanmar, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Samoa, Cuba, North Korea, Andorra, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Nauru, Cook Islands, Niue, Vatican City and the rest of states with limited recognition.
MIGA provides guarantees against noncommercial risks to protect cross-border investment in developing member countries. The organization's efforts protect investors against the risks of currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction; expropriation; war, civil disturbance, and terrorism; breach of contract; and non-honoring of sovereign financial obligations. These coverages may be purchased individually or in combination.
MIGA can cover:
- new, greenfield investments;
- new investment contributions associated with the expansion, modernization, or financial restructuring of existing projects;
- acquisitions involving privatization of state enterprises;
- existing investments with high development impact when the investor demonstrates a long-term commitment to the project.
Over the years, the organization has provided more than $24 billion in political risk insurance for over 600 projects in more than 100 developing countries. Its outstanding guarantees portfolio stands at $9.1 billion. Among MIGA's accomplishments: it provides water, electricity and other basic infrastructure, in addition to generating tax revenues and creating training programs. MIGA also assists with the development of facilities to tap natural resources through sustainable policies and programs.
Izumi Kobayashi joined MIGA as Executive Vice President on November 24, 2008. Michel Wormser is Vice President and Chief Operating Officer; Ana-Mita Betancourt is Director and General Counsel; Kevin Lu is Regional Director, Asia and Pacific; Lakshmi Shyam-Sunder, Chief Financial Officer and Director, Finance and Risk Management; Ravi Vish is Chief Economist and Director, Economics and Policy; and Edith Quintrell is Director of Operations.
- World Bank Group
- Multilateral aid
- ^ "MIGA Member Countries (175)". http://www.miga.org/about/index_sv.cfm?stid=1695. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- ^ "MIGA - Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency". September 2008. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20040648~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- ^ Donovan, Patrick J. (2004). "Creeping Exportation and MIGA". http://www.gonzagajil.org/pdf/volume7/Donovan. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- ^ "Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency's Performance Standards on Social & Environmental Sustainability". 1 October 2007. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20040648~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- ^ "MIGA: Senior Management Team". 2010. http://www.miga.org/about/index_sv.cfm?stid=1750. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
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