- List of subsistence techniques
Subsistence is the food necessary to sustain life.
The following is a list of "subsistence techniques":
* Hunting and Gathering techniques, also known as
freeganism— involves gathering of discarded food in the context of an urban environment (eg by dumpster diving, ...] .
gleaning— involves the gathering of food that traditional farmers have left behind in their fields.
Horticulture— plant cultivation, based on the use of simple tools.
subsistence agriculture— agricultural cultivation involving continuous use of arable (crop) land, and is more labor-intensive than horticulture.
** Guerrilla gardening - plant cultivation on (unused) area's of land that is not owned by the cultivator himself, but is squat instead
* Pastoralism, the raising of grazing animals:
nomadism — all members of the pastoral society follow the herd throughout the year.
Transhumanceor agro-pastoralism— part of the society follows the herd, while the other part maintains a home village.
** Ranch agriculture — non-nomadic pastoralism with a defined territory.
* Distribution and :
Reciprocity— exchange between social equals.
Potlatching — a widely studied ritual in which sponsors (helped by their entourages) gave away resources and manufactured wealth while generating prestige for themselves.
LETS— Local Exchange Trading Systems.
List of alternative lifestyles
Anthropological theories of value
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