List of subsistence techniques


List of subsistence techniques

Subsistence is the food necessary to sustain life.

The following is a list of "subsistence techniques":

* Hunting and Gathering techniques, also known as Foraging:
**freeganism — involves gathering of discarded food in the context of an urban environment (eg by dumpster diving, ...] .
**gleaning — involves the gathering of food that traditional farmers have left behind in their fields.
* Cultivation:
** Horticulture — plant cultivation, based on the use of simple tools.
** subsistence agricultureagricultural cultivation involving continuous use of arable (crop) land, and is more labor-intensive than horticulture.
** Guerrilla gardening - plant cultivation on (unused) area's of land that is not owned by the cultivator himself, but is squat instead
* Pastoralism, the raising of grazing animals:
** Pastoral nomadism — all members of the pastoral society follow the herd throughout the year.
** Transhumance or agro-pastoralism — part of the society follows the herd, while the other part maintains a home village.
** Ranch agriculture — non-nomadic pastoralism with a defined territory.

* Distribution and :
** Redistribution
** Reciprocity — exchange between social equals.
** Potlatching — a widely studied ritual in which sponsors (helped by their entourages) gave away resources and manufactured wealth while generating prestige for themselves.
** LETS — Local Exchange Trading Systems.

ee also

* List of alternative lifestyles
* Anthropological theories of value
* Staple food
* Society


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