- Transport in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guineais in many cases heavily limited by the mountainous terrain. The capital, Port Moresby, is not linked by road to any of the other major towns and many highland villages can only be reached by light aircraft or on foot.
Some of the transport services are run by churches or church affiliated companies, such as [http://www.nationwidepngpages.com/LUTHERAN%20SHIPPING/LUTHERAN%20SHIPPING.htm Lutheran Shipping] and [http://www.maf.org.au/ Mission Aviation Fellowship] .
Air travel is the single most important form of transport in Papua New Guinea. Aeroplanes made it possible to open up the country during its early colonial period. Even today the two largest cities,
Port Moresbyand Lae, are only directly connected by planes. Jacksons International Airportis the major international airport in Papua New Guinea, located 5 miles from Port Moresby.
Airports: 578 (2007 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"2
"1,524 to 2,437 m:" 14
"914 to 1,523 m:" 4
"under 914 m:" 1 (2007 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
"1,524 to 2,437 m:" 10
"914 to 1,523 m:" 58
"under 914 m:" 489 (2007 est.)
Heliports: 2 (2007 est.)
As of 1999, Papua New Guinea has a total of 19,600 km of all weather highway, of which only 686 km is sealed. Where there are roads there are many privately operated Public Motor Vehicles (PMVs), mostly minivans, which function as unscheduled buses. In 2001, the
Philippinesgovernment had given PNG several jeepneyunits for Papuan citizens to use.
The longest road in the country is the
Highlands Highwaywhich links Laeand Madangto the Highlands region. The Boluminski Highwaylinks Kaviengand Namatanaiin New Ireland Province. A highway linking Wewakin East Sepik Provinceand Vanimoin West Sepik Provincewas completed in September 2007. [ cite news|publisher=The National |date= 2007-09-06|url=http://www.thenational.com.pg/090607/nation19.htm |title=East Sepik-Sandaun Highway complete|accessdate=2007-09-06 ] The Kiunga-Tabubil Highwayis a privately maintained road that links highland communities in the Western Province.
Papua New Guinea has no major railways, but some mine sites have disused tracks. During the period of German colonial control at the start of the 20th century numerous plantation railways had been constructed in
German New Guinea. These were built near the settlements of Madangand the railways ran into disrepair.
In September 2007 a mining company has proposed to build a new railway to link the coast with a copper-molybdenum at
Yandera[ Light RailwaysDecember 2007 p23] mine in Madangprovince. [cite news |url=http://www.thenational.com.pg/091307/business1.htm |title=Marengo eyes K683m copper-hauler railway |publisher=The National |date= 2007-09-28]
Waterways and Ports
In coastal locations small "banana boat" dinghies provide a local transport service similar to the PMVs.
The country has 10,940 km of waterways.
Ports and harbors:
Port Moresby, Lae, Madang, Buka, Rabaul/ Kokopo, Kiunga
"total:"21 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 36,417 GRT/DWT|52,432|metric|first=yes
"ships by type:"bulk 2, cargo 10, chemical tanker 1, combination ore/oil 1, container 1, petroleum tanker 3, roll-on/roll-off 3 (1999 est.)
Papua New Guinea List of airports in Papua New Guinea
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Papua New Guinea — This article is about the country. For the Future Sound of London single, see Papua New Guinea (song). Independent State of Papua New Guinea Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini … Wikipedia
Papua New Guinea Defence Force — The PNG flag Founded 1973 Service branches Land Element Maritime Operatio … Wikipedia
Papua New Guinea — an independent republic in the W Pacific Ocean, comprising the E part of New Guinea and numerous near lying islands, including the Bismarck Archipelago, the Admiralty Islands, the Trobriand Islands, and Bougainville and Buka in the Solomon… … Universalium
Papua New Guinea — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Papua New Guinea <p></p> Background: <p></p> The eastern half of the island of New Guinea second largest in the world was divided between Germany (north) and the UK… … The World Factbook
Outline of Papua New Guinea — … Wikipedia
Economy of Papua New Guinea — Infobox Economy country = Papua New Guinea width = caption = currency = kina (PGK) year = calendar year organs = WTO, APEC rank = 130th gdp = $14.37 billion (2005 est.) growth = 2.9% (2005 est.) per capita = $2,600 (2005 est.) sectors =… … Wikipedia
Tourism in Papua New Guinea — is fledgling but there are many attractions for the potential visitor. These include culture, markets, festivals, diving, surfing, hiking, fishing and the unique flora and fauna. Each year about 70 000 tourists visit Papua.Fact|date=November… … Wikipedia
Eastern Highlands (Papua New Guinea) — Infobox Papua New Guinea Province name = Eastern Highlands othername = districts = Daulo District Goroka District Henganofi District Kainantu District Lufa District Obura Wonenara District Okapa District Unggai Bena District flag capital = Goroka … Wikipedia
Portal:Papua New Guinea — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology … Wikipedia
1998 Papua New Guinea earthquake — earthquake title= 1998 Papua New Guinea earthquake date= July 17, 1998 magnitude = 7.1 Mw countries affected = Papua New Guinea casualties = at least 2,183Cite web | url=http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eq depot/1998/eq 980717/ | title=Magnitude 7.0… … Wikipedia